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Mastiff

A Dogue de Bordeaux, one of the mastiff breeds

Mastiff-type means a large molosser dog. The term "mastiff-type" has been used synonymously with the term "molosser".[1] For example, the bulldog breeds, the Great Dane, mountain dogs, pit bulls and even smaller dogs, such as the Boston Terrier, may be considered "mastiff-types" in this broad sense.[2] The descriptive term, mastiff-type, should not be confused with the breed, the English Mastiff, that is commonly referred to as the Mastiff.[3]

List of mastiff breeds

List of extant breeds

Breed Alternate name(s) Country of origin Use Image
Aksaray Malaklisi dog Turkish Mastiff &
Central Anatolian Shepherd
Turkey Guard dog &
livestock guardian
Aksaray malaklisi beto.jpg
Alano Español Spanish Alano &
Spanish Bulldog
Spain Bull-baiting &
big game hunting
Alano-espanol-0003.jpg
American Mastiff United States Guard dog AM.Suma.jpg
Bandog
Bandog Picture.jpg
Boerboel South African Mastiff South Africa Guard dog HuntHillBoerboelsGunston1.jpeg
Boxer German Boxer &
Deutscher Boxer
Germany Big game hunting Male fawn Boxer undocked.jpg
Broholmer Danish Broholmer &
Danish Mastiff
Denmark Guard dog Ivarr03.JPG
Bulldog English Bulldog &
British Bulldog
England Bull-baiting Whitebulldog.jpg
Bullmastiff England Guard dog Bullmastiff edited.JPG
Ca de Bou Perro de Presa Mallorquin,
Majorca Mastiff,
Mallorquin Mastiff,
Mallorquin,
Perro Dogo,
Presa Canario Mallorquin,
Majorca Mastiff,
Majorcan Bulldog &
Silverback Mastiff
Spain Bull-baiting Ca de bou dog.jpg
Campeiro Bulldog Brazil
Cane Corso Italian Mastiff,
Italian Corso Dog,
Italian Corso &
Cane Corso Italiano
Italy Catch dog &
guard dog
Viggo-Ears-n-Tail.png
Cane da Presa Meridionale Italy
Mastinonapoletano.jpg
Cão Fila de São Miguel São Miguel Cattle Dog,
Chien Fila de San Miguel,
Saint Miguel Cattle Dog,
Azores Cattle Dog &
Azores Cow Dog
Portugal Herding dog Rzeszów Cão Fila de São Miguel 3pl.jpg
Cimarrón Uruguayo Cimarron,
Uruguayan Cimarron,
Cimarron Creole,
Maroon Dog,
Cerro Largo Dog,
Perro Cimarron &
Cimarron Dog
Uruguay Guard dog Boqueron de Quilligan.JPG
Dogo Argentino Argentine Dogo &
Argentine Mastiff
Argentina Big game hunting &
guarding
Dogo.jpg
Dogo Guatemalteco Guatemalan Dogo,
Guatemalan Bull Terrier &
Bullterrier Guatemalteco
Guatemala Guard dog Dogo1.jpg
Dogue de Bordeaux Bordeaux Mastiff,
French Mastiff &
Bordeauxdog
France Guard dog DJT 0086.jpg
English Mastiff Old English Mastiff &
Mastiff
England Guard dog Westgort Anticipation 17 months.JPG
Fila Brasileiro Brazilian Mastiff &
Cão de fila brasileiro
Brazil Guard dog,
livestock guardian &
tracking dog
Yacare De El Siledin.JPG
Gaddi Kutta Indian Leopard Hound,
Indian Panther Hound &
Mahidant Mastiff
India Big game hunting &
livestock guardian
Gran Mastín de Borínquen Puerto Rican Mastiff,
Mastín Borincano,
Becerillo de Borinquen &
Perro Barsino de Hacienda
Puerto Rico Guard dog &
hunting dog
Great Dane Deutsche Dogge &
German Mastiff
Germany Big game hunting Great Dane K02.jpg
Korean Mastiff Korea
Neapolitan Mastiff Mastino,
Mastino Napoletano,
Italian Molosso &
Can'e presa
Italy Guard dog Mastino Napoletano Rüde clp.JPG
Olde English Bulldogge United States Recreation of extinct
Old English Bulldog
UKC Olde English Bulldogge Male.jpg
Perro de Presa Canario Canary Mastiff,
Canary Catch Dog,
Canarian Molosser,
Presa Canario &
Dogo Canario
Canary Islands Guard dog,
catch dog &
dog fighting
Canario 0720.jpg
Rottweiler Germany Guard dog,
herding dog,
draft dog &
police dog
Rottweiler standing facing left.jpg
Shar Pei Cantonese Shar-Pei China Big game hunting &
dog fighting
Adult sharpei.jpg
Terceira Mastiff Fila da Terceira &
Cão de Fila da Terceira
Portugal Fila de Terceira.jpg
Tosa Tosa Inu,
Tosa Ken,
Tosa Tōken,
Japanese Fighting Dog,
Japanese Mastiff,
Tosa Fighting Dog &
Japanese Tosa
Japan Dog fighting BUKADAI 2.jpg

List of extinct breeds

Breed Alternate name(s) Country or region of origin Era Use Image
Alaunt Alaunt de Boucherie Central Asia & Europe Classical antiquity &
Middle Ages
Hunting,
guarding &
dog fighting
Jacopo del Sallaio.jpg
Alpine Mastiff Barry Dog & Saint Dog Swiss Alps Classical antiquity to 19th century Guarding 1815 Alpine Mastiff.jpg
Bullenbeisser German Bulldog Germany Extinct by World War II Bull-baiting &
bear-baiting
Dogo Cubano Cuban Mastiff,
Cuban Dogo &
Cuban Dogge
Cuba 16th to late 19th century Recapturing runaway slaves
136. Cuban Mastiff.JPG
Molossus Southern Europe Classical antiquity War dogs,
hunting,
guarding &
dog fighting
Molossian Hound, British Museum.jpg
Old English Bulldog Great Britain & Ireland 17th to 19th centuries Bull-baiting &
dog fighting
CribandRosa1811.jpg

Genetic relationship

The dog genome indicates that the mastiff-type dogs are genetically closely related.[4]

Semantic overlap with other terms

As to the extent that foreign loanwords from the English word "dog" (such as "Dogo" or "Dogge") may be translated as "Mastiffs", molosser breeds such as the Dogo Argentino, Dogo Tyson and Dogo Canario may also be considered "Mastiffs". However, these terms may refer not only to breeds called "Mastiffs" in English, but also to Bulldogs and pit bulls. In addition, historical records of the development of these breeds shows that they have not only Mastiff and other molosser ancestry, but also dogs from several other branches, including sighthounds, terriers and scenthounds.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ "Definition of MASTIFF". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Full List of Mastiff Dog Breeds". American Kennel Club. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Mastiff". People's Dispensary for Sick Animals. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Genome-wide SNP and haplotype analyses reveal a rich history underlying dog domestication". Nature. Retrieved December 12, 2018.

External links

  • Media related to Molosser at Wikimedia Commons