Maryamin, or ancient "Mariamme", was mentioned by Pliny the Elder and in late Roman lists. The town likely served as the capital of the Mariamnitai tribe, but very little mention of the Roman town survives. The Roman Catholic Church still maintains a titular "Bishop of Mariamme". An important late forth-century mosaic from the Byzantine era was discovered in the ruins of a villa in Maryamin in 1960. The mosaic has an area of 20 square meters and depicts six female musicians playing instruments. The depiction is one of the few artifacts that give an indication on how the organ instrument was used in the ancient period. The mosaic is currently displayed at the regional museum of Hama.
In 1929 Maryamin and a number of other Alawite villages in the Masyaf district were transferred to the Alawite State after negotiations with their landlords. The villages' cultivated lands were distributed among the peasantry that worked them. In the early 1960s Maryamin had a population of 600 residents. It was a center for growing grape vines and contained a number of springs.