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Marine Midland Building

140 Broadway
WSTM Mark Frank 0086.jpg
140 Broadway
Alternative names
  • Marine Midland Building
  • HSBC Bank Building
General information
StatusComplete
Location140 Broadway, New York, NY 10005, United States
Coordinates40°42′31″N 74°00′36″W / 40.70861°N 74.01000°W / 40.70861; -74.01000
Construction started1964
Completed1967
OwnerUnion Investment
Height
Roof688 ft (210 m)
Technical details
Floor count52
Floor area111,805 m2 (1,203,460 sq ft)
Design and construction
ArchitectGordon Bunshaft (Skidmore, Owings and Merrill)
Structural engineerThe Office of James Ruderman

140 Broadway (formerly known as the Marine Midland Building and HSBC Bank Building) is a 51-story office building located at 140 Broadway between Cedar and Liberty streets in Manhattan's Financial District. The building, completed in 1967, is 688 ft (209.7 m) tall and is known for the distinctive sculpture at its entrance, Isamu Noguchi's Cube. Gordon Bunshaft, of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, the architect who designed the building, had originally proposed a monolith type sculpture, but it was deemed to be too expensive. The building is currently (2019) owned by Union Investment.[1]

The building is approximately 688 feet (210 m) high, with approximately 1,170,000 rentable square feet (111,000 square meters), and is the 72nd tallest building in New York. The primary tenant of the building as of 2010 is Brown Brothers Harriman, leasing some 430,000 ft² (40,000 m²) in 2003.[2] BBH moved to the site from their trademark location at 59 Wall Street, filling a vacancy left after HSBC moved their primary New York office to the HSBC building at 452 5th Avenue.

History

The Cube.

A consortium headed by Harry Helmsley built the building and gave Marine Midland Bank naming rights as part of the bank's initial lease of the two basement and first 20 floors. HSBC purchased a controlling interest in Marine Midland in 1980, secured full ownership in 1987, and changed the name of the bank to HSBC Bank USA in 1998. While the building is often referred to by its prior names, the current ownership has named it 140 Broadway stylized as One Forty Broadway.[3]

A bombing occurred on the 8th floor on August 20, 1969, injuring 20 people. The bomb, which police estimated to be the equivalent of 25 sticks of dynamite, was placed in a hallway just off the elevators some time during the evening and it exploded at around 10:30PM. The injured were on the night shift in the bank's stock bookkeeping department and were working on the other side of the corridor wall. The inside of this wall was lined with floor-to-ceiling automated file units that weighed 3 tons each and which absorbed most of the blast. Without them, the 20 injuries would all have been fatalities. The blast moved the file units about a foot, blew out all the windows on that side of the building and opened a 5-foot (1.5 m) hole in the reinforced concrete floor. The bomber, Sam Melville, was convicted of this and seven other 1969 Manhattan bombings and sentenced to 18 years in prison. He was killed by a state sharpshooter during the Attica Prison riots in September 1971.[4][5]

Located one block east of the World Trade Center site, 140 Broadway sustained minor damage to its western façade when the Twin Towers collapsed during the September 11 Attacks.

On June 25, 2013, the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission designated the Marine Midland Building as a New York City Landmark, under the name "140 Broadway".[6]

In culture

The interior and exterior of the building appears a number of times in the 1971 film Klute. The interior shots provide images of the World Trade Center under construction. The building and the Noguchi cube are seen in The April Fools (1969). They also appear in the music videoes for Jay Z's "Empire State of Mind" and Beck's "Devils Haircut".

See also

References

  1. ^ Barr, Linda (May 12, 2004). "Germans pay $465m for 140 Broadway". Real Estate Weekly. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
  2. ^ "Brown Brothers Tales 140 B'Way". July 21, 2001.
  3. ^ "One Forty Broadway". Union Investment Real Estate GmbH. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  4. ^ Van Gelder, Lawrence (August 21, 1969). "Blast Rips Bank in Financial Area". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
  5. ^ Tomasson, obert E. (September 15, 1971). "Melville, Attica Radical, Dead; Recently Wrote of Jail Terror". The New York Times. Retrieved September 8, 2007.
  6. ^ Postal, Matthew A. "140 Broadway Designation Report" Archived 2013-09-06 at the Wayback Machine New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (June 25, 2013)

External links