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Mariam al-Asturlabi

Mariam al-Asturlabiyy (Arabic: مريم الأسطرلابي‎ or al-ʻIjliyyah bint al-ʻIjliyy al-Asturlabiyy (Arabic: العجلية بنت العجلي الأسطرلابي‎),[1] was a 10th-century female astronomer and maker of astrolabes in Aleppo, in what is now northern Syria.[2][3]

Early life

She was the daughter of an astrolabist known as al-ʻIjliyy al-Asturlabī.[3] According to ibn al-Nadim, she was an apprentice (tilmīthah) of Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd Allāh Nasṭūlus.[3]


Al-'Ijliyah developed and manufactured astrolabes, an astronomical and navigation instrument, during the 10th century.[1][4] She was employed by the Emir of Aleppo, Sayf al-Dawla, who reigned from 944 to 967 AD.[3][1]


The main-belt asteroid 7060 Al-'Ijliya, discovered by Henry E. Holt at Palomar Observatory in 1990, was named in her honor.[2] Naming citation was published on 14 November 2016 (M.P.C. 102252).[5]

She inspired a character in 2015 award-winning book Binti.[6] She was named an extraordinary woman from the Golden Age of Muslim Civilisation by 1001 Inventions.[7]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Salim Al-Hassani. "Women's Contribution to Classical Islamic Civilisation: Science, Medicine and Politics". Archived from the original on 2016-07-27. Retrieved 2016-08-15.
  2. ^ a b "7060 Al-'Ijliya (1990 SF11)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Dodge, Bayard (1970). The Fihrist of Al-Nadīm: A Tenth-century Survey of Muslim Culture. Columbia University Press. p. 671. ISBN 978-0-231-02925-4.
  4. ^ "How astronomers and instrument-makers in Muslim civilisations expanded our knowledge of the universe | Muslim Women's Council". Archived from the original on 2016-08-13. Retrieved 2016-08-12.
  5. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  6. ^ Emily Asher-Perrin (2016-06-02). "The Inspiration for Nnedi Okorafor's Binti is a Muslim Scientist From the 10th Century". Retrieved 2018-11-18.
  7. ^ "Extraordinary Women from the Golden Age of Muslim Civilisation". 1001 Inventions. Retrieved 2018-11-18.

External links