Marathesium or Marathesion (Ancient Greek: Μαραθήσιον) was a town of ancient Ionia on the coast south of Ephesus, and not far from the frontiers of Caria, whence Stephanus of Byzantium calls it a town of Caria. It is also mentioned in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax and by Pliny the Elder. The town at one time belonged to the Samians; but they made an exchange, and, giving it up to the Ephesians, received Neapolis in return. It was a member of the Delian League since it appears in tribute records of Athens between the years 443/2 and 415/4 BCE.
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