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Marathesium or Marathesion (Ancient Greek: Μαραθήσιον) was a town of ancient Ionia on the coast south of Ephesus, and not far from the frontiers of Caria, whence Stephanus of Byzantium calls it a town of Caria.[1] It is also mentioned in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax and by Pliny the Elder.[2] The town at one time belonged to the Samians; but they made an exchange, and, giving it up to the Ephesians, received Neapolis in return.[3] It was a member of the Delian League since it appears in tribute records of Athens between the years 443/2 and 415/4 BCE.[4]

Its site is located near Ambar Tepe, Asiatic Turkey.[5][6]


  1. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v.
  2. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 5.31.
  3. ^ Strabo. Geographica. xiv. p.639. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  4. ^ Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). "Ionia". An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 1082. ISBN 0-19-814099-1.
  5. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 61, and directory notes accompanying.
  6. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Marathesium". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.