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Maqam al-iraqi

Iraqi Maqam (Arabic: المقام العراقي‎) is a genre of Arabic maqam music found in Iraq that is at least four-hundred years old. The ensemble of instruments used in this genre, called Al-Chalghi al-Baghdadi, includes a qari' (singer), santur, jawza, tabla or dunbug/dumbeg, and sometimes riqq and naqqarat. The focus is on the poem sung in classical Arabic or an Iraqi dialect (then called zuhayri). A complete maqam concert is known as fasl (plural fusul) and is named after the first maqam: bayat, hijaz, rast, nawa, or husayni.[1]

A typical performance includes the following sections:[1]

  • tahrir, sometimes badwah
  • taslum
  • finalis

Famous maqam singers[citation needed]

  • Ahmed Zaydan
  • Rashid al-Qundarchi
  • Mohammad al-Qubbanchi
  • Hussein al-A'dhami
  • Najm al-Shaykhli
  • Hassan Khaiwka
  • Hashim al-Rejab
  • Yusuf Omar
  • Farida Ali
  • Abdulrahman Khidhr
  • Hamed al-Sa‘di
  • Nazem Al-Ghazali
  • Felfel Gourgy
  • Affifa Iskandar
  • Mulla Hasan al-Babujachi
  • Rahmat Allah Shiltagh
  • Khalil Rabbaz
  • Rahmain Niftar
  • Rubin Rajwan
  • Mulla Uthman al-Mawsili
  • Jamil al-Baghdadi
  • Salman Moshe
  • Yusuf Huresh
  • Abbas Kambir
  • Farida al-A‘dhami

External links

References

  1. ^ a b Touma, Habib Hassan (2006). The Music of the Arabs. United States of America: Amadeus Press. pp. 55–57. ISBN 978-1574670813.