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Manji (era)

Manji (万治) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Meireki and before Kanbun. This period spanned the years from July 1658 through April 1661.[1] The reigning emperor was Go-Sai-tennō (後西天皇).[2]

Change of era

  • 1658 Manji gannen (万治元年): The era name was changed to mark a disastrous, great fire in Edo. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Meireki 4, on the 23rd day of the 7th month 23rd.

The source of this era name comes from the Records of the Grand Historian: "When the common people know their place, then all under heaven is ruled" (衆民乃定、国為)

Events of the Manji era

  • 1658 (Manji 1): In the aftermath of the Great Mereiki Fire, the shogunate organized four all-samurai, all-Edo firefighting squads.[3]
  • 1658 (Manji 1): Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu is born. Yoshiyasu will become Shōgun Tsunayoshi's favorite courtier and chief counselor.[4]
  • 1659 (Manji 2): In Edo, construction begins on the Ryōgoku Bridge (ryogokubashi).[2]
  • 1660 (Manji 3): Former rojū Sakai Tadakatsu entered the Buddhist priesthood.

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Manji" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 607; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at Archive.today.
  2. ^ a b Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 413.
  3. ^ McClain, James et al. (1994). Edo and Paris: Urban Life and the State in the Early Modern Era, p. xxii.
  4. ^ Bodart-Bailey, Beatrice. (2006). The Dog Shogun: The Personality and Policies of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, p. 110.

See also

References

  • Bodart-Bailey, Beatrice. (2006). The Dog Shogun: The Personality and Policies of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824829780; ISBN 9780824830304; OCLC 470123491
  • McClain, James L., John M. Merriman and Kaoru Ugawa. (1994). Edo and Paris: Urban Life and the State in the Early Modern Era. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-8183-X
  • Nussbaum, Louis Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 48943301
  • Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779–1822. London: RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 978-0-203-09985-8; OCLC 65177072
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691

External links

Preceded by
Meireki (明暦)
Era or nengō
Manji (万治)

1658–1661
Succeeded by
Kanbun (寛文)