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Manili massacre

Manili massacre
Part of the Moro conflict
Carmen, North Cotabato is located in Philippines
Carmen, North Cotabato
Carmen, North Cotabato
Carmen, North Cotabato (Philippines)
LocationManili, Carmen, North Cotabato, Philippines
Coordinates7°23′N 124°49′E / 7.38°N 124.82°E / 7.38; 124.82
DateJune 19, 1971 (UTC +8)
TargetFilipino Muslims
Attack type
Mass shooting
WeaponsSmall arms, hand grenade, bladed weapons
Deaths70[1]-79[2]
Non-fatal injuries
17[1]
PerpetratorsIlaga
Suspected perpetrators
Philippine Constabulary
MotiveRevenge killing in retaliation for purported killing of Christians in earlier incidents[3]

The Manili massacre refers to the mass murder of 70[1]-79[2] Moro Muslims, including women and children, committed in a mosque in Manili, Carmen, North Cotabato, Philippines on June 19, 1971.[3] The Muslim residents of the town had gathered in their mosque to participate in a supposed peace talk with Christian groups when a group of armed men dressed in uniforms similar to those worn by members of the Philippine Constabulary opened fire on them.[3]

It was suspected that the Ilaga militant group were the attack's perpetrators,[1] but there were also allegations that the Philippine Constabulary had collaborated with the Ilaga. No one was found culpable for the incident; Feliciano Lucas, also known as "Commander Toothpick", the Ilaga leader who was the prime suspect in the crime, was released after he "surrendered" to Ferdinand Marcos at the Malacañang Palace.[1] The incident resulted in increased hostilities between Moro Muslims and Christians.[4] In response to the incident, former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi provided military aid to the secessionist group Moro National Liberation Front.[4][5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Mariveles, Julius D. "Mindanao: A memory of massacres". Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  2. ^ a b Arguillas, Carolyn O. (28 January 2010). "De Lima: "Oooops, sorry, it's Ampatuan Massacre not Maguindanao Massacre". MindaNews. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Larousse, William (2001). A Local Church Living for Dialogue: Muslim-Christian Relations in Mindanao-Sulu, Philippines 1965-2000. Gregorian Biblical BookShop. p. 136. ISBN 8876528792.
  4. ^ a b Amer, Ramses (2013). Conflict Management and Dispute Settlement in East Asia. Ashgate Publishing. p. 66. ISBN 1409489345.
  5. ^ McKenna, Thomas M. (1998). Muslim Rulers and Rebels: Everyday Politics and Armed Separatism in the Southern Philippines. University of California. p. 155. ISBN 0520919645.