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|LRT Line 1|
|Type||Rapid transit / Light rail|
|System||Manila Light Rail Transit System|
|Daily ridership||470,700 (2013 average)
658,627 (2012 record)
|Opened||December 1, 1984|
|Owner||Light Rail Transit Authority|
|Operator(s)||Light Rail Manila Corporation
RATP Dev Transdev Asia
|Rolling stock||BN and ACEC 1st Generation LRV
Hyundai Precision and Adtranz 2nd Generation LRV
Kinki Sharyo and Nippon Sharyo 3rd Generation LRV
|Track length||19.65 km (12.21 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Minimum radius||170 metres (558 ft) Mainline – 25 metres (82 ft) Depot|
|Operating speed||40–60 km/h (25–37 mph)|
The Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1 is the first metro line of the Manila Light Rail Transit System. Presently, the line contains twenty stations and runs on 19.65 kilometers (12.21 mi) of fully elevated route. The line is colored yellow (old) and green (new) on all LRT maps.
The line runs in a general north-south direction from Baclaran to Monumento; then, it runs in an east-west direction from Monumento to North Avenue, linking the cities of Quezon City, Caloocan, Manila, Pasay, and Parañaque. Passengers can transfer to the Line 2 at Doroteo Jose station, while passengers can transfer to the Line 3 at EDSA and North Avenue stations.
The Line 1 was known for many names such as LRT Line 1, shortened to LRT-1, Yellow Line, Green Line (2012), or the Metrorail. However, the yellow color of the line dates back to its opening in 1984.
On October 12, 2014, Light Rail Manila Corporation (LRMC), a joint venture company of Metro Pacific's Metro Pacific Light Rail Corporation (MPLRC), Ayala Corporation’s AC Infrastructure Holdings Corporation (AC Infra), and the Philippine Investment Alliance for Infrastructure’s Macquarie Infrastructure Holdings (Philippines) PTE Ltd.(MIHPL), signed a concession agreement with the Department of Transportation (DOTr) and Light Rail Transit Authority (LRTA) for the operation and maintenance of LRT Line 1 and the construction of a PhP 65 billion extension project to Bacoor, Cavite. LRMC, in turn, contracted the operation and maintenance of the line for 20 years to RATP Dev under its subsidiary RATP Dev Transdev Asia, a joint venture between Transdev and RATP Dev. The 32-year concession started on September 12, 2015.
The Line 1 is predominantly aligned to the path of Taft Avenue (Radial Road 2), which was chosen largely due to its straight length. Later on, as Taft Avenue ends, it shifts to Rizal Avenue and Rizal Avenue Extension (Radial Road 9) then turning right at EDSA or Circumferential Road 4 (C-4 Road) before ending at the corner of North and West Avenues and EDSA.
Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1 serves 20 stations along its route. A twenty-first station is yet to be constructed. Eight stations, which are part of the LRT-1 South Extension Project, are also set to be constructed south of Baclaran.
|Between stations||From Roosevelt|
|Gil Puyat||1.061||15.745||Pasay City|
|Manila International Airport||—||—|
|Dr. A. Santos||—||—|
|Las Piñas||—||—||Las Piñas City|
|Zapote||—||—||Bacoor City, Cavite|
|Stations in italics are either under construction, not yet operational, or have been closed.|
The LRT Line 1 at various stages in its history has used a two-car, three-car, and four-car trainsets. The two-car trains are the original first-generation BN and ACEC trains (railway cars numbered from 1000). Most were transformed into three-car trains, although some two-car trains remain in service. The four-car trains are the more modern second-generation Hyundai Precision and Adtranz (1100) and third-generation Kinki Sharyo / Nippon Sharyo (1200) trains. There are 139 railway cars grouped into 40 trains serving the line: 63 of these are first-generation cars, 28 second-generation, and 48 third-generation. One train car (1037) was severely damaged in the Rizal Day bombings and was subsequently decommissioned. The maximum speed of these cars is 80 kilometers per hour (50 mph).
The LRT Line 1 fleet is being modernized to cope with increasing numbers of passengers. In the initial phase of its capacity expansion program completed in 1999, the line's seven four-car second-generation trains were commissioned providing an increased train capacity of 1,350 passengers while the original two-car trains capable of holding 748 passengers were transformed into three-car trains with room for 1,122.
The acquisition marked the introduction of the first air-conditioned trains to the line. Earlier LRT Line 1 rolling stock was notorious for its lack of air conditioning, relying instead on forced-air roof ventilation for cooling. Unfortunately, this resulted in hot and stuffy rides. The problem was addressed more fully after a preparatory rehabilitation program completed in 2001 allowed the installation of air conditioners to the older rolling stock. By June 2004, all Yellow Line trains had air conditioning.
As part of the second phase of expansion on the Yellow Line, 12 new trains made in Japan by Kinki Sharyo and provided by the Manila Tren Consortium were shipped in the third quarter of 2006 and went into service in the first quarter of 2007. The new air-conditioned trains have boosted the capacity of the line from 27,000 to 40,000 passengers per hour per direction.
As of recent, the original trainsets are undergoing a body repaint and repair to address body issues and put it at par with its newer trains in terms of aesthetics. However, a majority of the second-generation trains are currently not operational due to various issues such as air-conditioning. 4 of the coaches in the third-generation trains currently out of service is most likely the trainset that figured in the train collision in Roosevelt station.
LRMC has also built an in-house laboratory for production and repair of train parts that are no longer available in the market.
|Manufacturer||BN Constructions Ferroviaires et Métalliques / SA Ateliers de Constructions Electriques de Charleroi||Hyundai Precision / Adtranz||Kinki Sharyo / Nippon Sharyo|
|Model||1000 Series||1100 series||1200 series|
|Number Built (cars)||64 built; 43 in service 15 out of service 6 decommissioned||28 built; 28 in service 20 out of service||48 built; 44 in service 4 out of service|
|Car type||8-axle (4 bogie) rigid body||6-axle (3 bogie) rigid body|
|Length||29280 mm||26500 mm (MC car w/ coupler) 26350 mm (M Car w/anti-climber/semi permanent coupler)|
|Width||2500 mm||2590 mm|
|Height(From top of rail)||3525 mm||3740 mm||3910 mm|
|Configuration||MC-MC 59590 mm (2-car)
89370 mm MC-MC-MC (3-car)
|MC-M-M-MC 105700 mm (4 car) MC-M-MC 79350 mm (3 car) MC-MC 53000 mm (2 car)|
|Capacity||748-1,122 passengers (81 seated, 293 standing)||1,358 passengers (320 seated 1038 standing)||1,388 passengers (272 seated 1116 standing @ 7 passengers m^2)|
|Doors||1400 mm wide; Plug-type; 5-doors/side||1500 mm wide x 1900 mm high ; Interior sliding type; 4-doors/side|
|Traction system||DC 218 Kw Chopper Type x 1||AC 125 kW VVVF Type with regeneration x 2||AC 105 kW VVVF Control with regeneration x 2|
|Traction power||750 V DC OCS; pantograph power connection|
|Body Material||BI sheet||Stainless steel|
|Ventilation||Forced ventilation (pre–2003 refurbishment); 12 units/car Air-conditioned; roof-mounted duct type; 5 units/car (refurbished) Air-conditioned & Forced ventilation Dome Air Vent PowerCool BR26; roof-mounted duct type; 5 (BR26) & 4 (Kolin/Sidwal) units/car (refurbished)||Air-conditioned; roof-mounted duct type; 2 units/car|
|Status||In service; rehabilitated in 2003–2004 and 2016–present||In Service|
A south extension of Line 1, also known as the South Extension Project in the Metro Manila Rail Plans has been proposed and would aim to serve the areas of Parañaque to Cavite. Such an extension would take Quirino Avenue (Road from Parañaque to Bacoor) then would travel on the side of Seaside Drive to the Coastal Road, and from there would travel down the side of Kabihasnan street to Quirino Avenue (again) to its extension, General Emilio Aguinaldo Avenue from the Las Pinas-Bacoor Boundary of Zapote Bridge to Niog. The extension would add 8 stations over some 11.7 kilometers (7.3 mi) of new line and would be the second rail line extending outside the Metro Manila area (after the under construction MRT Line 7).
An unsolicited bid to conduct this work from Canada's SNC-Lavalin was rejected by the Philippine government in 2005. In 2006, the government worked with advisers (International Finance Corporation, White & Case, Halcrow and others) to conduct an open-market invitation to tender for the extension and for a 30-year concession to run the extended LRT-1 line. President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo subsequently withdrew the project.
The South Extension Project will be done in phases: Phase 1 will start from Baclaran to Dr. A. Santos Avenue and Phase 2 will start from Dr. A. Santos Avenue to Niog. The LRT-1 South Extension Project will composed of 8 stations. The following 8 stations would proposed to compose the South Extension:
The line would be extended from Parañaque southwards, connecting Las Piñas and Bacoor to the LRT network.
On May 4, 2017, groundbreaking of the LRT-1 Southern Extension are held, and the project is expected to be finished by 2021. Department of Transportation secretary Arthur Tugade projected the early completion of the project to be by 2020.
Another extension of the LRT-1 in Cavite has been proposed. It will be extended by another 19 kilometres (12 mi) from Bacoor to Dasmariñas with a right-of-way alignment along Aguinaldo Highway. This public-private partnership project dubbed as LRT-6 would have 6 additional stations in Cavite.
The 6 stations of the proposed South Extension Phase 2 are composed of:
On Rizal Day in the year 2000, a Yellow Line train (Car number 1037) exploded near Blumentritt station as part of a series of explosions in a terrorist attack known as the Rizal Day bombings. The attack on the LRT killed some 22 people and injured hundreds. Eight members of both Jemaah Islamiyah and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), which include Hambal, Asia's most wanted man, and Fathur Rahman al-Ghozi, were charged with plotting and masterminding the attacks in 2003, some three years after the attacks. Three suspects were put on trial, with al-Ghozi receiving 17 years in prison due to the illegal possession of explosives. Al-Ghozi later died in a firefight after attempting to escape from prison. Car number 1037 is currently decommissioned, but there are plans to reconstruct it.
LRT Line 1 also witnessed several cases of suicides and suicide attempts, including one case involving a fisherman, who soon died, a 41-year-old woman, who survived, and a man, who jumped from the 26th floor of a condominium building and was subsequently crushed by a southbound LRT train. The line also witnessed births involving women who were heading towards hospitals accessible through the LRT, and the first case recorded occurred on May 5, 2005, involving a woman named Lea Aquino Ababa, from Pasay.
Fires, mostly occurring near the line, also caused service disruptions on the LRT Line 1 on several instances.
Unlike the MRT-3 that has been virtually crippled due to poor maintenance, the LRT-1 has seldom train malfunctions and has been mostly functional; however, occasional malfunctions such as line glitches limiting station travels, train malfunctions such as train doors being open while running, 'code yellow' and 'code red', cases where whole trainsets bog down in the middle of a revenue run have been reported sporadically.