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Manhattan Beach, Brooklyn

Manhattan Beach
The neighborhood's namesake beach along the Atlantic Ocean
The neighborhood's namesake beach along the Atlantic Ocean
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40°34′41″N 73°56′38″W / 40.578°N 73.944°W / 40.578; -73.944
Country United States
State New York
City New York City
Borough Brooklyn
Community DistrictBrooklyn 15[1]
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
11235
Area code718, 347, 929, and 917

Manhattan Beach is a residential neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the south and east, by Sheepshead Bay on the north, and Brighton Beach to the west. Traditionally known as an Italian and Ashkenazi Jewish neighborhood, it is also home to a sizable community of Sephardi Jews and a large Russian Jewish immigrant presence. The community's street names, derived from England, are in alphabetical order from A to P (Amherst, Beaumont, Coleridge, Dover, Exeter, Falmouth, through to Pembroke, with Quentin and Reynolds on old maps), with the exception of Ocean Avenue.

Manhattan Beach is part of Brooklyn Community District 15 and its primary ZIP Code is 11235.[1] It is patrolled by the 61st Precinct of the New York City Police Department.[2] Politically it is represented by the New York City Council's 48th District. The area is also represented by the Manhattan Beach Community Group, established in 1941, and the Manhattan Beach Neighborhood Association, established in 2008.

History

Manhattan Beach Hotel c. 1905

Manhattan Beach was the most upscale of the three major resort areas that developed at Coney Island shortly after the American Civil War; the other two areas were Brighton Beach and West Brighton.[3] It was developed in the last quarter of the 19th century as a resort by Austin Corbin, later president of the Long Island Rail Road, for whom the street Corbin Place was named.[4] In 1877, Corbin built the famous Manhattan Beach Hotel, followed by the even grander Oriental Hotel in 1880.[3] The Coney Island Jockey Club horse racing track opened nearby at the same time as Corbin's Oriental Hotel; together, these three establishments drew thousands of visitors to Manhattan Beach.[3] The hotels held daily concerts led by famous conductors such as Conterno, Gilmore, and John Philip Sousa, and hosted elaborate nightly fireworks displays, drawing tens of thousands of visitors on summer nights and making Manhattan Beach a renowned summer seaside resort.[3] Sousa composed the "Manhattan Beach" march in 1893 to commemorate the beach resort. Corbin, an antisemite who served as the secretary of the American Society for the Suppression of Jews, barred Jews from the resort.[5][6] In 1895, Corbin built a 12,000 capacity third-mile concrete cycling track behind the hotel at a cost of $30,000.[7][8][9]

After the deterioration of the hotel industry in the area, the site of the former Manhattan Beach hotel was developed into a residential area and into Manhattan Beach Park by the New York City Parks Department. Manhattan Beach Park opened to the public in 1955, to alleviate crowding at the neighboring beaches of Coney Island and Brighton Beach, and continues to serve the public today.[10] From 1954 to 1959, the neighborhood was home to Manhattan Beach Air Force Station.[11] From the 1980s, Manhattan Beach has become an enclave for higher end middle class Russian Jews.[12] The Manhattan Beach Jewish Center was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2015.[13]

Political representation

Politically, Manhattan Beach is in New York's 8th congressional district.[14][15] It is in the New York State Senate's 22nd district,[16][17] the New York State Assembly's 45th district,[18][19] and the New York City Council's 48th district.[20]

Police and crime

Manhattan Beach is patrolled by the 61st Precinct of the NYPD, located at 2575 Coney Island Avenue.[2] The 61st Precinct ranked 5th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.[21]

The 61st Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 88.2% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 1 murder, 17 rapes, 150 robberies, 170 felony assaults, 169 burglaries, 584 grand larcenies, and 72 grand larcenies auto in 2018.[22]

Fire safety

Manhattan Beach is served by the New York City Fire Department (FDNY)'s Engine Co. 246/Ladder Co. 169, located at 2732 East 11th Street.[23][24]

Education

Schools and institutes

PS 195

Kingsborough Community College, which is the part of the City University of New York, occupies the entire eastern tip of Manhattan Beach. The college's halls and departments are spread out through the area. The Leon M. Goldstein High School for the Sciences is located on the campus of Kingsborough Community College.

The New York City Department of Education operates public schools in the area. Manhattan Beach is zoned to PS 195 Manhattan Beach School[25] for grades K–5 and PS 225, the Eileen E. Zaglin School[26] for grades 6–8. In 1992, special education school PS 771K was opened at this building.[citation needed]

Private schools in the area include the Yeshiva of Manhattan Beach, a Jewish day school for grades K–8, and the Yeshiva Gedolah Bais Shimon of Manhattan Beach, which is a post-high school rabbinical program.

Library

The Brooklyn Public Library's Sheepshead Bay branch is located at 2636 East 14th Street, near Avenue Z.[27]

Transportation

Manhattan Beach is served by MTA Regional Bus Operations' B1 and B49 bus routes. Both operate along Oriental Boulevard.[28]

Notable residents

Buildings in the neighborhood

Notable current and former residents of Manhattan Beach include:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "NYPD – 61st Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Sullivan, David A. "Coney Island History: The Rise and Fall of Corbin's Manhattan Beach Resort". heartofconeyisland.com. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
  4. ^ The New York and Manhattan Beach Railway, LIRR History. Accessed June 4, 2007. "Immediately the whole purpose of the new RR was changed from freight to passenger, in order to service Corbin’s proposed line to the site of his immense Manhattan Beach Hotel that was being constructed on the east end of Coney Island."
  5. ^ Marc R. Matrana, Lost Plantations of the South, Oxford, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi, 2009, pp. 40–43
  6. ^ Leonard Benardo, Jennifer Weiss, Street Cred, The New York Times, February 25, 2007
  7. ^ "Work Aplenty for Ambitious Anklers". Motorcycle and Bicycle Illustrated. Vol. 18 no. 14. New York City: The Cycling Press. April 6, 1922. p. 29 – via HathiTrust.
  8. ^ Cross, Gary; Walton, John K. (2005). The Playful Crowd: Pleasure Places in the Twentieth Century. Columbia University Press. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-231-50283-2.
  9. ^ "Condensed Cycling Chat". Warren Evening News. July 2, 1895. p. 2 – via NewspaperARCHIVE.com.
  10. ^ "Manhattan Beach Park History". New York City Parks Department. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  11. ^ "Manhattan Beach Army Housing Units Brooklyn, New York" (PDF). Environmental Research Division Argonne National Laboratory. November 1989. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  12. ^ "If You're Thinking of Living in: Manhattan Beach". The New York Times. September 16, 1990.
  13. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings: Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 5/26/15 through 5/29/15". National Park Service. June 5, 2015.
  14. ^ Congressional District 8, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed May 5, 2017.
  15. ^ New York City Congressional Districts, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed May 5, 2017.
  16. ^ Senate District 22, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed May 5, 2017.
  17. ^ 2012 Senate District Maps: New York City, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed November 17, 2018.
  18. ^ Assembly District 45, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed May 5, 2017.
  19. ^ 2012 Assembly District Maps: New York City, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed November 17, 2018.
  20. ^ Current City Council Districts for Kings County, New York City. Accessed May 5, 2017.
  21. ^ "Sheepshead Bay – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Archived from the original on April 15, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  22. ^ "61st Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  23. ^ "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  24. ^ "Engine Company 246/Ladder Company 169". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  25. ^ [schools.nyc.gov]
  26. ^ "Welcome - P.S. K225 - The Eileen E. Zaglin - K225 - New York City Department of Education". schools.nyc.gov.
  27. ^ "Sheepshead Bay Library". Brooklyn Public Library. August 22, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  28. ^ "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  29. ^ Jacobson, Steve via Newsday. "Charges Stun Those Who Know Marv Albert", Los Angeles Times, May 25, 1997. Accessed February 20, 2018. "Albert is the kid from Manhattan Beach in Brooklyn who was a ballboy for the Knicks and created the Jim Baechtold Fan Club."
  30. ^ Morgan, Spencer. "Darren the Dude Revives Mickey The Mauler", New York Observer, October 7, 2008. Accessed February 20. 2018. "Darren Aronofsky was a serious young man, a nature boy. He grew up in Manhattan Beach, Brooklyn, where the beaches were beautiful but cluttered with trash."
  31. ^ Pogrebin, Robin. "The Angriest Man in Talk Radio;In This City, Call-In Shows Crackle With Controversy. But When Is Enough Enough?", The New York Times, January 28, 1996. Accessed February 20, 2018. "Growing up in Manhattan Beach, Brooklyn, he had devotedly listened to Mr. Grant. Eventually, Mr. Diamond quit advertising and started pestering WABC for a job."
  32. ^ Hamilton, Sue L. Jack Kirby, p. 16. ABDO Publishing Company, 2010. ISBN 9781617842641. Accessed February 20, 2018. "Financially, Jack Kirby was doing well. He and Roz moved into their own apartment in Manhattan Beach, New York."
  33. ^ Lieberman, Gerlad F. "Brooklyn Survives Without Historian", The New York Times, July 23, 1972. Accessed February 20, 2018. "Justice Leibowitz, long a resident of Manhattan Beach, was born in the East New York section of Brooklyn, a place he describes as a suburb of Brownsville."
  34. ^ Hevesi, Dennis (February 15, 2008). "William D. Modell, Seller of Sporting Goods, Is Dead at 86". The New York Times. Retrieved November 2, 2014..
  35. ^ Perlez, Jane. "Solarz Plans For A Race To Keep Brooklyn Seat", The New York Times, January 23, 1982. Accessed February 20, 2018. "The spine of Mr. Solarz's district is Brooklyn's Ocean Parkway. It reaches out to Coney Island, Brighton Beach and Manhattan Beach, where Mr. Solarz lives with his mother-in-law when he is in the district."

External links

Media related to Manhattan Beach, Brooklyn at Wikimedia Commons