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Manbazar II

Manbazar II
Community development block
Manbazar II is located in West Bengal
Manbazar II
Manbazar II
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°53′58″N 86°37′59″E / 22.8994227°N 86.6330338°E / 22.8994227; 86.6330338
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurulia
Government
 • TypeCommunity development block
Area
 • Total285.81 km2 (110.35 sq mi)
Elevation
266 m (873 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total97,164
 • Density340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone/STD code03253
Vehicle registrationWB-55, WB-56
Literacy60.27%
Lok Sabha constituencyJhargram
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBandwan
Websitewww.bdomanbazar2.org
[purulia.gov.in]

Manbazar II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Purulia Sadar East subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History

Background

The Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[1]

Red corridor

106 districts spanning 10 states across India, described as being part of the Left Wing Extremism activities, constitutes the Red corridor. In West Bengal the districts of Paschim Medinipur, Bankura, Purulia and Birbhum are part of the Red corridor. However, as of July 2016, there had been no reported incidents of Maoist related activities from these districts for the previous 4 years.[2]

The CPI (Maoist) extremism affected CD Blocks in Purulia district were: Jhalda I, Jhalda II, Arsha, Baghmundi, Balarampur, Barabazar, Manbazar II and Bandwan.[3] Certain reports also included Manbazar I and Joypur CD Blocks and some times indicted the whole of Purulia district.[4]

The Lalgarh movement, which started attracting attention after the failed assassination attempt on Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, then chief minister of West Bengal, in the Salboni area of Paschim Medinipur district, on 2 November 2008 and the police action that followed, had also spread over to these areas.[5] The movement was not just a political struggle but an armed struggle that concurrently took the look of a social struggle. A large number of CPI (M) activists were killed. Although the epi-centre of the movement was Lalgarh, it was spread across 19 police stations in three adjoining districts – Paschim Medinipur, Bankura and Purulia, all thickly forested and near the border with Jharkhand. The deployment of CRPF and other forces started on 11 June 2009. The movement came to an end after the 2011 state assembly elections and change of government in West Bengal. The death of Kishenji, the Maoist commander, on 24 November 2011 was the last major landmark.[5][6]

Geography

Jamtoria is located at 22°53′58″N 86°37′59″E / 22.8994227°N 86.6330338°E / 22.8994227; 86.6330338.

Manbazar II CD Block is bounded by Manbazar I CD Block on the north, Ranibandh CD Block, in Bankura district, on the east, Bandwan CD Block on the south and Patamda CD Block, in East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand, and Barabazar CD Block on the west.

It is located 59 km from Purulia, the district headquarters.

Manbazar II CD Block has an area of 285.81 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 75 gram sansads (village councils), 136 mouzas and 124 inhabited villages. Boro police station serves this block.[7] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Boro. The District Census Handbook shows, in its map, Bargorya as headquarters of Manbazar II CD Block, but the website of Manabazar II Block Development Officer mentions Boro as headquarters of the block. We are taking the latter information.[8][9]

The Kangsabati Project has submerged large areas of Purulia District in the Manbazar area.[10]

Gram panchayats of Manbazar II block/ panchayat samiti are: Ankro-Borokadam, Bargoria-Jamtoria, Barijagda, Boro-Jaragora, Buribandh, Dighi and Kumari.[11]

Demographics

Population

As per the 2011 Census of India Manbazar II CD Block had a total population of 97,164, all of which were rural. There were 48,943 (50%) males and 48,221 (50%) females. Population below 6 years was 11,839. Scheduled Castes numbered 6,321 (6.51%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 47,580 (48.97%).[12]

As per 2001 census, Manbazar II block had a total population of 85,160, out of which 43,295 were males and 41,865 were females. Manbazar II block registered a population growth of 7.86 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[13] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[14]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Manbazar II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Ankro (4,581).[12]

Other villages in Manbazar II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Jamteria (1,813), Dighi (2,110), Boro (1,565), Barkadam (1,059), Kumari (1,288), Bargorya (1,096), Buribandh (1,058), Jaragora (860), Bari (1,731) and Jagda (1,066).[12]

Literacy

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Manbazar II CD Block was 51,425 (60.27% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 31,997 (74.64% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 19,428 (45.76%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 28.88%.[12]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religions

Bengali is the local language in these areas.

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali was spoken by around 14% of the population of the earlier Manbhum district. Some people also speak Mundari or Kolarian languages such as Kurmali, Mundari and the languages of the Bhumij or Mahli.[15]

Religion in Manbazar II CD Block
Hindu
55.27%
Muslim
1.36%
Christian
0.06%
Others
43.31%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 53,699 and formed 55.27% of the population in Manbazar II CD Block. Muslims numbered 1,323 and formed 1.36% of the population. Christians numbered 61 and formed 0.06% of the population. Others numbered 42,081 and formed 43.31% of the population.[16] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[17] and other religious communities.[16]

Economy

Infrastructure

114 mouzas in Manbazar II CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[18]

Agriculture

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Manbazar II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 0.22%, patta (document) holders 4.60%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.44%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 28.93% and agricultural labourers 62.80%.[18]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Manbazar II CD Block was 4,205.60 hectares, out of which 1,909.00 hectares were by canal irrigation, 1,322.82 hectares by tank water, 67.38 hectares by river lift irrigation, 119.80 hectares by open dug wells and 787.30 hectares by other means.[18]

In 2013-14, Manbazar II CD Block produced 34,381 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 14,351 hectares, 448 tonnes of wheat from 170 hectares, 3,101 tonnes of maize from 1,656 hectares and 2,911 tonnes of potato from 220 hectares. It also produced maskalai, khesari, gram and mustard.[18]

Banking

In 2013-14, Manbazar II CD Block had offices of 4 commercial banks and 4 gramin banks.[18]

Transport

In 2013-14, Manbazar II CD Block had 6 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station was 80 km from the CD Block headquarters.[18]

SH 5 running from Rupnarayanpur (in Bardhaman district) to Junput (in Purba Medinipur district) passes through this block.[19]

Education

In 2013-14, Manbazar II CD Block had 137 primary schools with 7,679 students, 21 middle schools with 926 students, 4 high schools with 969 students and 11 higher secondary schools with 8,527 students. Manbazar II CD Block had 1 professional/ technical institution with 100 students and 235 institutions with 6,137 students for special and non-formal education.[18]

Healthcare

In 2014, Manbazar II CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 4 primary health centres, with total 50 beds and 10 doctors. 4,364 patients were treated indoor and 170,573 patients were treated outdoor in the health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[18]

References

  1. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02.
  2. ^ Singh, Vijayita. "Red Corridor to be redrawn". The Hindu, 25 July 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  3. ^ "IAP improving lives in Maoist-affected areas". Ideas for India. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Maoists observe 24 hr bandh in five states". UNI, One India. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Lalgarh Battle". Frontline. 17 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
  6. ^ "Kishenji's death a serious blow to Maoist movement". The Hindu. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
  7. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  8. ^ "District Census Handbook: Puruliya" (PDF). Map of District Puruliya with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Manbazar II Development Block". BDO, Manbazar II. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Map of Purulia District". calcuttaweb. Archived from the original on 2008-02-26. Retrieved 2008-03-02.
  11. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  12. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Puruliya District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  14. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
  15. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers - Manbhum by H. Coupland, ICS". Section 72, First Published 1911. University of California, San Diego. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  16. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  17. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  19. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 21 September 2016.