Community development block
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||285.81 km2 (110.35 sq mi)|
|Elevation||266 m (873 ft)|
|• Density||340/km2 (880/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||WB-55, WB-56|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Jhargram|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Bandwan|
The Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.
106 districts spanning 10 states across India, described as being part of the Left Wing Extremism activities, constitutes the Red corridor. In West Bengal the districts of Paschim Medinipur, Bankura, Purulia and Birbhum are part of the Red corridor. However, as of July 2016, there had been no reported incidents of Maoist related activities from these districts for the previous 4 years.
The CPI (Maoist) extremism affected CD Blocks in Purulia district were: Jhalda I, Jhalda II, Arsha, Baghmundi, Balarampur, Barabazar, Manbazar II and Bandwan. Certain reports also included Manbazar I and Joypur CD Blocks and some times indicted the whole of Purulia district.
The Lalgarh movement, which started attracting attention after the failed assassination attempt on Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, then chief minister of West Bengal, in the Salboni area of Paschim Medinipur district, on 2 November 2008 and the police action that followed, had also spread over to these areas. The movement was not just a political struggle but an armed struggle that concurrently took the look of a social struggle. A large number of CPI (M) activists were killed. Although the epi-centre of the movement was Lalgarh, it was spread across 19 police stations in three adjoining districts – Paschim Medinipur, Bankura and Purulia, all thickly forested and near the border with Jharkhand. The deployment of CRPF and other forces started on 11 June 2009. The movement came to an end after the 2011 state assembly elections and change of government in West Bengal. The death of Kishenji, the Maoist commander, on 24 November 2011 was the last major landmark.
Jamtoria is located at.
Manbazar II CD Block is bounded by Manbazar I CD Block on the north, Ranibandh CD Block, in Bankura district, on the east, Bandwan CD Block on the south and Patamda CD Block, in East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand, and Barabazar CD Block on the west.
It is located 59 km from Purulia, the district headquarters.
Manbazar II CD Block has an area of 285.81 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 75 gram sansads (village councils), 136 mouzas and 124 inhabited villages. Boro police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Boro. The District Census Handbook shows, in its map, Bargorya as headquarters of Manbazar II CD Block, but the website of Manabazar II Block Development Officer mentions Boro as headquarters of the block. We are taking the latter information.
As per the 2011 Census of India Manbazar II CD Block had a total population of 97,164, all of which were rural. There were 48,943 (50%) males and 48,221 (50%) females. Population below 6 years was 11,839. Scheduled Castes numbered 6,321 (6.51%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 47,580 (48.97%).
As per 2001 census, Manbazar II block had a total population of 85,160, out of which 43,295 were males and 41,865 were females. Manbazar II block registered a population growth of 7.86 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Manbazar II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Ankro (4,581).
Other villages in Manbazar II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Jamteria (1,813), Dighi (2,110), Boro (1,565), Barkadam (1,059), Kumari (1,288), Bargorya (1,096), Buribandh (1,058), Jaragora (860), Bari (1,731) and Jagda (1,066).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Manbazar II CD Block was 51,425 (60.27% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 31,997 (74.64% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 19,428 (45.76%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 28.88%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of|
|Purulia Sadar East subdivision|
|Manbazar I – 63.78%|
|Manbazar II – 60.27%|
|Bandwan – 61.38%|
|Purulia I – 78.37%|
|Purulia II – 63.39%|
|Hura – 68.79%|
|Puncha – 68.14%|
|Purulia Sadar West subdivision|
|Jhalda I – 66.18%|
|Jhalda II – 54.76%|
|Joypur – 57.94%|
|Arsha – 57.48%|
|Baghmundi – 57.17%|
|Balarampur – 60.40%|
|Barabazar – 63.27|
|Para – 65.62%|
|Raghunathpur I – 67.36%|
|Raghunathpur II – 67.29%|
|Neturia – 65.14%|
|Santuri – 64.15%|
|Kashipur – 71.06%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
Bengali is the local language in these areas.
There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali was spoken by around 14% of the population of the earlier Manbhum district. Some people also speak Mundari or Kolarian languages such as Kurmali, Mundari and the languages of the Bhumij or Mahli.
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 53,699 and formed 55.27% of the population in Manbazar II CD Block. Muslims numbered 1,323 and formed 1.36% of the population. Christians numbered 61 and formed 0.06% of the population. Others numbered 42,081 and formed 43.31% of the population. Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria, and other religious communities.
114 mouzas in Manbazar II CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.
In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Manbazar II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 0.22%, patta (document) holders 4.60%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.44%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 28.93% and agricultural labourers 62.80%.
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Manbazar II CD Block was 4,205.60 hectares, out of which 1,909.00 hectares were by canal irrigation, 1,322.82 hectares by tank water, 67.38 hectares by river lift irrigation, 119.80 hectares by open dug wells and 787.30 hectares by other means.
In 2013-14, Manbazar II CD Block produced 34,381 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 14,351 hectares, 448 tonnes of wheat from 170 hectares, 3,101 tonnes of maize from 1,656 hectares and 2,911 tonnes of potato from 220 hectares. It also produced maskalai, khesari, gram and mustard.
In 2013-14, Manbazar II CD Block had 6 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station was 80 km from the CD Block headquarters.
In 2013-14, Manbazar II CD Block had 137 primary schools with 7,679 students, 21 middle schools with 926 students, 4 high schools with 969 students and 11 higher secondary schools with 8,527 students. Manbazar II CD Block had 1 professional/ technical institution with 100 students and 235 institutions with 6,137 students for special and non-formal education.
In 2014, Manbazar II CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 4 primary health centres, with total 50 beds and 10 doctors. 4,364 patients were treated indoor and 170,573 patients were treated outdoor in the health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.