|• Body||Malbazar Municipality|
|• Municipality Chairperson||Mr. Swapan Saha|
|• Total||2.56 km2 (0.99 sq mi)|
|• Density||9,851/km2 (25,510/sq mi)|
|• Additional official||English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Sex ratio||950/968 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Jalpaiguri (SC)|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Mal (ST)|
Malbazar, also known as Mal, is a city and a municipality in Jalpaiguri district in the state of West Bengal, India. It is the headquarters of the Malbazar subdivision. It lies about 65 km from Jalpaiguri and 55 km from Siliguri.
Before 1947 Malbazar was a very small place, mainly known for its tea gardens mostly owned by British people. Those tea gardens had a few Bengali white collar employees and the work force consisted of tribal people.
After independence of India as well as partition of Bengal refugees from the then East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) started to settle here by cutting down forests. By that time, Narayan Chandra Bannerjee, Dr Amalendu Biswas (came from Pabna), Dr Tarak Mukherjee, Nripendra nath Choudhary who came there from Dacca established this city. Bannerjee had earned a lot of respect for his effective medical treatments and social services. He took initiatives to get the refugees settled there in an organised way. As a result, some colonies came up.
Later, due to efforts Bannerjee, Amalendu Biswas, Nripendra nath Choudhary, Sarat ch Ghosh, Dulal Sengupta, Makhan Bose established Adarsha Bidya Bhawan (a boys' high school). Bipin Bihari Bandyopadhyay established Subhasini Balika Vidyalay (a girls' high school) in the 1950s. The government Mal Grahmin Hospital was established. Biswas contributed a lot as the only dentist of Malbazar. Nath Choudhury had helped the refugees get settled. Soon, the police station was shifted to Malbazar from nearby Kranti.
During that time, Jogesh Chandra Dutta was closely associated with Narayan Chandra Bannerjee, Dr Amalendu Biswas, Nripendra nath Choudhary and others. Jogesh Chandra Dutta was the only practising ophthalmologist in that area. He was also closely associated with development of Mal RR Primary School.
In the 1970s Malbazar got its fire service station. Later, a street was named after Narayan Chandra Bannerjee.
Mal is at .
Malbazar is one of the more important towns in Dooars. It is strategically located in the eastern part of the Dooars region. The town does not have much to offer tourists except for the beautiful Mal Park, but due to its location on the national highway, one can stay at Malbazar and visit the important tourist destination of Eastern Dooars – Gorumara National Park, Chapramari Wildlife Reserve, Jhalong, Bindu, Samsing, Suntalekhola are the famous tourist spots in this area.
There is a government tourist lodge in Malbazar apart from a few private accommodations. An annual flower show is held, visited by people from places far and near.
In the 2001 census, Malbazar had a population of 23,212 out of which 12,111 were males and 11,101 were females. Decadal growth for the period 1991–2001 was 13.81% for Malbazar, against 21.52% in Jalpaiguri district. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84%.
The local train station, New Mal Junction, is connected by the newly converted Broad Gauge of the New Jalpaiguri-Alipurduar-Samuktala Road railway line. The railway line leads from the forests of North Bengal to the foothills near the border with Bhutan.
Malbazar is well connected by road with important towns like Siliguri and Jalpaiguri. It became very popular to tourists as a gateway to many more spots like Gorumara, Chalsa, etc. There is a short route between Malbazar and Lava via Gorubathan.
The chairperson of Mal Municipality is Swapan Saha and vice chairperson is Dipa Sarkar.
● Mal Tourist Lodge (run by West Bengal Tourism Development Corporation),
● Guest House of Mal Municipality,
● PWD Inspection Bungalow.