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Malbazar

Malbazar

Mal
City
Malbazar is located in West Bengal
Malbazar
Malbazar
Location in West Bengal, India
Malbazar is located in India
Malbazar
Malbazar
Malbazar (India)
Malbazar is located in Asia
Malbazar
Malbazar
Malbazar (Asia)
Coordinates: 26°51′N 88°45′E / 26.85°N 88.75°E / 26.85; 88.75
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictJalpaiguri
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyMalbazar Municipality
 • Municipality ChairpersonMr. Swapan Saha
Area
 • Total2.56 km2 (0.99 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total25,218[1]
 • Density9,851/km2 (25,510/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali[2][3]
 • Additional officialEnglish[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
735221
Sex ratio950/968 /[4]
Lok Sabha constituencyJalpaiguri (SC)
Vidhan Sabha constituencyMal (ST)
Literacy rate88.68%

Malbazar, also known as Mal, is a city and a municipality in Jalpaiguri district[5] in the state of West Bengal, India. It is the headquarters of the Malbazar subdivision. It lies about 65 km from Jalpaiguri and 55 km from Siliguri.

History

Before 1947 Malbazar was a very small place, mainly known for its tea gardens mostly owned by British people. Those tea gardens had a few Bengali white collar employees and the work force consisted of tribal people.

After independence of India as well as partition of Bengal refugees from the then East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) started to settle here by cutting down forests. By that time, Narayan Chandra Bannerjee, Dr Amalendu Biswas (came from Pabna), Dr Tarak Mukherjee, Nripendra nath Choudhary who came there from Dacca established this city. Bannerjee had earned a lot of respect for his effective medical treatments and social services. He took initiatives to get the refugees settled there in an organised way. As a result, some colonies came up.

Later, due to efforts Bannerjee, Amalendu Biswas, Nripendra nath Choudhary, Sarat ch Ghosh, Dulal Sengupta, Makhan Bose established Adarsha Bidya Bhawan (a boys' high school). Bipin Bihari Bandyopadhyay established Subhasini Balika Vidyalay (a girls' high school) in the 1950s. The government Mal Grahmin Hospital was established. Biswas contributed a lot as the only dentist of Malbazar. Nath Choudhury had helped the refugees get settled. Soon, the police station was shifted to Malbazar from nearby Kranti.

During that time, Jogesh Chandra Dutta was closely associated with Narayan Chandra Bannerjee, Dr Amalendu Biswas, Nripendra nath Choudhary and others. Jogesh Chandra Dutta was the only practising ophthalmologist in that area. He was also closely associated with development of Mal RR Primary School.

In the 1970s Malbazar got its fire service station. Later, a street was named after Narayan Chandra Bannerjee.

Geography

Mal is at 26°51′N 88°45′E / 26.85°N 88.75°E / 26.85; 88.75.[6]

Malbazar is one of the more important towns in Dooars. It is strategically located in the eastern part of the Dooars region. The town does not have much to offer tourists except for the beautiful Mal Park, but due to its location on the national highway, one can stay at Malbazar and visit the important tourist destination of Eastern Dooars – Gorumara National Park, Chapramari Wildlife Reserve, Jhalong, Bindu, Samsing, Suntalekhola are the famous tourist spots in this area.

There is a government tourist lodge in Malbazar apart from a few private accommodations. An annual flower show is held, visited by people from places far and near.

Demographics

In the 2001 census, Malbazar had a population of 23,212 out of which 12,111 were males and 11,101 were females. Decadal growth for the period 1991–2001 was 13.81% for Malbazar, against 21.52% in Jalpaiguri district. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84%.[7]

Education

Transport

The local train station, New Mal Junction, is connected by the newly converted Broad Gauge of the New Jalpaiguri-Alipurduar-Samuktala Road railway line. The railway line leads from the forests of North Bengal to the foothills near the border with Bhutan.

Malbazar is well connected by road with important towns like Siliguri and Jalpaiguri. It became very popular to tourists as a gateway to many more spots like Gorumara, Chalsa, etc. There is a short route between Malbazar and Lava via Gorubathan.

Politics

The chairperson of Mal Municipality is Swapan Saha and vice chairperson is Dipa Sarkar.[8]

Tourist interests

  • Balaji Mandir
  • Mal Park
  • Buddhist Temple
  • Mal and Neora river
  • Tea Gardens

Accommodations

● Mal Tourist Lodge (run by West Bengal Tourism Development Corporation),

● Guest House of Mal Municipality,

● PWD Inspection Bungalow.

References

  1. ^ [www.census2011.co.in]
  2. ^ a b "Fact and Figures". Wb.gov.in. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  3. ^ "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). Nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  4. ^ [www.census2011.co.in]
  5. ^ Administrative setup of Jalpaiguri district Archived 8 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine from official website of Jalpaiguri District
  6. ^ "Yahoo maps of Mal". Yahoo maps. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
  7. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Jalpaiguri District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2007.
  8. ^ "Mal municipality". Official website of the Department of Municipal Affairs, West Bengal. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2008.

External links