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Malappuram

Malappuram
City
Kottakkunnu Hills in Malappuram
Kottakkunnu Hills in Malappuram
Nickname(s): 
City of Hills, Mecca of Football
Malappuram is located in Kerala
Malappuram
Malappuram
Malappuram is located in India
Malappuram
Malappuram
Malappuram is located in Asia
Malappuram
Malappuram
Coordinates: 11°02′28″N 76°04′59″E / 11.041°N 76.083°E / 11.041; 76.083
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictMalappuram District
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyMalappuram Municipality
 • ChairpersonC.H. Jameela
 • Deputy ChairpersonPerumpally Said
Area
 • City33.61 km2 (12.98 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • City101,330
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,698,645
Language
 • OfficialMalayalam[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
676505
Telephone code0483
Vehicle registrationKL-10
Literacy96.47%
ClimateAm/Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation3,100 millimetres (120 in)
Avg. summer temperature39 °C (102 °F)
Avg. winter temperature20 °C (68 °F)
Websitewww.malappurammunicipality.in

Malappuram (also Malapuram) is a city[2] in the Indian state of Kerala, spread over an area of 33.61 km2 (12.98 sq mi). The first municipality in the district formed in 1969, Malappuram serves as the administrative headquarters of Malappuram district. Divided into 40 electoral wards, the city has a population density of 2,083 per square kilometre (5,390 per square mile). As per the 2011 census Malappuram Urban Agglomeration is the fourth largest urban agglomeration in Kerala state with a total population of 1,698,645.[3] Malappuram is situated 54 km southeast of Calicut and 90 km northwest of Palghat.[4]

Etymology

The word Malappuram means "terraced place atop the hills" or simply "hilltop", derived from the general geographical characteristics of the city.[5]

Malabar Special Police HQ entrance

History

Malappuram was a military headquarters from ancient times though the ancient history of the city is hardly seen recorded. However, there are some pre-historic relics, particularly Rock-cut caves found in some parts of the city like Oorakam, Melmuri, Ponmala, Vengara etc. manifesting the inhabitancy.[6] Locality named like Valiyangadi, Kootilangadi, Pallipuram etc. points to the Jain - Buddhist history of Malappuram. Notably, the 1500 year old Jain Temple above 2000 ft sea level at Oorakam Hill of Malappuram undoubtedly proves the same.[7] During the Sangam period, Eranadan Malappuram was under the Chera Empire. Places like Pattar Kadav, Panakkad etc. are possibly evolved out of Pattars and Panars having lived there. But no further details are available about the life and culture of the people either during the Sangam age or in the post-Sangam age.[8] Archaeological relics found in Malappuram also include the remnants of palaces of the eastern branch of the Zamorin reign. Details of the rulers of erstwhile Malappuram, who were the ancestors of later Zamorins, figure in the Jewish copper plates of Bhaskara Ravi Varman (1000 AD) and in the Kottayam copper plates of Veera Raghava Chakravarthy (1225 AD). The later history of the city is interwoven with the history of Zamorin's rule.[9]

Geography

Malappuram is situated in the mid land area of the state. As the name suggests, it is covered with small mountains of lush greenery, bonded with several freshwater streams flowing through the city. Kadalundi Puzha, a major river in Kerala is flowing around the city[10]. Malappuram is one of the few municipalities in the state with a tremendous track record of keeping the city clean. The recognition as second 'best municipality in up keeping the cleanliness and health by state government in 2011 [11] and Second prize for Swachhata Excellence Awards in 2019 by Government of India[12] acknowledges these sincere efforts of the municipality. Malappuram is the biggest potential nod of the district. Unlike other district headquarters, Malappuram holds a significant position in west-east transit along with north-south. It makes the city accessible for everyone in the district through either National Highway or State Highway.[13] The strategical location of the city is yet to be exploited in many aspects.

Climate

The city has more or less the same climatic conditions prevalent else-where the state. The climate is generally mild hot and humid in nature. However, the South West Monsoon is usually very heavy. The best season to visit Malappuram is during the months of September to March as the weather conditions are quite pleasant. Owing to its natural habitat, Malappuram is also a city of fresh air. According to the Central Pollution Control Board data for the year 2010, of the 180 cities monitored for SO2, NO2 and PM10, Malappuram was one of the two cities which met the criteria of low pollution (i.e. 50% below the standard) for all air pollutants.

Climate data for Malappuram, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.0
(89.6)
32.9
(91.2)
34.0
(93.2)
33.8
(92.8)
32.7
(90.9)
29.3
(84.7)
28.1
(82.6)
28.7
(83.7)
29.7
(85.5)
30.3
(86.5)
31.1
(88.0)
31.4
(88.5)
31.2
(88.1)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
22.8
(73.0)
24.4
(75.9)
25.4
(77.7)
25.1
(77.2)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73.0)
23.3
(73.9)
23.3
(73.9)
23.4
(74.1)
23.1
(73.6)
21.9
(71.4)
23.4
(74.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.0)
9
(0.4)
16
(0.6)
101
(4.0)
253
(10.0)
666
(26.2)
830
(32.7)
398
(15.7)
233
(9.2)
281
(11.1)
140
(5.5)
24
(0.9)
2,952
(116.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org[14]

Civic administration

Kottakkunnu, a view from giant wheel

Being the headquarters city, Malappuram comprises the Civil Station area which consists of administrative and other Government offices of the district such as District Collectorate, District Treasury, RTO, PWD Division Office, Jilla Panchayat, Town planning Office, Text depot, District Medical office etc. to name a few. The city is administered by the Malappuram Municipality, headed by a Municipal Chairman. For administrative purposes, the city is divided into 40 wards, from which the members of the municipal council are elected for five years. The Chairperson of Malappuram Municipality is Smt.C.H Jameela and the Deputy Chairperson is Sri. Perumpally Said. Malappuram District Collector is Jaffer Malik.[15]

Law and order

City police are headed by a Dy SP Malappuram. And Office of Superintendent of Police is also at Malappuram. Apart from regular law and order, city police comprise of the Malappuram Traffic Police, Crime Branch, Bomb Squad, Dog Squad, Women's Cell, Narcotics Cell, Malabar Special Police, Armed Police Camp, District Crime Records Bureau. Apart from these, there is 24/7 highway police patrol as well as a special pink patrol(Dial-1515) under Malappuram police division catering to women. [16]

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[17] the city population is 101,330. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Malappuram has a literacy rate of 96.47%, higher than the national average of 74%: male literacy is 97.85%, and female literacy is 95.21%.[17] Malappuram is also one of the million-plus UAs in India with a population of 1.6 million making it the 25th biggest and fourth biggest in the country and state respectively. The major language spoken in the city is Malayalam. English is widely understood, while Tamil and Arabic have considerable speakers. According to the 2011 census, the city population is predominantly Muslim at 70.24%[18], along with a sizable Hindu population at 27.60% and small Christian population at 1.98%.

Education

AMU Malappuram Campus is a center of Aligarh Muslim University higher education learning located near Perinthalmanna in Cherukara village at the hills of Chelamala.

Media

Malayala Manorama, Mathrubhumi, Madhyamam, Chandrika, Deshabhimani, Suprabhaatham dailies have their printing centres in and around the city. The Hindu has an edition and printing press at Malappuram. A few periodicals-monthlies, fortnightlies and weeklies-mostly devoted to religion and culture are also published. Almost all Malayalam channels and newspapers have their bureau at Up Hill. There are some local cable TV channels including (MCV), (ACV) etc. Malappuram Press Club is also situated at UP Hill adjacent to Municipal Town Hall. Doordarshan has its major relay station in the district at Malappuram. Government of India's Prasarbharati National Public Service Broadcaster has FM station in the district, broadcasting on 102.7 Mhtz. Even without any private FM stations, Malappuram finds a place in Top Ten Towns with Highest Radio Listenership in India.[19] There is a multiplex and four standalone cinema halls that screen movies in Malayalam, Tamil, English and Hindi. Rasmi Film Society, one of Kerala's oldest film forum is from Malappuram. The 72nd International film festival of Malappuram was conducted in March 2011.[20]

Sports

MDSC Stadium

Malabar Special Police HSS, which is the current champion[when?] of State Mahindra Youth Football Challenge is an all-time achiever in the inter-school tournaments.[21] It is also the runner up team of 53rd and 55th Subroto Cup international football tournament held at Delhi.[22]

Notable persons

See also

References

  1. ^ "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Revised List of Classification Cities for HRA of central government employees - Govt. Employees India". 2 June 2015.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "malappuram Web". Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  5. ^ "District Profile". spb.kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  6. ^ "History of Malappuram". Malappuram Police.
  7. ^ "Oorakam Mala". www.cpreecenvis.nic.in. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  8. ^ DISTRICT CENSUS HANDBOOK. DIRECTORATE OF CENSUS OPERATIONS, KERALA. 2011. p. 15.
  9. ^ PART XII-A (2011). DISTRICT CENSUS HANDBOOK MALAPPURAM. DIRECTORATE OF CENSUS OPERATIONS, Kerala. p. 15.
  10. ^ "Malappuram District Profile". Malappuram.
  11. ^ Sivaramakrishnan, K. C. (4 August 2011). Re-visioning Indian Cities: The Urban Renewal Mission. SAGE Publishing India. ISBN 9788132119470.
  12. ^ "Amrut Cities--Municipal Corporations of Raigarh, Ambikapur, and Kumbakonam Bag Top Swachhata Excellence Awards". pib.gov.in. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  13. ^ Work Study Report on Police Department 2013. P & A R (AR-VII) DEPARTMENT, Government of Kerala. 2013. p. 77.
  14. ^ "CLIMATE: MALAPPURAM", Climate-Data.org. Web: [2].
  15. ^ Reporter, Staff (20 June 2019). "New Malappuram Collector takes charge". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  16. ^ [www.malappurampolice.gov.in]
  17. ^ a b "Census of India: Search Details". Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  18. ^ "Malappuram District Religion Data - Census 2011".
  19. ^ "Top Ten Towns with Highest Radio Listenership". Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  20. ^ "Rasmi film fete concludes". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 15 March 2011.
  21. ^ "MSP HSS emerges champion". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 10 January 2012.
  22. ^ Press Trust of India (1 October 2012). "Dynamo Kyiv down fighting MSP Malappuram to win Subroto Cup". Business Standard India. Retrieved 28 July 2015.

External links