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Magma (band)

Magma
MAGMA @ Roadburn Festival 2017 06.jpg
Magma performing live at Roadburn Festival, 2017
Background information
OriginParis, France
GenresZeuhl, progressive rock, avant-rock, art rock
Years active1969–1983, 1996–present
Labels
Websitemagmamusic.org/en/home
MembersChristian Vander
Stella Vander
Isabelle Feuillebois
Rudy Blas
Benoit Alziary
Hervé Aknin
Jérome Martineau-Ricotti
Philippe Bussonnet
Past membersFrancis Moze
Jannick "Janik" Top
Klaus Blasquiz
Didier Lockwood
Bernard Paganotti
Benoît Widemann
Teddy Lasry
Himiko Paganotti
Antoine Paganotti
Emmanuel Borghi
Bruno Ruder
Laurent Thibault
Jérémie Ternoy
Jim Grandcamp
James MacGaw

Magma is a French progressive rock band founded in Paris in 1969 by classically trained drummer Christian Vander, who claimed as his inspiration a "vision of humanity's spiritual and ecological future" that profoundly disturbed him. In the course of their first album, the band tells the story of a group of people fleeing a doomed Earth to settle on the planet Kobaïa. Later, conflict arises when the Kobaïans—descendants of the original colonists—encounter other Earth refugees.

Vander invented a constructed language, Kobaïan, in which most lyrics are sung. In a 1977 interview with Vander and long-time Magma vocalist Klaus Blasquiz, Blasquiz said that Kobaïan is a "phonetic language made by elements of the Slavonic and Germanic languages to be able to express some things musically. The language has of course a content, but not word by word."[1] Vander himself has said that, "When I wrote, the sounds [of Kobaïan] came naturally with it—I didn’t intellectualise the process by saying 'Ok, now I’m going to write some words in a particular language', it was really sounds that were coming at the same time as the music."[2] Later albums tell different stories set in more ancient times; however, the Kobaïan language remains an integral part of the music.

In 1986, the French label Seventh Records was founded in order to (re-)publish Magma's and Vander's work. Over the years, Seventh has also released albums by related artists such as Stella Vander, Patrick Gauthier and Collectif Mu.[3]

History

Beginnings (1967-1971)

In early 1967, drummer Christian Vander played in the Wurdalaks and Cruciferius Lobonz, two rhythm and blues bands. With these groups, he wrote his first compositions, "Nogma" and "Atumba". The death of John Coltrane saddened Vander, who left the groups and traveled to Italy. He returned to France in 1969 and met saxophonist Rene Garber and bassist and conductor Laurent Thibault. Together with singer Lucien Zabuski and organist Francis Moze, they created the group Uniweria Zekt Magma Composedra Arguezdra, shortened to Magma. [4]

After their first tour, Magma experienced significant lineup turnover. Vocalist Lucien Zabuski was replaced with Klaus Blasquiz, and pianist Eddie Rabin, double bassist Jacky Vidal, and guitarist Claude Engel also joined the group. The group worked on material for three months in a house in the Chevreuse Valley. Eddie Rabin was replaced by François Cahen on keyboards, and Laurent Thibault abandoned bass to devote himself to production. Francis Moze became the new bassist. The band also expanded with a brass section, consisting of Teddy Lasry on saxophone and clarinet, Richard Raux on saxophone and flute, and Paco Charlery on trumpet. The group's first album, Magma, was released in the spring of 1970 by Phillips Records. The group caused a sensation but audience reactions were mixed.

[4]

After the album was released, Claude Engel, Richard Raux, and Paco Charlery left the group. Jeff Seffer replaced Raux on saxophone, and Louis Toesca replaced Charlery on trumpet. Their second album, 1001° Centigrades, was released in April 1971. The album won the band more exposure, including a performance at the Montreux Jazz Festival.[4]

Legacy

The band is widely considered to be musically adventurous and imaginative[5][6][7] among music critics. Magma uses choirs extensively in a way reminiscent of the composer Carl Orff.[8] Magma's music is also highly influenced by jazz saxophone player John Coltrane, and Vander has said that "it is still Coltrane who actually gives me the real material to work on, to be able to move on".[9]

So many of the musicians who have played with Magma have formed their own solo projects and/or spinoff acts that the Kobaïan term Zeuhl has come to refer to the musical style of these bands and the French jazz fusion/symphonic rock scene that grew around them.[10] Besides Christian Vander, other well-known Magma alumni include the violinist Didier Lockwood, bassist-composer Jannick "Janik" Top,[11] and spinoff act Weidorje.[12]

Fandom

The band has a number of high-profile fans. Punk rock singer Johnny Rotten,[13] prolific metal musician Kristoffer Rygg,[14] Steven Wilson formerly of Porcupine Tree,[15] and Mikael Åkerfeldt of Opeth,[16] and Chilean filmmaker Alejandro Jodorowsky have all stated their admiration of the band.

In the 1980s, British World champion snooker player Steve Davis declared himself a passionate follower of the band since his youth and used some of his winnings to promote a series of concerts by Magma in London.[17]

Television journalist Antoine de Caunes wrote a biography of the band entitled Magma.[18][19]

Controversy

Magma has been criticised for supposedly embracing fascist aesthetics and ideology in their art, accusations the band has called a "myth" and attributed to journalistic misrepresentations of their performance style.[20] However, in an interview with Richie Unterberger, Gong's Daevid Allen remembered that Christian Vander "had swastika flags all over his bedroom and pictures of Hitler and would leap up and do kind of imitation Hitler speeches in the middle of his drum solo".[21] Vander has also been under attack for a 1970 interview in which he had described the people of India and Africa as "degenerates".[22][23]

Discography

Studio albums

Live albums

  • 1975: Live/Hhaï
  • 1977: Inédits
  • 1981: Retrospektïẁ (Parts I+II)
  • 1981: Retrospektïẁ (Part III)
  • 1989: Akt X: Mekanïk Kommandöh (earlier studio recording of Mekanïk Destruktïw Kommandöh from 1973) [different from the bonus track mentioned above]
  • 1992: Akt I: Les Voix de Magma (from August 2, 1992 at Douarnenez)
  • 1994: Akt IV: Theatre Du Taur Concert, 1975 (from September 27, 1975)
  • 1995: Akt V: Concert Bobino 1981 (from May 16, 1981)
  • 1996: Akt VIII: Bruxelles 1971 (from November 12, 1971 at Theatre 140)
  • 1996: Akt IX: Opéra De Reims, 1976 (from March 2, 1976)
  • 1999: Akt XIII: BBC 1974 Londres (from March 14, 1974 at the London BBC studios)
  • 2001: Trilogie Theusz Hamtaahk (Concert du Trianon), CD + DVD
  • 2008: Akt XV: Bourges, 1979 (from April 17, 1979)
  • 2009: Live in Tokyo 2005
  • 2014: Zühn Wöhl Ünsai - Live 1974 (2 CD; Radio Bremen recordings)

EPs

  • 1998: Floë Ëssi/Ëktah
  • 2014: Rïah Sahïltaahk
  • 2015: Šlaǧ Tanƶ

Compilations/Boxsets/Other material

  • 1972: The Unnamables (studio album released under the alias 'Univeria Zekt')
  • 1986: Mythes et Légendes Vol. I (compilation)
  • 1992: Akt II: Sons: Document 1973 (recorded in 1973 at Le Manor, featuring a scaled-back line-up of Christian Vander, Klaus Blasquiz, Jannick Top and René Garber)
  • 1997: Kompila
  • 1998: Simples
  • 2008: Archiẁ I & II (included in the "Studio Zünd: 40 Ans d'Evolution" boxset)
  • 2008: Studio Zünd: 40 Ans d'Evolution (12 disc box set, includes Kobaïa to K.A. plus Archiẁ I & II)
  • 2015: Kohnzert Zund (12 CD; Live recordings, from 'Magma Live' to 'Trilogie Au Trianon' plus 'Triton Zund' and 'Alhambra 2009' )
  • 2017: Retrospektïw (3 LP’s. Includes Retrospektïw I, II & III series. Limited edition of 1,500 numbered copies. Also includes the classic comic strip.)

Videos

  • 1995: Akt VI: Concert Bobino 1981 (DVD) also released on VHS video cassette
  • 2001: Trilogie Theusz Hamtaahk (Concert du Trianon), CD + DVD
  • 2006: Mythes et Légendes Epok 1, DVD
  • 2006: Mythes et Légendes Epok 2, DVD
  • 2007: Mythes et Légendes Epok 3, DVD
  • 2008: Mythes et Légendes Epok 4, DVD
  • 2013: Mythes et Légendes Epok 5, DVD
  • 2016: Nihao Hamtaï - Magma in China, DVD
  • 2017: Ëmëhntëhtt-Rê Trilogy', DVD

Personnel

Members

  • Violinist: Didier Lockwood
  • Guitarists: Claude Engel, Claude Olmos, Gabriel Federow, Marc Fosset, James MacGaw, Jean-Luc Chevalier (actuel guitariste du groupe Tri Yann), Jim Grandcamp and Rudy Blas
  • Bassists: Jannick Top, Bernard Paganotti, Guy Delacroix, Francis Moze, Laurent Thibault, Michel Hervé, Dominique Bertram, Marc Éliard (actuel bassiste du groupe Indochine), Philippe Bussonnet
  • Keyboardists: Benoît Widemann, Michel Graillier, Gérard Bikialo, Jean Luc Manderlier, François "Faton" Cahen (ancien leader du groupe Zao), Guy Khalifa, Sofia Domancich, Patrick Gauthier, Simon Goubert, Pierre-Michel Sivadier, Jean Pol Asseline, Jean Pierre Fouquey, Frédéric D'Oelsnitz, Benoît Alziari (plus vibraphone and Theremin), Emmanuel Borghi, Bruno Ruder
  • Saxophonists: Teddy Lasry, Richard Raux, Alain Guillard, René Garber and Yochk’o Seffer
  • Trumpeters: Louis Toesca and Yvon Guillard
  • Male vocalists: Klaus Blasquiz, Christian Vander, Guy Khalifa, Antoine Paganotti and Hervé Aknin
  • Female vocalists: Stella Vander, Isabelle Feuillebois, Maria Popkiewicz, Liza de Luxe, Himiko Paganotti and Sandrine Fougère
  • Drummers and percussionists: Christian Vander, Michel Garrec, Doudou Weiss, Simon Goubert, Clément Bailly, Claude Salmiéri and François Laizeau.[25]
History of the members (a hidden table)
Period Formation
1969
  • Lucien Zabuski – vocals
  • Jean-Jacques Ferry – guitar
  • Eric Grimbert – guitar
  • Laurent Thibault – bass
  • Christian Vander – drums, percussions & composer
  • Francis Moze – keyboards
April 1969 – August 1969
  • Lucien Zabuski – vocals
  • Claude Engel – guitar
  • Guy Marco – trumpet
  • René Morizur – saxophone
  • Laurent Thibault – bass
  • Christian Vander – drums, percussions & composer
  • Eddy Rabbin – keyboards
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
August 1969 – October 1969
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals
  • Claude Engel – guitar
  • Guy Marco – trumpet
  • René Morizur – saxophone
  • Laurent Thibault – bass
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Eddy Rabbin – keyboards
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
October 1969 – January 1970
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Claude Engel – guitar
  • Paco Charlery – trumpet
  • Richard Raux – saxophone & flute
  • Laurent Thibault – bass
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Faton Cahen – keyboards
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
  • Jacky Vidal – double bass
January 1970 – August 1970
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Claude Engel – guitar
  • Paco Charlery – trumpet
  • Richard Raux – saxophone & flute
  • Francis Moze – bass
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Faton Cahen – keyboards
  • Teddy Lasry – saxophone & clarinet
October 1970 – December 1970
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Claude Engel – guitar
  • Jeff Seffer – saxophone
  • Francis Moze – bass
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Faton Cahen – keyboards
  • Teddy Lasry – saxophone & clarinet
mid January 1971 – end December 1971
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Claude Engel – guitar
  • Jeff Seffer – saxophone
  • Francis Moze – bass
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Faton Cahen- keyboards
  • Teddy Lasry – saxophone & clarinet
  • Louis Toesca – trumpet
end December 1971 – beginning January 1972
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals
  • Jeff Seffer – saxophone
  • Francis Moze – bass
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Faton Cahen – keyboards
  • Teddy Lasry – clarinet
  • Louis Toesca – trumpet
  • Jean-Luc Manderlier – second keyboards
  • Daniel Denis – percussions & second drums (guest)
beginning January 1972 – end December 1972
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Jeff Seffer – saxophone
  • Francis Moze – bass
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Faton Cahen – keyboards
  • Teddy Lasry – saxophone & clarinet
  • Louis Toesca – trumpet
  • Jean-Luc Manderlier – second keyboards
end December 1972 – mid January 1973
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Jean-Pierre Lembert – bass
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Jean-Luc Manderlier – keyboards
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
  • Michel Graillier – second keyboards
mid January 1973 – March 1973
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Marc Fosset – guitar
  • Claude Olmos – guitar
  • Jean-Pierre Lembert – bass
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Jean-Luc Manderlier – keyboards
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
  • Gérard Bikialo – second keyboards
March 1973 – May 1973
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Jannick Top – bass
  • Claude Olmos – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Jean-Luc Manderlier – keyboards
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
  • Teddy Lasry – saxophone & flute
May 1973 – end December 1973
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Jannick Top – bass
  • Claude Olmos – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Michel Graillier – keyboards
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
  • Teddy Lasry – saxophone & flute
  • Randy Brecker – cuivres (guest)
  • Michael Brecker – cuivres (guest)
January 1974 – March 1974
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Jannick Top – bass
  • Claude Olmos – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
  • Teddy Lasry – saxophone & flute
March 1974 – August 1974
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Jannick Top – bass
  • Claude Olmos – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Gérard Bikialo – keyboards
  • Teddy Lasry – saxophone & flute
September 1974 – November 1974
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Gabriel Federow – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Jean-Pol Asseline – keyboards
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Didier Lockwood – violin
  • Francis Lockwood – keyboards (replaced immediately by Jean-Pol Asseline)
  • Jannick Top – bass
January 1975 – August 1975
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Gabriel Federow – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Jean-Pol Asseline – keyboards
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Didier Lockwood – violin
  • Bernard Paganotti – bass
September 1975 – February 1976
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Gabriel Federow – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Patrick Gauthier – keyboards
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Didier Lockwood – violin
  • Bernard Paganotti – bass
March 1976 – September 1976 (first split)
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Gabriel Federow – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Patrick Gauthier – keyboards
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Didier Lockwood – violin
  • Bernard Paganotti – bass
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Jannick Top – bass (only recording of Üdü Ẁüdü)
  • Michel Graillier – keyboards (only recording of Üdü Ẁüdü)
November 1976 – January 1977 (first reformation)
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Gabriel Federow – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Jean-Pol Asseline – keyboards
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Bernard Paganotti – bass
January 1977 – mid 1977
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Jean De Antoni – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Florence Bertaux – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Guy Delacroix – bass
  • Clément Bailly – second drums (guest)
mid 1977 – end 1977
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals
  • Jean De Antoni – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Guy Delacroix – bass
  • Clément Bailly – second drums (guest)
January 1978 – mid 1978
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Guy Delacroix – bass
  • René Garber – clarinet
mid 1978 – beginning 1979 (second split)
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • André Hervé – second keyboards
  • Guy Delacroix – bass
  • René Garber – clarinet
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – bass and guitar
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
mid 1979 – end 1979 (second reformation)
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar & bass
  • André Hervé – second keyboards
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Jean De Antoni – guitar
end 1979 – January 1980
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Francis Lockwood – second keyboards
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Michel Hervé – bass
  • Jean-Michel Kajdan – guitar
January 1980 – June 1980
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Francis Lockwood – second keyboards
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Michel Hervé – bass
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
June 1980 – end 1980 (reunion of old members for 3 shows)
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Francois Laizeau – second drums and percussions
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Bernard Paganotti – bass, guitar
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Guy Khalifa – vocals
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals
  • Claire Laborde – vocals
  • Gabriel Federow – guitar
  • Patrick Gauthier – keyboards
  • Didier Lockwood – violin

The following musicians are not on the record sold:

  • Teddy Lasry – flute & saxophone
  • Claude Engel – guitar
  • Francis Moze – bass, keyboards
  • Jeff Seffer – saxophone
  • Faton Cahen – keyboards
  • Louis Toesca – trumpet
end 1980 – mid 1981
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • René Garber – clarinet
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Jean-Michel Kajdan – guitar
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Guy Khalifa – vocals
  • François Laizeau – percussions
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Francis Lockwood – second keyboards
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Marc Éliard – bass
  • Jannick Top – bass
  • Doudou Weiss – second drums
  • Richard Raux – saxophone & flute
  • Arrigo Lorenzi – saxophone
  • Alain Guillard – wind instruments & trumpet
  • Yvon Guillard – wind instruments & saxophone
mid 1981 – beginning 1982
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Jean-Michel Kajdan – guitar
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Guy Khalifa – vocals
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Marc Éliard – bass
  • Doudou Weiss – second drums
  • Arrigo Lorenzi – saxophone
  • Alain Guillard – wind instruments & trumpet
  • Yvon Guillard – wind instruments & saxophone
  • Patrick Gauthier – keyboards
beginning 1982 – mid 1982
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • René Garber – clarinet
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Marc Éliard – bass
  • Francois Kokelaere – percussions
  • Arrigo Lorenzi – saxophone
  • Alain Guillard – trumpet
  • Yvon Guillard – saxophone
  • Patrick Gauthier – keyboards
mid 1982 – beginning 1983
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • René Garber – clarinet & saxophone
  • Simon Goubert – keyboards
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Marc Éliard – bass
  • Francois Kokelaere – percussions
  • Arrigo Lorenzi – saxophone
  • Alain Guillard – trumpet
  • Yvon Guillard – saxophone
  • Michel Graillier – keyboards
  • Christian Martinez (musician) – trumpet
  • Denis Leloup – trombone
  • Freddy Opsepian – trumpet
  • Michel Gaucher – saxophone
  • François Laizeau – percussions
  • Guy Khalifa – vocals
beginning 1983 – end 1983
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Marc Éliard – bass
  • Francois Kokelaere – percussions
  • Simon Goubert – keyboards
  • Guy Khalifa – vocals
  • Michel Graillier – keyboards
  • Christian Martinez – trumpet
  • Sylvin Marc – bass
  • Patrick Gauthier – keyboards
  • Pierre Moerlen – drums (guest)
end 1983 – end 1984
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Simon Goubert – keyboards
  • Christian Martinez – trumpet
  • Guy Khalifa – vocals
  • Denis Leloup – trombone
  • Freddy Opsepian – trumpet
  • François Laizeau – percussions
  • Michel Gaucher – saxophone
  • René Garber – clarinet & saxophone
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Steve Shehan – percussions
  • Alex Ferrand – vocals
end 1984 – beginning 1985
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Lisa Deluxe – vocals
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Simon Goubert – keyboards
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Guy Khalifa – vocals
  • Jean-Marc Jafet – bass
  • Guy Delacroix – bass
  • Pierre Marcault – percussions
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Claude Salmieri – second drums (guest)
  • Francis Moze – bass
  • Michel Le Bars – third drums (guest)
  • Rémy Sarrazin – bass
  • Frédéric Briet – double bass
1986 – 1990 solo projects of Christian Vander, Magma on stand by
February 1990 with OFFERING
  • Julie Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals
  • Addie Déat – vocals
  • Jean-Francois Déat – vocals, keyboards
  • Marc Éliard – bass
  • Jean-Marc Duroure – bass
  • Franck Vedel – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals
  • Philippe Dardelle – double bass
  • Marc Delouya – drums
  • Jean-Claude Buire – percussions
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Pierre-Michel Sivadier – keyboards
1991
  • Julie Vander – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • Addie Déat – vocals, keyboards
  • Jean-François Déat – vocals, keyboards
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Pierre-Michel Sivadier – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
1992
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals
  • Didier Lockwood – violin
  • Antoine Paganotti – vocals, drums
  • Patrick Gauthier – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
1992 – 1996
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Julie Vander – vocals, piano
  • Bénédicte Ragu – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • Jean-Christophe Gamet – vocals
  • Alex Ferrand – vocals
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Pierre-Michel Sivadier – keyboards
  • Philippe Dardelle – double bass
  • Simon Goubert – drums, keyboards & piano
1996
  • Bertrand Cardiet – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • Jean-François Déat – vocals, keyboards
  • Franck Vedel – guitar
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
  • Pierre-Michel Sivadier – keyboards
  • Simon Goubert – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
1997
  • Bertrand Cardiet – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • Jean-François Déat – vocals, keyboards
  • Franck Vedel – guitar
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
  • Pierre-Michel Sivadier – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
October 1997 – 1998
  • Bertrand Cardiet – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • James McGaw – guitar
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Pierre-Michel Sivadier – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
1999 – 2001
  • Antoine Paganotti – vocals
  • Jean-Christophe Gamet – vocals, keyboards
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • James McGaw – guitar
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
  • Claude Lamamy – vocals (Trianon concert 2000)
  • Fred Burgazzi – trombone (Trianon concert 2000)
  • Ronan Simon – trombone (Trianon concert 2000)
  • Benoit Gaudiche – trumpet (Trianon concert 2000)
  • Yannick Neveu – trumpet (Trianon concert 2000)
  • Julie Vander – vocals (Trianon concert 2000)
2002
  • Antoine Paganotti – vocals
  • Himiko Paganotti – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • James McGaw – guitar
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
March 2003 – 2005
  • Antoine Paganotti – vocals
  • Himiko Paganotti – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • James McGaw – guitar
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
  • Fred d'Oelsnitz – piano
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
beginning February 2006 – 2008
  • Antoine Paganotti – vocals
  • Himiko Paganotti – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • James McGaw – guitar
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
  • Benoît Alziary – vibraphone
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
beginning February 2008 – 2012
  • Christian Vander – vocals , drums & composer
  • Hervé Aknin – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • James McGaw – guitar
  • Bruno Ruder – piano
  • Benoît Alziary – Fender Rhodes electric piano & vibraphone and thérémine
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
beginning 2012 – present
  • Christian Vander – vocals, drums & composer
  • Hervé Aknin – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • James McGaw – guitar
  • Jérémie Ternoy – keyboards
  • Benoît Alziary – Fender Rhodes electric piano & vibraphone and thérémine
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass

Timeline

See also

References

  1. ^ "Da Zeuhl Wortz Mekanïk is kobaïan for Magma,". Danbbs.dk. 1996-08-20. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  2. ^ Interview by David McKenna and Ludovic Merle, translated by David McKenna (2009-11-12). "Magma, c'est moi". Rockfort.info.
  3. ^ "Seventh Records". Seventh Records. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  4. ^ a b c "Magma - Rétrospective (1)". www.bigbangmag.com. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  5. ^ Ankeny, Jason. "Magma - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  6. ^ "Ground and Sky review - Magma - K.A". Progreviews.com. Archived from the original on 2012-11-10. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  7. ^ "Ground and Sky review - Magma - Mekanik Destruktiw Kommandoh". Progreviews.com. Archived from the original on 2012-11-10. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  8. ^ François Couture. "Wurdah Ïtah/Tristan et Iseult - Christian Vander, Magma : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  9. ^ "Christian Vander Interview by George Allen and Robert Pearson, April 22, 1995". Furious.com. 1995-04-22. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  10. ^ "Zeuhl, a progressive rock music sub-genre [sic]". Progarchives.com. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  11. ^ Jannick Top. "Jannick Top - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  12. ^ "WEIDORJE music, discography, MP3, videos and reviews". Progarchives.com. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  13. ^ "Interviews | "The Public Image", January 2004". John Lydon.Com. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  14. ^ "Stories: Ulver - Born Again From The Merciless Mother". Avant-garde Metal. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  15. ^ "Perfect 10: Steven Wilson interview and photograph". Cartiledgeworld.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  16. ^ "Seminal Progressive Rock Pioneers Magma Confirmed For Mikael Åkerfeldt's Curated 2014 Roadburn Event - Roadburn". roadburn.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-17. Retrieved 2013-12-17.
  17. ^ Lee Honeyball - The Observer (2004-03-07). "My obsession". London: Guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  18. ^ Magma (Rock et folk) (French Edition). "Magma (Rock et folk) (French Edition): Antoine de Caunes: 9782226005632: Amazon.com: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  19. ^ "Antoine de Caunes, fan de Magma". Leparisien.fr. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  20. ^ ZEUHL. "Magma Web Press Book". robert.guillerault.free.fr. Retrieved 2017-02-06.
  21. ^ Unterberger, Richie. "Daevid Allen Interview". www.richieunterberger.com. Retrieved 2017-02-06.
  22. ^ ZEUHL. "Magma Web Press Book". robert.guillerault.free.fr. Retrieved 2017-02-06.
  23. ^ "Some Words About the Recent Controversy With Vander and His Beliefs". kohntarkosz.blogspot.de. Retrieved 2017-02-06.
  24. ^ [www.instagram.com]
  25. ^ "Magma Web Press Book". Robert.guillerault.free.fr. Retrieved 10 April 2018.

External links