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Magarsa

Magarsa (Ancient Greek: Μάγαρσα), or Magarsus or Magarsos (Μάγαρσος), or Megarsus or Megarsos (Μέγαρσος), was a town in the eastern part of ancient Cilicia, situated on a height close to the mouth of the river Pyramus.[1] Alexander the Great, previous to the Battle of Issus, marched from Soli to Megarsus, and there offered sacrifices to Athena Megarsis, and to Amphilochus, the son of Amphiaraus, the reputed founder of the place.[2] It seems to have formed the port of Mallus.[3][4] It was later re-founded and renamed in Hellenistic times as Antiochia ad Pyramum (Antioch on the Pyramus).[5][6]

Its site is located near Dörtdirek, Karataş, in Asiatic Turkey.[5][6]

References

  1. ^ Strabo. Geographica. xiv. p.676. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  2. ^ Arrian, Anab. 2.5.
  3. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v. Μάγαρσος.
  4. ^ Lycoph. 439; Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 5.22.
  5. ^ a b Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 66, and directory notes accompanying.
  6. ^ a b Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Magarsa". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.