Machida City Hall
Location of Machida in Tokyo
|• Total||71.80 km2 (27.72 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,980/km2 (15,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Tree||Zelkova serrata|
|• Flower||Scarlet sage|
|• Bird||Common kingfisher|
|Address||1-20-23 Nakamachi, Machida-shi, Tokyo 194-8520|
Machida (町田市, Machida-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 February 2016[update], the city had an estimated population of 429,040, and a population density of 5,980 persons per km². Its total area is 71.80 square kilometres (27.72 sq mi).
Machida is located in the Tama Hills of southern Tokyo Metropolis, bordered by Kanagawa Prefecture on the west, south, and east approximately 40-50 kilometers from the center of Tokyo. The Tama River does not flow through the city.
The area of present-day Machida was part of ancient Musashi Province. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Minamitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The village of Machida was created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of municipalities law. Minamitama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. Tama was elevated to town status on April 1, 1913. The town was bombed by American forces on May 24, 1945 during World War II
Machida expanded through annexation of the neighboring village of Minami on April 1, 1954, followed by the villages of Tsurukawa, Tadao and Sakai on February 1, 1958 to become the city of Machida. A USMC RF-8A crashed in Machida on April 1, 1964. From 1973, the Tama New Town development resulted in a rapid increase in population, turning the city into a bedroom community for Tokyo and Yokohama.
Machida is governed by a 26-member city council, whose members are elected for a four-year term.