|Region or state||Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, and throughout the Arab world|
|Main ingredients||Semolina, dates, pistachios or walnuts|
Ma'amoul (Arabic: معمول [mɑʕmuːl] (listen), also spelled m'aamoul, m'amul, m'aamul) is an ancient Arab filled pastry or cookie made with dates, nuts such as pistachios or walnuts and occasionally almonds, or figs. They may be in the shape of balls, domed or flattened cookies. They can either be decorated by hand or be made in special wooden moulds. Ma'amoul with date fillings are often known as menenas, and are sometimes made in the form of date rolls rather than balls or cookies.
Ma'amoul are usually made a few days before Christmas, Easter, or Eid, then stored to be served with Arabic coffee and chocolate to guests who come during the holiday. It is popular throughout the Arab world, especially in the Arabian peninsula.
Many households keep a stock of them all year round, but they are notably consumed during religious festivals.
A more elaborate version known as Karabij (Kerebiç in Turkish) is used on special occasions. For this, nut-filled ma'amoul balls are stacked in a pyramid and served with a white cream called Naatiffe made from egg whites, sugar syrup and soapwort (Saponaria officinalis). It is popular in Syria, Lebanon, and other Levantine countries.
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