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Lydae

Lydae or Lydai (Ancient Greek: Λύδαι) was a town of ancient Caria or Lycia. Ptolemy notes the city in Lycia under the name Chydae.[1] The Stadiasmus Maris Magni calls the city Clydae or Klydai (Κλυδαί) and places it in Caria.[2] The family of Gaius Iulius Heliodoros from Lydae, which produced Lycian Federal Priests, an archiphylax, and a Roman Senator, is well-documented.[3] The demoi (subordinate urban units) of Lydae, Arymaxa and Kreneis are known in Roman imperial times; they used to be separate communities that merged with Lydae via sympoliteia.

Its site is located on the modern Kapıdağ Peninsula.[4][5] There are extensive Roman and Byzantine ruins. These include a theatre and an agora. Numerous tombs and mausoleums are scattered across the ruins.[6]

References

  1. ^ Ptolemy. The Geography. 5.3.2.
  2. ^ Karl Müller: Geographi Graeci Minores (= Scriptorum graecorum bibliotheca. Band 45). Band 1. Paris 1855, S. 494 Nr. 295 f. (Digitalisat).
  3. ^ Tituli Asiae Minoris 2,1 138.
  4. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  5. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 65, and directory notes accompanying.
  6. ^ Werner Tietz (2003). Der Golf von Fethiye (in German). Bonn. ISBN 978-3-7749-3146-6.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Clydae". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.