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Bust of Luc-Julien-Joseph Casabianca
|Born||7 February 1762
Vescovato, Haute-Corse, Corsican Republic
|Died||1 August 1798 (age 36)
Aboard Orient, Aboukir Bay
|Allegiance||Kingdom of France|
||Royal French Navy
Republican French Navy
|Rank||Capitaine de vaisseau|
|Other work||Deputy for Corsica at the National Convention|
Casabianca distinguished himself in the Royal French Navy, was a deputy for Corsica at the National Convention, then became member of the Council of Five Hundred. He was the commander of flagship Orient, which transported Napoleon across the Mediterranean during his expedition to Egypt.
During the Battle of the Nile of 1 August 1798, where Rear-Admiral Horatio Nelson destroyed the French fleet in Aboukir Bay, Casabianca fought heroically until his death. During the course of battle, he ordered Giocante, his 12-year-old son who accompanied him, to remain in a section of the ship until he called for him. Although the ship was on fire, the boy, who did not know that his father was no longer alive, refused to leave his post without receiving his orders. The fire reached the gunpowder section; the child perished in the explosion as well as a large part of the crew.
Felicia Hemans made the death of Giocante Casabianca the subject of her poem "Casabianca", with its line "The boy stood on the burning deck ...", which became a classic of English literature and was studied in elementary school classes.
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