|Regions with significant populations|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Munda people • Sabar • Lodha Muslims|
Lodha people are a tribal/Adivasi people living primarily in the Indian states of West Bengal and Odisha, mostly in the Paschim Medinipur district. A section of the Lodha has converted to Islam, and form a distinct community of Lodha Muslims.
They are found in Suliapada and Morada blocks of Baripada sub-division of Mayurbhanj district of Orissa.
Lodha means piece of flesh named after their ancestor. Lodhas have been in the focus of anthropologists and social activists. During the early period of their rule, the British government in India oppressed the tribal people of Jungle Mahals, who were traditionally dependent upon the forests for a living. They had revolted but were ruthlessly suppressed. Having been deprived of their livelihood and without any alternatives, they took to criminal ways of life and were subsequently branded a criminal tribe. They should properly be labelled as uprooted rebels. Lodha titles are Nayek, Mallick, Digar, Sardar, Bhokta, Kotal, Dandapat, Bhunya etc. These titles. Sabars. One of the most important research on the Lodhas was done by a Calcutta University faculty, Professor Probodh Kumar Bhowmick Much later, researchers from the Department of Anthropology at Vidyasagar University have done empirical studies on the development scenario of the Lodha tribe in Midnapore district who were by that time declared as a 'Primitive Tribal Group'(PTG) by the Government of India.