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Regions with significant populations
local dialect

In historical contexts[by whom?], Litvin (Belarusian: літвін, ліцвін, litvin, litsvin; Lithuanian: lietuvis; Russian: литвин, litvin, Ukrainian: литвин, lytvyn; Polish: Litwin) is a word of Polish descent, which in Polish language means "Lithuanian", in reference to citizens of Grand Duchy of Lithuania.


The ethnographic or cultural studies about the ethnic[dubious ] group[which?][where?] are poorly noted and are traced to the beginning of 18th century.[3] The poet-monk[unreliable source?] Klymentiy Zinoviyiv who published several works about cultural studies noted that Litvins, perhaps after the older pagan tradition worked[where?] on Sundays and rested on Fridays.[3][4] More notes about Litvins were provided at the end of 18th century by historians of the Russian Empire Afanasiy (Opanas) Shafonsky and Yakov Markovych.[3] According to Markovych, Litvins are a special[how?] regional[where?] group such as Gascoigne in France or Swabians in Germany.[3][5]

The name Litvin (Litvyak) owes its origin to political and state factors and is a demonym (politonym) with reference to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.[3]

Self name of Litvins in Chernihiv region (Chernihiv Oblast) is Ruski, but not Moskals or Katsaps.[3] The name of Litvins among them is accepted as derogative.[3]

In modern Belarus the word is widely[quantify][dubious ] used to describe only Grand Duchy of Lithuania citizens speaking Slavic languages (Ruthenian[dubious ] or Polish),[dubious ] predominantly of Catholic faith and Lithuanian origin or who strongly associated themselves with the state of Lithuania[6][7] identifying themselves with the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania.[8] However, this idea is not accepted by the scientific community.[9]

The term may specifically[dubious ] refer to people speaking Belarusian in historical contexts.[10][9] In other contexts, it can also refer to Slavic people identifying themselves with the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania in present-day Lithuania[dubious ] and Belarus, as well in Ukraine[dubious ], western Russia[dubious ] and parts of Poland[dubious ]. In modern Belarus, the term is used[how often?] by some[quantify] to stress Belarusian participation and contributions to the former Grand Duchy.[9][11]

Litvin (Belarusian folk song)

The Belarusian folk song "Litvin" mentions four major victories of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: 1363 Battle of Blue Waters, 1410 Battle of Grunwald, 1514 Battle of Orsha (Krapiwna River), 1617 Siege of Smolensk.[12]

See also


  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Всеукраїнський перепис населення 2001 | Результати | Національний склад населення, мовні ознаки, громадянство | Чисельність осіб окремих етнографічних груп украінського етносу та їх рідна мова | Результат вибору:". Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Horlenko, V. Litvins of the Ukraine North are possibly a fragment of legendary tribe of Siverians (Литвини півночі України - ймовірний уламок племені літописних Сіверян). "Landmarks of Ukraine". 2001.
  4. ^ Artifacts of Ukrainian-Ruthenian language and literature / Shevchenko Scientific Society Archaeographic Commission. - Lviv, 1912. - Vol.7. - p.72. (Пам'ятки українсько-руської мови і літератури / Видає археографічна комісія НТШ. - Львів, 1912. - Т.VII. - С.72. )
  5. ^ Markovych, Ya. Notes about Malorossiya its residents and literary works. - In Saint Petersburg, 1798. (Маркович Я. Записки о Малороссии, ее жителях и произведениях. - В Санкт-Петербурге, 1798.)
  6. ^ Jakubowski, Jan, "Studya nad stosunkami narodowoścemi na Litwie przed unią lubelską"
  7. ^ Turska, Halina "O powstaniu polskich obszarów językowych na Wileńszczyźnie"
  8. ^ []
  9. ^ a b c [] Early Lithuanian grammars
  10. ^ Вячаслаў Насевіч. Літвіны Archived 2009-04-01 at the Wayback Machine // Вялікае княства Літоўскае: Энцыклапедыя. У 2 т. / рэд. Г. П. Пашкоў і інш.Т. 2: Кадэцкі корпус — Яцкевіч. — Мінск: Беларуская Энцыклапедыя, 2005. С. 206—208.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ Litvin (ЛІТВІН). Stary Olsa.

External links