|Regions with significant populations|
In historical contexts[by whom?], Litvin (Belarusian: літвін, ліцвін, litvin, litsvin; Lithuanian: lietuvis; Russian: литвин, litvin, Ukrainian: литвин, lytvyn; Polish: Litwin) is a word of Polish descent, which in Polish language means "Lithuanian", in reference to citizens of Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
The ethnographic or cultural studies about the ethnic[dubious ] group[which?][where?] are poorly noted and are traced to the beginning of 18th century. The poet-monk[unreliable source?] Klymentiy Zinoviyiv who published several works about cultural studies noted that Litvins, perhaps after the older pagan tradition worked[where?] on Sundays and rested on Fridays. More notes about Litvins were provided at the end of 18th century by historians of the Russian Empire Afanasiy (Opanas) Shafonsky and Yakov Markovych. According to Markovych, Litvins are a special[how?] regional[where?] group such as Gascoigne in France or Swabians in Germany.
In modern Belarus the word is widely[quantify][dubious ] used to describe only Grand Duchy of Lithuania citizens speaking Slavic languages (Ruthenian[dubious ] or Polish),[dubious ] predominantly of Catholic faith and Lithuanian origin or who strongly associated themselves with the state of Lithuania identifying themselves with the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania. However, this idea is not accepted by the scientific community.
The term may specifically[dubious ] refer to people speaking Belarusian in historical contexts. In other contexts, it can also refer to Slavic people identifying themselves with the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania in present-day Lithuania[dubious ] and Belarus, as well in Ukraine[dubious ], western Russia[dubious ] and parts of Poland[dubious ]. In modern Belarus, the term is used[how often?] by some[quantify] to stress Belarusian participation and contributions to the former Grand Duchy.
The Belarusian folk song "Litvin" mentions four major victories of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: 1363 Battle of Blue Waters, 1410 Battle of Grunwald, 1514 Battle of Orsha (Krapiwna River), 1617 Siege of Smolensk.
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