European National Front, (abbreviated ENF) is a coordinating structure of European Third Positionist, anti-communist and nationalist parties. Members of the ENF sometimes also use anti-capitalist rhetoric. One member of the European National Front has achieved entry into the European Parliament: Italian MEP Roberto Fiore, leader of the neo-FascistForza Nuova (New Force) in Italy.
New European Order, (abbreviated NEO) was, like the European Social Movement, a neo-FascistEurope-wide alliance formed to promote Pan-European Nationalism. The NEO was founded in 1951 shortly after the founding of the European Social Movement, and in defiance of the ESM, which the NEO claimed was too moderate in its racialist and anti-communist views. After its founding, the NEO pledged a European war against communists and non-whites.
Blood, Land, Honour and Faithfulness, (Bloed, Bodem, Eer en Trouw; abbreviated BBET), is a Flemishneo-Nazi group in Belgium, founded in 2004 from a splinter of the Flemish branch of the international Nazi skinhead organization, Blood and Honour. BBET rose to prominence in September 2006, after 17 members, including 11 soldiers, were arrested under the December 2003 anti-terrorist laws and laws against racism, antisemitism and negationism. According to Justice Minister Laurette Onkelinx and Interior Minister Patrick Dewael, the suspects were preparing terrorist attacks in order to "destabilize Belgium."
National Democratic Party of Germany, (Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands; abbreviated NPD) is a far-rightGerman nationalist party formed in 1964. The NPD was founded in 1964 as a successor to the German Reich Party (German: Deutsche Reichspartei, DRP) and considers itself to be Germany's "only significant patriotic force." The leader of the NPD is Frank Franz.
German League for People and Homeland, (Deutsche Liga für Volk und Heimat; abbreviated DLVH) is nationalist and conservativeright-wing German political association which was formed in 1991 by the more extreme right-wing Harald Neubauer, who split from Die Republikaner in reaction to the over-moderately conservative REP leader, Franz Schönhuber. When it first emerged, the DLVH stated its goal was to unite all of Germany's far-right elements under one banner.
Gesinnungsgemeinschaft der Neuen Front (abbreviated GdNF) was the main group in Germany for neo-Nazi activity in the 1990s. The small group was formed in 1985 by Michael Kühnen, Thomas Brehl [de] and Christian Worch after the 1983 banning of the Action Front of National Socialists/National Activists. The GdNF was soon formalized into a well-ordered organization, taking in the former ANS/NA membership. The GdNF placed itself within the more radical Sturmabteilung tradition of Nazism rather than simple devotion to Adolf Hitler, staging marches, paramilitary training and setting up cells in the German Democratic Republic. After Kühnen came out in 1986, the GdNF remained loyal, but in the resulting split, the group lost control of both the FAP and the organizations of celebrations for Hitler's 100th birthday. After Kühnen's death in 1991, the group gradually passed out of existence.
National Offensive, (German: Nationale Offensive; abbreviated NO) was a Germanneo-Nazi party formed in 1990 by Michael Swierczek, former chairman of the Free German Workers' Party (FAP) in Bavaria. The focus of the platform of the NO was its fight against immigrants. It considered the blending of cultures to be genocide, and therefore called for the deportation of foreigners, tightening of German asylum laws, and making it more difficult to attain German nationality. In 1991 and 1992, the NO publicly supported former SS-member Josef Schwammberger while on trial for war crimes. the National Offensive was banned by the GermanInterior Ministry in 1992.
German Alternative, (Deutsche Alternative; abbreviated DA) was a minor neo-Nazi group set up by Michael Kühnen in 1989. Deutsche Alternative's declared goal was the restoration of the German Reich, and DA rejected the cession of German areas in Eastern Europe following World War II as well as all immigration to Germany claiming that there were already too many foreigners in the country.
Free German Workers' Party, (Freiheitliche Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; abbreviated FAP) was a neo-Nazi political association in Germany from 1979 to 1995. The FAP was relatively obscure until the larger and more active ANS/NA was banned in 1983, when prominent German neo-NaziMichael Kühnen encouraged former members of the now-illegal ANS/NA to infiltrate the FAP in order to preserve a nucleus of organized National Socialism in Germany. However, the FAP itself was banned by the German government in 1995.
Nationalist Front, (Nationalistische Front; abbreviated NF) was a minor neo-Nazi group formed in 1982 as the Nationalist Front - League of Social Revolutionary Nationalists. The Nationalist Front was characterized for its support for Strasserism rather than the more usual forms of Nazism, and also for having a large Pagan population and for forming links with the Ku Klux Klan in America, even performing cross burnings.
Viking Youth, (Wiking-Jugend; abbreviated WJ) was a German neo-Naziyouth organization modeled after the original Hitler Youth, the HJ Hitlerjugend. The WJ was formed in 1952 as the successor to the Reichsjugend, the youth branch of the Sozialistische Reichspartei, which was banned. So when the German neo-Nazis went underground, the fragments of former National Socialist youth organizations and smaller follow-ups - the former Reichsjugend, the Vaterländischer Jungenbund, the Deutsche Unitarier-Jugend - were eventually all brought together as the Wiking-Jugend. The WJ was outlawed as unconstitutional in 1994.
Socialist Reich Party of Germany, (Sozialistische Reichspartei Deutschlands; abbreviated SRP) was a far right West German political party founded in 1949, in the aftermath of World War II, as an openly National Socialist and Hitler-admiring split from the Deutsche Reichspartei. Leading figures included Otto Ernst Remer, a former Major General in the Wehrmacht. The SRP claimed that Karl Dönitz was the last legitimate Führer of a pan-German Reich. The SRP also advocated Europe, led by a reunited German Reich, as a "third force" against both capitalism and communism. The SRP was banned by the West German government in 1952, and much of its membership re-joined the Deutsche Reichspartei
German Reich Party, (Deutsche Reichspartei; abbreviated DRP) was a German nationalist political party formed from the defunct German Right Party in Germany in 1950. In 1949, the Socialist Reich Party split from the DRP; the SRP was openly National Socialist and Hitler-admiring. However, the DRP would be marked as the new force of neo-Nazism in 1952, when the Socialist Reich Party was declared unconstitutional and banned, and much of its membership joined or re-joined the DRP, including longtime Nazi and former Luftwaffe pilot, Hans-Ulrich Rudel, who joined in 1953. The German Reich Party remained the main force of the far-right in Germany until it dissolved in 1964, replaced by the National Democratic Party of Germany (Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands, or NPD)
German Conservative Party - German Right Party, (Deutsche Konservative Partei - Deutsche Rechtspartei) was a conservative and nationalist German post-World War II political party, formed in 1946 as a merger of the German Conservatives, Deutsche Aufbaupartei, and Deutsche Bauern- und Landvolk Partei. Originally intended as a continuation of the conservative pre-WWII German National People's Party, it soon attracted a number of former Nazis and its program changed towards a more neo-Nazi stance. The Deutsche Rechtspartei continued to face pressure until eventually it merged with other right-wing groups, such as the National Democrats, to form the German Reich Party around 1950.
Dutch Peoples-Union, a Dutch political party. Because of its many calls for the rehabilitation of convicted World War II war criminals and SS costumes worn at demonstrations, it is counted among the most extreme right of Dutch politics. The party strives for a fusion of the Netherlands with Flanders and a Europe of the Fatherlands.
Vigrid was a Norwegian nationalist political party and Norse religious organization.
Democracia Nacional is a far right political party in Spain, founded in 1995. Known for their anti-immigration campaigns under the slogan "Compórtate o márchate" (Behave well or leave the country).
España 2000 is a far-right political party of Spain. At present they are without parliamentary representation, but they have a growing presence in Valencia and Madrid and a minor presence currently in Catalonia, Granada, Navarra and Sevilla. They have 7 town councillors.
CEDADE national-socialist cultural and political association, founded in 1966 and dissolved in 1993.
Nacionalni stroj (National Alignment) is the name of a Neo-Nazi organisation that was formed in Serbia and managed to attract some attention with their antisemitic demonstrations in 2005. Eighteen of its leading members were arrested and face lengthy prison terms.
A neo-Nazi group existed in 1969 in İzmir, when a group of former Republican Villagers Nation Party members (precursor party of the Nationalist Movement Party) founded the association "Nasyonal Aktivitede Zinde İnkişaf" (Vigorous Development in National Activity). The club maintained two combat units. The members wore SA uniforms and used the Hitler salute. One of the leaders (Gündüz Kapancıoğlu) was re-admitted to the Nationalist Movement Party in 1975.
Creativity Alliance, (formerly known as the World Church of the Creator) is a white supremacist political organization that advocates the racialist religion, Creativity. Mainly religious rather than political, the radical Creativity Alliance or Church of Creativity, founded by Ben Klassen in 1973, worships the white race itself rather than any deity, and advocates a radical form of white supremacism known as RAHOWA.
Hammerskins, also known as Hammerskin Nation, are a white supremacist group formed in 1988 in Dallas, Texas. Their primary focus is the production and promotion of white power rock music, and many white power bands have been affiliated with the group.
Identity Evropa is an American neo-Nazi and white supremacist organization established in March 2016.
Aryan Guard, was founded in late 2006 but did not gain any media attention until 2007 when members began a flier campaign targeting immigrants. Some of these flyers had been surreptitiously placed in the free Calgary arts and culture newspaper, "Fast Forward" by Aryan Guard members. The Friends of the Simon Wiesenthal Center for Holocaust Studies suspect that the individual responsible for the fliers may be Bill Noble, a neo-Nazi well known to law enforcement for his online racist activism and who has been in the past charged under Section 319 of the Canadian Criminal Code for wilful promotion of hatred. The Aryan Guard's website is also registered in Noble's name.
^"Kitchener: White supremacist group's sign yanked", Liz Monteiro, Torstar News Service, The Cambridge Reporter, page A3, 19 April 2001
^"White supremacist group's road adoption raises ire of Waterloo resident", Canadian Press, 17 April 2001
^"Down into the darkness: Matt Lauder's inside look at Canada's racist groups wasn't pretty" by Eric Volmers, Guelph Mercury, 19 March 2005
^Makin, Kirk (2008-09-20). "Racists, crusader stuck in a hate-hate relationship". The Globe and Mail. pp. A.3. ISSN0319-0714. Mr. Warman traces his activism to a human-rights tribunal he happened to attend in 1991 that targeted the neo-Nazi Heritage Front.