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List of war deities

"god of war" redirects here. For other uses, see Gods of War (disambiguation).
"war gods" redirects here. For the video game, see War Gods (video game).
Kartikeya, Hindu god of war
Mars, the Roman god of war

A war deity is a god or goddess in mythology associated with war and love, combat, or bloodshed. They occur commonly in both monotheistic and polytheistic religions.

Unlike most gods and goddesses in polytheistic religions, monotheistic deities have traditionally been portrayed in their mythologies as commanding war in order to spread their religion. (The intimate connection between "holy war" and the "one true god" belief of monotheism has been noted by many scholars; including Jonathan Kirsch in his book God Against The Gods: The History of the War Between Monotheism and Polytheism and Joseph Campbell in The Masks of God, Vol. 3: Occidental Mythology.) [1][2]

The following is a partial list of war deities.

African mythology

Armenian mythology

Aztec mythology

Baltic mythology

Berber mythology

Celtic mythology

Chinese mythology

Four Saints/Guardians of the Numinous Heaven Hall

Four Great Marshals (There are discrepancies between difference sources regarding who the Four Great Marshals are. The following includes all names mentioned)

Guan Yu, Chinese god of loyalty, righteousness, and valor

Five Graced Lords

Eight Great Generals of Halting

Four Sages of the North

Thirty-six Celestial Generals

Thirty-six Celestial Generals (Ver.2)

Generals of the Heaven-Mind

Generals of the Divine House of Celestial Tomes

Continental Germanic mythology

Egyptian mythology

Sekhmet, Egyptian warrior goddess

Etruscan mythology

Greek mythology

Hawaiian mythology

Hinduism

Durga slays the buffalo demon

Hittite mythology

Hungarian mythology

Japanese mythology

Lusitanian mythology

Inanna, Mesopotamian goddess of sexual love, fertility, and warfare

Māori mythology

Maya mythology

Mesopotamian mythology

Mongolian shamanism

Native American mythology

Norse mythology

Nuristani mythology

Paleo-Balkan mythology

Polynesian mythology

Roman mythology

Semitic mythology

Slavic mythology

Turco-Mongol mythology

Vietnamese mythology

Vodou

References

  1. ^ Kirsch, J. (2004). God Against the Gods: The History of the War Between Monotheism and Polytheism. Viking Compass. ISBN 9780670032860. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  2. ^ "Occidental Mythology (Masks of God): Joseph Campbell: 9780140194418: Amazon.com: Books". amazon.com. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  3. ^ Cahill, Suzanne E. (18 July 2013). "Sublimation in Medieval China: The Case of the Mysterious Woman of the Nine Heavens". Journal of Chinese Religions. 20 (1): 91–102. doi:10.1179/073776992805307692. 
  4. ^ [etheses.lib.cuhk.edu.hk]