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List of victims of the Sicilian Mafia

This list of victims of the Sicilian Mafia includes people who have been killed by the Sicilian Mafia while opposing its rule. It does not include people killed in internal conflicts of the Mafia itself.

1890s

1893

  • February 1 – Emanuele Notarbartolo, former mayor of Palermo (1873-1876) and director of the Banco di Sicilia. He wanted to “clean” the management of the bank, damaging the Mafia political power. Raffaele Palizzolo, a powerful politician at the time with links to the Mafia, ordered his death.

1900s

1909

  • March 12 – Joseph Petrosino, a New York City police officer on a mission in Palermo to gather information from local police files to help deport Italian gangsters from New York as illegal immigrants.

1910s

1911

1914

  • May 20 - Mariano Barbato and Giorgio Pecoraro, socialist militants from Piana dei Greci.[2]

1915

  • November 15 – Bernardino Verro, a Sicilian sindicalist and politician, involved in the Fasci Siciliani (Sicilian Leagues) a popular movement of democratic and socialist inspiration in 1891-1894, and the first socialist mayor of Corleone.

1919

  • September 22 – Giuseppe Rumore, secretary of the Lega di miglioramento (League of improvement) in Prizzi.[3]

1920s

1921

1920

1930s

With fascism rule in the 1930s, the mob seemed to disappear for the repressive state action.[5]

1940s

1945

  • March 28 – Calogero Comaianni, rural guard in Corleone after arresting Luciano Leggio for stealing wheat.[6]
  • September 13 – Liborio Ansalone, chief of the municipal police of Corleone.[7]
  • December 5 – Giuseppe Puntarello, a socialist trade union leader from Ventimiglia di Sicilia.[8]

1947

  • January 4 – Accursio Miraglia, a communist trade union leader from Sciacca.
  • May 1 – Margherita Clesceri, Giorgio Cusenza, Giovanni Megna, Francesco Vicari, Vito Allotta, Serafino Lascari, Filippo Di Salvo, Giuseppe Di Maggio, Castrense Intravaia, Giovanni Grifò and Vincenza La Fata, killed in the Portella della Ginestra massacre, during Labour Day celebrations in Sicily near Piana degli Albanesi.[9]

1948

1950s

1955

1960s

1960

  • March 30 – Cataldo Tandoy, former head of police of Agrigento.
  • May 5 – Cosimo Cristina, a journalist with L'Ora in Palermo.[10]

1963

1970s

1970

  • September 16 – Mauro De Mauro, journalist for L'Ora in Palermo. He disappeared following his investigations on the mysterious death of Enrico Mattei and on the Golpe Borghese, a right wing coup attempt. De Mauro was allegedly murdered by the Mafia to cover up these events and possible political connections.[12]

1971

1977

  • August 20 – Giuseppe Russo, Lieutenant-Colonel of the Carabinieri, and Prof. Filippo Costa.[14] Russo was a confidant of Mafia boss Giuseppe Di Cristina who warned against the growing power of the Corleonesi faction, who killed Russo.

1978

1979

  • January 26 – Mario Francese, an investigative journalist with the Giornale di Sicilia.[16]
  • July 11 – Giorgio Ambrosoli, lawyer
  • July 21 – Boris Giuliano, a police chief from Palermo and head of Palermo's Flying Squad (Squadra mobile), while investigating heroin trafficking by the Mafia.
  • September 25 – Judge Cesare Terranova and his driver, policeman Lenin Mancuso. Terranova had been the examining magistrate at the Palermo prosecuting office and a former member of the Italian Antimafia Commission. He was one of the first to seriously investigate the Mafia and the financial operations of Cosa Nostra. He had just been appointed as the chief examining magistrate at the Court in Palermo.

1972

1980s

1980

  • January 6 – Piersanti Mattarella, President of the Regional Government of Sicily wanting to clean up the government’s public contracts racket that benefited Cosa Nostra, passing a law enforcing the same building standards used in the rest of Italy, thereby making the Mafia's building schemes illegal.
  • May 4 – Emanuele Basile, a captain of the Carabinieri and a collaborator of Judge Paolo Borsellino in anti-Mafia investigations.
  • August 6 – Judge Gaetano Costa, Chief Prosecutor of Palermo, after he signed the 53 arrest warrants against the heroin-trafficking network of the Spatola-Inzerillo-Gambino clan in May 1980.

1982

  • April 30 – Pio La Torre, regional secretary of the Italian Communist Party (Partito Comunista Italiano, PCI) and his driver Rosario Di Salvo. La Torre was killed after he initiated a law that introduced a new crime in the Italian legal system, mafia conspiracy, and the possibility for the courts to seize and to confiscate the assets of the persons belonging to the mafia conspiracy.
  • June 16 – car bomb directed against Catanese boss Alfio Ferlito, who was transferred from Enna to the Trapani jail, and died with the three escort carabinieri Salvatore Raiti, Silvano Franzolin and Luigi Di Barca, and the driver Giuseppe Di Lavore in the so-called Circonvallazione massacre
  • September 3 – General Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa, his wife Emanuela Setti Carraro and police officer Domenico Russo in the so-called Via Carini massacre. Dalla Chiesa, at the time prefect of Palermo, was killed after being appointed three months earlier to fight the Mafia in the midst of the bloody Second Mafia War.[18]

1983

  • July 29 – Judge Rocco Chinnici, two of his police escorts, Mario Trapassi and Salvatore Bartolotta, and the concierge of his apartment block, Stefano Li Sacchi. Chinnici had created the Antimafia Pool, a group of investigating magistrates who closely worked together investigating the Mafia.

1984

  • January 5 – Giuseppe Fava, an investigative journalist and founder of the I Siciliani monthly magazine in Catania. The magazine investigated Cosa Nostra and its tentacles in politics and business, in particular those of Sicily's biggest Catania-based construction firms.[19]

1985

  • April 2 – Barbara Asta, and her little sons, the twin-brothers Salvatore and Giuseppe, by a car bomb intended to kill the magistrate Carlo Palermo in the so-called Pizzolungo massacre.
  • July 28 – Giuseppe 'Beppe' Montana, a flying squad officer in Palermo in charge of the hunt for Mafia fugitives.
  • August 6 – Antonino 'Ninni' Cassarà, police chief in Palermo and his bodyguard Roberto Antiochia. Cassarà drew up the 'Michele Greco + 161' report in July 1982, listing 162 Mafiosi who warranted arrest. The report was the start of an investigation that was to become the Maxi Trial, where most of the leadership of the Mafia were tried. He was massacred by a team of up to fifteen gunmen outside his home in front of his horrified wife.
  • December 12 – Graziella Campgana, a 17 year-old girl who found a list of names of mafiosi inside of a coat at the laundromat where she worked. She recognized it as being important information and gave it to her brother who was a Carabinieri. Shortly after, she was tricked to get into a car with her killer, and she was led to an area in which she tried to run away, but was killed by five blasts of a shotgun.

1988

  • January 12 – Giuseppe Insalaco, the former mayor of Palermo. During the brief stint as mayor in 1984 he had tried to clean up the area of city contracts.
  • September 14 – Alberto Giacomelli, a retired judge in Trapani.[20]
  • September 25 – Judge Antonino Saetta and his disabled son Stefano as they are returning to Palermo after a weekend in the country. Saetta was a member of the Palermo Court of Appeal. He was scheduled to hear the appeal of the Maxi Trial and had shown to be incorruptible.
  • September 26 – Mauro Rostagno, a former radical student of Lotta Continua and journalist who had started a drug rehabilitation centre in Trapani. He denounced Mafia drug traffickers on the local television.

1989

  • April 21 – Gianluigi Barletta, a ten-year-old boy[21] wounded by a member of clan Cappello in Catania.

1990s

1990

1991

1992

  • March 12 – Salvo Lima, a Christian Democrat politician and former mayor of Palermo, three weeks before Italy's national election of 1992. The Mafia felt betrayed by Lima and his political patron Giulio Andreotti. In their opinion they had failed to block the confirmation of the sentence of the Maxi Trial against the Mafia by the Court of Cassation (court of final appeal) in January 1992.[24]
  • May 23 – Judge Giovanni Falcone, with his wife, judge Francesca Morvillo and their escort of three policemen: Rocco Di Cillo, Antonio Montinaro and Vito Schifani, by a car bomb in what is known as the Capaci bombing. Falcone had been a member Antimafia pool of the prosecution office in Palermo that laid the groundwork for the Maxi Trial against the Sicilian Mafia.[24]
  • September 17 – Ignazio Salvo, a wealthy businessman from the town of Salemi with strong connections with the Mafia and the Christian Democrat party, in particular with the former mayor of Palermo, Salvo Lima, and Giulio Andreotti. He was killed because they had failed to block the confirmation of the sentence of the Maxi Trial against the Mafia by the Court of Cassation (court of final appeal) in January 1992.[24]
  • July 19 – Judge Paolo Borsellino, and his escort of five policemen: Agostino Catalano, Walter Cosina, Emanuela Loi, Vincenzo Li Muli, Claudio Traina in the so-called Via D'Amelio bombing, less than two months after the death of his colleague and friend Falcone, with whom he was part of the Antimafia pool.[24]
  • July 26 – Rita Atria, a witness in a major Mafia investigation in Sicily, breaking the Omertà - code of silence. She committed suicide a week after the Mafia killed Antimafia prosecutor Paolo Borsellino.

1993

  • May 27 – Angela Fiume, Fabrizio Nencioni, Dario Capolicchio, 50-days old Caterina Nencioni and nine-year-old Nadia Nencioni in the so-called Via dei Georgofili massacre against the Uffizi Gallery in Florence in a series of terrorist bomb attacks after the arrest of Mafia boss Totò Riina in January 1993.[25]
  • July 27 – The firemen Carlo La Catena, Stefano Picerno and Sergio Pasotto, the traffic policeman Alessandro Ferrari, and Driss Moussafir, a homeless Moroccan citizen, in the so-called Via Palestro massacre in Milan in a series of terrorist bomb attacks after the arrest of Mafia boss Totò Riina in January 1993.[26]
  • September 15 – Pino Puglisi, the pastor of San Gaetano's Parish in the rough Palermo neighborhood of Brancaccio, the stronghold of Graviano clan, who spoke out against the Mafia.[27]

1996

2000s

2010s

References

  1. ^ (in Italian) Panepinto, nemico del feudo Archived 2012-03-14 at the Wayback Machine., La Sicilia, May 17, 2009
  2. ^ (in Italian) Il coraggio di Mariano Barbato Archived 2014-07-03 at the Wayback Machine., La Sicilia, January 17, 2010
  3. ^ a b c (in Italian) Disperata giustizia proletaria Archived 2012-03-14 at the Wayback Machine., La Sicilia, March 7, 2010
  4. ^ (in Italian) Intransigente contro la mafia Archived 2013-10-16 at the Wayback Machine., La Sicilia, February 7, 2010
  5. ^ Arrigo Petacco (2004). Mondadori, ed. Il prefetto di ferro. L'uomo di Mussolini che mise in ginocchio la mafia (in Italian). ISBN 978-88-04-53275-0. 
  6. ^ (in Italian) Comaianni, un eroe normale, La Sicilia, April 5, 2009
  7. ^ (in Italian) Delitto Ansalone, mistero irrisolto, La Sicilia, April 5, 2009
  8. ^ (in Italian) Ucciso Giuseppe Puntarello, segretario della locale sezione comunista, VittimeMafia.it
  9. ^ (in Italian) Una strage con troppi misteri, La Sicilia, May 1, 2011
  10. ^ (in Italian) Un cronista scomodo nelle terre della mafia, La Repubblica, May 5, 2012
  11. ^ (in Italian) Strage Ciaculli: Lumia, "tenere attenzione sempre alta" Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine., ANSA, June 30, 2009
  12. ^ Revealed: how story of Mafia plot to launch coup cost reporter his life, The Independent on Sunday, June 19, 2005
  13. ^ (in Italian) Scaglione, un delitto impunito, La Sicilia, July 23, 2006
  14. ^ (in Italian) 32 anni dall'eccidio del Ten.Col. Giuseppe Russo e del Prof. Filippo Costa Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine., Antimafia Duemila, August 20, 2009
  15. ^ Giuseppe Impastato: his actions, his murder, the investigation and the cover up Archived 2006-05-09 at the Wayback Machine., by Tom Behan, Centro Siciliano di Documentazione "Giuseppe Impastato"
  16. ^ (in Italian)
  17. ^ (in Italian) Era L'Ora della mafia in prima pagina, La Stampa, June 18, 2012
  18. ^ Shock Therapy Time Magazine, September 20, 1982
  19. ^ Anti-Mafia Campaigner Is Found Slain in Sicily, Associated Press, January 7, 1984
  20. ^ (in Italian) A 10 ANNI FERITO IN UNA RAPINA, La Repubblica, April 22, 1989
  21. ^ B, D (April 22, 1989). "A 10 ANNI FERITO IN UNA RAPINA". La Repubblica. Retrieved April 2, 2016. 
  22. ^ Italian parliament looks to the future, The Independent, April 22, 1993
  23. ^ A Bullet For a Businessman, Business Week, November 4, 1991
  24. ^ a b c d All The Prime Minister's Men, by Alexander Stille, The Independent on Sunday, September 24, 1995
  25. ^ (in Italian) Associazione tra i familiari delle vittime di Via dei Georgofili
  26. ^ (in Italian) «La strage mafiosa di via Palestro non ha fermato il rinnovamento», Corriere della Sera, July 28, 2003
  27. ^ 5 Held in Killing of Priest, New York Times, June 23, 1994
  28. ^ Jamieson, The Antimafia, p. 217

External links