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List of universities in Greece

This is a list of universities in Greece. According to Greece's Constitution, all Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are universities, being universities, technical universities (polytechnic universities), formerly technological educational institutes (TEIs), and some specialist HEIs. In Greece, all universities are publicly owned and funded having state-accredited university title (UT), authorization of university degree awarding powers (DAPs) at level 6 (first cycle qualification, bachelor's level) under the Bologna Process [1][2] and the National Qualification Framework of Greece named Hellenic Qualifications Framework (HQF).[3] The power to award Greece university degrees is regulated by law and it is an offence for an institution to award a Greece university degree if it is not publicly state-owned. The State University System of Greece has a time scheduling of two terms, known as semesters, per academic year, and although each state university is relatively independent, they share a common national academic curriculum.

Higher Education Institutions (HEIs)

(Greek: Ανώτατα Εκπαιδευτικά Ιδρύματα, Α.Ε.Ι.)

The Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) undergraduate programmes are government funded, and have free education which can be attended without any payment of tuition fee. About one-fourth of HEIs postgraduate programmes are offered without tuition fee, and 30% of students can be entitled to attend tuition free postgraduate programmes after they are assessed on an individual basis of criteria.[4] The European Higher Education Area (EHEA) adopted a system based on three cycles of level study as defined by the European Qualifications Framework (EQF), that are:

  • 1st cycle of study is at EQF 6 level lasting three and a half or four years to attain a bachelor's degree or equivalent.(Greek: Πτυχίο, Latinised version: Ptychion)
  • 2nd cycle of study is at EQF 7 lasting one or two years to attain a master's degree or equivalent, (Greek: μεταπτυχιακό δίπλωμα ειδίκευσης, Postgraduate Specialised Diploma). Not to be confused with Postgraduate Diploma (PGDip) which typically has 120 ECTS, whereas a full master's degree is usually 180 ECTS.
  • 3rd cycle of study is at EQF 8 lasting three years to attain a doctorate's degree or equivalent, (Greek: διδακτορικό δίπλωμα, Doctorate Diploma).

Universities and technical universities

(Greek: Πανεπιστήμια και Πολυτεχνεία)

The universities are bachelor-level-granting, master-level-granting, integrated-master-level-granting and doctorate-level-granting universities. The undergraduate programme of study for most disciplines is four years with awarded qualification in line with the Bologna process legally equivalent to a Bachelor's degree, 240 ECTS, at level 6 of National Qualification Framework (NQF) of Greece,[5] European Qualifications Framework (EQF), International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED).

Technical universities, also known as Polytechnic, in Greece are integrated-master-level-granting [4] (Greece: Diploma's degree), master-level-granting, and doctorate-level-granting. In specific disciplines only the undergraduate programme is five years with awarded qualification (Greek: δίπλωμα, Latinised version: Diploma) that is legally equivalent to an Integraded master's degree. Integrated master's degree is a specialised degree corresponding to a master-level degree which has as integrated part an undergraduate degree. It is also called an undergraduate master's degree, where instead of studying two separate degrees, a student will study a single, longer, programme. The most common Professional Degree (Diploma), integraded master's degree, is in engineering (e.g. Dipl.-Eng, Dip.Arch.Eng/M.Arch), and also others along with some programmes in Fine Arts.

In Medical Schools six years of studying are required to earn a bachelor's degree.

In addition to earning an academic degree in specific disciplines only, state license is required to work within the country of Greece, and some disciplines have further licensing requirements to bestow a recognized appellation (Chartered Accountant, Attorney at Law, Doctor Of Medicine, etc.). The Diploma is pre-requisite for registration as a chartered professional, hence, a name also known as professional degree. The use of specific professional titles are legally regulated. For a regulated profession (restricted by law) an access (permission to enter) into professional practice has to hold particularly a specific degree (e.g. professional degree), a period of apprenticeship/internship time working under supervision, sit special exams such as state practice exams and/or register with a professional body before it can practice.

University rankings in Greece

The following universities rank in at least one of the four major global rankings:

University THE World [34] QS World [35] ARWU World [36] CWTS Leiden [37]
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens 501–600 349
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki 601–800 341
National Technical University of Athens 601–800 454 199
University of Patras 801–1000 157
University of Crete 351–400 112
University of Ioannina 601–800 109
Athens University of Economics and Business 801–1000
Democritus University of Thrace 1001+
University of the Aegean 801–1000
University of Thessaly 601–800 83

Below is a table by clicking on the "show" summarising the University rankings from Webometrics Ranking of World Universities,[38]
including Universities from which have been integrated the formerly Technological Education Institutes (TEIs) to its constituent parts.

Webometrics Ranking of Universities including the formerly Technological Education Institutes (TEIs), 2019
National World Rank University National World Rank University
1 271 National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA) 21 2173 University of Western Macedonia
2 256 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki 22 2296 TEI of ThessalonikiIHU
3 354 National Technical University of Athens 23 2583 Panteion University of Political and Social Sciences
4 532 University of Patras 24 2969 TEI of LarissaUTH
5 557 University of Ioannina 25 3143 TEI of PiraeusUniversity of West Attica
6 638 University of Crete 26 3768 TEI of Central Greece Main CampusUTH
7 1010 University of Thessaly (UTH) 27 3993 TEI of KozaniUniversity of Western Macedonia
8 1106 University of the Aegean 28 4275 TEI of Western Greece
9 1106 Democritus University of Thrace 29 4654 School of Pedagogical and Technological Education
10 1241 Athens University of Economics and Business 30 5457 TEI of EpirusUniversity of Ioannina
11 1322 Technical University of Crete 31 5843 International Hellenic University (IHU)
12 1408 University of Piraeus 32 6126 TEI of KavalaIHU
13 1432 University of Macedonia 33 6639 TEI of SerresIHU
14 1697 Agricultural University of Athens 34 6707 TEI of PatrasUniversity of Patras
15 1697 Ionian University 35 6766 TEI of the Ionian IslandsIonian University
16 1728 Hellenic Open University 36 8451 TEI of Chalkida – NKUA
17 1806 Harokopio University of Athens 37 8767 Athens School of Fine Arts
18 1930 TEI of Crete – Hellenic Mediterranean University 38 9270 TEI of Central GreeceUTH
19 2086 University of Peloponnese 39 13314 TEI of PeloponneseUniversity of Peloponnese
20 2112 TEI of AthensUniversity of West Attica

Technological educational institutes

(Greek: Ανώτατα Τεχνολογικά Εκπαιδευτικά Ιδρύματα)

Technological Educational Institutes (TEIs) (1982–2019) were public Higher Educational Institute of Technology, also called as Technological Institutes, Institute of Technology, University of Applied Sciences. The TEIs are application practice-integrated universities over an academic university in which is theoretical and academically-oriented.

The undergraduate degree programmes consisted of four years of full-time courses in line with the Bologna process equivalent to Bachelor's Degree at Level 6 ISCED, 240 ECTS; and one-and-a-half years full-time or three years part-time postgraduate degree programs with awarded qualification equivalent to a master's degree (ISCED 7, 180 ECTS credits). Before the Bologna process the formerly TEI's undergraduate programmes were three-and-a-half years, that confers an equivalent to a bachelor's non-honours degree. The Technological Educational Institutes (TEIs) in Greece were reformed, between 2013 and 2019, and their departments have since been incorporated to the existing universities.

Former HEIs

This section is for HEIs that are defunct due to either closure or merger.

The progressive education reforms of the "ATHENA" Reform Plan applied and restructured to Higher Education in 2013 to 2019 [39] [40]

Mergers of HEIs in 2018-2019:

Specialist HEIs

  • Hellenic Military Academy (Evelpidon Military Academy), Hellenic Naval Academy (Hellenic Naval Cadets Academy), Hellenic Air Force Academy (Icarus Air Force Academy). The military HEIs offer higher education (HE) with 4-year undergraduate program leads to a bachelor's degree-level in military studies. They have been called Higher Military Education Institutions (ASEI), (Greek: ΑΣΕΙ, Ανώτατα Στρατιωτικά Εκπαιδευτικά Ιδρύματα). Also since 2010, they offer studies for postgraduate specialised diploma (master's degree-level) and doctoral degree. They conduct officer training for the Greece Military Forces considered as national defense universities since 1961. The students at the Military Forces´ Academies are referred to as cadets and receive a monthly stipend during education. All cadets reside on campus and receive meals in the dining halls. Cadets are not referred to as freshmen, sophomores, juniors, or seniors. Instead they are officially called fourth class, third class, second class, and first class cadets. All foreign students cadets are commissioned into the military forces of their home countries. Upon graduation at the academies all cadets become commissioned as second lieutenants, entry-level rank, and are employed in the Greece Military Forces for a compulsory minimum term of duty service.
  • Military School of Officers Corps, with programs in Economy, Dentistry, Legal Advisors, Medical, Pharmacy, Psychology, Veterinary Medicine.
  • Hellenic National Defense College
  • Hellenic Coast Guard Officers School
  • Hellenic Police Officers School
  • Hellenic Fire Officers School

Non-HEIs

  • Higher Education Institution should not be confused with Institute of Vocational Training (ΙΕΚ),[56][57] which offers a qualification at level 5 of National Qualification Framework in the post-secondary education level (Greek: Μεταδευτεροβάθμια Εκπαίδευση) that's not part of Higher Education (HE), that is not taken as part of an undergraduate degree.
  • Private colleges are not considered Greece Universities and are not recognised as Greece degree-awarding bodies by the Greek government.

According to the State Constitution of Greece, "education at university level must be provided exclusively by institutions which are fully self-governed public law legal bodies".[58] [59] [60] [61] This prohibits private companies for post-secondary education, colloquially known as colleges, from operating as independent universities in Greece providing studies at the Level 6 and upper of Greece Qualifications Framework. However, it does not prohibit colleges from collaborating in Greece with foreign universities to offer undergraduate and postgraduate programmes.[62] [63] The private colleges are accredited by the General Secretariat for Lifelong Learning and Youth (GGDVMNG) [64] [65] of Ministry of Education. Founded in 1998, the Hellenic Colleges Association (Σύνδεσμος Ελληνικών Ιδιωτικών Κολλεγίων) [66] (HCA) is the representative official body for the Greece located private colleges. All the private colleges located in Greece are for-profit. Generally any potentially individual wants to found a college in Greece, must obtain a Higher Education Accreditation by Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency for Higher Education (HQA) (Α.ΔΙ.Π. Αρχή Διασφάλισης και Πιστοποίησης της Ποιότητας στην Ανώτατη Εκπαίδευση) [67] and a license by Ministry of Education, in which has not obligation to become a participatory member of HCA.[68]

The vast majority of colleges are offering programmes of study under franchise or validation agreements with universities established in other European Union countries, primarily in the UK, leading to degrees which are awarded directly by those universities. The monitoring of those agreements as well as of additional provisions for the operation of colleges is carried out by the Ministry of Education and confirmed by the Legislature, Law 3696/2008, Paragraph 1, Article 1, Government Gazette 177 A’/25-8-2008[69] Amendments has been done by Law 3848/2010, Government Gazette 71 A’/19.05.2010;[70] 4093/2012;[71] 4111/2013;[72] 4310/2014,[73] also by the respective educational authorities of the countries in which the universities are based (e.g. QAA, BAC and NARIC for the UK).

One example of a college in Greece, not operating as a franchise, and which is not validated through arrangements in the UK was the University of Indianapolis – Athens Campus, ceased operations in July 2014. By contrast, this college was wholly owned and operated by its home campus, and is therefore accredited by the same agency which accredits the home campus. Consequently, students of the University of Indianapolis can switch between campuses at any time.

Degrees, awarded by universities of European Union and European Free Trade Association countries to students that have completed their studies in an accredited private college located in Greece, they are exaninated and can be recognised as equivalent in terms of the professional rights only (Greek: επαγγελματικής ισοδυναμίας) that are granted to their college graduates in relevance to those awarded by home universities in Greece. The recognition ability of professional equality of typical High Education Institution (HEI) studying title from country member of European Union and third countries in relation with the Greece-based High Education Institution (HEI) studying title, it provides to the title holder the right in the Greece to get employment or self-employment with full same rules and rights with the title holder from Greece HEIs system. Recognision degree professional rights only by the Greek State can be granted by the SAEP - Greek Council for the recognition of Professional Qualifications (ΣΑΕΠ - Συμβούλιο Αναγνώρισης Επαγγελματικών Προσόντων) of Ministry of Education, as of the Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 07-09-2005[74] and amended by Directive 2013/55/EC, having integration into Greece by Presidential Decree 38/2010, Government Gazette 78 A'/25-05-2010.[75]

HQAA agency

The Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency for Higher Education (HQAA)[67] (Α.ΔΙ.Π. Αρχή Διασφάλισης και Πιστοποίησης της Ποιότητας στην Ανώτατη Εκπαίδευση) established by Law 3374/2005, keeps the competent bodies of the state and the Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) informed on current international developments and also subjects in the relevant issues. At the end of each year a Higher Education Quality Report is submitted to the Minister of Education. A "Quality Assurance Unit" (QAU) is established in every HEI in order to coordinate and support evaluation procedures. QAU meetings are chaired by the Vice-Rector or Vice-President of Academic Affairs of the relevant HEI and representatives of the academic and administrative staff and students take part in the QAU.

The internal evaluation is carried out with the responsibility of each academic unit (faculty or department) in cooperation with the Quality Assurance Unit. The academic units appoint Internal Evaluation Groups or Special Evaluation Groups (if undergraduate or postgraduate programmes are separately evaluated) by resolution of their General Assemblies and these Groups compile the Internal Evaluation Report and submit it to the Quality Assurance Unit of the institution. The external evaluation process is repeated every four years at the latest with the cooperation of HEIs and the HQAA. The external evaluation is carried out by the External Evaluation Committee, which consists of five members from the register of independent experts kept at the HQAA.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency – External evaluation reports of Institutions". Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency. 2016.
  2. ^ "Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency – External evaluation reports of Departments". Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency. 2014.
  3. ^ "Hellenic Qualifications Framework (HQF)". EOPPEP.(in Greek)(in English)
  4. ^ a b "Law 4485/2017 Government Gazette 114 Α' / 04.08.2017". Hellenic Parliament. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)Article 46, Intergraded study title of postgraduate level (integrated master). Ministerial Decree 13175/Z1/10.08.2018 of Ministry of Education in the Government Gazette 3387 B’/10.8.2018, and law 4485/2017 Government Gazette 114 Α'/04.08.2017
  5. ^ "HQF ‒ HEIs Level 6 Programs Offerings". EOPPEP. Page 27 to 49 (in Greek)(in English)
  6. ^ "Agricultural University of Athens – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."The EEC was impressed by the high quality of undergraduate and postgraduate programs and faculty research. AUA is committed to competitive research and extension activities in both scientifically and economically important areas, notably in agriculture, food science and natural resource management."
  7. ^ "Aristotle University of Thessaloniki – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."AUTH from its inception to present time has a reputation of providing excellent education to its students in their respective fields of study. The research operations of the university are sizeable and impressive, both in the physical sciences and the humanities. They also include a few excellent examples of world-class research and recognition. The University has initiated the strategic planning process, which should be continued and completed."
  8. ^ "AUEB – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."AUEB is a leading Greek institution in its field and stands well in comparison to international institutions attaining excellence in the areas of entrepreneurship and internationalisation and in its social involvement and contribution."
  9. ^ "Democritus University of Thrace – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."The report was honest and clear in pointing out strengths as well as weaknesses. One dissenting member who finds the final rating as “Worthy of Merit” views it as a rating of “the totality of the internal evaluation process” with emphasis on the overall efficacy."
  10. ^ "DUTH – Presentation of External Evaluation" (PDF) (in Greek). DUTH.
  11. ^ "Harokopio University – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."Consistently with its vision, Harokopio University addresses scientific areas that serve society, health education, technology and the environment. In considering further growth and academic development, the university should engage in more in-depth planning."
  12. ^ a b "TEI of Crete – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."TEI Crete is blessed with a number of highly qualified academic faculty with internationally recognized research outputs.In general terms, there is a healthy underdog mentality to strive for improvement in research output and the institution appears to have a competitive status vis-à-vis other institutions. By design, the TEI of Crete overall deviates grossly from "model 1 campus/HEI". The Institution needs to resolve the inconsistencies in operations created by the dispersal of academic departments in different geographical areas. The mission of the Institution should be stated concisely."
  13. ^ "Hellenic Open University – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."HOU is a unique institution of HEI in Greece, offering distance learning degrees. The EEC has reached the conclusion that HOU meets our expectations in pursuing its academic and social mission. There is much that has been accomplished thus far and is now at a turning point that provides opportunities for strategic initiatives that will further raise its profile in Greece and abroad. HOU should consider raising the standard of its educational material and making it available in the open market."
  14. ^ "International Hellenic University – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."IHU should intensify efforts for the recruitment of international students. Some study programmes are rather overspecialized. A crucial step for the IHU’s future development would be to improve and expand the university campus. For this reason it is important that IHU acquires the ownership of the campus and buildings."
  15. ^ "Ionian University – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."The Ionian University after 27 years of operation is one of the newest institutions of Higher Education in Greece, offering unique study programs for the new generation of Greek scientists ensuring high-level research in sectors with high social, scientific and economic added value and performance. The University needs important improvements in the strategic plan for high-level quality of research and a clear vision and policy of a coordinated process. The EEC finds that the Internationalization Strategy of the Institution needs further development."
  16. ^ "University of Athens – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."The EEC’s assessment is that UOA is worthy of merit. We conclude by pointing out that the recommendations indicated in our report are intended as ways to improve an already excellent Institution. The culture of excellence in research and teaching that the Institution has established for itself was appreciated by every member of the EEC."
  17. ^ "National Technical University of Athens – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."For the most part, NTUA appears to be well organized. It enjoys outstanding reputation thanks to a subset of its top-notch students and faculty that pursue a broad range of high-caliber research. Over the years, such a top-notch human capital has made major contributions to the Nation, and serves as shining ambassadors of Greek Science and Technology worldwide."
  18. ^ "Panteion University – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."Panteion University is a very strong academic institution in teaching and research. The structure of the institution provides a perfect environment for the evolution of intrainsitutional interdisciplinary research and education structures. However, there are still dormant possibilities that have to be exploited, in order to secure the future and the prosperity of the Institution in a rapidly changing world."
  19. ^ "Technical University of Crete – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."Two members of the EEC give a lower evaluation (positive) due to the fact that QA of the Institution is actually not in place and also that the absence of a feasible strategic plan hampers the Institution’s operation and its readiness to change."
  20. ^ "University of the Aegean – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."Very limited infrastructure. Insufficient welfare and social services for students. Insufficient personnel (academic, administrative, and technical support) and low ratios of faculty members to students and administration members to faculty members. Limited financial resources from the state, affecting the general development of the institution. There is a general lack of certified procedural approaches, although it is clear that procedures at the UoA are increasingly systematized and formalised. The University should insist on the implementation of its strategic plan despite external adversities and further emphasize internationalization, intensify and systematise quest for external funding, both from the EU and from the private sector. Capitalize on their assets and good name of the University, its alumni, as well as on its unique geographical location-rebranding."
  21. ^ "University of Crete – External Evaluation Report of Institution" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."Overall, the external evaluation committee was impressed by the commitment to excellence permeating all levels of the institution. For a relatively new university, UoC has made remarkable achievements in the Greek academic world and beyond. While there is a general acceptance of both internal and external evaluation, the institution needs to develop “tighter” formal processes for monitoring and recording the progress and implementation of changes. The institution needs to consider introducing mechanisms to further support faculty development and move expeditiously to further communicate and develop the strategic goals associated with the “2020-2025” vision statement."
  22. ^ "University of Ioannina – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."Overall, the University provides a positive and supportive environment for students and faculty. Further development of a mid-term strategic plan including feasibility studies, timelines, implementation plans, responsibilities and metrics (inclusive bottom up approach and stakeholders). Accelerate the pace of implementation of digital technologies for teaching and learning. Improve financial accounting and reporting."
  23. ^ "University of Macedonia – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."The UoM endeavours to play a central role as an academic institution in the Balkans. The general operation has been very positively evaluated and the EEC feels that the Institution has the potential to evolve into a major educational and cultural pole for northern Greece and the Balkans."
  24. ^ "University of Patras – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."The EEC evaluated and scored according to our estimate of where UPatras stands in relation to our understanding of an international norm of excellence. Although we are conscious of the severe constraints imposed by the Greek State, we have not used them as an excuse for not identifying areas of improvement. Please note that an EEC member gave a worthy of merit vote by taking into account with a heavier weight the negative influence of the external environment on the ability to plan, strategise and operate."
  25. ^ "University of the Peloponnese – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."The UoP has high quality teaching staff. Also, the Institution has established good relationships with the community and its stakeholders. The Institution will benefit by developing more systematic approaches in the collection of data for the improvement of its programmes and internationalization strategy.."
  26. ^ "University of Piraeus – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."University of Piraeus offers some unique programs in the undergraduate and Masters level that specifically address the needs of the economy, specific needs of important industries and those of the public sector. Specific strategies should be incorporated in the mission statement associated with specific measurable goals and objectives."
  27. ^ "University of Thessaly – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."UTH provides a positive and collegial work environment. The EEC believes that with hard work and dedication, the University of Thessaly will be able to reach its full potential in the near future."
  28. ^ a b "TEI of Athens – External Evaluation Report of Institution" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."The EEC has reached the conclusion that TEI-A is operating at a level of excellence that transcends expectations, with great enthusiasm and commitment. However, there are specific points of criticism that have been specifically addressed in this report. The EEC believes that by considering our suggestions TEI-A has an opportunity to set a national or even European standard in the field of higher technological education."
  29. ^ "TEI of Athens – Internal Evaluation Report 2009-2013" (PDF) (in Greek). modip.teiath.gr.
  30. ^ a b "TEI of Piraeus – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."PUAS is a modern, forwarding looking institution with a clear vision, committed to a process of continuous improvement. Recent successes in developing a research culture and running a wide range of MSc programs have paved the way for the potential introduction of third-cycle degree programs."
  31. ^ "TEI of Piraeus – Internal Evaluation Report" (PDF) (in Greek). modip.teipir.gr. 2014.
  32. ^ "University of Western Macedonia – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."The EEC has decided to give to UoWM a positive evaluation. UoWM has self-motivated, dynamic and recognized faculty. Several research units at UoWM are productive, visible, and deliver good quality research. The size, dispersion, and diversity of the Institution need to be thoroughly addressed, since they may produce serious obstacles to the viability of the Institution."
  33. ^ "School of Pedagogical and Technological Education – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."Several research units at ASPETE are productive, visible, and deliver good-quality research. However, strategic planning designed with clear goals and timetables, though considered as crucial in all aspects, does not exist at the moment. There is no coherent research orientation as a whole and research policy."
  34. ^ "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). 2019.
  35. ^ "QS World University Rankings". Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd.
  36. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy.
  37. ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking – PP top 10%". CWTS Leiden Ranking.
  38. ^ "Webometrics Rankings – Greece". Webometrics. 2019.(in English)
  39. ^ "ATHENA Reform Plan for Higher Education, Press Release" (PDF) (in Greek). 2013-01-31. "Αναδιάρθρωση των Ιδρυμάτων Ανώτατης Εκπαίδευσης"
  40. ^ "ATHENA Reform Plan for Higher Education, Final Plan, Press Release" (in Greek). 2013-03-05. Official Presentation on March 6, 2019 at the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Cultural and Educational Affairs of the Hellenic Parliament
  41. ^ "Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."Positive points: Modern disciplines producing graduates with high employability. Six-month practical training of students outside the Institution, in real employment/job environments. High quality teaching staff, with industrial experience. Convenient geographical location. Negative points: The Institution was first established 31 years ago, and absorbed all teaching staff of a previous Institution with lower qualifications. Not yet clearly determined Institution Research Policy or Strategy. Heavy teaching load of staff in all departments. Low student attendance of theoretical subjects."
  42. ^ "Technological Educational Institute of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."High quality research activities in applied sciences and technology. Excellent ties and cooperation with society, local industry and stakeholders. The Institution should encourage inter and intra-departmental research collaboration. A higher level of participation of academic staff in research projects and scientific outputs (journals, conferences)should be pursued. The goals of the Institution, as expressed in the mission statement of Internal Evaluation Report, are rather broad and unrealistic or difficult to implement in full."
  43. ^ "Technological Educational Institute of Central Macedonia – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015."The institution does not offer foreign language courses which is necessary for internationalisation and research. There is a lack of multiple and coherent learning paths at the undergraduate level. There is a fragmented, uneven, “ad hoc” and unsystematic approach to research strategies."
  44. ^ a b c d e "Law 4610, Government Gazette 70 A'/07.05.2019". Hellenic Parliament. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)(in Greek), "Synergies between Universities and TEIs, admission to Higher Education (Tertiary), Experimental Secondary Education Schools, General Archive of State and other provisions"
  45. ^ "Establishment of University of Western Attica (UNIWA) and other provisions". Hellenic Parliament. (in Greek)
  46. ^ "TEI of Central Greece – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016. "Positive points: Well qualified and well trained graduates, with high employment potential. Negative points: Not well defined vision and associated goals with measurable outcomes. Poor internationalisation policy"
  47. ^ a b c "Law 4589, Government Gazette 13 Α'/29.01.2019" (in Greek). Hellenic Parliament. Cite journal requires |journal= (help), "Synergies between National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA), Agricultural University of Athens (AUA), University of Thessaly (UTH) with the TEI of Thessaly and TEI of Central Greece, Panlimniako Fund and other provisions"
  48. ^ "TEI of the Ionian Islands – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016.
  49. ^ "Law 4559 Government Gazette 142 Α'/03.08.2018". Hellenic Parliament. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)(in Greek)
  50. ^ "Technological Educational Institute of the Ionian Islands – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."In order to meet the strategic goals the Institute has to complete changes to departments and curriculum. All permanent faculty members should be encouraged and incentivized to participate and present at international meetings and publish their research findings in peer-reviewed journal articles."
  51. ^ "TEI of Thessaly – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016.
  52. ^ "Technological Educational Institute of Epirus – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."Ongoing building and infrastructure investments by the TEIEP at the Igoumenitsa and Preveza campuses are not consistent with the parallel “wish” to evolve the TEIEP into a two-site (Arta and Ioannina) institute. The EEC recommends that priorities and milestones are set so that the gradual implementation of the institutional strategic goals has a chance to become reality."
  53. ^ "TEI of Western Macedonia – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."TEIWM is a student-centric Institution, with all the courses having the practical element and internships in the curriculum. There are some areas where weaknesses are identified such as research and internationalization of the institution and staffing problems. There is also improper allocation of staff to the 5 campuses."
  54. ^ "TEI of Western Greece – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016.
  55. ^ "TEI of Peloponnese – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2016."Lack of complementarities in the programmes of studies (both undergraduate and postgraduate) between the “technical” and “management” Departments of TEI-PEL. The TEI-PEL should respond effectively to the needs of the society and the economy at regional and local levels."
  56. ^ "Law 4386/2016, Government Gazette 83Α'/11.05.2016". Hellenic Parliament. "Regulations for Research and other provisions"(in Greek)
  57. ^ "Law 4186/2013, Government Gazette 193A'/17.09.2013" (PDF). Ministry of Education. "Restructuring of Secondary Education and other provisions". Provisions for the transformation of Upper Secondary Schools of General (GEL) and Vocational (EPAL), Vocational Training Institutes (IEK) and Special Education structures.(in Greek)
  58. ^ "The Constitution of Greece ‒ The Fifth Revisionary Parliament of the Hellenes Resolves" (PDF). Hellenic Parliament. "PART II Individual and social rights. Article 16 (education, art, science). As revised by the parliamentary resolution of May 27th 2008 of the VIII Revisionary Parliament." (in English)
  59. ^ "The Constitution of Greece - The Fifth Revisionary Parliament of the Hellenes Resolves". Hellenic Parliament. "As revised by the parliamentary resolution of May 27th 2008 of the VIII Revisionary Parliament." (in English)(in French)(in German)
  60. ^ "Το Σύνταγμα της Ελλάδας, Άρθρο 16 (παιδεία, τέχνη, επιστήμη)" (PDF). Ελληνικό Κοινοβούλιο (Hellenic Parliament). "Όπως αναθεωρήθηκε με το ψήφισμα της 27 Μαΐου 2008 της Η’ Αναθεωρητικής Βουλής των Ελλήνων." (in Greek)
  61. ^ "Το Σύνταγμα της Ελλάδας, Μέρος Α, Β, Γ". Ελληνικό Κοινοβούλιο (Hellenic Parliament). "Όπως αναθεωρήθηκε με το ψήφισμα της 27 Μαΐου 2008 της Η’ Αναθεωρητικής Βουλής των Ελλήνων." (in Greek)
  62. ^ "Law 3696/25-8-2008, Government Gazette 177 A'" (PDF).
  63. ^ "Law 3848/19.05.2010, Government Gazette 71 A'" (PDF).
  64. ^ "General Secretariat for Lifelong Learning and Youth (GGDVMNG)". "Γενική Γραμματεία Δια Βίου Μάθησης και Νέας Γενιάς (Γ.Γ.Δ.Β.Μ.Ν.Γ.)." (in Greek)
  65. ^ "Private Colleges Explanatory Notes of Ministry of Education".(in Greek)
  66. ^ "Hellenic Colleges Association (HCA) - Greece". "Σύνδεσμος Ελληνικών Κολλεγίων"
  67. ^ a b "Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency (HQA)".(in English)
  68. ^ "Accredited private colleges list in Greece". Ministry of Education.(in Greek)
  69. ^ "Law 3696/2008, Government Gazette 177 A' / 25-8-2008". "Foundation and operation of private colleges and other provisions." (in Greek)
  70. ^ "Law 3848/2010, Government Gazette 71 A' / 19.05.2010".(in Greek)
  71. ^ "Law 4093/2012, Government Gazette 222 A' / 12.11.2012".(in Greek) "According to the laws 4093/12-11-2012 (Government Gazette 222 A’) and 4111/25-1-2013 (Government Gazette 18 A’), private colleges in Greece are non-formal post-secondary (post Lyceum) education service and training providers (non-tertiary) offer at least three years first cycle qualification programmes of study at Level 6 of ISCED (first higher education degree, bachelor’s degree level) and/or postgraduate studies (graduate qualifications) exclusively with the legal form of Validation and Franchising agreements with Higher Education Institution (HEIs) from foreign countries, that are officially fully recognised and accredited from their country competence authorities. Pursuant to the Greek current constitutional prohibition of Article 16Σ of Greek Parliament (Constitution of Greece - The Fifth Revisionary Parliament of the Hellenes Resolves. PART II Individual and social rights. Article 16, education, art, science. As revised by the parliamentary resolution of May 27th 2008 of the VIII Revisionary Parliament), do not academically recognize in Greece all university qualification titles have been awarded by private colleges in Greece after completion studies have been taken place in Greece either by cooperating universities from foreign countries. The university study titles have been awarded from universities of foreign countries after completion studies have been taken place by cooperating private colleges in Greece, even they recognized in regards professional rights in Greece, do not accept from Greek universities to continue studies for the obtainment postgraduate (level 7 ISCED) or doctoral qualification (level 8 ISCED). The prohibition is in force in the Greece only, as Greece located private colleges graduates are normally accepted for continuous studies (master’s degree level, doctor's degree level) from universities in foreign countries".
  72. ^ "Law 4111/2013, Government Gazette 18 A' / 25.01.2013".(in Greek)
  73. ^ "Law 4310/2014, Government Gazette 258 A' / 08.12.2014".(in Greek)
  74. ^ "European Council, EC Directive 2005/36/EC, 07-09-2005".(in English)
  75. ^ "Presidential Decree 38/2010, Government Gazette 78 A'/25-05-2010" (PDF).

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