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List of top-division football clubs in UEFA countries

A map of the world. The blue area, marked "UEFA", covers continental Europe, the British Isles, Iceland, and parts of Northern Asia and the Middle East.
  UEFA countries on this map of the world's six football confederations

The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) is the administrative and controlling body for European football. It consists of 55 member associations, each of which is responsible for governing football in their respective countries.[1]

All widely recognised sovereign states located entirely within Europe are members, with the exceptions of the United Kingdom, Monaco and Vatican City. Eight states partially or entirely outside Europe are also members: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Israel, Cyprus and Turkey.[1] The United Kingdom is divided into the four separate football associations of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales; each association has a separate UEFA membership. The Faroe Islands, an autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, also has its own football association which is a member of UEFA.[1] The football association of Gibraltar, a British Overseas Territory, was approved as a member by UEFA in 2013.[2] Kosovo was approved as a member in 2016, even though it is claimed by Serbia and is not recognised by several other UEFA member states.

Each UEFA member has its own football league system, except Liechtenstein.[3] Clubs playing in each top-level league compete for the title as the country's club champions. Clubs also compete in the league and national cup competitions for places in the following season's UEFA club competitions, the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. Due to promotion and relegation, the clubs playing in the top-level league are different every season, except in San Marino where there is only one level.[4]

Some clubs play in a national football league other than their own country's. Where this is the case the club is noted as such.

Real Madrid Club finished the previous season as league champions.

UEFA coefficients

The UEFA league coefficients, also known as the UEFA rankings, are used to rank the leagues of Europe, and thus determine the number of clubs from a league that will participate in UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. A country's ranking determines the number of teams competing in the season after the next; the 2009 rankings determined qualification for European competitions in the 2010–11 season.[5]

A country's ranking is calculated based on the results of its clubs in UEFA competitions over the past five seasons. Two points are awarded for each win by a club, and one for a draw. If a game goes to extra time, the result at the end of time is used to calculate ranking points; if the match goes to a penalty shootout, it is considered to be a draw for the purposes of the coefficient system. The number of points awarded to a country's clubs are added together, and then divided by the number of clubs that participated in European competitions that season. This number is then rounded to three decimal places; two and two-thirds would become 2.667.[5]

For the league coefficient the season's league coefficients for the last five seasons must be added up. In the preliminary rounds of both the Champions League and Europa League, the awarded points are halved. Bonus points for certain achievements are added to the number of points scored in a season. Bonus points are allocated for:

  • Qualifying for the Champions League group phase. (4 bonus points)
  • Reaching the second round of the Champions League. (5 bonus points)
  • Reaching the quarter, semi and final of both Champions League and Europa League. (1 bonus point)[5]

Albania

The top division of Albanian football was formed in 1930, and the inaugural title was won by SK Tirana (now known as KF Tirana). Tirana are the most successful team in the league's history, having won the competition on 24 occasions, followed by KS Dinamo Tirana (now playing in the second division) with 18 championships, and Partizani Tirana with 15.[7] The league became affiliated with UEFA in 1954.[8] Since the 2014–15 season, 10 teams compete in the division. The teams finishing in the bottom two places are relegated to the Albanian First Division and are replaced by the champions of each of that league's two groups.

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
Flamurtari Vlorë Vlorë
FC Kamza Kamëz
FK Kukësi Kukës
KF Laçi Laç
KS Luftëtari Gjirokastër Gjirokastër
FK Partizani Tirana Tirana
KF Lushnja Lushnjë
KF Skënderbeu Korçë Korçë
KF Teuta Durrës Durrës
KF Vllaznia Shkodër Shkodër

Andorra

Andorra's national league system was formed in 1993, and the Andorran Football Federation gained UEFA membership in 1996.[10] Records from the league's first three seasons are incomplete, but FC Santa Coloma have won more First Division titles than any other team.[11] Another Andorran football club, FC Andorra, play in the Spanish football league system. In recent years, eight teams have competed in the First Division. Each team plays two matches against the other seven clubs. After fourteen games, the league splits into two groups, with teams carrying their previous points totals forward. The top four teams play each other a further two times in the championship round to decide 1st–4th places, while the bottom four teams do likewise in the relegation round, to determine the 5th–8th positions. At the end of the season, the bottom-placed team is relegated, while the seventh-placed team plays a two-legged play-off against the second-placed team in the Second Division to decide which team plays in which division for the following season.

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Map of Andorra and the 8 teams of the 2017–18 Primera Divisió
Andorra la Vella
Andorra la Vella
Escaldes-Engordany
Escaldes-Engordany
Andorra la Vella teams:LusitanosPenya Encarnada
Andorra la Vella teams:
Lusitanos
Penya Encarnada
Escaldes-Engordany teams:EngordanyInter d'Escaldes
Escaldes-Engordany teams:
Engordany
Inter d'Escaldes
Santa Coloma
Santa Coloma
Location of teams in the 2017–18 Primera Divisió
Club Location
FC Encamp Encamp
UE Engordany Escaldes-Engordany
Inter Club d'Escaldes Escaldes-Engordany
FC Lusitanos Andorra la Vella
Penya Encarnada Andorra la Vella
UE Sant Julià Sant Julià de Lòria
FC Santa Coloma Santa Coloma d'Andorra
UE Santa Coloma Santa Coloma d'Andorra

Armenia

Armenia gained independence in 1991, following the break-up of the Soviet Union. Organised football had been played in Armenia since 1936, as part of the Soviet football system. The Football Federation of Armenia gained UEFA affiliation in 1992, and the league ran as the national championship for the first time in the same year.[12][13] Since independence, the country's most successful team are FC Pyunik, who have won ten league titles.[12] As of the 2016-17 season, six teams compete in the Premier League. Each team plays the other six times during the season, and at the end of the ongoing season, the bottom team is relegated to the First League.[14]

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

List of top-division football clubs in UEFA countries is located in Armenia
Location of teams in the 2017–18 Armenian Premier League
Club Location
Alashkert FC Yerevan
FC Ararat Yerevan Yerevan
FC Banants Yerevan
FC Gandzasar Kapan
FC Pyunik Yerevan
FC Shirak Gyumri

Austria

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Map of Austria and the 10 teams of the 2017–18 Austrian Bundesliga
Location of teams in the 2017–18 Austrian Football Bundesliga
Club Location
FC Admira Wacker Mödling Maria Enzersdorf
FK Austria Wien Vienna
LASK Linz Linz
SV Mattersburg Mattersburg
SK Rapid Wien Vienna
FC Red Bull Salzburg Wals-Siezenheim
SC Rheindorf Altach Altach
SKN St. Pölten Sankt Pölten
SK Sturm Graz Graz
Wolfsberger AC Wolfsberg

Azerbaijan

Although the country was part of the Soviet Union, the first Azerbaijan-wide football competition took place in 1928, and became an annual occurrence from 1934. Following the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, the first independent Azeri championship took place in 1992, and the Association of Football Federations of Azerbaijan gained UEFA affiliation in 1994[15][16] Since independence, the country's most successful team are PFC Neftchi Baku, with eight league titles. In recent years, 10 teams had competed in the Azerbaijan Premier League, but two teams that otherwise would have competed in the 2016–17 season were denied professional licenses, making it an eight-team league at present.

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Location of teams in the 2017–18 Azerbaijan Premier League
Location of teams in the 2017–18 Azerbaijan Premier League.
Team in italics is from a zone of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and is playing its home games in Baku.
Club Location
Gabala FK Gabala
Kapaz PFK Ganja
Inter Baku PIK Baku
Neftchi Baku PFK Baku
Qarabağ FK Baku
Səbail Baku
Sumgayit FK Sumqayit
Zira FK Baku

Belarus

Belarus declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1990. Its independence was widely recognised within Europe in 1991, an independent national championship began in 1992, and UEFA membership followed in 1993.[17] Through the 2017 season, the most successful team is FC BATE, with 14 league championships, including an ongoing streak of 12 titles.[18] The 2016 season saw the league expand from 14 teams to 16, accomplished by promoting three clubs from the Belarusian First League and relegating only the last-place team in the 2015 Premier League. At the end of the season, the bottom two teams are relegated to the First League and replaced by that league's top two finishers.

Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

Club Location
FC BATE Borisov Barysaw
FC Dinamo Brest Brest
FC Dinamo Minsk Minsk
FC Dnepr Mogilev Mogilev
FC Gomel Gomel
FC Gorodeya Gorodeya
FC Isloch Minsk Raion Minsk Raion
FC Krumkachy Minsk Minsk
FC Luch Minsk Minsk
FC Minsk Minsk
FC Neman Grodno Hrodna
FC Shakhtyor Soligorsk Salihorsk
FC Slutsk Slutsk
FC Smolevichi-STI Smalyavichy
FC Torpedo-BelAZ Zhodino Zhodzina
FC Vitebsk Vitebsk

Belgium

Organised football reached Belgium in the 19th century; the Royal Belgian Football Association was founded in 1895, and FC Liégeois became the country's first champions the following year. Belgium joined European football's governing body, UEFA, upon its formation in 1954.[19] Historically the country's most successful team are R.S.C. Anderlecht, with 33 league titles as of 2016.[20] The Belgian First Division A, historically known as the First Division and also known as the Pro League from 2008–09 through 2015–16, currently consists of 16 teams. Initially, each team plays the other clubs twice for a total of 30 matches. At this point, the league proceeds as follows (as of the current 2016–17 season):[21]

  • The top six teams take half of their points (rounded up) into a championship play-off, playing each other two further times to determine the national champion.
  • The teams finishing the regular season between 7th and 15th enter one of two six-team groups. The remaining teams in this competition are the top three teams from the Belgian First Division B (historically known as the Second Division), excluding that division's champion (which earns automatic promotion to First Division A). Each team plays the other five teams in its group home and away, and the winners of each group play one another in a two-legged play-off. The winner of that match advances to a two-legged play-off against the fourth- or fifth-place team (depending on results) from the championship play-off for the country's final UEFA Europa League place for the following season.
  • The bottom team on the regular-season table is automatically relegated to First Division B.

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
R.S.C. Anderlecht Anderlecht
R. Charleroi S.C. Charleroi
Club Brugge KV Bruges
K.A.S. Eupen Eupen
K.R.C. Genk Genk
K.A.A. Gent Ghent
K.V. Kortrijk Kortrijk
K.S.C. Lokeren Oost-Vlaanderen Lokeren
KV Mechelen Mechelen
Royal Mouscron-Péruwelz Mouscron
K.V. Oostende Oostende
Sint-Truidense V.V. Sint-Truiden
Standard Liège Liège
Waasland-Beveren Beveren
Royal Antwerp F.C. Antwerp
S.V. Zulte Waregem Waregem

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Prior to gaining independence from Yugoslavia, clubs from Bosnia and Herzegovina were eligible to compete in the Yugoslav First League, which they won three times. The country gained independence in 1992, and its Football Association gained UEFA membership in 1998.[22] Due to political tensions between Bosniaks, Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian Croats, the country did not have a single national top division until the 2002–03 season, but rather two or three. Since then, Zrinjski have won five titles, Željezničar have won three, Sarajevo and Široki Brijeg have each won twice, and three other teams have won it once each.[23]

Since the 2016–17 season, the Premier League has consisted of 12 clubs, reduced from 16 in previous seasons. The 2016–17 season was the first for a two-stage season. In the first stage, each team plays all others home and away, after which the league splits into two six-team groups that also play home and away. The top six teams play for the championship and European qualifying places; the bottom six play to avoid relegation. At the end of the second stage, the bottom two clubs of the relegation group drop to either the First League of Bosnia and Herzegovina or the First League of the Republika Srpska.[24]

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
FK Borac Banja Luka Banja Luka
NK Čelik Zenica Zenica
NK GOŠK Gabela Gabela
FK Krupa Krupa na Vrbasu
FK Mladost Doboj Kakanj Doboj (Kakanj)
FK Radnik Bijeljina Bijeljina
FK Sarajevo Sarajevo
FK Sloboda Tuzla Tuzla
NK Široki Brijeg Široki Brijeg
NK Vitez Vitez
HŠK Zrinjski Mostar Mostar
FK Željezničar Sarajevo Sarajevo

Bulgaria

A national Bulgarian championship has been held in every year since 1924, although the 1924, 1927 and 1944 seasons were not completed. The country gained UEFA membership in 1954.[25] Historically, the most successful teams in Bulgarian football have been PFC CSKA Sofia and PFC Levski Sofia; no other team has won more than seven league titles. In recent years, PFC Ludogorets Razgrad has dominated the league; although the team did not make its first appearance in the top flight until 2011–12, it has won the championship in each of its first six seasons at that level.[26] The 2015–16 season was intended to have 12 teams, but was reduced to 10 after four clubs (the two clubs that would otherwise have been promoted to what was then known as the A Group, plus two from the previous season's A Group) were denied professional licenses. Following that season, the Bulgarian Football Union revamped the country's professional league structure, expanding the top flight to 14 teams and changing that league's name from "A Group" to "First League".

Under the current structure that began in 2016–17, each team plays the others twice, once at each club's stadium. At the end of the season the league splits into separate playoffs, with table points and statistics carrying over in full. The top six teams enter a championship playoff, with each team playing the others home and away. The top finisher is league champion and enters the UEFA Champions League; the second-place team earns a place in the UEFA Europa League; and the third-place team (or fourth-place team, should the winner of that season's Bulgarian Cup finish in the top three) advances to a playoff for the country's final Europa League place. The bottom eight split into two four-team groups, playing home and away within each group. The top two teams from each group enter a knockout playoff consisting of two-legged matches (note, however, that if one of these four teams is the Bulgarian Cup winner, it is withdrawn from the playoff and its opponent receives a bye into the final). The winner of this playoff then plays the third-place team in a one-off match for the final Europa League place. The bottom two clubs from each group enter an identical knockout playoff. The winner remains in the First League; the other three teams face a series of relegation playoffs that also include the second- and third-place clubs from the Second League, with places for only two of these five teams in the next season's First League.[27]

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Map of Bulgaria and the 14 teams of the 2017–18 Parva Liga
Sofia
Sofia
Location of teams in the 2017–18 Parva Liga
List of top-division football clubs in UEFA countries is located in Sofia
Sofia 2017–18 First League football clubs
Club Location
PFC Beroe Stara Zagora Stara Zagora
PFC Botev Plovdiv Plovdiv
PFC Cherno More Varna Varna
PFC CSKA Sofia Sofia
FC Dunav Ruse Ruse
SFC Etar Veliko Tarnovo Veliko Tarnovo
PFC Levski Sofia Sofia
PFC Lokomotiv Plovdiv Plovdiv
PFC Ludogorets Razgrad Razgrad
OFC Pirin Blagoevgrad Blagoevgrad
PFC Septemvri Sofia Sofia
PFC Slavia Sofia Sofia
FC Vereya Stara Zagora
FC Vitosha Bistritsa Bistritsa

Croatia

National Croatian leagues were organised in 1914 and during the Second World War, but during peacetime Croatia's biggest clubs competed in the Yugoslav First League. After Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, a national football league was formed in 1992, and the Croatian Football Federation gained UEFA membership in 1993.[28] Since its formation, the Croatian First League has been dominated by NK Dinamo Zagreb and HNK Hajduk Split; as of the end of the 2015–16 season, one of these teams has won the title in all but one of the league's 25 seasons.[29] Since the 2013–14 season, the First League has consisted of 10 teams. At the end of the season, the 10th-placed team is relegated directly to the second division, while the 9th-placed team enters a relegation play-off.

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
HNK Cibalia Vinkovci
GNK Dinamo Zagreb Zagreb
HNK Hajduk Split Split
NK Inter Zaprešić Zaprešić
NK Istra 1961 Pula
NK Lokomotiva Zagreb
NK Osijek Osijek
HNK Rijeka Rijeka
NK Rudeš Zagreb
NK Slaven Belupo Koprivnica

Cyprus

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
AEK Larnaca F.C. Larnaca
AEL Limassol Limassol
Alki Oroklini Larnaca
Anorthosis Famagusta FC Larnaca
APOEL FC Nicosia
Apollon Limassol Limassol
Aris Limassol F.C. Limassol
Doxa Katokopias F.C. Peristerona, Nicosia
Ermis Aradippou Aradippou, Larnaca
Ethnikos Achna FC Achna, Famagusta
Nea Salamis Famagusta FC Larnaca
Olympiakos Nicosia Nicosia
AC Omonia Nicosia
Pafos FC Paphos

Czech Republic

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
FC Baník Ostrava Ostrava
Bohemians 1905 Prague
FK Dukla Prague Prague
FC Fastav Zlín Zlín
FK Jablonec Jablonec nad Nisou
MFK Karviná Karviná
FK Mladá Boleslav Mladá Boleslav
SK Sigma Olomouc Olomouc
SK Slavia Prague Prague
1. FC Slovácko Uherské Hradiště
FC Slovan Liberec Liberec
AC Sparta Prague Prague
FK Teplice Teplice
FC Viktoria Plzeň Plzeň
FC Vysočina Jihlava Jihlava
FC Zbrojovka Brno Brno

Denmark

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
AaB Fodbold Aalborg
Aarhus Gymnastikforening Aarhus
Brøndby IF Brøndby
FC Helsingør Helsingør
Hobro IK Hobro
AC Horsens Horsens
F.C. København Copenhagen
Lyngby BK Lyngby
FC Midtjylland Herning
FC Nordsjælland Farum
OB Odense
Randers FC Randers
Silkeborg IF Silkeborg
SønderjyskE Haderslev

England

Founded in 1888, the Football League was the world's first national football league.[30] The inaugural competition was won by Preston North End, who remained unbeaten throughout the entire season. It was the top level football league in England from its foundation until 1992, when the 22 clubs comprising the First Division resigned from the Football League to form the new FA Premier League.[30] As of the 2017–18 season the Premier League comprises 20 clubs;[31] each team plays every other team twice, with the bottom 3 clubs at the end of the season relegated to the EFL Championship. The most successful domestic club is Manchester United, who have won the league 20 times, while the most successful English club in Europe is Liverpool FC, who have won 5 European Cups, 3 UEFA Cups and 3 UEFA Super Cups, more than any other English team.[32]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season (one club yet to be promoted through the 2018 English Football League play-offs):

Club Location Stadium Capacity
Arsenal F.C. London Emirates Stadium 59,867
A.F.C. Bournemouth Bournemouth Vitality Stadium 11,360
Brighton & Hove Albion F.C. Brighton AMEX Stadium 30,666
Burnley F.C. Burnley Turf Moor 21,944
Cardiff City F.C. Cardiff, Wales Cardiff City Stadium 33,300
Chelsea F.C. London Stamford Bridge 41,631
Crystal Palace F.C. London Selhurst Park 25,456
Everton F.C. Liverpool Goodison Park 39,572
Huddersfield Town A.F.C. Huddersfield John Smith's Stadium 24,169
Leicester City F.C. Leicester King Power Stadium 32,312
Liverpool F.C. Liverpool Anfield 53,394
Manchester City F.C. Manchester Etihad Stadium 55,017
Manchester United F.C. Manchester Old Trafford 74,994
Newcastle United F.C. Newcastle upon Tyne St James' Park 52,354
Southampton F.C. Southampton St Mary's Stadium 32,384
Tottenham Hotspur F.C. London New White Hart Lane 62,062
Watford F.C. Watford Vicarage Road 23,700
West Ham United F.C. London London Stadium 60,000
Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C. Wolverhampton Molineux 31,700

Estonia

An independent Estonian league took place between 1921 and 1940. However, after the Second World War it became part of the Soviet Union, and became a regional system. Estonia regained independence after the dissolution of the USSR, organising the first national championship in 52 years in 1992, the same year that the Estonian Football Association joined UEFA.[33][34] FC Flora Tallinn is the most successful team in the modern era, with 10 league titles as of the end of the 2016 season.[33] Since 2005, the Premier Division has consisted of 10 teams, which play one another four times. At the end of the season the bottom team is relegated to the second level of Estonian football, while the ninth-placed team enters into a relegation playoff.[35]

Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

Club Location Stadium Capacity
FCI Levadia Tallinn Tallinn Kadriorg Stadium 5,000
FC Flora Tallinn Tallinn A. Le Coq Arena 10,340
FC Kuressaare Kuressaare Kuressaare linnastaadion 1,000
Nõmme Kalju FC Tallinn Hiiu Stadium 650
Paide Linnameeskond Paide Paide linnastaadion 268
JK Tallinna Kalev Tallinn Kalevi Keskstaadion 11,500
JK Tammeka Tartu Tartu Tamme Stadium 1,500
JK Narva Trans Narva Kreenholm Stadium 1,065
Viljandi JK Tulevik Viljandi Viljandi linnastaadion 1,084
Pärnu JK Vaprus Pärnu Pärnu Rannastaadion 1,501

Faroe Islands

The Faroe Islands are a constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark, which also comprises Greenland and Denmark itself. The league was formed in 1942, and has been contested annually since, with the exception of 1944 due to a lack of available balls.[36] The Faroe Islands gained UEFA recognition in 1992.[37] The most successful teams are Havnar Bóltfelag and KÍ Klaksvík, with 22 and 17 Premier League titles respectively as of the most recently completed 2016 season. Since the 1988 season, the Premier League has consisted of 10 teams.[38] They play each other three times, with the bottom two teams relegated to the First Division.

Clubs and locations as of 2017 season:

Club Location
B36 Tórshavn Tórshavn
EB/Streymur Streymnes
Havnar Bóltfelag Tórshavn
ÍF Fuglafjørður Fuglafjørður
KÍ Klaksvík Klaksvík
NSÍ Runavík Runavík
Skála ÍF Skála
TB/FC Suðuroy/Royn[FRO 1] Tvøroyri
Víkingur Gøta Norðragøta
07 Vestur Sørvágur
  1. ^ TB, which participated in the 2016 Premier League, merged with the other two clubs from its home island of Suðuroy—FC Suðuroy and Royn Hvalba. The merged club will play the 2017 season as TB/FC Suðuroy/Royn, but will be renamed for 2018 and beyond.

Finland

Finland's current league has been contested annually since 1898, with the exceptions of 1914 and 1943.[39] The most successful team are HJK Helsinki with 22 titles; as of 2010, no other team has won 10 or more. However, between 1920 and 1948 a rival championship operated, organised by the Finnish Workers' Sports Federation. Frequent champions in that competition before it came under the jurisdiction of the Football Association of Finland included Kullervo Helsinki, Vesa Helsinki and Tampereen Pallo-Veikot.[40] The Premier League consists of 12 teams, which play one another three times each for a total of 33 matches. At the end of the season the bottom club is relegated to the First Division.

Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

Map of Finland and the 12 teams of the 2018 Veikkausliiga
Location of teams in the 2018 Veikkausliiga
Club Location
HJK Helsinki Helsinki
FC Honka Espoo
IFK Mariehamn Mariehamn
FC Ilves Tampere
FC Inter Turku Turku
Kuopion Palloseura (KuPS) Kuopio
FC Lahti Lahti
Palloseura Kemi Kings (PS Kemi) Kemi
RoPS Rovaniemi
Seinäjoen Jalkapallokerho (SJK) Seinäjoki
Turun Palloseura (TPS) Turku
Vaasan Palloseura (VPS) Vaasa

France

France's first football team—Le Havre AC—formed in 1872. The first French championship was first held in 1894, but only featured teams from the capital, Paris. Between 1896 and 1912, national championships were organised by several competing federations; the first universally recognised national championship took place in the 1912–13 season. However, it only lasted two seasons; from the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, French football operated on a regional basis until 1932. A national league resumed between 1932 and 1939, and has operated annually since the conclusion of the Second World War in 1945.[41] Ligue 1 and its predecessors have featured 20 teams since the 1946–47 season. Each team plays the other nineteen sides home and away, and at the end of the season the bottom three teams are relegated to Ligue 2.[42] So far, Olympique de Marseille are the only French club to have won the UEFA Champions League, in 1993.

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
Amiens SC Amiens
Angers SCO Angers
FC Girondins de Bordeaux Bordeaux
Stade Malherbe Caen Caen
Dijon FCO Dijon
En Avant de Guingamp Guingamp
Lille OSC Villeneuve d'Ascq
Olympique Lyonnais Décines
Olympique de Marseille Marseille
FC Metz Metz
AS Monaco Fontvieille, Monaco
Montpellier HSC Montpellier
FC Nantes Nantes
OGC Nice Nice
Paris Saint-Germain Paris
Stade Rennais FC Rennes
AS Saint-Étienne Saint-Étienne
RC Strasbourg Alsace Strasbourg
Toulouse FC Toulouse
Troyes AC Troyes

Georgia

A Georgian football championship first took place in 1926, as part of the Soviet football system. The first independent championship took place in 1990, despite the fact that Georgia remained a Soviet state until 1991. Upon independence, Georgia subsequently joined UEFA and FIFA in 1992.[43]

When Georgia organised its first independent championship, it operated with a spring-to-autumn season contained entirely within a calendar year. After the 1991 championship, the country transitioned to an autumn-to-spring season spanning two calendar years. This format continued through the 2015–16 season, after which it returned to a spring-to-autumn format. This was accomplished by holding an abbreviated 2016 season in autumn; the transition was completed for the 2017 season. Before the most recent transition, 16 teams had competed in the top flight, but the league was reduced to 14 teams for the 2016 season, and was reduced further to 10 for 2017 and beyond.

Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

Club Location
FC Chikhura Sachkhere Zestaponi
FC Dila Gori Gori
FC Dinamo Tbilisi Tbilisi
FC Kolkheti-1913 Poti Kobuleti
FC Locomotive Tbilisi Tbilisi
FC Rustavi Rustavi
FC Saburtalo Tbilisi Tbilisi
FC Samtredia Samtredia
FC Sioni Bolnisi Bolnisi
FC Torpedo Kutaisi Kutaisi

Germany

The Bundesliga consists of 18 teams, who play each other twice, for a total of 34 matches. The teams finishing in 17th and 18th places are relegated directly to the 2. Bundesliga, while the team finishing in 16th place enters into a two-legged play-off with the team finishing 3rd in the lower division.

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
FC Augsburg Augsburg
Bayer 04 Leverkusen Leverkusen
FC Bayern München Munich
Borussia Dortmund Dortmund
Borussia Mönchengladbach Mönchengladbach
Eintracht Frankfurt Frankfurt am Main
SC Freiburg Freiburg
Hamburger SV Hamburg
Hannover 96 Hanover
Hertha BSC Berlin
TSG Hoffenheim Sinsheim
1. FC Köln Cologne
RB Leipzig Leipzig
1. FSV Mainz 05 Mainz
FC Schalke 04 Gelsenkirchen
VfB Stuttgart Stuttgart
SV Werder Bremen Bremen
VfL Wolfsburg Wolfsburg

Gibraltar

The Gibraltar Football Association was founded in 1895, making it one of the ten oldest active football associations in the world. League football has been organized by the GFA since 1905. The first league season after Gibraltar were accepted as full members of UEFA was 2013–14, making qualification to the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League possible since the 2014–15 season, provided the relevant club has received a UEFA licence.[2] The Premier Division has consisted of 10 teams since the 2015–16 season. All league matches are held at Victoria Stadium.

Clubs as of 2016–17 season:

The stand of a football stadium, appearing to be made of concrete, in the daytime. The centre section of the stand is covered by a roof. On the front edge of the roof, the letters "VICTORIA STADIUM" can be seen.
View of the Victoria Stadium's West Stand.
Club
Europa F.C.
Europa Point F.C.
Gibraltar United F.C.
Glacis United F.C.
Lincoln Red Imps F.C.
Lions Gibraltar F.C.
Lynx F.C.
Manchester 62 F.C.
Mons Calpe S.C.
St Joseph's F.C.

Greece

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Club Location
AEK Athens Athens
AEL Larissa
Apollon Smyrni Athens
Aris Thessaloniki
Asteras Tripoli Tripoli
Atromitos Athens
Lamia Lamia
Levadiakos Livadeia
OFI Heraklion
Olympiacos Piraeus
Panathinaikos Athens
Panetolikos Agrinio
Panionios Athens
PAOK Thessaloniki
PAS Giannina Ioannina
Xanthi Xanthi

Hungary

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Map of Hungary and the 12 teams of the 2017–18 Nemzeti Bajnokság I
Budapest
Budapest
Location of teams in 2017–18 Nemzeti Bajnokság I
List of top-division football clubs in UEFA countries is located in Budapest
Location of Budapest teams
Club Location
Balmazújvárosi FC Balmazújváros
Debreceni VSC Debrecen
Diósgyőri VTK Miskolc
Ferencvárosi TC Budapest
Szombathelyi Haladás (Haladás) Szombathely
Budapest Honvéd FC (Honvéd) Budapest
Mezőkövesd-Zsóry SE Mezőkövesd
Paksi SE Paks
Puskás Akadémia FC Felcsút
Újpest FC Budapest
Vasas SC Budapest
Videoton FC Székesfehérvár

Iceland

Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

Club Location
Breiðablik UBK Kópavogur
Fimleikafélag Hafnarfjarðar Hafnarfjörður
Ungmennafélagið Fjölnir Reykjavík
Fylkir Reykjavík
Knattspyrnudeild UMFG Grindavík
Íþróttabandalag Vestmannaeyja Vestmannaeyjar
Knattspyrnufélag Akureyrar Akureyri
Knattspyrnudeild Keflavík Reykjanesbær
Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur Reykjavík
Stjarnan Garðabær
Valur Reykjavík
Knattspyrnufélagið Víkingur Reykjavík

Israel

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Club Location
F.C. Ashdod Ashdod
Beitar Jerusalem F.C. Jerusalem
Bnei Sakhnin F.C. Sakhnin
Bnei Yehuda Tel Aviv F.C. Tel Aviv
Hapoel Be'er Sheva F.C. Beersheba
Hapoel Hadera F.C. Hadera
Hapoel Haifa F.C. Haifa
Hapoel Ra'anana A.F.C. Ra'anana
Hapoel Tel Aviv F.C. Tel Aviv
Hapoel Ironi Kiryat Shmona F.C. Kiryat Shmona
Maccabi Haifa F.C. Haifa
Maccabi Netanya F.C. Netanya
Maccabi Petah Tikva F.C. Petah Tikva
Maccabi Tel Aviv F.C. Tel Aviv

Italy

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
Atalanta B.C. Bergamo
Benevento Calcio Benevento
Bologna F.C. 1909 Bologna
Cagliari Calcio Cagliari
A.C. ChievoVerona Verona
F.C. Crotone Crotone
Empoli F.C. Empoli
ACF Fiorentina Florence
Genoa C.F.C. Genoa
Hellas Verona F.C. Verona
F.C. Internazionale Milano Milan
Juventus F.C. Turin
S.S. Lazio Rome
A.C. Milan Milan
S.S.C. Napoli Naples
A.S. Roma Rome
U.C. Sampdoria Genoa
U.S. Sassuolo Calcio Sassuolo
S.P.A.L. 2013 Ferrara
Torino F.C. Turin
Udinese Calcio Udine

Kazakhstan

Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

Map of Kazakhstan and the 12 teams of the 2018 Premier League
Locations of teams in the 2018 Kazakhstan Premier League
Club Location
FC Aktobe Aktobe
FC Akzhayik Oral
FC Astana Astana
FC Atyrau Atyrau
FC Irtysh Pavlodar Pavlodar
FC Kairat Almaty
FC Kaisar Kyzylorda
FC Kyzylzhar Petropavl
FC Ordabasy Shymkent
FC Shakhter Karagandy Karagandy
FC Tobol Kostanay
FC Zhetysu Taldykorgan

Kosovo

Clubs and locations as of 2016–17 season:

Map of Kosovo with locations of the 12 teams of the 2016–17 Superleague
Location of teams of the 2016–17 Football Superleague of Kosovo
Club City
KF Besa Pejë
KF Drenica Skënderaj
KF Drita Gjilan
KF Ferizaj Ferizaj
KF Feronikeli Drenas
KF Gjilani Gjilan
KF Hajvalia Hajvalia
KF Liria Prizren
KF Llapi Podujevë
KF Prishtina Prishtinë
KF Trepça Mitrovicë
KF Trepça'89 Mitrovicë

Latvia

Clubs and locations as of 2017 season:

Locations of the 2017 Latvian Higher League teams
Locations of the 2017 Latvian Higher League teams
Club Location Stadium Capicity
SK Babīte Piņķi Piņķu stadions 1,000
FK Jelgava Jelgava Zemgales Olimpiskais Sporta Centrs 1,560
FK Liepāja Liepaja Daugava Stadium 5,000
FS Metta/LU Riga Stadions Arkādija 500
Riga FC Riga Skonto Stadium 9,500
FK Rīgas Futbola skola Riga Stadions Arkādija 500
FK Spartaks Jūrmala Jūrmala Slokas Stadium 2,500
FK Ventspils Ventspils Ventspils Olimpiskais Stadions 3,200

Lithuania

Clubs and locations as of 2017 season:

Club Location
FK Atlantas Klaipėda
FK Jonava Jonava
FK Šilas Kazlų Rūda Kazlų Rūda
FC Stumbras Kaunas
FK Sūduva Marijampolė Marijampolė
FK Trakai Trakai
FK Utenis Utena Utena
FK Žalgiris Vilnius

Luxembourg

Clubs and locations as of 2016–17 season:

Club Location
FC Differdange 03 Differdange
F91 Dudelange Dudelange
CS Fola Esch Esch-sur-Alzette
FC RM Hamm Benfica Hamm
FC Jeunesse Canach Canach
Jeunesse Esch Esch-sur-Alzette
UN Käerjéng 97 Bascharage (play in Hautcharage)
US Mondorf-les-Bains Mondorf-les-Bains
CS Pétange Pétange
FC Progrès Niedercorn Niederkorn
Racing FC Union Luxembourg Luxembourg City
US Rumelange Rumelange
FC UNA Strassen Strassen
FC Victoria Rosport Rosport

Malta

Clubs and locations as of 2016–17 season:

Club Location
Balzan F.C. Balzan
Birkirkara F.C. Birkirkara
Floriana F.C. Floriana
Gżira United F.C. Gżira
Hamrun Spartans F.C. Ħamrun
Hibernians F.C. Paola
Mosta F.C. Mosta
Pembroke Athleta F.C. Pembroke
St. Andrews F.C. St. Andrew's
Sliema Wanderers F.C. Sliema
Tarxien Rainbows F.C. Tarxien
Valletta F.C. Valletta

Moldova

Clubs and locations as of 2016–17 season:

Map of Moldova and the 10 teams of the 2016–17 National Division
Chișinău
Chișinău
Tiraspol
Tiraspol
Chișinău teams:DaciaZimbru
Chișinău teams:
Dacia
Zimbru
Tiraspol teams:Dinamo-AutoSheriff
Tiraspol teams:
Dinamo-Auto
Sheriff
Location of teams in the 2016–17 National Division
Club Location
FC Dacia Chișinău Chișinău
FC Dinamo-Auto Tiraspol Tiraspol
FC Milsami Orhei
FC Petrocub Hîncești Hîncești
FC Sheriff Tiraspol Tiraspol
Speranța Nisporeni Nisporeni
FC Spicul Chișcăreni Chișcăreni
CS Moldova-03 Ungheni Ungheni
FC Zaria Bălți Bălți
FC Zimbru Chișinău Chișinău

Montenegro

Clubs and locations as of 2016–17 season:

Map of Montenegro and the 12 teams of the 2016–17 First League
Location of the 2016–17 Montenegrin First League teams
Club Location
FK Bokelj Kotor Kotor
FK Budućnost Podgorica Podgorica
FK Dečić Tuzi
OFK Grbalj Kotor
FK Iskra Danilovgrad Danilovgrad
FK Jedinstvo Bijelo Polje Bijelo Polje
FK Lovćen Cetinje
FK Mladost Podgorica Podgorica
OFK Petrovac Petrovac
FK Rudar Pljevlja
FK Sutjeska Nikšić
FK Zeta Golubovci

Netherlands

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
ADO Den Haag The Hague
AFC Ajax Amsterdam
AZ Alkmaar Alkmaar
SBV Excelsior Rotterdam
Feyenoord Rotterdam
FC Groningen Groningen
SC Heerenveen Heerenveen
Heracles Almelo Almelo
NAC Breda Breda
PEC Zwolle Zwolle
PSV Eindhoven Eindhoven
Roda JC Kerkrade Kerkrade
Sparta Rotterdam Rotterdam
FC Twente Enschede
FC Utrecht Utrecht
Vitesse Arnhem
VVV-Venlo Venlo
Willem II Tilburg

Northern Ireland

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Map of Belfast with the location of the Belfast-based teams in the 2017–18 NIFL Premiership
Location of the Belfast-based teams in the 2017–18 NIFL Premiership
Club Location
Ards Bangor
Ballinamallard United Ballinamallard
Ballymena United Ballymena
Carrick Rangers Carrickfergus
Cliftonville Belfast
Coleraine Coleraine
Crusaders Belfast
Dungannon Swifts Dungannon
Glenavon Lurgan
Glentoran Belfast
Linfield Belfast
Warrenpoint Town Warrenpoint
  • Derry City, a club from Northern Ireland, has competed in the Republic of Ireland's football league system, the League of Ireland, since 1985.

Norway

Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

Club Location
Bodø/Glimt Bodø
Brann Bergen
Haugesund Haugesund
Kristiansund Kristiansund
Lillestrøm Lillestrøm
Molde Molde
Odd Skien
Ranheim Trondheim
Rosenborg Trondheim
Sandefjord Sandefjord
Sarpsborg 08 Sarpsborg
Stabæk Bærum
Start Kristiansand
Strømsgodset Drammen
Tromsø Tromsø
Vålerenga Oslo

Poland

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
Arka Gdynia Gdynia
Bruk-Bet Termalica Nieciecza Nieciecza
Cracovia Kraków
Górnik Zabrze Zabrze
Jagiellonia Białystok Białystok
Korona Kielce Kielce
Lech Poznań Poznań
Lechia Gdańsk Gdańsk
Legia Warszawa Warsaw
Piast Gliwice Gliwice
Pogoń Szczecin Szczecin
Sandecja Nowy Sącz Nieciecza
Śląsk Wrocław Wrocław
Wisła Kraków Kraków
Wisła Płock Płock
Zagłębie Lubin Lubin

Portugal

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Map of Madeira and the Madeira team of the 2017–18 Primeira Liga
Location of teams in 2017–18 Primeira Liga (Madeira)
Club Location
C.F. Os Belenenses Lisbon
S.L. Benfica Lisbon
Boavista F.C. Porto
S.C. Braga Braga
G.D. Chaves Chaves
C.D. Aves (Desportivo das Aves) Aves
G.D. Estoril Estoril
C.D. Feirense Santa Maria da Feira
C.S. Marítimo Funchal
Moreirense F.C. Moreira de Cónegos
F.C. Paços de Ferreira Paços de Ferreira
Portimonense S.C. Portimão
FC Porto Porto
Rio Ave F.C. Vila do Conde
Sporting Clube de Portugal Lisbon
C.D. Tondela Tondela
Vitória S.C. Guimarães
Vitória F.C. Setúbal

Republic of Ireland

Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

Team Home city/suburb Stadium Capacity
Bohemians Phibsborough Dalymount Park 8,000
Bray Wanderers Bray Carlisle Grounds 7,000
Cork City Cork Turners Cross 7,500
Derry City Derry Brandywell 7,700
Dundalk Dundalk Oriel Park 4,500
Limerick Limerick Markets Field 5,000
St Patrick's Athletic Inchicore Richmond Park 5,350
Shamrock Rovers Tallaght Tallaght Stadium 6,000
Sligo Rovers Sligo The Showgrounds 5,500
Waterford Waterford RSC 5,500


Republic of Macedonia

Clubs and locations as of 2016–17 season:

Map of the Republic of Macedonia with the teams of the 2016–17 First League
Skopje
Skopje
Skopje clubs:
Skopje clubs:
Locations of teams participating in the 2016–17 season
Club Location
FK Bregalnica Štip
FK Makedonija GjP Skopje
FK Pelister Bitola
FK Pobeda Prilep
FK Rabotnički Skopje
FK Renova Džepčište
FK Shkëndija Tetovo
FK Shkupi Skopje
FK Sileks Kratovo
FK Vardar Skopje

Romania

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Club Location
Astra Giurgiu Giurgiu
CFR Cluj Cluj-Napoca
Concordia Chiajna Chiajna
CSM Politehnica Iași Iași
Dinamo București Bucharest
Dunărea Călărași Călărași
FC Botoșani Botoșani
FCSB Bucharest
Gaz Metan Mediaș Mediaș
Hermannstadt Sibiu
Sepsi Sfântu Gheorghe Sfântu Gheorghe
Universitatea Craiova Craiova
Viitorul Constanța Constanța
FC Voluntari Voluntari

Russia

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Map of Russia with the teams of the 2017–18 Premier League
Khabarovsk(see below)
Khabarovsk
(see below)
Locations of teams in 2017–18 Russian Premier League
Map of Russia with the teams of the 2017–18 Premier League
Moscow
Moscow
Locations of teams in 2017–18 Russian Premier League (Khabarovsk)
Club Location
FC Akhmat[a] Grozny
FC Amkar Perm
FC Anzhi Makhachkala
FC Arsenal Tula Tula
PFC CSKA Moscow Moscow
FC Dynamo Moscow Moscow
FC Krasnodar Krasnodar
FC Lokomotiv Moscow Moscow
FC Rostov Rostov-on-Don
FC Rubin Kazan
FC SKA-Khabarovsk Khabarovsk
FC Spartak Moscow Moscow
FC Tosno Saint Petersburg
FC Ufa Ufa
FC Ural Yekaterinburg
FC Zenit Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg
  1. ^ Club name changed from FC Terek Grozny after the 2016–17 season.

San Marino

This is a complete list of football clubs in San Marino (as San Marino has only one level domestic amateur league), apart from San Marino Calcio, the only professional Sammarinese club, which as of 2016–17 competes in Serie D, the fourth level of the Italian football league system.

Clubs and locations as of 2016–17 season:[45]

Six men are down on one knee on a grass football field. Five men are standing behind them. The man standing on the top right is wearing a yellow top, with the letters "BROS" across his top. The other ten are wearing similar tops, but in white.
An S.S. Cosmos line-up from 2007–08.
Club Location
S.P. Cailungo Borgo Maggiore
S.S. Cosmos Serravalle
F.C. Domagnano Domagnano
S.C. Faetano Faetano
F.C. Fiorentino Fiorentino
S.S. Folgore/Falciano Serravalle
A.C. Juvenes/Dogana Serravalle
S.P. La Fiorita Montegiardino
A.C. Libertas Borgo Maggiore
S.S. Murata San Marino
S.S. Pennarossa Chiesanuova
S.S. San Giovanni Borgo Maggiore
S.P. Tre Fiori Fiorentino
S.P. Tre Penne Serravalle
S.S. Virtus Acquaviva

Scotland

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
Aberdeen F.C. Aberdeen
Celtic F.C. Glasgow
Dundee F.C. Dundee
Hamilton Academical F.C. Hamilton
Heart of Midlothian F.C. Edinburgh
Hibernian F.C. Edinburgh
Kilmarnock F.C. Kilmarnock
Motherwell F.C. Motherwell
Partick Thistle F.C. Glasgow
Rangers F.C. Glasgow
Ross County F.C. Dingwall
St Johnstone F.C. Perth

Serbia

Clubs and locations as of 2016–17 season:

Club Location
FK Bačka Bačka Palanka Bačka Palanka
FK Borac Čačak Čačak
FK Čukarički Belgrade
FK Javor Ivanjica Ivanjica
FK Metalac Gornji Milanovac Gornji Milanovac
FK Mladost Lučani Lučani
FK Napredak Kruševac Kruševac
FK Novi Pazar Novi Pazar
FK Partizan Belgrade
FK Rad Belgrade
FK Radnički Niš Niš
FK Radnik Surdulica Surdulica
FK Crvena Zvezda Belgrade
FK Spartak Subotica Subotica
FK Vojvodina Novi Sad
FK Voždovac Belgrade

Slovakia

Clubs and locations as of 2016–17 season:

Club Location
FK DAC 1904 Dunajská Streda Dunajská Streda
MFK Zemplín Michalovce Michalovce
ŽP Šport Podbrezová Podbrezová
MFK Ružomberok Ružomberok
FK Senica Senica
ŠK Slovan Bratislava Bratislava
Spartak Myjava Myjava
FC Spartak Trnava Trnava
1. FC Tatran Prešov Prešov
FK AS Trenčín Trenčín
MŠK Žilina Žilina
FC ViOn Zlaté Moravce Zlaté Moravce

Slovenia

Clubs and locations as of 2016–17 season:

Map of Slovenia with teams in the 2016–17 PrvaLiga
Location of teams in the 2016–17 Slovenian PrvaLiga
Club Location
NK Aluminij Kidričevo
NK Celje Celje
NK Domžale Domžale
ND Gorica Nova Gorica
FC Koper Koper
NK Krško Krško
NK Maribor Maribor
NK Olimpija Ljubljana
NK Radomlje Radomlje
NK Rudar Velenje Velenje

Spain

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Map of the Canary Islands and the one island team in the 2017–18 La Liga
Location of teams in 2017–18 La Liga (Canary Islands)
Club Location
Deportivo Alavés Vitoria-Gasteiz
Athletic Club Bilbao
Atlético de Madrid Madrid
FC Barcelona Barcelona
Real Betis Balompié Seville
RC Celta de Vigo Vigo
RC Deportivo de La Coruña A Coruña
SD Eibar Eibar
RCD Espanyol Cornellà de Llobregat
Getafe CF Getafe
Girona FC Girona
UD Las Palmas Las Palmas
CD Leganés Leganés
Levante UD Valencia
Málaga CF Málaga
Real Madrid C.F. Madrid
Real Sociedad San Sebastián
Sevilla FC Seville
Valencia CF Valencia
Villarreal CF Vila-real

Sweden

A Swedish championship was first organised in 1896, and the champions were decided by a knockout cup format until 1925, when Allsvenskan was formed.[46] Sweden was one of the founding members of UEFA in 1954.[47] As of the most recently completed 2017 season, Malmö FF have won the most national titles with 20, followed by IFK Göteborg with 18 and IFK Norrköping with 13. Malmö also have the most league titles, with 23 to 13 for both IFK Götebörg and IFK Norrköping. Since 2008,[48] Allsvenskan has featured 16 teams. They each play one another home and away, for a total of 30 games. The bottom two teams are relegated to the Superettan (The Super One), and the 14th-placed Allsvenskan team enters into a relegation playoff with the 3rd-placed Superettan team to decide which will play in Allsvenskan for the following season.[49]

Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

Club Location
AIK Solna
IF Brommapojkarna Vällingby
Dalkurd FF Gävle
Djurgårdens IF Stockholm
IF Elfsborg Borås
GIF Sundsvall Sundsvall
IFK Göteborg Gothenburg
BK Häcken Gothenburg
Hammarby IF Stockholm
Kalmar FF Kalmar
Malmö FF Malmö
IFK Norrköping Norrköping
Örebro SK Örebro
Östersunds FK Östersunds
IK Sirius Uppsala
Trelleborgs FF Trelleborg

Switzerland

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Club Location
FC Basel Basel
Grasshopper Club Zürich Zurich
FC Lugano Lugano
FC Luzern Lucerne
Neuchâtel Xamax Neuchâtel
FC Sion Sion
FC St. Gallen St. Gallen
FC Thun Thun
BSC Young Boys Bern
FC Zürich Zürich

Turkey

Turkish football operated on a regional basis until the 1950s. A national knockout tournament took place in 1957 and 1958, to decide European qualification. The Turkish Football Federation retrospectively recognised these tournaments as deciding the Turkish champions; both competitions were won by Beşiktaş J.K.[50] A national league was formed in 1959, and has been held annually from then onwards.[50] Since the formation of a national league, the most successful teams are Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe, with 20 and 19 league titles respectively as of the most recently completed 2016–17 season. Currently, 18 teams compete in the Süper Lig. Each team plays the other teams home and away, with the bottom three teams relegated to the TFF First League for the following season.[51]

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Team Home city Stadium Capacity
Akhisar Belediyespor Manisa Manisa 19 Mayıs Stadium 16,597
Alanyaspor Alanya Bahçeşehir Okulları Arena 10,842
Antalyaspor Antalya New Antalya Stadium 33,539
Beşiktaş Istanbul Vodafone Arena 41,903
Bursaspor Bursa Timsah Arena 45,000
Fenerbahçe Istanbul Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium 50,509
Galatasaray Istanbul Türk Telekom Arena 52,652
Gençlerbirliği Ankara Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium 19,209
Göztepe İzmir Bornova Stadium 12,500
İstanbul Başakşehir Istanbul Başakşehir Arena 17,801
Karabükspor Karabük Dr. Necmettin Şeyhoğlu Stadium 14,000
Kasımpaşa Istanbul Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Stadium 14,234
Kayserispor Kayseri Kadir Has Stadium 32,864
Konyaspor Konya Konya Büyükşehir Stadium 42,276
Osmanlıspor Ankara Yenikent Asaş Stadium 20,071
Sivasspor Sivas Sivas Arena 27,532
Trabzonspor Trabzon Medical Park Arena 41,513
Yeni Malatyaspor Malatya Malatya İnönü Stadium 13,000

Ukraine

As a member of the Soviet Union, Ukraine's league operated as a feeder to the national Soviet leagues, meaning that until 1992 the strongest Ukrainian teams did not take part.[53] The Football Federation of Ukraine was formed shortly after the country achieved independence in 1991, and gained UEFA membership the following year.[54] Since the formation of a national league, FC Dynamo Kyiv have won 15 titles, FC Shakhtar Donetsk nine, and SC Tavriya Simferopol one, as of the most recently completed 2015–16 season.[53]

Through the 2013–14 season, 16 teams participated in the Premier League. However, during that season's winter break, the Euromaidan protests began, soon followed by Russia's annexation of the Crimean peninsula and the still-ongoing war in the country's east. These developments led to the league dropping to 14 teams in 2014–15 and 12 in 2016–17.

Beginning with the 2016–17 season, the league season is divided into two stages. In the first stage, the teams play one another home and away, after which the league splits into two groups, each playing a home-and-away schedule within the group and with table points carrying over intact. The top six teams play to determine the league champion and European qualifying spots, while the bottom six teams play to avoid relegation, with the bottom two at the end of the second stage dropping to the Ukrainian First League.[55][56]

Clubs and locations as of 2016–17 season:

Map of Ukraine with teams in the 2016–17 Premier League
Home venues of teams in the 2016–17 Ukrainian Premier League.
Teams in italics are from a conflict zone of the War in Donbass and are playing their home games in different cities.
Stal plays its games also in Dnipro rather than at home.
Club Location
FC Chornomorets Odesa Odessa
FC Dnipro Dnipro
FC Dynamo Kyiv Kyiv
FC Karpaty Lviv Lviv
FC Oleksandriya Oleksandriia
FC Olimpik Donetsk Donetsk
FC Shakhtar Donetsk Donetsk
FC Stal Kamianske Kamianske
FC Volyn Lutsk Lutsk
FC Vorskla Poltava Poltava
FC Zirka Kropyvnytskyi Kropyvnytskyi
FC Zorya Luhansk Luhansk

Wales

Although Wales joined UEFA in 1954, Welsh football operated on a regional basis until 1992, with no national championship.[57][58] Several Welsh clubs play not in the Welsh football league system, but in the English football league system. Currently, one Welsh club, Cardiff City, competes in the Premier League. Another Welsh club, Swansea City, was relegated to the second level, the Football League Championship, at the end of the 2013–14 season. Four other Welsh clubs participate lower down the English football league system: Newport County A.F.C., Wrexham F.C., Colwyn Bay F.C. and Merthyr Town F.C.. Despite competing in Football Association competitions, the latter four are under the jurisdiction of the Football Association of Wales.[59] Until 2011 Swansea City and Cardiff City had similar arrangements with the FAW but are now under the jurisdiction of The Football Association.[60] The most successful Welsh club since the formation of the Welsh Premier League is The New Saints, with 12 league titles after having clinched their seventh straight league crown in 2017–18.[58] Since the 2010–11 season, the Welsh Premier League has featured 12 teams.[61] Relegation to and promotion from lower regional leagues is in part dictated by whether or not clubs can obtain a Premier League licence; only clubs able to obtain a licence are eligible for promotion, and clubs which fail to obtain one are relegated regardless of their final league position.[62]

Clubs and locations as of 2017–18 season:

Club Location
Aberystwyth Town F.C. Aberystwyth
Bala Town F.C. Bala
Bangor City F.C. Bangor
Barry Town United F.C. Barry
Cardiff Metropolitan University F.C. Cardiff
Carmarthen Town A.F.C. Carmarthen
Cefn Druids A.F.C. Wrexham
Connah's Quay Nomads F.C. Connah's Quay
Llandudno F.C. Llandudno
Newtown A.F.C. Newtown
Rhyl F.C. Rhyl
The New Saints F.C. Oswestry, England[W 1]
  1. ^ In 2003, Total Network Solutions F.C., representing Llansantffraid, merged with Oswestry Town F.C., an English club that had historically played in the Welsh football structure. The merged club, which became The New Saints in 2006, played in Llansantffraid until moving to a ground in Oswestry starting with the 2007–08 season. The two communities are 8 miles/13 km apart.[63]

See also

References

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  52. ^ 1
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