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List of tallest voluntarily demolished buildings

Voluntary building demolition is the decision by either the landowner or a higher government body to demolish a structure for any number of reasons, ranging from severe structural damage to the redevelopment of the land the building sits upon. Involuntary (or unplanned) building demolitions, such as the collapse of a building during a severe earthquake, are not included in this list.

Tallest voluntarily demolished buildings over 100 meters (328 feet) in height

The demolition of especially high buildings present unique challenges, especially when their location is within densely populated areas of their respective cities. Buildings in excess of 100m in height are most often deconstructed floor-by-floor down to the building's basement, as opposed to controlled implosion of the structure, which would most likely damage surrounding structures.

Rank Building name City Country Height (m) Height (ft) Floors Year completed Year demolished Method Reason
270 Park Avenue New York United States 215 707 52 1964 2020 Deconstruction Will be demolished to make way for a taller building for JPMorgan Chase[1]
1 Singer Building New York United States 187 612 47 1908 1968 Deconstruction Demolished to make way for One Liberty Plaza.
2 CPF Building Singapore Singapore 171 561 46 1976 2017 Deconstruction Demolished to make way for a 29 storey office tower.
3 Morrison Hotel Chicago United States 160 526 45 1925 1965 Manual Demolished to make way for Bank One Plaza.
4 Deutsche Bank Building New York United States 157.6 517 39 1973 2011 Deconstruction Heavily damaged from the September 11 attacks.
5 UIC Building Singapore Singapore 152 499 40 1973 2013 Deconstruction Demolished to make way for V on Shenton.
6= One Meridian Plaza Philadelphia United States 150 492 38 1972 1999 Deconstruction Heavily damaged from a fire on February 23, 1991.
6= Tun Razak Tower Kuala Lumpur Malaysia 150 492 35 1983 2014 Deconstruction
8 City Investing Building New York United States 148 487 33 1908 1968 Manual Demolished to make way for One Liberty Plaza.
9 The Ritz-Carlton, Hong Kong Hong Kong China 142 465 31 1993 2009 Manual Demolished to make way for China Construction Bank Tower.
10 Grand Prince Hotel Akasaka Tokyo Japan 141 463 39 1982 2013 Deconstruction Demolished to make way for Tokyo Garden Terrace.
11 Hennessy Centre Hong Kong China 140 458 41 1983 2008 Manual Demolished to make way for Hysan Place.
12 The Harmon Hotel Paradise United States 138 453 47 2009 2015 Manual Found to be structurally deficient and demolished. Never opened.
13 J.L. Hudson's Department Store and Addition Detroit United States 134 439 29 1927 1998 Implosion Was neglected for 12 years, and considered beyond repair. The decision was controversial. It's also the tallest building to have ever been imploded.
14 National City Company Building New York United States 131 432 32 1928 1982 Manual Demolished to make way for 60 Wall Street.
15 Savoy-Plaza Hotel New York United States 128 420 33 1927 1965 Manual Demolished to make way for General Motors Building.
16 State Office Block Sydney Australia 128 420 32 1965 1997 Manual Demolished to make way for Aurora Place.
17 CAGA House Sydney Australia 125 410 30 1977 1992 Manual Demolished to make way for Governor Phillip Tower.
18 Bayer-Hochhaus Leverkusen Germany 122 400 32 1963 2012 Manual
19 Empire Landmark Hotel Vancouver Canada 120 393.7 42 1973 2019 Deconstruction Demolished to make way for a pair of new high-rise residential towers.
20 First National Bank Building Pittsburgh United States 118 387 26 1912 1969 Manual Demolished to make way for One PNC Plaza.
21 Jinhua Building Xi'an China 118 387 21 1999 2015 Implosion Demolished for redevelopment of the tower’s property. Second tallest building to have ever been imploded.[2]
22 Centre International Rogier Brussels Belgium 117 384 30 1960 2001 Manual Demolished to make way for Rogier Tower.
23 AfE-Turm Frankfurt Germany 116 381 32 1972 2014 Implosion Demolished for redevelopment of the tower’s site. Third tallest building to have been imploded.
24 Landmark Tower Fort Worth United States 116 380 30 1952 2006 Implosion Damaged in tornado in 2000.
25 Ocean Tower South Padre Island United States 115 379 30 2006 2009 Implosion Demolished after cracks were found in the building's supporting columns during construction. Never opened.
26 Trinity Court Building New York United States 114 374 26 1927 2015 Manual Demolished to make way for 76 Trinity Place
27 Richfield Tower Los Angeles United States 113 372 13 1929 1969 Manual Demolished to make way for City National Plaza.
28 Landmark Hotel and Casino Las Vegas Paradise United States 111 364 31 1969 1995 Implosion Demolished to make way for a parking lot for Las Vegas Convention Center.
29 Wilson Mendes Caldeira Building São Paulo Brazil 110 361 32 1963 1975 Implosion Imploded to make way for the metro station and Praça da Sé.
30 Furama Hong Kong Hotel Hong Kong China 110 360 32 1973 2002 Manual Demolished to make way for AIA Central.
31 Stardust Resort & Casino Las Vegas Winchester United States 108 354 32 1991 2007 Implosion Demolished to make way for Echelon Place and Resorts World Las Vegas.
32 Sheraton Lincoln Hotel Houston United States 107 352 28 1962 2011 Manual
33 New York World Building New York United States 106.6 350 20 1890 1955 Manual Demolished to make way for an entrance to the Brooklyn Bridge.
34 Windsor Tower Madrid Spain 106 348 32 1979 2005 Manual Heavily damaged from a fire on February 12, 2005; thus not quite voluntarily demolished.
35= Farmers Bank Building Pittsburgh United States 105 345 27 1902 1997 Implosion Demolished due to a lack of tenants.
35= Crowne Plaza Hotel Kuala Lumpur Malaysia 105 345 26 1973 2014 Deconstruction Demolished to make way for the proposed Tradewinds Square.
37 Capital Plaza Tower Frankfort United States 103 338 28 1972 2018 Implosion
38= Friedrich-Engelhorn-Hochhaus Ludwigshafen Germany 101 333 28 1957 2014 Manual
38= Martin Tower Bethlehem United States 101 332 21 1972 2019 Implosion Demolished for mixed-use rezoning of the tower’s property.
38= Sparkasse Hagen tower Hagen Germany 101 331 21 1975 2004 Implosion
38= Tower Building Baltimore United States 101 330 16 1912 1986 Manual
42 Southwark Towers London United Kingdom 100 328 43 1976 2008 Deconstruction Demolished to make way for The Shard.

Tallest voluntarily demolished buildings 30 meters (98 feet) to 100 meters (328 feet) in height

Rank Building name City Country Height (m) Height (ft) Floors Year completed Year demolished Method Reason
42 Genesee Towers Flint United States 99 326 19 1968 2013 Implosion The building was demolished due to the risk of falling concrete from the structure.
43 CRA Building Melbourne Australia 99 325 26 1962 1988 Manual Demolished to make way for 101 Collins Street.
44 Angkasa Raya Building Kuala Lumpur Malaysia 99 325 24 1977 2011 Deconstruction
45 1515 Tower West Palm Beach United States 98 320 30 1974 2010 Implosion Damaged by hurricanes in 2004.
46 Lodge on the Park Hong Kong China 97 317 29 1988 2011 Manual Demolished to make way for Kennedy Park at Central.
47 Saint Paul Building New York United States 96 315 26 1898 1958 Manual Demolished to make way for Western Electric Building.
48 Houston Main Building Houston United States 95 312 21 1952 2012 Implosion
49 Beautiful City Building Hong Kong China 93 306 28 1978 2003 Manual Demolished to make way for CASA 880.
50 Limebank House London United Kingdom 93 305 26 1969 1998
51 Zhongyin Building Wenzhou China 93 305 1997 2004 Implosion Deemed unsafe. Never opened.
52 Poltegor Centre Wrocław Poland 92 302 25 1982 2007 Manual Demolished to make way for Sky Tower.
53 20 Fenchurch Street London United Kingdom 91 299 25 1968 2008 Deconstruction
54 109 Bluevale Street Glasgow United Kingdom 91 298 30 1968 2016 Deconstruction
55 51 Whitevale Street Glasgow United Kingdom 91 298 30 1968 2016 Deconstruction
56 Sander Hall Cincinnati United States 91 297 27 1971 1991 Implosion
57 Tai Sang Commercial Building Hong Kong China 90 295 27 1997 2009
58 10 Red Road Court Glasgow United Kingdom 89 292 31 1968 2015 Implosion
59 21 Birnie Court Glasgow United Kingdom 89 292 31 1968 2013 Implosion
60 33 Petershill Drive Glasgow United Kingdom 89 292 31 1968 2015 Implosion
61 63 Petershill Drive Glasgow United Kingdom 89 292 31 1968 2015 Implosion
62 93 Petershill Drive Glasgow United Kingdom 89 292 31 1968 2015 Implosion
63 123 Petershill Drive Glasgow United Kingdom 89 292 31 1968 2015 Implosion
64 World Trade Centre London United Kingdom 89 292 19 1991 2004 Damaged by the 1996 Docklands bombing.
65 Key Bank Tower Salt Lake City United States 88 290 20 1980 2007 Implosion Demolished to make way for City Creek Center.
66 Old Toronto Star Building Toronto Canada 88 289 22 1929 1972 Manual Demolished to make way for First Canadian Place.
67 Hong Kong Hilton Hong Kong China 87 284 26 1962 1992 Demolished to make way for Cheung Kong Center.
68 Liggett Building New York United States 86 283 22 1922 2016 Deconstruction Demolished to make way for One Vanderbilt.
69 Lake View Hotel Nanchang China 86 281 22 1997 2010 Implosion [3]
70 Hotel Grand Chancellor Christchurch New Zealand 85 279 26 1986 2012 Manual Damaged by 2011 Christchurch earthquake.
71 High-rise of Pécs Pécs Hungary 84 276 25 1976 2016 Deconstruction Unoccupied from 1989 due to structural instability.
72 Dunes Paradise United States 84 275 24 1961 1993 Implosion Demolished to make way for Bellagio Las Vegas.
73 Sands Paradise United States 83 274 18 1965 1996 Implosion Demolished to make way for The Venetian Las Vegas.
74 Elegant Court Hong Kong China 83 273 25 1987 2009 Demolished to make way for 21 Whitfield.
75 C&S Bank Tower Atlanta United States 81 266 20 1968 1993 Manual Demolished after the NationsBank Plaza (now Bank of America Plaza) was completed.[4]
76 Northwestern National Bank Building Minneapolis United States 80 264 16 1930 1984 Implosion Damaged by the 1982 Thanksgiving Day fire. The Wells Fargo Center now stands on the site.
77 103 Colmore Row Birmingham United Kingdom 80 262 23 1976 2016 Manual
78 153 Petershill Drive Glasgow United Kingdom 80 262 27 1969 2012 Implosion
79 Four Seasons Hotel Maputo Maputo Mozambique 80 262 22 1974 2007 Implosion Due to the Mozambican War of Independence, the building was never finished.
80 Winchester House London United Kingdom 80 260 22 1968 1997
81 10-30 Petershill Court Glasgow United Kingdom 79 259 31 1968 2015 Implosion
82 153-213 Petershill Court Glasgow United Kingdom 79 259 31 1968 2012 Implosion
83 Baptist Memorial Hospital Memphis United States 78 255 18 1956 2005 Implosion
84 Commonwealth Building Louisville United States 78 255 21 1928 1994 Implosion
85 Traveler's Insurance Building Boston United States 77 253 18 1959 1988 Implosion Demolished to make way for 125 High Street.
86 Crocodile House 1 Hong Kong China 77 251 23 1982 2008 Demolished to make way for Agricultural Bank of China Tower.
87 Melbourne Industrial Building Hong Kong China 77 251 23 1977 2005 Demolished to make way for One Island East.
88 Maths Tower Manchester United Kingdom 75 246 18 1968 2005
89 Sheraton-Oklahoma Hotel Oklahoma City United States 75 245 24 1932 1977 Implosion Demolished because it was in the way of an urban development.
90 McGuire Apartments Seattle United States 74 242 25 2001 2011 Manual Structural instability.
91 Qingdao Railway Plaza Qingdao China 74 241 24 1991 2007 Implosion
92 Aik San Factory Building Hong Kong China 73 240 22 1972 2005 Demolished to make way for One Island East.
93 Lee Gardens Hotel Hong Kong China 73 240 22 1970 1990 Demolished to make way for Manulife Plaza.
94 International Complex Kuala Lumpur Malaysia 73 240 18 1978 2014 Deconstruction Demolished to make way for the proposed Tradewinds Square.
95 20 Rosemount Street Glasgow United Kingdom 72 236 25 1967 2013 Implosion Demolished to make way for low-rise housing
96 40 Rosemount Street Glasgow United Kingdom 72 236 25 1967 2016 Implosion Demolished to make way for low-rise housing
97 HSBC Building Hong Kong China 70 230 13 1935 1978
98 Anada Tower Hong Kong China 70 229 21 2008 Demolished to make way for Agricultural Bank of China Tower
99 Le Tripode [fr] Nantes France 70 229 18 1972 2005 Implosion
100 40 Stirlingfauld Place Glasgow United Kingdom 69 226 24 1975 2008 Implosion
101 Birmingham Post & Mail Birmingham United Kingdom 67 220 16 1964 2005 Deconstruction
102 Traymore Hotel Atlantic City United States 67 220 16 1906 1972 Implosion
103 Zhejiang University Number 3 Hangzhou China 67 220 20 1993 2007 Implosion [5]
104 Swire House Hong Kong China 67 219 20 1962 1998 Demolished to make way for Charter House.
105 Vanderbilt Avenue Building New York United States 65 214 18 1913 2016 Deconstruction Demolished to make way for One Vanderbilt.
106 Draper Tower Nashville United States 65 212 12 1990 2018 Implosion
107 Hotel Equatorial Kuala Lumpur Malaysia 65 212 16 1973 2012 Deconstruction Demolished to make way for the new Hotel Equatorial
108 City Hall Annex Jacksonville United States 64 210 15 1960 2019 Implosion open land for development
109 Ronan Point London United Kingdom 64 210 22 1968 1986 Manual Damaged by gas explosion in 1968. It was demolished to make way for low-rise housing.
110 Crocodile House 2 Hong Kong China 63 208 19 1966 2008 Manual Demolished to make way for Agricultural Bank of China Tower.
111 Stephenson Tower Birmingham United Kingdom 63 207 20 1967 2011 Deconstruction
112 Dalton Tower Birmingham United Kingdom 61 200 21 1971 2011 Implosion
113 Chartered Bank Building Hong Kong China 60 197 18 1959 1986 Manual Demolished to make way for Standard Chartered Bank Building.
114 Hyatt Regency Hong Kong China 60 197 18 1964 2006 Manual Demolished to make way for iSQUARE.
115 Williamson Building Cleveland United States 60 196 16 1900 1982 Implosion Demolished to make way for 200 Public Square.
116 Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome Minneapolis United States 59 195 1982 2014 Manual Demolished to make way for U.S. Bank Stadium.
117 Clyde Tower Birmingham United Kingdom 59 194 20 1967 2006 Implosion
118 Lawrence Tower Birmingham United Kingdom 59 194 21 1971 2011 Implosion
119 The Oregonian Building Portland United States 59 194 13 1892 1950 Manual
120 Vienna Wood Community Hefei China 59 192 16 2005 2005 Implosion
121 Stafford Tower Birmingham United Kingdom 58 190 21 1971 2014 Implosion
122 16-18 Pinkston Drive Glasgow United Kingdom 58 189 20 1967 2013 Manual
123 17-19 Pinkston Drive Glasgow United Kingdom 58 189 20 1967 2013 Manual
124 2 Queen Elizabeth Square Glasgow United Kingdom 58 189 20 1965 1993 Implosion
125 16-18 Fountainwell Place Glasgow United Kingdom 58 189 20 1967 2008 Implosion
126 16-32 Queen Elizabeth Square Glasgow United Kingdom 58 189 20 1965 1993 Implosion
127 Tung Ying Building Hong Kong China 57 186 17 1965 2006 Demolished to make way for The ONE.
128 Tung Sang Building Hong Kong China 57 186 17 1972 2006 Demolished to make way for York Place.
129 Home Insurance Building Chicago United States 55 180 12 1885 1931 Manual Demolished to make way for the Field Building.
130 City East Building Hong Kong China 53 175 16 1973 2007 Manual Demolished to make way for Gardeneast Serviced Apartments.
131 Hotel Fontenelle Omaha United States 53 175 14 1916 1983 [6]
132 Jardine House Hong Kong China 53 175 16 1957 1980 Manual Demolished to make way for Wheelock House.
133 Cornwall Tower Birmingham United Kingdom 52 171 18 1970 2014 Implosion
134 Normansell Tower Birmingham United Kingdom 52 171 18 1972 2012 Implosion
135 Portland Airport Administration Building Portland United States 50 165 8 1958 2002
136 Chiao Shang Building Hong Kong China 50 164 15 1964 2004 Demolished to make way for 100QRC.
137 Philipsbygget [no] Oslo Norway 47 155 15 1958 2000 Implosion Demolished to make way for KPMG-bygget.
138 Prudence Building New York United States 47 155 14 1911 2016 Deconstruction Demolished to make way for One Vanderbilt.
139 Hotel Wellington Annex Albany United States 45 148 11 1922 2014 Implosion Demolished to make way for the Albany Capital Center.
140 Alexandra House Hong Kong China 43 142 13 1952 1974
141 Dragon Seed Building Hong Kong China 43 142 13 1966 2008 Demolished to make way for Prosperity Tower.
142 Luk Hoi Tong Building Hong Kong China 43 142 13 1961 2008 Demolished to make way for LHT Tower.
143 Chamber of Commerce Building Portland United States 41 135 8 1892 1934 Manual
144 Mapes Hotel Reno United States 41 133 12 1947 2000 Implosion
145 Kingsford Industrial Centre Hong Kong China 40 131 12 1986 2006 Demolished to make way for The Spectacle
146 Corbett Building Portland United States 40 130 10 1907 1988 Implosion Demolished to make way for Pioneer Place.
147 City Hall El Paso United States 38 124 10 1979 2013 Implosion Demolished to make way for Southwest University Park.
148 Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building Oklahoma City United States 36 117 9 1977 1995 Implosion Damaged by the Oklahoma City bombing.

References

  1. ^ Bagli, Charles V. (February 21, 2018). "Out With the Old Building, in With the New for JPMorgan Chase". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  2. ^ "China blows up unused 26-storey building with 1.4 tonnes of dynamite". Daily Mail. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  3. ^ Du, Xiaodan (8 February 2010). "Former four-star hotel demolished in E.China CCTV-International". CCTV. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  4. ^ "C&S Bank North". Emporis. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  5. ^ Tao, Jessie (9 January 2007). "Demolition blasts cause grave concern". China Daily. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Hotel Fontenelle, Omaha | 102894 | EMPORIS". Emporis. Retrieved 30 April 2018.