This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

List of tallest Eastern Orthodox church buildings

People's Salvation Cathedral in Bucharest, the tallest Orthodox church under construction (135 m).
Peter and Paul Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, with its tallest Orthodox bell tower (122 m).

This is a list of tallest Orthodox church buildings in the world, all those higher than 70 metres.

Traditionally, an Orthodox church building is crowned by one or several domes with Orthodox crosses on the top of each. The overall height of the temple is measured by the highest point of the cross above the main temple.

The number of domes is symbolical. One dome is a symbol of Christ or God, three domes are symbolic of Trinity, five domes symbolize Christ and Four Evangelists, seven domes are often used because seven is a holy number, and thirteen domes correspond to Christ and his twelve Apostles. Other numbers are also encountered.

An Orthodox church building may also have a bell tower or zvonnitsa, either a part of the main church building, or standalone structure. Typically, bell tower is higher than the main temple.

This list is divided into two sections, one listing the highest temples and the other listing the highest bell towers or zvonnitsas.

Churches and Cathedrals

Rank Height (m) Name Image Notes Years of
City Country
1 135 [1] People's Salvation Cathedral Catedrala Mântuirii Neamului - București (May - 2019).jpg It is the tallest and largest Orthodox church in the world by volume and the second in the world by area. It is located in central Bucharest, facing the same courtyard as the Romanian Parliament Building. 2010–present Bucharest  Romania
2 122.5 [2] Peter and Paul Cathedral Three-level bell tower is a part of the church. It is crowned with a gilded spire. The figure of a flying angel is at the very top of the structure 1712-1733 Saint Petersburg  Russia
3 103.4 [3] Cathedral of Christ the Saviour Katedra Chrystusa Zbawiciela w Moskwie 2.jpg The original Cathedral had been built in 1839–1883, but was demolished during the Soviet period on Stalin's orders in 1931. Rebuilt once again, it is the main cathedral and second largest church building of the Russian Orthodox Church, having a capacity for some 10,000 people 1995–2000 Moscow  Russia
4 101.5 [4] Saint Isaac's Cathedral Saint Isaac's Cathedral.jpg A masterpiece of late Classicism

The largest church building in Russia (both by volume and area). Second largest Orthodox church building in the world (by volume[5] and by area[6]).

1818–1858 Saint Petersburg  Russia
5 96 [7] Khabarovsk Metropolitan Cathedral Cathedral of the Transfiguration (Khabarovsk).jpg The location of the cathedral was chosen by the patriarch Alexis II of Moscow during the helicopter flight over Khabarovsk 2001–2004 Khabarovsk  Russia
6 93.7 [8] Smolny Cathedral of the Resurrection Смольный собор 2.jpg The original project also included the 140-metre-high standalone bell tower, that was never built 1751–1835 Saint Petersburg  Russia
7 90.5 [9] Timișoara Orthodox Cathedral link=File:Catedrala_Mitropolitana_%22Sf._Trei_Ierarhi%22_Timisoara.jpg Located in the very center of the city. The tallest church in Romania 1934–1946 Timișoara  Romania
8 87.1 [10] Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi Georgia 2011 343b (5680901287).jpg The main cathedral of the Georgian Orthodox Church 1995–2002 Tbilisi  Georgia
9 87 [11] Alexander Nevsky Novoyarmarochny Cathedral NN AlexanderNevsky Cathedral 08-2016.jpg Located on the spit of Oka and Volga rivers. Built in commemoration of the visit of Nizhny Novgorod Fair by Emperor Alexander II of Russia 1867–1880 Nizhny Novgorod  Russia
10 85 [12] Saint Trinity Cathedral in Baia Mare Catedrala Sfânta Treime din Baia Mare (România).png Tallest cathedral in Maramureș, Romania 2003– Baia Mare  Romania
11 85 [13] Annunciation Cathedral in Voronezh Annunciation Cathedral in Voronezh1.jpg Built in the Russian Revival style in Pervomaysky (former City) Garden – a place where never before was the church 1998–2009 Voronezh  Russia
12 82 [14] Cathedral of the Nativity Catedrala Nașterea Domnului - Suceava (cropped).jpg Located in Mărășești-Zamca neighbourhood, near the city center. The tallest cathedral in the Moldavia region. 1991–2015 Suceava  Romania
13 81 [15] Church of the Savior on Blood St. Petersburg church.jpg The name refers to the blood of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, who was assassinated on that site in 1881. Also known as the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ 1883–1907 Saint Petersburg  Russia
14 80 [16] Trinity Cathedral, Saint Petersburg Spb 06-2017 img06 Trinity Cathedral.jpg The dome was reconstructed after the 2006 fire 1828–1835 Saint Petersburg  Russia
15 79 [17] Cathedral of Saint Sava Temple Saint Sava.jpg Located on the place where the remains of Saint Sava are thought to have been burned in 1595 by the Ottoman Empire's Sinan Pasha 1935–2004 Belgrade  Serbia
16 78 [18] Trinity Cathedral in Pskov Kremlin of Pskov-2008-4.jpg Located in the Pskov Krom (or Kremlin) 1682–1699 Pskov  Russia
17 78 [19] Săpânța-Peri Monastery RO MM Sapanta Peri monastery 1.jpg Tallest wooden church in the world 1998–2003 Săpânța  Romania
18 77 [20] Transfiguration Cathedral in Nikolo-Ugresh monastery Nikolo-Ugresh-2.JPG The monastery was often visited by the young Peter I of Russia. The cathedral is the main one in the monastery and has a space for some 7000 people. 1880–1894 Dzerzhinsky  Russia
19 76 [21] Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan in Stavropol Located at the highest point of the city. Stavropol  Russia
20 75.6 [22] Trinity Cathedral in Morshansk Morshansk (Tambov Oblast) 03-2014 img05 Trinity Cathedral.jpg 1836–1857 Morshansk  Russia
21 75 [23] Dormition Cathedral in Astrakhan Uspenskii sobor astrakhan k.jpg Located inside the Astrakhan kremlin 1698 Astrakhan  Russia
22 74.6 [24] Ascension Cathedral in Novocherkassk Вознесенский собор.jpg Cathedral of the Don Cossacks Army[25] 1805–1905 Novocherkassk  Russia
23–24 74 [26] All Saints Monument Church VseshsvMinsk1.JPG Monument Church dedicated to All Saints and the memory of those who unjustly perished[27] Minsk  Belarus
23–24 74 [28] Ascension Cathedral in Yelets Elets sobor.jpg Inside the cathedral there is a rich iconostasis with gilded wood carvings 1845–1889 Yelets  Russia
25 73 [29] Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Kaliningrad Kaliningrad 05-2017 img31 Christ Saviour Church.jpg Located on the central square of the city 2004–2006 Kaliningrad  Russia
26 72 [30] St. Michaels' Cathedral, Cherkasy Михайловский собор (Черкассы).JPG Built in the Neo-Byzantine style, 136 metres tall belfry under construction 1994–2002 Cherkasy  Ukraine
27 71.5 [31] Kazan Cathedral in St. Petersburg Spb 06-2012 Nevsky various 02.jpg According to the wishes of the Emperor Paul of Russia, the cathedral was modelled after St. Peter's Basilica in Rome 1801–1811 Saint Petersburg  Russia
28 70.6 [32] Naval Cathedral in Kronstadt Naval Cathedral of St Nicholas in Kronstadt 03.jpg The cathedral was designed especially high to serve as a landmark for those in the sea 1902–1913 Kronstadt  Russia
29 ~ 70 [33] St. Peter and Paul's Cathedral in Peterhof Ц. В Петергофе.jpg Modelled after St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow, but has a more pyramidal form 1894–1904 Peterhof  Russia
30 70 [34] Cathedral of the Lord's Ascension, Bacău Catedrala Înălțarea Domnului - Bacău.jpg Still in construction 1991– Bacău  Romania

Bell towers

Rank Height (m) Name Image Notes Years of
1 122,5 [2] Peter and Paul Cathedral Sankt Petersburg Peter-und-Paul-Kathedrale 2006 a.jpg Three-level bell tower is a part of the church. It is crowned with a gilded spire. The figure of a flying angel is at the very top of the structure 1712–1733 Saint Petersburg
2 116[35] Transfiguration Cathedral in Rybinsk Rybinsk cathedral.jpg Five-level bell tower, crowned by a gilded spire 1797–1804 Rybinsk
3 107[36] Monastery of Our Lady of Kazan Колокольня Казанского монастыря.jpg Tallest Christian structure in the Central Federal District of Russia. 2009–2011[37] Tambov
4 106 [38] Resurrection Cathedral in Shuya Shuya resurrection cathedral.JPG A standalone Orthodox bell tower. Tallest in the Ivanovo Oblast 1810–1832 Shuya
5 97 [39] Annunciation Cathedral Благовещенский кафедральный собор.jpg Built in the Pseudo-Russian style. 1998–2009 Voronezh
6 96,52 [40] Great Lavra Belltower Kievo-Pecherska Lavra Belltower.jpg Located in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra 1731–1745 Kiev
7 93,7 [41] Peter and Paul Church Porechje-Rybnoe 016.JPG The highest rural bell tower in Russia the settlement of Porechye-Rybnoye
Yaroslavl Oblast
8 93 [42] Nikolo-Ugresha monastery Nikolo-Ugresh-1.JPG The bell tower is adjacent to the other buildings of the monastery 1758–1763, rebuilt in
в 1859 г.
9 90,3 [43] Nikolo-Berlyukovsky Monastery Nicholo-Berlyukovskaya Pustyn 10.jpg In old Russian measures, the height of the bell tower is equal to 127 arshin 4 vershoks 1895–1899 the village of Avdotyino
Moscow Oblast
10 89,5 [44] Assumption Cathedral in Kharkiv Uspensky09.jpg About 3,5 million bricks and 65,5 tons of iron were used for construction 1821–1841 Kharkiv
11 88 [45] Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius Russia-Sergiev Posad-Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra-Bell Tower-2.jpg Five-level bell tower 1740–1770 Sergiyev Posad
12 83,2 [46] Assumption Cathedral in Ryazan Ryazan bell tower.jpg Built by several different architects. Located in Ryazan Kremlin 1789–1840 Ryazan
13 82 [47] All Saints Cathedral in Tula Всехсвятский кафедральный собор (5).JPG At the corners of the first level there are sculptures of angels with trumpets 1776–1825 Tula
14 81,6 [48] Saint Trinity Monastery in Alatyr Свято-Троицкий монастырь (Алатырь).jpg The bell tower is included in the Russian Book of Records the monastery is founded in 1584 Alatyr
15–16 81 [49] Ivan the Great Bell Tower Clocher d'Ivan le Grand.jpg Located on the Cathedral Square in the Moscow Kremlin 1532–1543 Moscow
15–16 81 [50] Saint Assumption Sarov Monastery In the good weather the buildings of the Serafimo-Diveevsky Monastery are seen from the bell tower 1789–1799 Sarov
17–18 80 [51] John the Evangelist Monastery in Poschupovo The monastery is situated on the right bank of Oka River 1901 the settlement of Poschupovo, Ryazan Oblast
17–18 80 [52] Annunciation Cathedral in Kharkiv Kharkov002.jpg In 1997 a fire damaged the dome and the cross of the bell tower 1888–1901 Kharkiv
19 79.9 [53] Dormition Cathedral in Astrakhan Kremlin Astrakhan Uspenskii sobor of kreml.jpg The height of the bell tower is 37 sazhen.
The cross is 7 metres high
20 79.5 [54] John the Baptist Church The bell tower was built in the Neo-Byzantine style after the project of engineer Kulchitsky. Sponsored by the merchant Diomid Mitrofanovich Khutaryov 1891–1895 Serpukhov District of Moscow Oblast
21 78.5 [55] St. Sophia Cathedral in Vologda Sophia panorama 4.jpg The bells of the tower were made by Dutch, Russian and German bellmakers in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries 1869–1870 Vologda
22 78 [56] Novospassky Monastery Novospassky Monastery-3.jpg The monastery played a crucial role in repelling the attack of Crimean Tatars in 1591 1759–1795 Moscow
23 77 [57] Transfiguration Cathedral in Odessa Будівля Спасо-Преображенського собору 2.jpg The bells are controlled by an electric device, capable of playing some 99 melodies 2000–2001 Odessa
24–25 76 [58] Resurrection Cathedral in Kashin Kashinka.jpg The church is under restoration 1816–1886 Kashin
24–25 76 [59] Saint Sophia's Cathedral in Kiev Kyjiv sofienkathedrale.jpg UNESCO World Heritage Site Kiev
26 75,6 [60] Tobolsk Kremlin bell tower Тобольский кремль (1990-е годы).jpg The only stone kremlin in Siberia 1794–1809 Tobolsk
27–29 75 [61] Cathedral of the Nativity of the Theotokos Собор Різдва Богородиці.JPG The bell ringing is heard in the radius of 42 verst around the tower Rostov-on-Don
27–29 75 [62] St. Nicholas Church in Venyov Venyov (Tula Oblast) 03-2014 img01 Bell tower.jpg The church was demolished in 1950s but the bell tower still stands 1801–1843 Venyov
27–29 ~75 [63] The Church of Saint Myrrhbearers in Kaluga The construction cost was 64500 rubles 1818–1820 Kaluga
30 74,5 [64] The Flooded Belfry Kalyazin belfry.jpg Now the bell tower stands amid the waters of Uglich Reservoir, which covered the old city center of Kalyazin in 1939 1796–1800 Kalyazin
31 74 [65] Epiphany Cathedral in Kazan Колокольня Богоявленской церкви в Казани.jpg There is a temple on the second level of the bell tower 1895–1897 Kazan
32–35 72 [66] Novodevichy Convent Novodevichy Convent Bellfry.jpg The bell tower consist of six octagonal levels 1690 Moscow
32–35 72 [67] Monastery of the Deposition in Suzdal Suzdal asv2019-01 img38 Rizopolozhensky Monastery.jpg The bell tower was built to commemorate the victory in the Patriotic War of 1812 1813–1819 Suzdal
32–35 72 [68] Cathedral of Saint George the Martyr The total weight of the bells is 18.5 tons 1848–1872 Odintsovo
32–35 72 [69] Valaam Monastery Cathedral of Valaam.jpg The monastery is situated on the Valaam Archipelago in Karelia 1896 Valaam
36 70,3 [70] Serafimo-Diveevsky Monastery Diveevo5.JPG In Soviet times the bell tower was used for TV transmissions 1848–1872 Diveyevo, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
37–39 70 [71] Alexander Nevsky Cathedral Izhevsk catedral.jpg Built in the style of classicism 1818–1823 Izhevsk
37–39 70[72] Ascension Monastery in Tambov Вознесенский собор с колокольней. Тамбов.jpg 2007–2012 Tambov
37–39 70 Trinity Cathedral in Gus-Zhelezny Церковь Троицы Живоначальной (Колокольня 1)г.Гусь-Железный,Касимовский район,рязанская область.jpg Built in the, rare for Russia, Gothic Revival style. 1802–1868 Gus-Zhelezny

See also


  1. ^ Cosmin, Prelipceanu (7 October 2016). "Despre construcția Catedralei Mântuirii Neamului (interviu cu Nicolae Crângaşu consilier patriarhal și Vasile Bănescu purtător de cuvânt al Patriarhiei Române)". (in Romanian).
  2. ^ a b Петропавловский собор (in Russian)
  3. ^ Основные размеры Храма Христа Спасителя (in Russian)
  4. ^ Исаакиевский собор (in Russian)
  5. ^ "FOTO Catedrala Mântuirii Neamului, faţă în faţă cu cele mai mari şi mai frumoase biserici din lume". 25 November 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Biggest Cathedral in the Middle East to be Inaugurated in New Administrative Capital". Egyptian Streets. 4 January 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  7. ^ Спасо-Преображенский кафедральный собор в Хабаровске (in Russian)
  8. ^ Музей четырёх соборов (in Russian)
  9. ^ Catedrala Mitropolitană Timișoara (in Romanian)
  10. ^ Nave+Cross= 87.1 m. The height of bottom floor (underground chapel) is 13.1 m. There is some dispute over the height of the top cross. The look of relief will be calculated as a whole, not just a small part. The eastern side is raised and lowered in the west (River Kura). We have 80% of the side "level ground", and 20% "slope". These 20% are leveled with the rest of the territory. This case is similar to the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow (the height of bottom floor is 17 from River Moscow). In this case the height bottom floor, not be taken into account.
  11. ^ Собор Александра Невского Archived 12 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  12. ^ [1] Catedrala_Sfânta_Treime_din_Baia_Mare (in Romanian)
  13. ^ Названа дата официального открытия Благовещенского собора в Воронеже ИА «Regnum» 9 November 2009 г. (in Russian)
  14. ^ Catedrala din Suceava a fost sfinţită (in Romanian)
  15. ^ Храм Воскресения Христова на Крови (in Russian)
  16. ^ Троице-Измайловский собор Archived 6 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  17. ^ Храм светог Саве (in Serbian)
  18. ^ Троицкий собор в Псковском Кремле. (in Russian)
  19. ^ [2] (in Romanian)
  20. ^ Собор Спаса Преображения (in Russian)
  21. ^ Собор Казанской иконы Божией Матери (Ставрополь) Archived 17 July 2012 at (in Russian)
  22. ^ Свято-Троицкий собор (in Russian)
  23. ^ Успенский собор в Астрахани (in Russian)
  24. ^ Вознесенский кафедральный собор Archived 5 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  25. ^ Чудеса России. Вознесенский Войсковой Кафедральный собор Archived 4 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  26. ^ Храм – Памятник в честь Всех Святых в память безвинно убиенных во Отечестве нашем[permanent dead link] (in Russian)
  27. ^ Всехсвятский храм-памятник Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine(in Russian)
  28. ^ Елец. Вознесенский собор. (in Russian)
  29. ^ Собор Христа Спасителя в Калининграде (in Russian)
  30. ^ Свято-Михайловский Собор Archived 12 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  31. ^ Казанский собор в Санкт-Петербурге (in Russian)
  32. ^ Морской Никольский собор (in Russian)
  33. ^ Собор Петра и Павла (in Russian)
  34. ^ [3] (in Romanian)
  35. ^ Спасо-Преображенский собор
  36. ^ В Тамбове патриарх освятил самую высокую колокольню
  37. ^ На колокольню Казанского монастыря в Тамбове установлен позолоченный крест | Тамбовская митрополия Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  38. ^ Колокольня Воскресенского собора Archived 26 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  39. ^ [4]
  40. ^ Великая лаврская колокольня Archived 15 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  41. ^ Историческая справка о селе Поречье-Рыбное (in Russian)
  42. ^ Николо-Угрешский монастырь. Дзержинский – История (in Russian)
  43. ^ Николаевская Берлюковская пустынь (in Russian)
  44. ^ Успенский собор (in Russian)
  45. ^ Троице-Сергиева лавра Archived 17 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  46. ^ Рязанский Кремль (in Russian)
  47. ^ Всехсвятский Кафедральный собор (in Russian)
  48. ^ Свято-Троицкий монастырь Archived 14 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  49. ^ Кремлевская колокольня и ее история (in Russian)
  50. ^ Свято-Успенская Саровская пустынь[permanent dead link] (in Russian)
  51. ^ Иоанно-Богословский Пощуповский монастырь Archived 4 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  52. ^ Харьков. Кафедральный собор Благовещения Пресвятой Богородицы Archived 28 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  53. ^ Успенский кафедральный собор (in Russian)
  54. ^ "Archived copy" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  55. ^ Архитектура города Вологды Archived 16 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  56. ^ Новоспасский монастырь (in Russian)
  57. ^ Спасо-Преображенский кафедральный собор (in Russian)
  58. ^ Воскресенский собор (in Russian)
  59. ^ Колокольня Киево-Софийского собора (in Russian)
  60. ^ Тобольский кремль/Архитектура (in Russian)
  61. ^ Рождества Пресвятой Богородицы собор Archived 9 September 2012 at (in Russian)
  62. ^ Николаевская церковь (колокольня) (Тульская обл., г. Венёв) Archived 27 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  63. ^ Церковь св. Жен-Мироносиц Archived 4 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  64. ^ Колокольня (Свято-Никольский собор) (in Russian)
  65. ^ Богоявленский собор Archived 25 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  66. ^ Новодевичий монастырь Archived 23 May 2005 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  67. ^ Ризоположенский монастырь (in Russian)
  68. ^ Собор Святого Великомученика Георгия Победоносца (in Russian)
  69. ^ Валаамский монастырь (in Russian)
  70. ^ Свято – Троицкий Серафимо – Дивеевский женский монастырь Archived 19 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  71. ^ Ижевск. Кафедральный собор Александра Невского Archived 28 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  72. ^ На колокольню Вознесенского храма Вознесенского монастыря установлен золотой купол с крестом | Тамбовская епархия Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine