This a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in the West Indies.
The West Indies can be taken to mean all the countries in and around the Caribbean Sea that lies within an area that stretches from Grand Bahama Island in the north to Curaçao in the south, and French Guiana in the east to Belize in the west. This is an expanse (mostly of ocean) which measures about 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometres) from north to south, and over 2,500 miles (4,000 kilometres) from east to west.
Ignoring the Central and South American nations that border the Caribbean Sea (whose cultural and linguistic heritage sets their history out of the scope of the region) there is a total of thirteen independent or sovereign states and nine island groupings that remain dependencies in one form or another, to the nations of the United Kingdom, United States, France, and the Netherlands.
Most sovereign states in the West Indies (and one British dependency) are members of the Caribbean Community, which is an international organisation formed to promote regional integration and collaboration among its member states.
|Name (official name)||Flag||Capital||Currency||Official languages||Area (km2)||Population (2018)||GDP per capita (PPP) (US$)|
|Antigua and Barbuda||St. John's||East Caribbean dollar||English||440||96,286||18,400|
|The Bahamas (The Commonwealth of The Bahamas)||Nassau||Bahamian dollar||English||13,878||385,637||32,000|
|Cuba (Republic of Cuba)||Havana||Cuban peso||Spanish||109,886||11,338,134||10,200|
|Dominica (Commonwealth of Dominica)||Roseau||East Caribbean dollar||English||754||71,625||14,300|
|Dominican Republic||Santo Domingo||Dominican peso||Spanish||48,442||10,627,141||9,700|
|Grenada||St. George's||East Caribbean dollar||English||344||111,454||13,800|
|Haiti (Republic of Haiti)||Port-au-Prince||Haitian gourde||French, Haitian Creole||27,750||11,123,178||1,300|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis (Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis)||Basseterre
||East Caribbean dollar||English||261||52,441||16,300|
|Saint Lucia||Castries||East Caribbean dollar||English||616||181,889||13,100|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||Kingstown||East Caribbean dollar||English||389||110,211||12,100|
|Trinidad and Tobago  (Republic of Trinidad and Tobago)||Port of Spain||Trinidad and Tobago dollar||English||5,131||1,389,843||20,300|
Montserrat is a member of both the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States and the Caribbean Community despite being a dependent nation of the United Kingdom. The island regions of Martinique, Guadeloupe and the BES islands are not included here because they are not technically dependent territories of the countries mentioned, instead being integrated areas of France and the Netherlands respectively.
|Name||Country||Flag||Capital||Currency||Official languages||Area (km2)||Population (2018)||GDP per capita (PPP) (US$)|
|Anguilla||United Kingdom||The Valley||East Caribbean dollar||English||91||14,731||12,200|
|Aruba||Netherlands||Oranjestad||Aruban Florin||Dutch, Papiamento||180||105,845||25,300 (2011 est)|
|British Virgin Islands||United Kingdom||Road Town||United States dollar||English||153||29,802||42,300|
|Cayman Islands||United Kingdom||George Town||Cayman Islands dollar||English||264||64,174||43,800|
|Curaçao||Netherlands||Willemstad||Netherlands Antillean guilder||Dutch, Papiamento, English||444||162,752||15,000 (est)|
|Montserrat||United Kingdom||Plymouth (de jure)
Brades (de facto)
|East Caribbean dollar||English||102||4,993||8,500|
|Puerto Rico||United States||San Juan||United States dollar||Spanish, English||9,104||3,039,596||27,384|
|Collectivity of Saint Martin||France||Marigot||Euro||French||54||31,530||19,300|
|Sint Maarten||Netherlands||Philipsburg||Netherlands Antillean guilder||Dutch, English||34||41,940
Saint-Martin (French part)=37,264 || 15,400
|Turks and Caicos Islands||United Kingdom||Cockburn Town||United States dollar||English||616||37,665||29,100|
|United States Virgin Islands||United States||Charlotte Amalie||United States dollar||English||346||104,680||14,500|
Depending on the speaker and the context, the phrase "Caribbean countries" has a variety of meanings: Such as these images show below