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List of senior officers of the Blackshirts

MVSN insignia

This is a list of senior officers of the Blackshirts (MVSN, "Voluntary Militia for National Security"), a paramilitary wing of the Italian National Fascist Party (PNF), between the years of 1923[1] and 1943.

The supreme commander of the entire MVSN was Comandante generale, literally "Commandant-General", a titular position, while Capo di stato maggiore, literally "Chief of Staff", oversaw the day-to-day operations of the group.

Commandants−General

Commandant-General of the MVSN
Comandante generale della MVSN
MVSN-Comandante generale.svg
Rank insignia
Flag of commander general of the MVSN.svg
Command flag
Mussolini biografia.jpg
Longest serving officeholder
Benito Mussolini
12 October 1926 – 25 July 1943
Blackshirts (MVSN) of Fascist Italy
StatusCommanding officer of a paramilitary organization
Member ofStato Maggiore della MVSN
AppointerBenito Mussolini
Formation1 February 1923
First holderHeld simultaneously by:
Final holderRenato Ricci
Abolished8 December 1943
No. Commandant−General Took office Left office Time in office Party Ref
1
Emilio De Bono
De Bono, EmilioMarshal of Italy
Emilio De Bono
(1866–1944)
One of the Quadrumvirs
1 February 192331 October 19241 year, 273 daysFascist Party
1
Italo Balbo
Balbo, ItaloMarshal of the air force
Italo Balbo
(1896–1940)
One of the Quadrumvirs
1 February 192321 November 19241 year, 294 daysFascist Party
1
Cesare Maria De Vecchi
De Vecchi, Cesare MariaArmy corps general
Cesare Maria De Vecchi
(1884–1959)
One of the Quadrumvirs
1 February 192310 July 19252 years, 159 daysFascist Party
2
Asclepia Gandolfo [it]
Gandolfo, AsclepiaGeneral
Asclepia Gandolfo [it]
(1864–1925)
1 December 192431 August 1925 †273 daysFascist Party
3
Maurizio Ferrante Gonzaga
Gonzaga, Maurizio FerranteGeneral
Maurizio Ferrante Gonzaga
(1861–1938)
12 September 19259 October 19261 year, 27 daysFascist Party
4
Benito Mussolini
Mussolini, BenitoFirst marshal of the empire
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
12 October 192625 July 194316 years, 286 daysFascist Party
5
Quirino Armellini [it]
Armellini, QuirinoGeneral
Quirino Armellini [it]
(1889–1975)
26 July 19438 September 194344 daysIndependent
5
Renato Ricci
Ricci, RenatoRenato Ricci
(1896–1956)
20 September 19438 December 194379 daysIndependent

Chiefs of Staff

Chief of Staff of the MVSN
Capo di stato maggiore della MVSN
MVSN-Luogotenente generale capo di manipolo.svg
Rank insignia
Flag of the chief of staff of the MVSN.svg
Command flag
Attilio teruzzi.jpg
Longest serving officeholder
Attilio Teruzzi
1929 – 1935
Blackshirts (MVSN) of Fascist Italy
StatusChief of staff of a paramilitary organization
Member ofStato Maggiore della MVSN
AppointerBenito Mussolini
Formation1 February 1923
First holderFrancesco Sacco [it]
Final holderRenzo Montagna [it] (acting)
Abolished20 September 1943
No. Chief of Staff Took office Left office Time in office Party Ref
1
Francesco Sacco [it]
Sacco, FrancescoLieutenant general
Francesco Sacco [it]
(1877–1958)
1 February 19231 December 19241 year, 304 daysFascist Party [2]
2
Enrico Bazan [it]
Bazan, EnricoLieutenant general
Enrico Bazan [it]
(1864–1947)
1 December 192423 December 19284 years, 22 daysFascist Party
3
Attilio Teruzzi
Teruzzi, AttilioLieutenant general
Attilio Teruzzi
(1882–1950)
192919355–6 yearsFascist Party
4
Luigi Russo [it]
Russo, LuigiLieutenant general
Luigi Russo [it]
(1882–1964)
3 October 19353 November 19394 years, 31 daysFascist Party
5
Achille Starace
Starace, AchilleAchille Starace
(1889–1945)
3 November 193916 May 19411 year, 194 daysFascist Party
6
Enzo Galbiati
Galbiati, EnzoLieutenant general
Enzo Galbiati
(1897–1982)
25 May 194126 July 19432 years, 62 daysFascist Party [3]
Renzo Montagna [it]
Montagna, RenzoConsul general
Renzo Montagna [it]
(1894–1978)
Acting
17 September 194320 September 19433 daysIndependent

See also

References

  1. ^ After approval by the Council of Ministers (Mussolini Cabinet) on 28 December 1922, the draft law on founding the MVSN was approved by a resolution of the Grand Council of Fascism on 12 January 1923. The draft became law under Royal Decree No. 31 of 14 January 1923, issued by the King Victor Emmanuel III. The activities of the MVSN began on 1 February 1923.
  2. ^ "Francesco Sacco, Senatori dell'Italia fascista" (in Italian). Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  3. ^ Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, 1990, p. 144