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List of rulers of Saba and Himyar

This is a list of rulers of Saba and Himyar.

Mukarrib (Mukrab, Karab), a religious title that means "near to God", was used by rulers of Saba' until Karib'il Watar changed his title to Malik at the time of the kingdom of Saba' and Dhu Raydan that was established between Himyarites and Sabaeans.[1] The title Tubba, which means "the one who follows the sun like a shadow" was used by Himyarites to refer to their rulers.[2]

Mukaribs of Saba'

Mukarib Reigned Notes
1 Yatha' Amr Bayin I 950-1000 BC
2 Yada'il Bayin I
3 Samah'ali Yanuf I
4 Yatha' Amar Watar I
5 Yakrib Malek Zarih
6 Yakrib Malek Watar I
7 Samah'ali Yanuf II
8 Yada'il Bayin II
9 Yatha' Amar Watar II Contemporary with Sargon II
10 Yada' Ab I
11 Yada'il Bayin III
12 Yakrib Malek Watar II
13 Yatha' Amar Bayin II
14 Karibil Watar I Contemporary with Sennacherib
15 Yada' Ab II
16 Akh Karab
17 Samah'ali Watar
18 Yada'il Dharih I Son of 17
19 Samah'ali Yanuf III Son of 18
20 Yatha' Amar Watar III Son of 18
21 Yada'il Bayin IV Son of 20
22 Yada'il Watar I Son of 20
23 Zamir Ali Zarih I Son of 21
24 Yatha' Amar Watar IV son of Samah'ali Yanuf son of 20
25 Karabil Bayin I Son of 24
26 Samah'ali Yanuf IV Son of 24
27 Zamir Ali Watar Son of 26
28 Samah'ali Yanuf V Son of 27
29 Yatha' Amar Bayin III Son of 28
30 Yakrib Malek Watar III
31 Zamir Ali Yanuf Son of 30

Kings of Saba'

King Reigned Notes
32 Karabil Watar II 620-600 BC Son of 31
33 Samah'ali Zarih 600-580 BC Son of 32
34 Karabil Watar III 580-570 BC Son of 33
35 Ilsharih I 570-560 BC Son of 33
36 Yada'il Bayin V 560-540 BC Son of 34
37 Yakrib Malek Watar IV 540-520 BC Son of 36
38 Yatha' Amar Bayin IV 520-500 BC Son of 37
39 Karabil Watar IV 500-480 BC Son of 38
40 Samah'ali Yanuf VI 480-460 BC Son of 39
41 Yada'il Bayin VI Son of 39
42 Yatha' Amar Watar V Son of 39
43 Ilsharih II 460-445 BC Son of 41
44 Zamir Ali Bayin I 445-430 BC Son of 41
45 Yada'il Watar II 430-410 BC Son of 44
46 Zamir Ali Bayin II 410-390 BC Son of 45
47 Samah'ali Yanuf VII Son of 46
48 Karabil Watar V 390-370 BC Possibly son of 46
Unknown 370-350 BC
49 Karab Yuhan'em 350-330 BC Son of Ham Athat
50 Karabil Watar VI 330-310 BC Son of 49
51 Wahab Shamsam/El Yahiz I 310-290 BC Son of Halik Amar or Saraw
52 Anmar Yuha'man I 290-270 BC Son of 51
53 Zamir Ali Zarih II 270-250 BC Son of 52
54 Nasha Karab Yuha'man 250-230 BC Son of 53
Unknown 230-200 BC
55 Nasir Yuhan'em 200-180 BC
56 Zamir Ali Bayin III
57 Wahab El Yahiz II 180-160 BC
58 Karabil Watar Yuhan'em I 160-145 BC Son of 57
59 Anmar Yuha'man II Son of 57
60 Yarim Aymin 145-115 BC Son of Awsalat Rafshan; usurped the throne with his son
61 Alhan Nahfan Son of 60
62 Far'am Yanhab 130-125 BC He managed to partially regain the legitimate throne

Kings of Saba' & Dhu Raydan

King Reigned Notes
63 Sha'ram Awtar Son of 61
64 IlSharih Yahdhib Son of 62. He was probably Strabo's "Ilasarus". Contemporary with Sha'ram Awtar, see # 63
65 Yazil Bayin Son of 62. He allied with his brother see # 64 against Sha'ram Awtar see # 63
67 Hayu Athtar Yazi' Son of 63?
68 Karabil Watar Yuhan'em II Son of 56. Probably the Charibael of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, said to have dominion over the major ports of Azania (the Swahili coast) through a vassal in Saba
69 Watar Yuha'min Son of 64.
70 Zamir Ali Zarih III Son of 68
71 Nasha Karab Yuha'min Yuharhib Son of 64
72 Karabil Bayin II Son of 68
73 Yasir Yuhasdiq
74 Sa'd Shams Asri' Son of 64
75 Murthid Yuhahmid Son of 74
76 Zamir Ali Yahbir I Son of 73
77 Tharin Ya'ib Yuhan'im Son of 76
78 Zamir Ali Yahbir II Son of 77
79 Shamdar Yuhan'im
80 Amdan Bayin Yuhaqbiz
81 Hutar Athat Yafish
82 Karab Athat Yuhaqbiz
83 Shahar Aymin
84 Rab Shams Namran
85 El Ez Nawfan Yuhasdiq
86 Sa'd Um Namran
87 Yasir Yuhan'em

Kings of Saba' & Dhu Raydan & Hadhramaut & Yamnat 2nd Himyarite Kingdom

King Reigned Notes
88 Shammar Yahr'ish AD  275-300 Son of 87
89 Yarim Yuharhib Son of 88
90 Yasir Yuhan'im III Son of 88
91 Tharin Ayfi' Son of 90
92 Dhara'amar Ayman I Son of 90
93 Karabil Watar Yuhan'em III
94 Tharin Yakrib Son of 88
95 Zamir Ali Yahbir III Son of 94
96 Tharin Yuhan'im Son of 95
97 MalikiKarab Yuha'min Son of 96
98 Dhara'amar Ayman II Son of 97

King of Saba', Dhu Raydan, Hadramawt, Yamnat and their Arabs, on Tawdum (the high plateau) and Tihamat

King Reigned Notes
99 Abu Karab As'ad 390–420 Son of 97; become King of Saba', Dhu Raydan, Hadramawt, Yamnat and their Arabs, on Tawdum (the high plateau) and Tihamat.
100 Hassan Yuha'min 420–448 Son of 99
101 Sharhabil Yafar 428–457 Son of 99; Identified as 'Amr, the brother of Hassan(100) in Arab tradition
102 'Abd-kalal 458-unknown Identified as 'Abd-Kalil/'Abd-Kalal or Dhu Ra'yn in Arab tradition
103 Sharhabil Ykf Son of 100; He ruled with his three sons 103, 104, & 105; Identified as 'Amr, the son of Hassan(100) in Arab tradition
104 Mu'di Karab Yan'im Son of 103; Identified as Hassan Ibn 'Amr(103) son of Tuban As'ad Abi Karib(100)
105 Lahi'ah Yanuf Son of 103; Identified as Tuban As'ad son of 'Amr(103) son of Hassan(100) son of Tuban As'ad(100) in Arab tradition
106 Nawfim Son of 103
107 Marthad'ilan Yanuf Identified as Marthad son of 'Abd Kalal(102) in Arab tradition
108 Luhi'ah Yanuf Dhi-Haṣbaḥ Identified as Dhu Shanatir in Arab tradition
109 Yūsuf Asʾar Yathʾar 517–527 Son of 105; Murdered 108; his name was Ma'dikarib Ya'fur before conversion; his name was Zar'ah son of Tuban As'ad(105) son of 'Amr(103) son of Hassan(100) son of Tuban As'ad(100) before conversion according to Arab tradition
110 Sumuafa' Ashawa' Appointed by Kaleb

References

  1. ^ محاسن, بلعيد (2015-01-01). الرقم سبعة (7) أثره في المعتقدات والآداب والفنون وغيرها (من روائع الإعجاز العددي) (in Arabic). Dar Al Kotob Al Ilmiyah دار الكتب العلمية. ISBN 9782745179661.
  2. ^ Brannon M. Wheeler (2002). Prophets in the Quran: An Introduction to the Quran and Muslim Exegesis. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 166. ISBN 0-8264-4956-5.