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List of national parks of China

National Parks of China

The proposal of establishing a national park system of China was released in 2013 at the 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. In 2016, the Three-River-Source National Park was established as the first experimental unit of this park system. Fujian Wuyi Mountains National Park was established in the same year, and 8 more parks have been designated since then. Currently, the National Park System of China has 11 units. They are administrated by the National Forestry and Grassland Administration.

List of National Parks

Name Image Location Establishment Size (in km2) Description
Three-River-Source National Park Hoh Xil.jpg Qinghai March 9, 2016[1] 123,100 To protect source waters of three great rivers: Yangtze River, Lancang River and Yellow River.[2][3]
Giant Panda National Park ¡Panda en peligro de extinción!.jpg Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu January 31, 2017[4] 27,000[3] To protect natural environmental corridors connecting different habitats of pandas.[3]
Northeastern China Tiger and Leopard National Park P.t.altaica Head 3.jpg Jilin and Heilongjiang December 5, 2016[5] 14,600[3] To recover communities and populations of wild tigers and leopards in northeastern China.[3]
Potatso National Park Bita Lake, Potatso (Pudacuo) National Park, Diqing - panoramio.jpg Yunnan October 26, 2016[6] 602.1[3] To protect local wetlands and grasslands.[7]
Shennongjia National Park Shennongding.jpg Hubei May 14, 2016[8] 1,170[3] To proptect local ecological systems of sub-tropical forests and sphagnum palustre swamplands.[3]
Zhejiang Qianjiangyuan National Park Kaihua Qianjiangyuan Guojia Senlin Gongyuan 2018.07.23 08-20-56.jpg Zhejiang July 15, 2016[9] 252[3] To protect endangered species near the source of Qiantang River.[3]
Hunan South Mountain National Park 2007龙转头 - panoramio.jpg Hunan August 8, 2016[10] 635.94[3] To protect birds and other ecological landscapes.[7]
Wuyi Mountains National Park Wuyi Mountains Sea of clouds 4.jpg Fujian March 14, 2016[11] 982.59[3] To protect the biodiversity of Wuyi Mountains.[3]
Beijing Great Wall National Park Badaling China Great-Wall-of-China-01.jpg Beijing January 14, 2017[12] 59.91[3] To protect historical sites at Badaling Great Wall and Ming Tombs.[3]
Qilian Mountains National Park Qilian mountain jyg.JPG Gansu and Qinghai June 26, 2017[13] 50,000[3] To protect the vulnerable environment in Qilian Mountains.[7]
Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park Lingshui Hainan - panoramio (5).jpg Hainan January 23, 2019[14] 44,000[14] To protect rain forests on the island.[14]

Current national parks of Taiwan

Currently there are nine(9) national parks in Taiwan. There is also one(1) national nature park, which is designed for areas with fewer resources compare to a full national park.

Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Date established Area Description Image
Kenting National Park 墾丁國家公園 Khún-teng Kok-ka Kong-hn̂g Khén-tên Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn January 1, 1984 332.90 km2 (82,261.4 acres), 180.84 km2 of land, and 152.06 km2 water Located on the southern tip of Taiwan, it is also the oldest national park on the Taiwan (Pingtung County), Kenting is famous for its tropical coral reef and migratory birds. Kenting-beach.jpg
Yushan National Park 玉山國家公園 Gio̍k-san Kok-ka Kong-hn̂g Ngiu̍k-sân Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn April 6, 1985 1,031.21 km2 (254,817.5 acres) The largest national park in Taiwan, located on the central part of the island. It is named after Mount Jade (Yushan literally means "Jade Mountain") which is the highest peak in East Asia at 3,952 metres. Mount Yu Shan - Taiwan.jpg
Yangmingshan National Park 陽明山國家公園 Iûⁿ-bêng-soaⁿ Kok-ka Kong-hn̂g Yòng-mìn-sân Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn September 16, 1985 113.38 km2 (28,016.8 acres) The northernmost national park on the island of Taiwan; it has a volcanic landform. Yangminshan is famous for its hotsprings and geothermal phenomenon. Each spring, Yangminshan also have a dazzling flower season. It is located partially in Taipei City and partially in New Taipei City. Xiao You Keng Fumarole.jpg
Taroko National Park 太魯閣國家公園 Thài-ló͘-koh Kok-ka Kong-hn̂g Thai-lû-kok Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn November 28, 1986 920 km2 (227,337.0 acres) A magnificent marble gorge cut by Li-Wu River, creating one of the most astounding landscape in the world. It is also the home of the indigenous Truku people. Taroko is located in eastern Taiwan. Taiwan 2009 HuaLien Taroko Gorge Biking PB160057.jpg
Shei-Pa National Park 雪霸國家公園 Soat-pà Kok-ka Kong-hn̂g Siet-pa Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn July 1, 1992 768.5 km2 (189,900.5 acres) Located in the central northern part of Taiwan island, in Hsinchu County and Miaoli County. It encompasses Xueshan (Snow Mountain), the second tallest mountain in Taiwan and East Asia, and Dabajian Mountain. TheHolyRidgeline.jpg
Kinmen National Park 金門國家公園 Kim-mn̂g Kok-ka Kong-hn̂g Kîm-mùn Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn October 18, 1995 35.29 km2 (8,720.3 acres) Located on an island just off the coast of Mainland China, it includes famous historical battlefields in Kinmen. It is also known for its wetland ecosystem and traditional Fujian buildings that dated back to the Ming Dynasty. Wuwangzaiju.JPG
Dongsha Atoll National Park 東沙環礁國家公園 Tang-soa Khoân-ta Kok-ka Kong-hn̂g Tûng-sâ Fàn-chiâu Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn October 4, 2007 3,536.68 km2 (873,932.7 acres), including 1.79 km2 of land Taiwan's first marine national park. The atoll and the adjacent waters provide for a rich biodiversity of marine life from fish, jelly fish, squid, sicklefin lemon sharks, and rays to sea turtles, Dugongs, and cetaceans (dolphins and whales). Because strict protection is being taken, it is currently not open to public tourism. Pratas island.jpg
Taijiang National Park 臺江國家公園 Tâi-kang Kok-ka Kong-hn̂g Thòi-kông Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn December 28, 2009 393.1 km2 (97,137.1 acres), 49.05 km2 of land, and 344.05 km2 water Located in southwest Taiwan on the coast of Tainan City. The park's tidal landscape is one of its most distinctive features. Around 200 years ago, a large part of the park was part of the Taijiang Inland Sea. There is a rich variety of marine life, including 205 species of shellfish, 240 species of fish and 49 crab species that thrive on the marshes of southern Taiwan. Sihcao Green Tunnel of Mangroves.JPG
South Penghu Marine National Park 澎湖南方四島
國家公園
Phêⁿ-ô͘ Lâm-hong Sù-tó
Kok-ka Kong-hn̂g
Phàng-fù Nàm-fông Si-tó
Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn
October 18, 2014 358.44 km2 (88,572.5 acres), including 3.70 km2 of land Located in the south of the Penghu Islands. The seas around the islets feature large clusters of Acropora coral and a diversity of fish and shells living among the reefs. The islets are also known for magnificent basalt terrains and unique low-roofed houses built by early inhabitants with coral stone and basalt.[15] DongJi Island (21359619055).jpg

National Nature Park

Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Date established Area Image
Shoushan National Nature Park 壽山國家自然公園 Siū-san Kok-ka Chū-jiân Kong-hn̂g Su-sân Koet-kâ Chhṳ-yèn Kûng-yèn December 6, 2011 11.23 km2 (2,775.0 acres) Tzaishan at nsysu.jpg

National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas

Before the formal establishment of National Park System of China in 2016, the National Scenic and Historic Interest Area system (Chinese: 国家级风景名胜区; pinyin: Guójiājí Fēngjǐng Míngshèngqū) was the exact equivalent of the term 'national park' (Chinese: 国家公园; pinyin: Guójiā Gōngyuán) applied to the rest of the world, as specified in the National Standard of the People's Republic of China GB50298-1999: Code for Scenic Area Planning, and in the Green Paper: Situation and Prospects of China's Scenic Areas published by the Ministry of Construction in 1994. National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas in China were officially approved and declared by the State Council. The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development is in charge of the supervision and administration of national and provincial parks throughout the country. To date, China has 244 National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas. The ranges and boundaries of these national parks are often extended beyond what the official names might suggest. The National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas system still exists after the establishment of national parks in 2016.

See also

References

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