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List of members of the Oireachtas imprisoned during the Irish revolutionary period

This is a list of members of the Oireachtas (National Parliament of Ireland)[1] who served a prison sentence or were interned during the Irish revolutionary period (1916–23) in any jurisdiction before, during or after their time as a Teachta Dála (TD) or Senator.

Many were imprisoned as a result of their actions against the British Government in the lead-up to the formation of the Irish Free State in 1922. The list is ordered by first term of imprisonment.

Name Party Term of office Prison time Prison(s) Reason Notes
Liam Mellows Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin 1918 1922 –1916 Reading Arrested under the Defence of the Realm Act 1914
1917–18 The Tombs Attempting to aid the German side in World War I
Jun–Dec 1922 Mountjoy Actions during the Irish Civil War Executed in December 1922
Boland, GeraldGerald Boland Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin,
Fianna Fáil
1923 1969 1916–17 Frongoch Interned for participating in 1916 Easter Rising
Con Collins Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin 1918 1923 1916–17 Frongoch Interned for participating in 1916 Easter Rising
Michael Collins Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin 1918 Aug 1922 1916–17 Frongoch Interned for participating in 1916 Easter Rising
Éamon de Valera Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin,
Fianna Fáil
Jul 1917 Jun 1959 1916–17 Dartmoor,
Maidstone,
Lewes
Interned for participating in 1916 Easter Rising Sentenced to death, commuted to life imprisonment because of his U.S. citizenship
May 1918–Feb 1919 Lincoln Sedition Escaped in February 1919
1923–24 Arbour Hill Actions during the Irish Civil War
1924 Crumlin Road Illegally entering Northern Ireland Held for 1 month in Solitary confinement
Arthur Griffith Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin Jun 1918 Aug 1922 1916–17 Frongoch Interned for participating in 1916 Easter Rising
Diarmuid Lynch Sinn Féin 1918 1921 1916–17 Pentonville Interned for participating in 1916 Easter Rising Sentenced to death, commuted to life imprisonment because of his U.S. citizenship
Pierce McCan Sinn Féin 1918 Mar 1919 1916–17 Reading Interned for participating in 1916 Easter Rising
May 1918–Mar 1919 Gloucester Suspected involvement in the German Plot Died in prison from influenza
O'Keeffe, PatrickPatrick O'Keeffe Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin 1918 1922 ca. 1918 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad".[2]
Cusack, BryanBryan Cusack Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin,
Fianna Fáil
1918 1923 ca. 1918
Seán McGarry Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin,
Cumann na nGaedheal
1921 Oct 1924 1916–17 Frongoch Interned for participating in 1916 Easter Rising
May 1918–Feb 1919 Lincoln Conspiring with the German enemy Escaped in February 1919
Constance Markievicz Sinn Féin,
Fianna Fáil
1918 Jul 1927 1916–17 Kilmainham Interned for participating in 1916 Easter Rising Sentenced to death, commuted to life imprisonment on account of her gender
May 1918–Mar 1919 Holloway Suspected involvement in the German Plot
Richard Mulcahy Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin,
Cumann na nGaedheal,
Fine Gael
1918 1961 Apr–Dec 1916 Frongoch Interned for participating in 1916 Easter Rising
Cathal Ó Murchadha Sinn Féin 1921 Jun 1927 1916–17 Frongoch Interned for participating in 1916 Easter Rising
1922–23 Curragh Camp Actions during the Irish Civil War
Alexander McCabe Sinn Féin 1918 1925 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Art O'Connor Sinn Féin 1918 1923 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Austin Stack Sinn Féin 1918 1927 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Brian O'Higgins Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Desmond FitzGerald Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Ernest Blythe Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Fionán Lynch Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Frank Fahy Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Frank Lawless Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
J. J. Clancy Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
James Crowley Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
James Dolan Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
James Lennon Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Joseph MacBride Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Joseph MacDonagh Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Joseph McGrath Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Joseph McGuinness Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Laurence Ginnell Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Michael Colivet Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Paul Galligan Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Richard Hayes Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Seán Etchingham Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Seán MacEntee Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Seán O'Mahony Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Thomas Hunter Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
William Sears Sinn Féin 1918 1919 Anti-British activity Listed on the roll of the First Dáil as "imprisoned abroad"[2]
Barton, RobertRobert Barton Sinn Féin 1918 1923 Feb–Mar 1919,
Jan 1920–Jul 1921
Mountjoy Sedition Escaped in March 1919
English, AdaAda English Sinn Féin 1921 1922 1920 Galway Gaol Actions during the Irish War of Independence Six months, released early
Carty, FrankFrank Carty Sinn Féin
Fianna Fáil
1921 1942 1920,
1921
Sligo Gaol,
Derry Gaol
Actions during the Irish War of Independence Escaped from both prisons
Terence MacSwiney Sinn Féin 1918 Oct 1920 1919;[2]
Aug–Oct 1920
Brixton Possession of seditious articles and documents Died on hunger strike in October 1920
Linda Kearns MacWhinney Fianna Fáil Apr 1938 Jul 1938 Nov 1920–Apr 1921 Walton,
Mountjoy
Possession of guns Escaped in April 1921
Seán Mac Eoin Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin,
Cumann na nGaedheal,
Fine Gael
1921 1965 Mar–Aug 1921 Mountjoy Actions during the Irish War of Independence Sentenced to death but later commuted
Seán MacBride Clann na Poblachta Oct 1947 1957 1922–23 ? Actions during the Irish Civil War
Peadar O'Donnell Sinn Féin 1923 Jun 1927 1922–24 Mountjoy Actions during the Irish Civil War

See also

References

  1. ^ The two Houses of the Oireachtas are: Dáil Éireann (lower) and Seanad Éireann (upper).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab "An Rolla". First Dáil proceedings (in Irish). 21 January 1919. Retrieved 17 April 2015.