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List of leaders of dependent territories

This is a list of leaders of dependent territories. A dependent territory is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside of the controlling state's integral area.[1] This latter condition distinguishes a dependent territory from an autonomous region or administrative division, which forms an integral part of the 'parent' state.

The majority of the world's dependent territories are legacies of nineteenth and twentieth century colonial empires.[2] This list divides the world's inhabited dependent territories roughly into half: those which are dependencies of Commonwealth nations, formerly members of the British Empire and all of which have Queen Elizabeth II as head of state; and the remainder. Governors, managers or wardens of uninhabited dependent territories are excluded.

Current dependent territory leaders

Seven sovereign states possess one or more dependent territories: the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, and Norway.

Region, territory Status Name Since
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Administrator James Illingworth 15 February 2017
 American Samoa Governor Lolo Matalasi Moliga 3 January 2013
 Anguilla Governor Tim Foy 21 August 2017
Chief Minister Victor Banks 23 April 2015
 Aruba Governor Alfonso Boekhoudt 1 January 2017
Prime minister Evelyn Wever-Croes 17 November 2017
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Administrator [3] Bridget McKenzie 28 August 2018
Australia Australian Antarctic Territory Administrator [4] Nick Gales 6 August 2015
United States Baker Island Administrator [5] Jim Kurth [6] (acting) 16 August 2018
 Bermuda Governor John Rankin 8 December 2016
Premier Edward David Burt 17 July 2017
 Bonaire Lieutenant governor Edison Rijna [7] 1 March 2014
Norway Bouvet Island Administrator [8] Øystein Mortensen 2 October 2015
 British Antarctic Territory- BAT Commissioner Ben Merrick August 2017
Administrator Stuart Doubleday 2016
 British Indian Ocean Territory - BIOT Commissioner Ben Merrick August 2017
Administrator Linsey Billing July 2017
 British Virgin Islands Governor Augustus Jaspert 22 August 2017
Premier Orlando Smith [9] 9 November 2011
 Cayman Islands Governor Martyn Roper 29 October 2018
Premier Alden McLaughlin 29 May 2013
 Christmas Island Administrator Natasha Griggs 5 October 2017
President of Shire Gordon Thomson [10] 21 October 2013
France Clipperton Island Administrator [11] Annick Girardin 17 May 2017
Commissioner [12] René Bidal 25 May 2016
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands Administrator Natasha Griggs 5 October 2017
President of the Shire Council Seri Wati Iku 25 October 2017
 Cook Islands Queen's Representative Tom Marsters 27 July 2013
High commissioner (New Zealand's Representative) Peter Marshall 10 January 2017
Prime Minister Henry Puna 30 November 2010
Australia Coral Sea Islands Administrator[3] Bridget McKenzie 28 August 2018
 Curaçao Governor Lucille George-Wout 4 November 2013
Prime Minister Eugene Rhuggenaath 29 May 2017
 Falkland Islands Governor Nigel Phillips 12 September 2017
Chief Executive Barry Rowland 6 October 2016
 French Polynesia High Commissioner René Bidal 30 May 2016
President Édouard Fritch 12 September 2014
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands Administrator-Superior Évelyne Decorps 19 November 2018
 Gibraltar Governor Edward Davis 19 January 2016
Chief Minister Fabian Picardo 9 December 2011
 Guam Governor Eddie Baza Calvo 3 January 2011
 Guernsey Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey Sir Ian Corder 14 March 2016
Bailiff Sir Richard Collas 23 March 2012
President of the Policy and Resources Committee Gavin St Pier 4 May 2016
Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands Administrator [4] Nick Gales 6 August 2015
United States Howland Island Administrator[5] Jim Kurth [6] (acting) 16 August 2018
United States Jarvis Island Administrator[5] Jim Kurth [6] (acting) 16 August 2018
 Jersey Lieutenant Governor Sir Stephen Dalton 13 March 2017
Bailiff Sir William Bailhache 29 January 2015
Chief Minister John Le Fondré Jr 4 June 2018
United States Johnston Atoll Administrator [5] Jim Kurth [6] (acting) 16 August 2018
United States Kingman Reef Administrator [5] Jim Kurth [6] (acting) 16 August 2018
 Isle of Man Lieutenant Governor Sir Richard Gozney 27 May 2016
Chief Minister Howard Quayle 11 October 2016
United States Midway Atoll Administrator [5] Jim Kurth [6] (acting) 16 August 2018
 Montserrat Governor Andrew Pearce 1 February 2018
Premier Donaldson Romeo 12 September 2014
United States Navassa Island Administrator [5] Jim Kurth [6] (acting) 16 August 2018
 New Caledonia High Commissioner Thierry Lataste 20 June 2016
President of the Government Philippe Germain 1 April 2015
 Niue High Commissioner Kirk Yates May 2018
Premier Sir Toke Talagi 19 June 2008
 Norfolk Island Administrator Eric Hutchinson 1 April 2017
General Manager Lotta Jackson 30 June 2016
Mayor Robin Adams 6 July 2016
 Northern Mariana Islands Governor Ralph Torres 29 December 2015
United States Palmyra Atoll Administrator [5] Jim Kurth [6] (acting) 16 August 2018
Manager [13] vacant March 2009
Norway Peter I Island Administrator [8] Øystein Mortensen 2 October 2015
 Pitcairn Islands Governor of the Pitcairn Islands [14] Laura Clarke 23 January 2018
Mayor Shawn Christian 1 January 2014
 Puerto Rico Governor Ricardo Rosselló 2 January 2017
Norway Queen Maud Land Administrator [8] Øystein Mortensen 2 October 2015
New Zealand Ross Dependency Governor-General Dame Patsy Reddy 28 September 2016
Administrator [15] Peter Beggs 21 October 2013
 Saba Island Governor Jonathan G. A. Johnson 2 July 2008
 Saint Barthelemy Prefect [16] Éric Maire 4 September 2017
Prefect delegated [17] Sylvie Daniélo-Feucher 9 July 2018
President of the Territorial Council Bruno Magras [18] 15 July 2007
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Governor Lisa Honan 25 April 2016
Administrator of Ascension Island Justine Allan 26 March 2018
Administrator of Tristan da Cunha Sean Burns [19] 30 November 2016
 Saint-Martin Prefect [20] Éric Maire 4 September 2017
Prefect delegated [17] Sylvie Daniélo-Feucher 9 July 2018
President of the Territorial Council Daniel Gibbs 3 April 2017
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Prefect Thierry Devimeux 17 January 2018
President of the Territorial Council Stéphane Lenormand 25 October 2017
 Sint Eustatius Government commissioner Mike Franco 7 February 2016
 Sint Maarten Governor Eugene Holiday 10 October 2010
Prime Minister Leona Marlin-Romeo 15 January 2018
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Commissioner [21] Nigel Phillips 12 September 2017
 Tokelau Administrator Ross Ardern May 2018
Head of Government Afega Gaualofa [22] 5 March 2018
 Turks and Caicos Islands Governor John Freeman 17 October 2016
Premier Sharlene Cartwright-Robinson 20 December 2016
 Virgin Islands (U.S.) Governor Kenneth Mapp 5 January 2015
United States Wake Island Administrator[23] Douglas Domenech 18 September 2017
Governor[24] Thomas E. Ayres 18 February 2018
 Wallis and Futuna Administrator-Superior Jean-Francis Treffel 27 February 2017
President of the Territorial Assembly David Vergé 4 April 2017

Current autonomous, insular, regions, etc. leaders

Region, territory Status Name Since
 Aceh Governor Zaini Abdullah 25 June 2012
 Adjara Chairman of the Supreme Council Davit Gabaidze 28 November 2016
Prime Minister Tornike Rizhvadze 21 July 2018
 Åland Islands Governor Peter Lindbäck 1 April 1999
Chief Minister Katrin Sjögren 25 November 2015
 Alderney Lieutenant-Governor Peter Walker 15 April 2011
President Stuart Trought 2011
 Andalusia President Susana Díaz 7 September 2013
 Aragon President Javier Lambán 3 July 2015
 Asturias President Javier Fernández Fernández 2012
Flag of Azad Kashmir.svg Azad Kashmir President Muhammad Masood Khan 25 August 2016
Prime Minister Raja Farooq Haider Khan 31 July 2016
 Azores Representative of the (Portuguese) Republic Pedro Manuel dos Reis Alves Catarino 11 April 2011
President of the Government Vasco Cordeiro 6 November 2012
 Balearic Islands President Francina Armengol 30 June 2015
 Basque Country President (Lehendakari) Iñigo Urkullu 2012
 Bougainville President John Momis 10 January 2010
 Catalonia President Quim Torra 14 May 2018
 Canary Islands President Fernando Clavijo Batlle 9 July 2015
 Cantabria President Ignacio Diego 2011
 Carriacou and Petite Martinique Grenadian Ministry of Carriacou
and Petite Martinique Affairs
Elvin Nimrod 3 March 2013
 Castile–La Mancha President Emiliano García-Page 1 July 2015
 Castile and León President Juan Vicente Herrera Campo 2001
 Ceuta President Juan Jesús Vivas Lara 2001
 Corsica Prefect Patrick Strzoda 4 April 2011
President of the Corsican Assembly Jean-Guy Talamoni 17 December 2015
President of the Executive Council Gilles Simeoni 17 December 2015
 Crimea Chairmen of Parliament vacant 15 March 2014
Prime minister vacant 15 March 2014
 Easter Island Governor Laura Alarcón Rapu 11 March 2018
Mayor Pedro Edmunds Paoa November 2012
 Extremadura President José Antonio Monago Terraza 2011
 Faroe Islands High Commissioner Lene Moyell Johansen 9 May 2017
Prime Minister Aksel V. Johannesen 15 September 2015
 Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina President Marinko Čavara 9 February 2015
Prime Minister Fadil Novalić 16 January 2017
 French Guiana Prefect Patrice Faure 28 August 2017
President of the Territorial Authority Rodolphe Alexandre 17 December 2015
 Gagauzia Governor Irina Vlakh 23 March 2015
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Islands Governor and Chairman of the Governing Council with Special Regime Lorena Tapia Núñez 1 June 2017
 Galicia President Alberto Núñez Feijóo 2009
Flag of Gilgit Baltistan.svg Gilgit Baltistan Governor Raja Jalal Hussain Maqpoon 30 September 2018
Chief Minister Syed Mehdi Shah 12 December 2009
 Gorno-Badakhshan Chairmen of the Executive Committee Shodikhon Jamshedov 19 November 2013
 Greenland High Commissioner Mikaela Engell 1 February 2011
Prime Minister Kim Kielsen [25] 30 September 2014
 Guadeloupe Prefect Philippe Gustin 28 May 2018
President of the Departmental Council Josette Borel-Lincertin [26] 2 April 2015
President of the Regional Council Ary Chalus 17 December 2015
 Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam 1 July 2017
Chief Secretary Matthew Cheung 16 January 2017
Norway Jan Mayen Administrator [27] Hill-Marta Solberg 21 September 2007
 Karakalpakstan Chairmen of Parliament Musa Yerniyazov 2 May 2002
Prime ministers Kakhraman Sariyev 14 October 2016
 Kurdistan Region President of autonomous government vacant 1 November 2017
Prime minister Nechervan Barzani 7 March 2012
 La Rioja President Pedro Sanz Alonso 1995
Flag of Lord Howe Island.svg Lord Howe Island Chairman of the Lord Howe Island Board Sonja Stewart 28 Noiember 2015
 Macau Chief Executive Fernando Chui 20 December 2009
Administration and Justice Secretary Florinda Chan 20 December 1999
 Madeira Representative of the (Portuguese) Republic Irineu Cabral Barreto 11 April 2011
President of the Government Miguel Albuquerque 20 April 2015
 Madrid President Cristina Cifuentes 24 June 2015
Flag of Tasmania.svg Macquarie Island Administrator [28] Matthew Groom 31 March 2014
 Martinique Prefect Franck Robine 19 July 2017
President of the Executive Council Alfred Marie-Jeanne 18 December 2015
 Mayotte Prefect Dominique Sorain 30 March 2018
President of the Departmental Council Soibahadine Ibrahim Ramadani 2 April 2015
 Melilla President Juan José Imbroda Ortiz 2000
 Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) Governor Mujiv Hataman 22 December 2011
 Mount Athos Head of State [29] Nikos Kotzias[30] 23 September 2015
Civil Governor[31] Aristos Kasmiroglou 31 May 2010
Spiritual Leader [32] Bartholomew I 2 November 1991
Protos[33] Hieromonk Stéfanos
(Monastery Chiliandaríou)
14 June 2018
 Murcia President Pedro Antonio Sánchez 30 June 2015
 Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic Chairmen of the Supreme Council Vasif Talıbov 16 December 1995
Prime minister Alovsat Bakhshiyev 2000
 Navarre President Uxue Barkos 20 July 2015
 Nevis Deputy Governor-General (of Nevis) Marjorie Morton [34] 1 September 2017
Premier Mark Brantley 19 December 2017
 Northern Ireland Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Karen Bradley 8 January 2018
First Minister[35] vacant 9 January 2017
Deputy First Minister[36]
 Papua Governor Lukas Enembe 9 April 2013
São Tomé and Príncipe Principe President of the Regional Government José Cardoso Cassandra 5 October 2006
 Republika Srpska President Željka Cvijanović 19 November 2018
Prime Minister Srebrenka Golić 15 November 2018
 Réunion Prefect Amaury de Saint-Quentin 10 July 2017
President of the Departmental Council Cyrille Melchior 18 December 2017
President of the Regional Council Didier Robert 26 March 2010
 Rodrigues Chief Commissioner Louis Serge Clair [37] 11 February 2012
Chief Executives Jacques Davis Hee Hong Wye 13 February 2012
 Scotland Secretary of State for Scotland David Mundell 11 May 2015
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon 19 November 2014
Norway Svalbard Governor Kjerstin Askholt 10 October 2015
Trinidad and Tobago Tobago Chief Secretary of the House of Assembly Kelvin Charles 29 January 2017
Torres Strait Islands Chairperson of the Torres Strait Regional Authority (TSRA) Pedro Stephen Napau October 2016
 Valencian Community President Alberto Fabra Part 2011
 Wales Secretary of State for Wales Alun Hugh Cairns 19 March 2016
First Minister Mark Drakeford 12 December 2018
 West Papua Governor Abraham Octavianus Atururi 27 January 2012
Yogyakarta Governor Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X 3 October 1998
 Zanzibar President Ali Mohamed Shein 3 November 2010

Leaders of dependent Commonwealth territories

State Government Head of state UK Head of government
 Anguilla Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Tim Foy Chief Minister Victor Banks
 Bermuda Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor John Rankin Premier Edward David Burt
 British Virgin Islands Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Augustus Jaspert Premier Orlando Smith
 Cayman Islands Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Martyn Roper Premier Alden McLaughlin
 Christmas Island Non-self-governing dependency Queen Elizabeth II of Australia, represented by Administrator Natasha Griggs
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands Non-self-governing dependency Queen Elizabeth II of Australia, represented by Administrator Natasha Griggs
 Cook Islands Parliamentary democracy in free-association with New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand, represented by Queen's Representative (not otherwise styled) Tom Marsters Prime Minister Henry Puna
 Falkland Islands Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Nigel Phillips Chief Executive Barry Rowland
 Gibraltar Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Edward Davis Chief Minister Fabian Picardo
 Guernsey Crown dependency Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (as Duke of Normandy), represented by Lieutenant-Governor Sir Ian Corder Bailiff Sir Richard Collas
President Gavin St Pier
 Jersey Crown dependency Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (as Duke of Normandy), represented by Lieutenant-Governor Sir Stephen Dalton Bailiff Sir William Bailhache
Chief Minister Ian Gorst
 Isle of Man Crown dependency Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (as Lord of Mann), represented by Lieutenant-Governor Sir Richard Gozney Chief Minister Howard Quayle
 Montserrat Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Andrew Pearce Premier Donaldson Romeo
 Niue Parliamentary democracy in free-association with New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand, represented by High Commissioner Ross Ardern Premier Sir Toke Talagi
 Norfolk Island Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of Australia, represented by Administrator Eric Hutchinson self-government abolished in 2015
 Pitcairn Islands Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Laura Clarke Mayor Shawn Christian
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Non-self-governing dependency Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor Lisa Phillips
 Tokelau Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand, represented by Administrator Jonathan Kings Head of Government Siopili Perez
 Turks and Caicos Islands Parliamentary democracy Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, represented by Governor John Freeman Premier Sharlene Cartwright-Robinson

Leaders of dependent non-Commonwealth territories

State Government Head of state Head of territory Head of government
 Åland Islands Gubernatorial democracy President Sauli Niinistö of Finland, represented by Governor Peter Lindbäck Premier Katrin Sjögren
 American Samoa Gubernatorial democracy President Donald Trump of the United States Governor Lolo Matalasi Moliga
 Aruba Parliamentary democracy King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, represented by Governor Alfonso Boekhoudt Prime Minister Evelyn Wever-Croes
 Curaçao Parliamentary democracy King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, represented by Governor Lucille George-Wout Prime Minister Eugene Rhuggenaath
 Faroe Islands Parliamentary democracy Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, represented by High Commissioner Dan Michael Knudsen Prime Minister Aksel V. Johannesen
 French Polynesia Presidential democracy President Emmanuel Macron of France, represented by High Commissioner René Bidal President Édouard Fritch
 Greenland Parliamentary democracy Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, represented by High Commissioner Mikaela Engell Prime Minister Kim Kielsen
 Guam Gubernatorial democracy President Donald Trump of the United States Governor Eddie Baza Calvo
 New Caledonia Parliamentary democracy President Emmanuel Macron of France, represented by High Commissioner Thierry Lataste President of the Government Philippe Germain
 Northern Mariana Islands Gubernatorial democracy President Donald Trump of the United States Governor Ralph Torres
 Puerto Rico Gubernatorial democracy President Donald Trump of the United States Governor Ricardo Rosselló
 Sint Maarten Parliamentary democracy King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, represented by Governor Eugene Holiday Prime Minister Leona Marlin-Romeo
 U.S. Virgin Islands Gubernatorial democracy President Donald Trump of the United States Governor Kenneth Mapp
 Wallis and Futuna Presidential democracy President Emmanuel Macron of France, represented by Administrator-Superior Jean-Francis Treffel President of the Territorial Assembly David Vergé

See also

References

  1. ^ United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514
  2. ^ Armstrong, H. W., and R. Read. 2000. "Comparing the Economic Performance of Dependent Territories and Sovereign Microstates". Economic Development and Cultural Change 48 (2). 285–306. doi:10.1086/452459.
  3. ^ a b Minister for Regional Services, Sport, Local Government and Decentralisation
  4. ^ a b Director of the Australian Antarctic Division.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Acting Administrator from 20 January 2017 - 19 June 2017.
  7. ^ Acting to 22 Aug 2014.
  8. ^ a b c Director of the Polar Department of the Norwegian Ministry of Justice and Public Security.
  9. ^ Previously chief minister from 17 June 2003 to 23 August 2007.
  10. ^ Previously from 2003 – 14 October 2011.
  11. ^ Since 21 February 2007, directly administered by the French minister of Overseas France.
  12. ^ The authority of the French minister of Overseas France on Clipperton Island is delegated to the High Commissioner of the Republic in French Polynesia
  13. ^ Director of Program Palmyra of The Nature Conservancy.
  14. ^ The British high commissioner to New Zealand.
  15. ^ Chief Executive Officer of Antarctica New Zealand.
  16. ^ The prefect of Guadeloupe is also state representative in Saint-Barthelemy from 9 July 2007.
  17. ^ a b Delegated by the prefect of Guadeloupe
  18. ^ Mayor from June 1995 to 15 July 2007.
  19. ^ Previously administrators of Tristan da Cunha from 15 September 2010 to 23 September 2013.
  20. ^ The prefect of Guadeloupe is also state representative in Saint-Martin from 9 July 2007.
  21. ^ Since 3 October 1985, the governor of the Falkland Islands.
  22. ^ Previously head of government of Tokelau from 10 March 2016 to 6 March 2017.
  23. ^ Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Insular Affairs.
  24. ^ Also General Counsel of the US Air Force.
  25. ^ Acting to 12 December 2014 (for Aleqa Hammondto 15 October 2014).
  26. ^ Previously president of the Regional Council from 3 August 2012 to 2 May 2014.
  27. ^ Since 1 January 1995, Jan Mayen is administered by the governor of Nordland county.
  28. ^ Minister for Environment, Parks and Heritage of Tasmania.
  29. ^ Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Greek government.
  30. ^ Previously head of state from 27 January – 28 August 2015.
  31. ^ The Civil Governor of the Monastic Republic of Mount Athos is appointed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Greek government.
  32. ^ Ecumenical Patriarchs of Constantinople.
  33. ^ Dean of the Holy Epistasis of the Monastic Republic of Mount Athos.
  34. ^ Acting to 31 December 2017.
  35. ^ Jointly with the Deputy First Minister
  36. ^ Jointly with the First Minister
  37. ^ Previously chef commissaire from 4 February 2003 to 4 August 2006.

External links