The Pacific Islands are the islands of the Pacific Ocean. Three major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean are Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Depending on the context, Pacific Islands may refer to countries and islands with common Austronesian origins, islands once or currently colonized or Oceania. The indigenous inhabitants of the Pacific Islands are referred to as Pacific Islanders. This is a list of many of the major Pacific islands, organized by archipelago or political unit. In order to keep this list of moderate size, links are given to more complete lists for countries with large numbers of small or uninhabited islands.
The umbrella term Pacific Islands may take on several meanings. Sometimes it refers to only those islands covered by Oceania. In some common uses, the term "Pacific Islands" refers to the islands of the Pacific Ocean once colonized by the British, French, Spaniards, Portuguese, Dutch, United States and Japanese, such as the Pitcairn Islands, Taiwan, and Borneo. In other uses it may refer to islands with Austronesian linguistic heritage like Taiwan, Indonesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Myanmar islands, which found their genesis in the Neolithic cultures of the island of Taiwan.
Islands of the Pacific Ocean proper, with an area larger than 10,000 km2.
|Name||Area (km2)||Country/Countries||Population||Population density||Continent||Subregion|
|New Guinea||785,753||Indonesia and Papua New Guinea||7,500,000||9.544||Oceania / Australia||Melanesia|
|South Island||150,437||New Zealand||1,135,500||7.5||Oceania / Zealandia||Polynesia|
|North Island||113,729||New Zealand||3,749,200||33.0||Oceania / Zealandia||Polynesia|
|Tasmania||90,758||Australia||514,700||5.671||Oceania / Australia||Australasia|
|Taiwan Island (Formosa)||35,883||Taiwan (Republic of China)||23,000,000||641||Asia||East Asia|
|New Britain||35,145||Papua New Guinea||513,926||14.62||Oceania||Melanesia|
|Vancouver Island||31,285||Canada||759,366||24.27||North America||Northern America|
|Grande Terre||16,648||New Caledonia (France)||208,709||12.54||Oceania / Zealandia||Melanesia|
|Hawaii||10,434||United States of America||185,079||17.74||Oceania||Polynesia|
Pacific islands of Canada are:
Pacific islands of Colombia:
The Cook Islands:
Islands of Ecuador:
Islands of Fiji:
Islands of France in the Pacific:
Islands of Kiribati:
Islands of the Republic of the Marshall Islands
Islands of Mexico:
Islands of Federated States of Micronesia
Islands of New Zealand, including:
Islands of Palau:
Pacific islands of United States of America
(For a complete list see List of islands of Vanuatu)
(Approximately from north to south)
North Pacific Islands:
Eastern Pacific Islands:
This is the only contemporary text on the Pacific Islands that covers both environment and sociocultural issues and will thus be indispensable for any serious student of the region. Unlike other reviews, it treats the entirety of Oceania (with the exception of Australia) and is well illustrated with numerous photos and maps, including a regional atlas.– via JSTOR (subscription required)
Taiwan associations are based on almost forgotten old connections with far-reaching Pacific linguistic origins. The present term Austronesia is based on linguistics and archaeology supporting the origins and existence of the Austronesian Language family spread across the Pacific on modern Taiwan, Indonesia, East Timor, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, Micronesia, Polynesia, the non-Papuan languages of Melanesia, the Cham areas of Vietnam, Cambodia, Hainan, Myanmar islands, and some Indian Ocean islands including Madagascar. Taiwan is in the initiating region.