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List of governors of dependent territories in the 18th century

Territorial governors in the 17th centuryTerritorial governors in the 19th centuryColonial and territorial governors by year

This is a list of territorial governors in the 18th century (1701–1800) AD, such as the administrators of colonies, protectorates, or other dependencies. Where applicable, native rulers are also listed.

A dependent territory is normally a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside of the controlling state's integral area.[1] The administrators of uninhabited territories are excluded.

Austria-Hungary

Austria-Hungary
Austro-Hungarian colonies

Belgium

Belgium
Belgian colonial empire

Britain

Kingdom of Great Britain
British colonial empire, English overseas possessions
MonarchsPrime ministers

Asia

Australia

British isles

  • Edmund Andros, Bailiff (1674–1713)
  • Jean de Sausmarez, Bailiff (1714–1728)
  • Josué Le Marchant, Bailiff (1728–1751)
  • Eleazar Le Marchant, Bailiff (1752–1758)
  • Samuel Bonamy, Bailiff (1758–1771)
  • William Le Marchant, Bailiff (1771–1800)
  • Robert Porrett Le Marchant, Bailiff (1800–1810)

Caribbean

  • Elias Haskett, Governor (1700–1701)
  • Ellis Lightfoot, Governor (1701–1703)
  • Edward Birch, Governor (1704)
  • without British rule: see Republic of Pirates
  • Woodes Rogers, Governor (1718–1721)
  • George Phenney, Governor (1721–1728)
  • Woodes Rogers , Governor (1729–1732)
  • Richard Fitzwilliam, Acting Governor (1734–1738)
  • John Tinker, Governor (1741–1758)[4]
  • John Gambier, Acting Governor (1758–1760)
  • William Shirley, Governor (1760–1775)[5]
  • Montfort Browne, Governor (1775–1776)
  • John Gambier, Acting Governor (1776–1778)
  • John Robert Maxwell, Governor (1780–1782)
  • Spanish occupation (1782–1783)
  • Andrew de Vau, Acting Governor (1783)
  • John Robert Maxwell, Governor (1783–1784)
  • James Edward Powell, Lieutenant governor (1784–1786)
  • John Brown, Acting Governor (1786–1787)
  • John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, Governor (1787–1796)
  • Robert Hunt, Acting Governor (1796–1797)
  • John Forbes, Lieutenant governor (1797)
  • William Dowdeswell, Governor (1797–1801)
  • Ralph Grey, Governor (1697–1701)
  • John Farmer, Acting Governor (1701–1703)
  • Bevil Granville, Governor (1703–1706)
  • Mitford Crow, Governor (1707–1710)
  • George Lillington, Acting Governor (1710–1711)
  • Robert Lowther, Governor (1711–1720)
  • William Sharpe, Acting for Lowther (1714–1715)
  • John Frere, Acting Governor (1720–1721)
  • Samuel Cox, Acting Governor (1721–1722)
  • Henry Worsley, Governor (1722–1727)
  • Thomas Catesby Paget, Governor (1727–1731)
  • James Dotin, Acting Governor (1731)
  • Walter Chetwynd, Governor (1731–1732)
  • Emanuel Howe, Governor (1733–1735)
  • James Dotin, Acting Governor (1735–1737)
  • Orlando Bridgeman, Governor (1737–1738)
  • Humphrey Howarth, Governor (1738)
  • Thomas Gage, Governor (1738–1739)
  • Robert Byng, Governor (1739–1740)
  • James Dotin, Acting Governor (1740)
  • Thomas Robinson, Governor (1742–1747)
  • Henry Grenville, Governor (1747–1756)
  • Charles Pinfold, Governor (1756–1766)
  • Samuel Rous, Acting Governor (1766–1768)
  • William Spry, Governor (1768–1772)[6]
  • Samuel Rous, Acting Governor (1772)
  • Edward Hay, Governor (1772–1779)
  • John Dotin, Acting Governor (1779–1780)
  • James Cunninghame, Governor (1780–1782)
  • John Dotin, Acting Governor (1783–1784)
  • David Parry, Governor (1784–1793)
  • William Bishop, Acting Governor (1793–1794)
  • George Poyntz Ricketts, Governor (1794–1800)
  • William Bishop, Acting Governor (1800–1801)
  • William Cartwright, Chief magistrate (1750–1776)
  • William Bodden, Chief magistrate (1776–1823)

Mediterranean

North America

Oceania

  • Benjamin Bennett, Governor (1701–1713)
  • Henry Pulleine, Governor (1713–1718)
  • Benjamin Bennett, Governor (1718–1722)
  • John Hope, Governor (1722–1727)
  • John Trimingham, Governor (1727–1728)
  • John Pitt, Governor (1728–1737)
  • Andrew Auchinleck, Governor (1737–1738)
  • Alured Popple, Governor (1738–1744)
  • Francis Jones, Governor (1744–1747)
  • William Popple, Governor (1747–1751)
  • Francis Jones, Governor (1751–1755)
  • William Popple, Governor (1755–1763)
  • Francis Jones, Governor (1763–1764)
  • George James Bruere, Governor (1764–1780)
  • Thomas Jones, Governor (1780)
  • George Bruere the younger, Governor (1780–1781)
  • William Browne, Governor (1782–1788)
  • Henry Hamilton, Lieutenant governor (1788–1794)
  • James Crawford, Governor (1794–1796)
  • Henry Tucker, Governor (1796)
  • William Campbell, Governor (1796)
  • Henry Tucker, Governor (1796–1798)
  • George Beckwith, Governor (1798–1803)
  • John McBride, HMS Jason, Governor (1767–1768)
  • Rayner, Governor (1768–1769)
  • Anthony Hunt, HMS Tamar, Governor (1769–1770)
  • George Farmer, Governor (1770)
  • John Burr, HMS Hound, Governor (1771–1772)
  • Samuel Wittewrong Clayton, Governor (1773–1776)

Courland and Semigallia

Duchy of Courland and Semigallia
Couronian colonies

Denmark

Danish West India Company, Denmark–Norway
Danish colonial empire
  • Johan Lorensen (1693–1702)
  • Claus Hansen, Governor (1702–1706)
  • Joachim Melchior von Holten, Governor (1706–1708)
  • Diderich Mogensen, Interim Governor (1708–1710)
  • Mikkel Knudsen Crone, Governor (1710–1716)
  • Erich Bredal, Governor (1716–1724)
  • Friderich Moth, Governor (1724–1727)
  • Hendrich von Suhm, Governor (1727–1733)
  • Phillip Gardelin, Governor (1733–1736)
  • Friderich Moth, Governor (1736–1744)
  • Jacob Schönemann, Governor (1740–1744)
  • Christian von Schweder, Governor (1744–1747)
  • Christian Suhm, Governor (1747–1758)
  • Christian Leberecht von Prøck, Governor general (1756–1766)
  • Friderich Moth, Governor of St. Croix (1735–1747)
  • Gregers Høg Nissen, Chief ad interim of St. Croix (1736–1744)
  • Paul Lindemark, Chief ad interim of St. Croix (1744–1747)
  • Jens Hansen, Governor of St. Croix (1747–1751)
  • Peter Clausen, Governor of St. Croix (1751–1758)
  • Governors of St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix
  • Harrien Felschauer, Governor of St. Thomas & St. John (1758–1760)
  • Johan Georg von John, Governor of St. Thomas & St. John (1760–1764)
  • Ditlev Wilhelm Wildthagen, Governor of St. Thomas & St. John (1764)
  • Peter Gynthelberg, Governor of St. Thomas & St. John (1764–1765)
  • Ulrich Wilhelm Roepstorff, Governor of St. Thomas & St. John (1765–1766)
  • Jens Nielsen Kragh, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1766–1773)
  • Frederick Moth, Governor general (1770–1772)
  • Ulrich Wilhelm von Roepstorff, Governor general (1772–1773)
  • Henrik Ludvig Ernst von Schimmelmann, Governor general (1773)
  • Thomas de Malleville, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1773–1796)
  • Peter Clausen, Governor general (1773–1784)
  • Henrik Ludvig Ernst von Schimmelmann, Governor general (1784–1787)
  • Ernst Frederik von Walterstorff, Governor general (1787–1794)
  • Wilhelm Anton Lindemann, Governor general (1794–1796)
  • Thomas de Malleville, Governor general (1796–1799)
  • Balthazar Frederik Mühlenfels, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1796–1800)
  • Wilhelm Anton Lindemann, Governor general (1799–1801)
  • Casimir Wilhelm von Scholten, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1800–1801)

France

Ancien Régime of France, Kingdom of France (1791–92), French First Republic
French colonial empire

Caribbean

  • Jean Le Comte, Governor (1649–1654)
  • Louis Cacqueray de Valminière, Governor (1654–1658)
  • Dubuc, Governor (1658)
  • Jean Faudoas de Cérillac, Governor (1658–1664)
  • Vincent, Governor (1664–1670)
  • Louis de Canchy de Lerole, Governor (1671–1674)
  • Pierre de Sainte-Marthe de Lalande, Governor (1675–1679)
  • Jacques de Chambly, Governor (1679–1680)
  • Nicholas de Gabaret, Governor (1680–1689)
  • Louis Ancelin de Gemostat, Governor (1690–1695)
  • Jean-Léon Fournier de Carles de Pradine, Governor (1695?–1696?)
  • De Bellair de Saint-Aignan, Governor (1696–1700)

Mediterranean

North America

Oceania

Germany

German Empire
German colonial empire

Italy

Italy
Italian colonial empire

Japan

Empire of Japan
Japanese colonial empire

Netherlands

Dutch Republic, Batavian Republic
Dutch colonial empire

Asia

Oman

Yaruba dynasty, Al Said of Oman
  • Nasr ibn Abdallah al-Mazru‘i, Wali (1698–1728)
  • unknown Wali (1729–1735)
  • Sa‘id al-Hadermi, Wali (1735–1739)
  • Muhammad ibn Uthman al-Mazru‘i, Wali (1739–1745)
  • ‘Ali ibn Uthman al-Mazru‘i, Wali (1746)

Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire
Eyalets and Vilayets

Portugal

Kingdom of Portugal
Portuguese colonial empire
Monarchs

Africa

  • António Salgado, Governor (1698–1702)
  • Jorge Cotrim de Mello, Governor (1702–1702)
  • Gonçalo de Lemos Mascarenhas, Governor (1702–1707)
  • Rodrigo de Oliveira da Fonseca, Governor (1707–1710)
  • José Pinheiro da Câmara, Governor (1710–1715)
  • Manuel Pereira Calheiros e Araújo, Governor (1715–1715)
  • Serafim Teixeira Sarmento de Sá, Governor (1715–1719)
  • Balthasar de Sousa Coutinho, Governor (1719–1720)
  • António Vieira, Governor (1720–1725)
  • Francisco Miguel da Nóbrega Vasconcelos, Governor (1726–1728)
  • Francisco de Oliveira Grans, Governor (1728–1733)
  • Bento Gomes Coelho, Governor (1733–1737)
  • José da Fonseca Barbosa, Governor (1736–1738)
  • Chamber Senate (1738–1741)
  • João Zuzarte de Santa Maria, Governor (1741–1751)
  • António José d'Eça e Faria, Governor (1751–1751)
  • Luís António da Cunha d'Eça, Governor (1752–1756)
  • Manuel António de Sousa e Meneses, Governor (1756–1761)
  • Marcelino Pereira de Ávila, Governor (1761–1761)
  • António de Barros Bezerra, Governor (1761–1764)
  • Bartolomeu de Sousa de Brito Tigre, Governor (1764–1766)
  • João Jácome de Brito Barena Henriques, Governor (1766–1767)
  • Joaquim Salema Saldanha Lobo, Governor (1768–1777)
  • António do Vale de Sousa e Meneses, Governor (1777–1781)
  • Duarte de Melo da Silva Castro de Almeida, Governor (1781–1782)
  • Francisco de São Simão, Acting Governor (1782–1783)
  • António Machado de Faria e Maia, Governor (1784–1789)
  • Francisco José Teixeira Carneiro, Governor (1789–1793)
  • José da Silva Maldonado d'Eça, Governor (1793–1795)
  • Marcelino António Bastos, Governor (1796–1802)
  • Jácome de Morais Sarmento, Governor (1699–1703)
  • João Fernandes de Almeida, Governor (1703–1706)
  • Luís de Brito Freire, Governor (1706–1708)
  • Luís Gonçalves da Câmara, Governor (1708–1712)
  • João Fernandes de Almeida, Governor (1712–1714)
  • Francisco de Mascarenhas, Governor (1714–1716)
  • Francisco de Souto-Maior, Governor (1716–1719)
  • Francisco de Alarcão e Souto-Maior, Governor (1719–1722)
  • Álvaro Caetano de Melo e Castro, Governor (1722–1723)
  • António João Sequeira e Faria, Governor (1723–1726)
  • António Cardim Fróis, Governor (1726–1730)
  • António Casco de Melo, Governor (1730–1733)
  • José Barbosa Leal, Governor (1733–1736)
  • Nicolau Tolentino de Almeida, Governor (1736–1740)
  • Lourenço de Noronha, Governor (1740–1743)
  • Pedro do Rêgo Barreto da Gama e Castro, Governor (1743–1746)
  • Caetano Correia da Sá, Governor (1746–1750)
  • Francisco de Melo e Castro, Governor (1750–1752)
  • Francisco de Melo e Castro, Governor (1752–1758)
  • João Manuel de Melo, Governor (1758)
  • David Marques Pereira, Governor (1758–1759)
  • Pedro de Saldanha e Albuquerque, Governor (1759–1763)
  • João Pereira da Silva Barba, Governor (1763–1765)
  • Baltasar Manuel Pereira do Lago, Governor (1765–1779)
  • Provisional administration, (1779–1780)
  • José de Vasconcelos e Almeida, Governor (1780–1781)
  • Vicente Caetano da Maria e Vasconcelos, Acting Governor (1781–1782)
  • Pedro de Saldanha e Albuquerque, Governor (1782)
  • Provisional administration, (1782–1786)
  • António de Melo e Castro, Governor (1786–1793)
  • Diogo de Sousa Coutinho, Governor (1793–1797)
  • Francisco Guedes de Carvalho Meneses da Costa, Governor (1797–1801)
  • Manuel António Pinheiro da Câmara, Governor (1697–1702)
  • José Correia de Castro, Governor (1702–1709)
  • Vicente Dinis Pinheiro, Governor (1709)
  • French Junta (1709–1715)
  • Bartolomeu da Costa Ponte, Governor (1715–1716)
  • Chamber Senate (1716–1717)
  • António Furtado Mendonça, Governor (1717–1720)
  • Junta (1720–1722)
  • José Pinheiro da Câmara, Governor (1722–1727)
  • Serafim Teixeira Sarmento, Governor (1727–1734)
  • Lopo de Sousa Coutinho, Governor (1734–1736)
  • José Caetano Soto Maior, Governor (1736–1741)
  • António Ferrão de Castelo Branco, Governor (1741)
  • Chamber Senate (1741–1744)
  • Francisco Luís da Conceição, Governor (1744)
  • Francisco de Alva Brandão, Acting Governor (1744–1745)
  • Francisco Luís das Chagas, Governor (1747–1748)
  • Chamber Senate (1748–1751)
  • António Rodrigues Neves, Governor (1751)
  • Chamber Senate (1751–1753)
  • Chamber Senate (1753–1755)
  • Lopo de Sousa Coutinho, Governor (1755)
  • Chamber Senate (1755–1758)
  • Luís Henrique da Mota e Mele, Governor (1758–1761)
  • Chamber Senate (1761–1767)
  • Lourenço Lôbo de Almeida Palha, Governor (1767–1768)
  • Chamber Senate (1768–1770)
  • Vicente Gomes Ferreira, Governor (1770–1778)
  • João Manuel de Azambuja, Governor (1778–1782)
  • Cristóvão Xavier de Sá, Governor (1782–1788)
  • João Resende Tavares Leote, Governor (1788–1797)
  • Inácio Francisco de Nóbrega Sousa Coutinho, Governor (1797)
  • Manuel Monteiro de Carvalho, Acting Governor (1797)
  • Varela Borca, Governor (1797–1798)
  • Manuel Francisco Joaquim da Mota, Governor (1798–1799)
  • Francisco Rafael de Castelo de Vide, Governor (1799)
  • João Baptista de Silva, Governor (1799–1802)

Asia

South America

Russia

Russian Empire: Russian colonial empire

Spain

Bourbon Spain
Spanish colonial empire
  • Felipe Ruíz Puente, Governor (1767–1773)
  • Domingo Chauria, Governor (1773–1774)
  • Francisco Gil Lemos, Governor (1774–1777)
  • Ramón de Carassa, Governor (1777–1779)
  • Salvador de Medina, Governor (1779–1781)
  • Jacinto de Altolaguirre, Governor (1781–1783)
  • Fulgencio Montemayor, Governor (1783–1784)
  • Augustín Figueroa, Governor (1784–1786)
  • Pedro de Mesa y Casto, Governor (1786–1787)
  • Ramón Clairac, Governor (1787–1788)
  • Pedro de Mesa y Casto, Governor (1788–1789)
  • Ramón Clairac, Governor (1789–1790)
  • Juan José de Elizalde, Governor (1790–1791)
  • Pedro Pablo Sanguinetto, Governor (1791–1792)
  • Juan José de Elizalde, Governor (1792–1793)
  • Pedro Pablo Sanguinetto, Governor (1793–1794)
  • José Aldana Ortega, Governor (1794–1795)
  • Pedro Pablo Sanguinetto, Governor (1795–1796)
  • José Aldana Ortega, Governor (1796–1797)
  • Luis de Medina Torres, Governor (1797–1798)
  • Francisco Javier de Viana, Governor (1798–1799)
  • Luis de Medina Torres, Governor (1799–1800)
  • Francisco Javier de Viana, Governor (1800–1801)

Sweden

Sweden
Swedish colonies

United States

United States
United States colonies

Notes

  1. ^ John Byng's elder brother, Robert Byng, was the great-great-grandfather of The Viscount Byng of Vimy, who served as Governor General of Canada from 1921 to 1926.

References

  1. ^ United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514
  2. ^ a b c d e f Berry, William. The History of the Island of Guernsey. Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1815. p. 215.
  3. ^ "No. 7639". The London Gazette. 24 September 1737. p. 1.
  4. ^ More Monumental Inscriptions: Tombstones of the British West Indies by Vere Langford Oliver: "His Excellency John Tinker died 10 July 1758 aged 58. 18 years Governor and Commander-in-Chief over these Islands"
  5. ^ Gentleman's Monthly Intelligencer, Volume 27 by Isaac Kimber and Edward Kimber. "William Shirley is appointed Captain-General and Governor-in-Chief of the Bahama Islands in the room of John Tinker deceased - 6 November 1758"
  6. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). "Spry, William" . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
  7. ^ Yentsch, Anne E, p.55, A Chesapeake Family and their Slaves: a Study in Historical Archaeology, Cambridge University Press (1994) Retrieved Jan 2010
  8. ^ Chapelle, Suzanne Ellery Greene, p.306, Maryland: A History of Its People Retrieved August 3, 2010
  9. ^ Unless otherwise cited: Massachusetts Royal Commissions, pp. xxxiii–xxxv
  10. ^ This is the de facto end of Gage's tenure, when he departed Boston for the last time. Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts, p. 17:87
  11. ^ This is the de facto end of Oliver's tenure, when he departed Boston for the last time. Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts, p. 17:96
  12. ^ [www.biographi.ca]
  13. ^ [www.biographi.ca]
  14. ^ [collections.mun.ca]
  15. ^ Unless otherwise cited: The Federal and State Constitutions, Volume 4, pp.2527–2531
  16. ^ Fry, p. 523. Extant copies of Burnet's commission have no date, but has a marginal annotation suggesting it was issued December 19, 1727.
  17. ^ Clark, p. 97
  18. ^ Wilson, p. 106
  19. ^ Fry, p. 87
  20. ^ [www.christchurch1735.org]
  21. ^ [www.encyclopediavirginia.org]

External links

  • WorldStatesmen—an online encyclopedia of the leaders of nations and territories