The extreme points of India include the coordinates that are further north, south, east or west than any other location in India; and the highest and the lowest altitudes in the country. The northernmost point claimed by India is in territory disputed between India and Pakistan. With the exception of Indira Point (Cape Comorin), the southern-most location of mainland India, all other extreme locations are uninhabited.
The latitude and longitude are expressed in decimal degree notation, in which a positive latitude value refers to the northern hemisphere, and a negative value refers to the southern hemisphere. Similarly, a positive longitude value refers to the eastern hemisphere, and a negative value refers to the western hemisphere. The coordinates used in this article are sourced from Google Earth, which makes use of the WGS84 geodetic reference system. Additionally, a negative altitude value refers to land below sea level.
The northernmost point that India claims lies in the territory now administered by China as part of Xinjiang but once claimed by Hunza and therefore claimed by India as part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The northernmost point administered by India lies in Jammu & Kashmir. India's claim to the whole of Kashmir is disputed by Pakistan and China, with the territory currently partitioned into the region of Gilgit-Baltistan in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, the Chinese region of Aksai Chin and the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. This list provides the northernmost point as claimed by India; the northern-most disputed point that is administered by India; and the northern-most undisputed point in India. This case also applies to the highest elevated regions.
India's eastern-most state is Arunachal Pradesh. Part of the state is claimed by China as "South Tibet", though administered by India, The easternmost of Indian-administered territory is located in this disputed region. Consequently, this list mentions both the disputed and undisputed eastern-most points in India.
|Heading||Location||Administrative entity||Bordering entity||Coordinates[nb 1]||Ref(s)|
|Near Indira Col, Siachen Glacier||Jammu and Kashmir||Xinjiang, China|||
|Next to Kilik Pass in the Karakorum Mountains on Xinjiang-Gilgit-Baltistan border||Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan||Xinjiang, China|||
|Next to Kang La pass at the head of Miyar Valley, Lahaul and Spiti district||Himachal Pradesh||Jammu and Kashmir|||
|South||Indira Point in the Nicobar Islands||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Indian Ocean|||
|South (mainland)||Cape Comorin near Kanyakumari||Tamil Nadu||Indian Ocean|||
|Near Kibithu in Anjaw district||Arunachal Pradesh||Kachin State, Myanmar|||
|East (undisputed)||Near Vijaynagar, in the Changlang district||Arunachal Pradesh||Kachin State, Myanmar|||
|West||Sir Creek in Kutch, near the Guhar Moti||Gujarat||Indus River Delta|||
|Highest (undisputed)||Kangchenjunga||8,586 m (28,169 ft)||North Sikkim on the India-Nepal border||Sikkim|||
|Highest (disputed)||K2||8,611 m (28,251 ft)||Border between Gilgit-Baltistan (administered by Pakistan) and Xinjiang (administered by China)||Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan|||
(undisputed and entirely within India)
|Nanda Devi||7,816 m (25,643 ft)||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|||
|Lowest||Kuttanad||−2.2 m (−7.2 ft)||Alappuzha district||Kerala|||