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List of cryptocurrencies

Market capitalizations of cryptocurrencies as of January 27, 2018

This is a list of cryptocurrencies. The number of cryptocurrencies available over the internet as of 19 August 2018 is over 1600 and growing.[1] A new cryptocurrency can be created at any time.[2] By market capitalization, Bitcoin is currently (December 15, 2018) the largest blockchain network, followed by Ripple, Ethereum and Tether.[3]

As of 15 December 2018, total cryptocurrencies market capitalization is $100bn and larger than GDP of 127 countries.[citation needed]


Below are some notable cryptocurrencies:

Release Status Currency Symbol Founder(s) Hash algorithm Programming language of implementation Cryptocurrency blockchain
(PoS, PoW, or other)
2009 Active Bitcoin BTC,[4][5] XBT, Satoshi Nakamoto[nt 1] SHA-256d[6][7] C++[8] PoW[7][9] The first and most widely used decentralized ledger currency,[10] with the highest market capitalization.[11]
2011 Active Litecoin LTC, Ł Charlie Lee Scrypt C++[12] PoW One of the first cryptocurrencies to use Scrypt as a hashing algorithm.
2011 Active Namecoin NMC Vincent Durham[13][14] SHA-256d C++[15] PoW Also acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS.
2012 Active Peercoin PPC Sunny King
SHA-256d[17] C++[18] PoW & PoS The first cryptocurrency to use POW and POS functions.
2013 Active Dogecoin DOGE, XDG, Ð Jackson Palmer
& Billy Markus[19]
Scrypt[20] C++[21] PoW Based on the Doge internet meme.
2013[22][23] Active Gridcoin GRC Rob Hälford [24] Scrypt C++[25] Decentralized PoS Linked to citizen science through the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing[26][27]
2013 Active Primecoin XPM Sunny King
1CC/2CC/TWN[28] TypeScript, C++[29] PoW[28] Uses the finding of prime chains composed of Cunningham chains and bi-twin chains for proof-of-work.
2013 Active Ripple[30][31][32] XRP[32] Chris Larsen &
Jed McCaleb[33]
ECDSA[34] C++[35] "Consensus" Designed for peer to peer debt transfer. Not based on bitcoin.
2013 Active Nxt NXT BCNext
SHA-256d[36] Java[37] PoS Specifically designed as a flexible platform to build applications and financial services around its protocol.
2014 Active Auroracoin AUR Baldur Odinsson
Scrypt C++[39] PoW Created as an alternative currency for Iceland, intended to replace the Icelandic króna.
2014 Inactive Coinye KOI, COYE Scrypt PoW Used American hip hop artist Kanye West as its mascot, abandoned after he filed a trademark lawsuit.
2014 Active Dash DASH Evan Duffield &
Kyle Hagan[40]
X11 C++[41] PoW & Proof of Service[nt 2] A bitcoin-based currency featuring instant transactions, decentralized governance and budgeting, and private transactions.
2014 Active NEO NEO Da Hongfei & Erik Zhang SHA-256 & RIPEMD160 C#[42] dBFT China based cryptocurrency, formerly ANT Shares and ANT Coins, the name was changed in 2017 to NEO and GAs.
2014 Active MazaCoin MZC BTC Oyate Initiative SHA-256d C++[43] PoW The underlying software is derived from that of another cryptocurrency, ZetaCoin.
2014 Active Monero XMR Monero Core Team CryptoNight[44] C++[45] PoW Privacy-centric coin using the CryptoNote protocol with improvements for scalability and decentralization.
2014 Active NEM XEM UtopianFuture (pseudonym) SHA3-512 Java[46] POI The first hybrid public/private blockchain solution built from scratch, and first to use the Proof of Importance algorithm using EigenTrust++ reputation system.
2014 Active PotCoin POT Potcoin core dev team Scrypt C++[47] PoS Developed to service the legalized cannabis industry in the United States.
2014 Active Titcoin TIT Edward Mansfield & Richard Allen[48] SHA-256d TypeScript, C++[49] PoW The first cryptocurrency to be nominated for a major adult industry award.[50]
2014 Active Verge XVG Sunerok Scrypt, x17, groestl, blake2s, and lyra2rev2 C, C++[51] PoW Features anonymous transactions using Tor and I2P.
2014 Active Stellar XLM Jed McCaleb Stellar Consensus Protocol (SCP) [52] C, C++[53] Stellar Consensus Protocol (SCP) [52] Open-source, decentralized global financial network.
2014 Active Vertcoin VTC Bushido Lyra2RE[54] C++[55] PoW Next-gen ASIC resistance and first cryptocurrency to implement stealth addresses.
2015 Active Ether or "Ethereum" ETH Vitalik Buterin[56] Ethash[57] C++, Go[58] PoW Supports Turing-complete smart contracts.
2015 Active Ethereum Classic ETC Ethash[57] PoW An alternative version of Ethereum[59] whose blockchain does not include the DAO Hard-fork.[60][61] Supports Turing-complete smart contracts.
2015 Active Tether USDT Jan Ludovicus van der Velde[62] Omnicore [63] PoW Tether claims to be backed by USD at a 1 to 1 ratio. The company has been unable to produce promised audits.[64]
2016 Active Decred DCR Blake-256 Go[65] PoW/PoS Hybrid Built in governance and hybrid PoW/PoS.
2016 Active Zcash ZEC Zooko Wilcox Equihash C++[66] PoW The first open, permissionless financial system employing zero-knowledge security.
2017 Inactive BitConnect BCC BitConnect was described as an open source, all-in-one bitcoin and crypto community platform but was later described as a Ponzi scheme
2017 Active Bitcoin Cash BCH[67] SHA-256d PoW Hard fork from Bitcoin, Increased Block size from 1mb to 8mb
2017 Active EOS.IO EOS Dan Larimer WebAssembly, Rust, C, C++[68] delegated PoS Feeless Smart contract platform for decentralized applications and decentralized autonomous corporations with a block time of 500 ms.[68]
2018 Inactive KodakCoin Kodak and WENN Digital Ethash[69] KodakCoin is a "photographer-centric" blockchain cryptocurrency used for payments for licensing photographs.
2018 Inactive Petro Venezuela Government onixCoin[70] C++[71] Stated by Nicolás Maduro to be backed by Venezuela's reserves of oil. As of August 2018 it does not appear to function as a currency.[72]
2018 Active Bitcoin Private BTCP Equihash C++[73] PoW Coin uses zkSNARK for anonymous payments. Hardfork (co-fork) of BTC and ZClassic


  1. ^ It is not known whether the name "Satoshi Nakamoto" is real or a pseudonym, nor whether it represents one person or a group.
  2. ^ Via Masternodes containing 1000 DASH held as collateral for "Proof of Service". Through an automated voting mechanism, one Masternode is selected per block and receives 45% of mining rewards.


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  22. ^ Halford, Rob (October 6, 2013). "GRIDCOIN – GRC (The environmentally conscious coin)". Retrieved November 14, 2014.
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  28. ^ a b "FAQ · primecoin/primecoin Wiki · GitHub". Retrieved January 20, 2014.
  29. ^ "Primecoin on GitHub".
  30. ^ Chayka, Kyle (July 2, 2013). "What Comes After Bitcoin?". Pacific Standard. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
  31. ^ Vega, Danny (December 4, 2013). "Ripple's Big Move: Mining Crypto currency with a Purpose". Hearst Seattle Media, LLC, a division of The Hearst Corporation.
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  33. ^ Simonite, Tom (April 11, 2013). "Big-name investors back effort to build a better Bitcoin". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  34. ^ "How it works – Ripple Wiki". Retrieved January 20, 2014.
  35. ^ "Rippled on GitHub".
  36. ^ "NXT Whitepaper". NxtWiki – Whitepaper. Archived from the original on February 3, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
  37. ^ "NXT on Bitbucket".
  38. ^ Casey, Michael J. (March 5, 2014). "Auroracoin already third-biggest cryptocoin–and it's not even out yet". The Wall Street Journal.
  39. ^ "Auroracoin on GitHub".
  40. ^ Scharr, Jill (May 28, 2014). "What is Dash? An FAQ". Tom's Guide.
  41. ^ "Dash on GitHub".
  42. ^ "NEO on GitHub".
  43. ^ "MazaCoin on GitHub".
  44. ^ "CryptoNight – Bitcoin Wiki". June 19, 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
  45. ^ "Monero on GitHub".
  46. ^ "NEM on GitHub".
  47. ^ "PotCoin on GitHub".
  48. ^ Mercier Voyer, Stephanie. "Titcoin Is a Brand New Cryptocurrency for Porn Purchases". Vice Magazine. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
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  51. ^ "Verge on GitHub".
  52. ^ a b " White Papers" (PDF).
  53. ^ "Stellar on GitHub".
  54. ^ "Lyra2RE – A new PoW algorithm for an ASIC-free future" (PDF). November 29, 2014.
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  65. ^ "Decred on GitHub".
  66. ^ "Zcash on GitHub".
  67. ^ "Bitcoin Cash Markets and Dillema". CryptoCoinCharts. Retrieved September 14, 2017.
  68. ^ a b "Documentation: EOS.IO Documents". February 10, 2018 – via GitHub.
  69. ^ Ray, Tiernan (January 9, 2018). "Kodak CEO: Blockchain Significant, Though Not a Doubling in Stock Price". Barrons. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  70. ^ "Onix's white paper" (PDF). January 13, 2018. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
  71. ^ "OnixCoin on GitHub".
  72. ^ Ellsworth, Brian (30 August 2018). "Special Report: In Venezuela, new cryptocurrency is nowhere to be found". Reuters. Retrieved 30 August 2018. The coin is not sold on any major cryptocurrency exchange. No shops are known to accept it.
  73. ^ "Bitcoin Private on GitHub".