|Counties of Rhode Island|
|Location||State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations|
|Populations||49,875 (Bristol) – 626,667 (Providence)|
|Areas||24 square miles (62 km2) (Bristol) – 409 square miles (1,060 km2) (Providence)|
|Government||County government (defunct since 1846)|
|Subdivisions||cities, towns, villages, unincorporated communities, census designated places|
This is a list of the five counties in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. Rhode Island is tied with Hawaii for having the second-fewest counties of any U.S. state (only Delaware has fewer, with three counties). Although Rhode Island is divided into counties, it does not have any local government at the county level. Instead, local governance is provided by the eight cities and thirty-one towns. Counties in Rhode Island have had no governmental functions since 1846 other than as court administrative and sheriff corrections boundaries which are part of state government.
Within Rhode Island, Washington County is colloquially referred to as South County.
The colony of Rhode Island was established in the 17th century, and was the first of the thirteen original American colonies to declare independence from British rule in 1776, during the American Revolution. The counties were all established before the Declaration of Independence.
The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry. Rhode Island's code is 44, which when combined with any county code would be written as 44XXX. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.
||FIPS code||County Seat||Established||Origin||Etymology||Population||Area||Map|
|Bristol County||001||Bristol||1747||Created from land gained from Bristol County, Massachusetts, after resolution of a boundary dispute between the two colonies.||City of Bristol, England||49,875||24 sq mi
|Kent County||003||East Greenwich||1750||Created from part of Providence County.||County of Kent, England||166,158||168 sq mi
|Newport County||005||Newport||1703||Formed as Rhode Island County in 1703. Renamed Newport County in 1729||Town of Newport, Essex||82,888||102 sq mi
|Providence County||007||Providence||1703||Formed in 1703 as Providence Plantations County. Renamed Providence County in 1729||Divine Providence, a concept reflecting the religious nature of colonial founder Roger Williams||626,667||409 sq mi
|Washington County||009||South Kingstown*||1729||Formed in 1729 as Kings County from part of Providence Plantations County. Renamed Washington County in 1781.||George Washington, American Revolutionary War general and first President of the USA||126,979||329 sq mi