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List of conflicts in Africa

This is a list of conflicts in Africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between African nations, civil wars, and wars involving non-African nations that took place within Africa. It encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence, secessionist and separatist conflicts, major episodes of national violence (riots, massacres, etc.), and global conflicts in which Africa was a theatre of war.

North Africa

Egypt

Sudan

Libya

Tunisia

Algeria

Morocco

Horn of Africa

Somalia

Ethiopia

Djibouti

Eritrea

Indian Ocean islands

Madagascar

Comoros

Mauritius

African Great Lakes

Rwanda

Burundi

Uganda

Kenya

Tanzania

West Africa

Benin

Burkina Faso

Cameroon

Côte d'Ivoire

Gabon

Gambia

Ghana

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Liberia

Mali

Mauritania

Niger

Nigeria

São Tomé and Príncipe

Sierra Leone

Western Sahara

Central Africa

Central African Republic

Republic of Congo

Republic of Cameroon

Democratic Republic of Congo

Chad

Southern Africa

South Africa

Zimbabwe

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mozambique

Angola

Malawi

Namibia

Zambia

Chronological list of wars

19th century

20th century

21st century

See also

References

  1. ^ Shoup, John A. (2011-10-31). Ethnic Groups of Africa and the Middle East: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 266. ISBN 9781598843620. The kingdom was able to last until 1901, when the French conquered it as part of their conquest of the Niger River/Sahara region
  2. ^ Katagiri, Noriyuki (2015). Adapting to Win: How Insurgents Fight and Defeat Foreign States in War. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 197. ISBN 9780812246414.
  3. ^ "Britain Sokoto Conquest 1903". www.onwar.com. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  4. ^ a b "COW War List". correlatesofwar.org. Correlates of War. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  5. ^ Henige, David (1979). History in Africa. African Studies Association. p. 54. By the time Portuguese military expeditions reached Kasanje in 1910, intent on effective occupation and "pacification," only regional chieftains, some still claiming the kinguri title, remained to resist their advance. Portuguese military commanders seized and destroyed the regalia of the kinguri position in 1912, thereby ending the history of the state by burning the symbols in which had inhered the power of its kings.
  6. ^ St John, Ronald Bruce (4 June 2014). Historical Dictionary of Libya. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 316. ISBN 9780810878761.
  7. ^ Association, Cheke Cultural Writers (1994). The history and cultural life of the Mbunda speaking peoples. The Association. p. 101. ISBN 9789982030069.
  8. ^ Abegaz, Berhanu (2018-06-09). A Tributary Model of State Formation: Ethiopia, 1600-2015. Springer. p. 48. ISBN 9783319757803.
  9. ^ Vos, Jelmer (2015). Kongo in the Age of Empire, 1860–1913: The Breakdown of a Moral Order. University of Wisconsin Pres. p. 350. ISBN 9780299306243.
  10. ^ Ahmida, Ali Abdullatif (2002). The making of modern Libya. Albany, New York: SUNY Press. pp. 126–131. ISBN 978-1-4384-2891-8. Retrieved 12 June 2011.