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List of capitals in China

The scope of this list is limited to capital cities of first-level administrative divisions such as provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities, and special administrative regions, also including sub-provincial cities which are governed by province but administered independently in many ways from a province.

Provincal-level capitals

  • Note: PRC claimed Taiwan and its capital in Taipei as one of its province which it does not control.
Jurisdiction Capital Chinese Capital since Land area
(km²)
Population
(2010)
Urban area
population (2010)
Symbol Seat Map
Anhui Hefei 合肥市 1853 11,323 7,457,027 3,098,727 Shushan Administrative Division Hefei.png
Beijing
(Municipality)
Beijing 北京市 1927 16,801 19,612,368 16,858,692 Dongcheng / Tongzhou ColorBeijingMapNew.png
Chongqing
(Municipality)
Chongqing 重庆市 1927 82,401 28,846,170 13,157,502 Yuzhong ChongqingMap.png
Fujian Fuzhou 福州市 1278 12,177 7,115,369 3,102,421 Gulou Administrative Division Fuzhou.png
Gansu Lanzhou 兰州市 1667 13,300 3,616,163 2,438,595 Chengguan Administrative Division Lanzhou.svg
Guangdong Guangzhou 广州市 1369 7,434 12,701,948 10,641,408 Yuexiu Administrative Division Guangzhou 2.png
Guangxi
(Autonomous region)
Nanning 南宁市 1912 22,189 6,658,742 2,846,882 Qingxiu Administrative Division Nanning.png
Guizhou Guiyang 贵阳市 1413 8,034 4,322,611 2,520,061 Guanshanhu Administrative Division Guiyang 2.png
Hainan Haikou 海口市 1988 2,237 2,046,170 1,517,410 Xiuying Administrative Division Haikou.png
Hebei Shijiazhuang 石家庄市 1968 15,722 10,163,788 3,232,082 Chang'an Administrative Division Shijiazhuang.png
Heilongjiang Harbin 哈尔滨市 1949 53,100 10,635,971 5,177,952 Songbei Administrative Division Harbin.png
Henan Zhengzhou 郑州市 1954 7,507 8,627,089 3,677,032 Zhongyuan Administrative Division Zhengzhou.png
Hong Kong
(Special administrative region)
Hong Kong 香港特别行政区 1997 1,104 7,071,576 7,071,576 Central & Western Map of Hong Kong 18 Districts.svg
Hubei Wuhan 武汉市 1927 8,494 9,785,388 7,541,527 Jiang'an Administrative Division Wuhan.png
Hunan Changsha 长沙市 1664 11,819 7,040,952 3,193,354 Yuelu Administrative Division Changsha.png
Inner Mongolia
(Autonomous region)
Hohhot 呼和浩特市 1952 17,224 2,650,364 1,497,110 Xincheng Administrative Division Hohhot.png
Jiangsu Nanjing 南京市 1952 6,598 8,003,744 6,238,186 Xuanwu Subdivisions of Nanjing-China.png
Jiangxi Nanchang 南昌市 1277 7,372 5,042,566 2,614,380 Donghu Administrative Division Nanchang 2.png
Jilin Changchun 长春市 1954 20,532 7,674,439 3,610,060 Nanguan Administrative Division Changchun 2.png
Liaoning Shenyang 沈阳市 1662 12,942 8,106,171 5,890,671 Hunnan Administrative Division Shenyang.png
Macau
(Special administrative region)
Macau 澳门特别行政区 1999 29 552,503 552,503 São Lourenço MapOfMacauMunicipalities.svg
Ningxia
(Autonomous region)
Yinchuan 银川市 1928 4,467 1,993,088 1,159,457 Jinfeng Administrative Division Yinchuan.png
Qinghai Xining 西宁市 1928 7,372 2,208,708 1,153,417 Chengzhong Administrative Division Xining.png
Shaanxi Xi'an 西安市 1286 9,983 8,467,838 5,596,083 Weiyang Administrative Division Xi'an.png
Shandong Jinan 济南市 1377 8,177 6,813,984 4,119,801 Lixia Administrative Division Jinan.png
Shanghai
(Municipality)
Shanghai 上海市 1927 6,340 23,019,196 20,555,098 Huangpu Administrative Division Shanghai.png
Shanxi Taiyuan 太原市 1369 6,959 4,201,592 3,154,157 Xinghualing Administrative Division Taiyuan.png
Sichuan Chengdu 成都市 1286 12,132 15,118,839 7,701,692 Wuhou Administrative Division Chengdu 2.png
Tianjin
(Municipality)
Tianjin 天津市 1927 11,760 12,938,693 10,277,893 Hexi ColorTianjinMap1.png
Tibet
(Autonomous region)
Lhasa 拉萨市 1642 29,274 559,423 220,252 Chengguan Administrative Division Lhasa.png
Xinjiang
(Autonomous region)
Ürümqi 乌鲁木齐市 1884 14,577 3,112,559 2,853,398 Tianshan Administrative division Urumqi.png
Yunnan Kunming 昆明市 1275 21,473 6,432,209 3,498,995 Chenggong Administrative Division Kunming.png
Zhejiang Hangzhou 杭州市 1367 16,847 8,700,373 6,000,545 Jianggan Administrative Division Hangzhou.png
Taiwan
(Claimed Province)
Taipei 台北 1887 Blank.png

Sub-provincial cities that are not themselves provincial capital

Sub-provincial cities have status that is below that of municipalities, which are independent and equivalent to provinces, but above other, regular prefecture-level divisions, which are completely ruled by their provinces. However, they are marked as same as other provincial capitals (or prefecture-level city if not provincial capital) in almost all maps.

Also, the provincial capitals of these provinces listed below(Guangzhou, Shenyang, Jinan, Hangzhou) are themselves sub-provincial cities (even before 1997 when Chongqing is a sub-provincial city of Sichuan province, since Chengdu is sub-provincial) except Fuzhou, Fujian.

Jurisdiction City Chinese Designation Land area (km²) Population (2010) Urban area
population (2010)
Symbol Seat Map
Fujian Xiamen 厦门市 1988 1,699 3,531,347 3,119,110 Siming Administrative Division Xiamen.png
Guangdong Shenzhen 深圳市 1988 2,050 10,358,381 10,358,381 Futian Administrative Division Shenzhen 2.png
Liaoning Dalian 大连市 1984 13,237 8,106,171 4,222,409 Xigang Administrative Division Dalian 2.png
Shandong Qingdao 青岛市 1986 11,026 8,715,087 4,556,077 Shinan Subdivisions of Qingdao, China.svg
Zhejiang Ningbo 宁波市 1987 9,816 7,605,689 2,823,065 Yinzhou Administrative Division Ningbo.svg

See also