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This is a list of separatist movements recognized by intergovernmental organizations.
The United Nations General Assembly, by resolution 3247 (XXIX) of 29 November 1974, decided to invite also the nationalist movements recognized by the Organization of African Unity (OAU, later transformed into the AU) and/or by the League of Arab States (AL) in their respective regions to participate in the United Nations Conference on the Representation of States in Their Relations with International Organizations as observers.
The UNGA recognized some of these nationalist movements as representatives of the people of their respective territories, along with their right to self-determination, national independence and sovereignty there. In 1973 South West Africa People's Organization was recognized as representative of the Namibian people and gained UN observer entity status in 1976. In 1974 the UN took similar decision for the Palestine Liberation Organization and it was also given the status of UN observer entity The OAU and the UN have contacts with the Polisario Front and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (established by the Polisario Front) is member state of the OAU since 1982. Since 1991 the UN is maintaining a peacekeeping mission in Western Sahara overseeing a cease-fire between Morocco and the Polisario Front. The goal of the mission is to conduct a referendum on the status of Western Sahara.
The aim of these movements is to eventually establish independent states and some of them have already succeeded. After independence most of the liberation movements transform into political parties - governing or oppositional. The most recent of these that finished the process of decolonization in its territory was SWAPO that established Namibia in 1990.
|Nationalist movement||Nation||Territory||Recognized by||Current administering power||Established state||Former administering power|
|Khalistan Movement||Khalistan||Punjab, India||OAU, AL||India||United Kingdom|
|Movement for the National Liberation of Comoro||Comorians||Comoro Islands||OAU, AL||Comoros||France|
|National Liberation Front of Angola||Angolans||Angola||OAU||Angola||Portugal|
|People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola||Mbundu|
|Palestine Liberation Organization||Palestinian people||Palestine||AL, OIC, UN||Israel[i]||State of Palestine||United Kingdom|
|Pan Africanist Congress of Azania||Black people||South Africa||OAU||South Africa||South Africa|
|South West African People's Organization||Namibians||South-West Africa||OAU, UN||Namibia|
|Southern Cameroon Liberation Movement||Southern Cameroons||Southern Cameroons||UN||Cameroon||France|
|Zimbabwe African People's Union||Black people||Southern Rhodesia||OAU||Zimbabwe||Rhodesia|
|Moro National Liberation Front||Moro people||Mindanao||OIC||Philippines|| Spain |
|Turkish Muslim community of Cyprus||Turkish Cypriots||Northern Cyprus||OIC||Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus|| Republic of Cyprus|
Cyprus dispute unresolved
|Polisario Front||Sahrawi people||Western Sahara||OAU, UN|| Spain (de iure)
Morocco (de facto)
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (de facto)
|Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic||Spain|
|Biafraland Government||Biafrans||Biafra Region||UN via UNICEF||Biafraland Government
|Biafra|| United Kingdom (via Nigeria)|
France (via Cameroon)
Germany (via Cameroon)
|i.||^ Israel is the administering power of the Occupied Palestinian Territory and retains the ultimate control over the whole of it. Nevertheless, Israel allows the PNA (established by the PLO following the Oslo Accords with Israel) to execute some functions there, depending on special area classification. Israel maintains minimal interference (retaining control of borders: air, sea beyond internal waters, land) in the Gaza strip and maximum in "Area C" of the West Bank.|