List of accidents and incidents involving airliners by location

This list of accidents and incidents on airliners by location summarizes airline accidents by states location, airline company with flight number, date, and cause.

There are 380 listed at the last count, as of 1.11.2015, not including those on linked articles.

It is also available grouped

For alternative, more exhaustive lists, see:

Airlines often seem to be remembered by their worst accidents and incidents. In that sense this list presents a good overview. While all the accidents and incidents in this list are noteworthy, not all involve fatalities.

If the aircraft crashed on land, it will be listed under a continent and a country. If the aircraft crashed on a body of water, it will be listed under that body of water.

Africa

Algeria

Angola

Benin

Canary Islands, Spain

  • KLM Flight 4805 and Pan Am Flight 1736 crashed during takeoff from Tenerife in the Canary Islands on 27 March 1977 in what has become known as the Tenerife airport disaster, the worst aviation disaster in history. The ground collision was caused by a number of factors, including weather conditions, pilot error, and technical limitations. A total of 583 people aboard both aircraft died. Survivors numbered 61 (54 passengers, 7 crew).
  • Dan-Air Flight 1008 crashed into a mountain on Tenerife near Los Rodeos due to pilot error on 25 April 1980. All 146 people aboard were killed. The accident was the greatest loss of life on a British-registered aircraft.

Cameroon

Chad

  • Air West Flight 612 was hijacked shortly after takeoff from Khartoum, Sudan, and flown to N'Djamena, Chad on 24 January 2007. There were no casualties, and the hijacker gave himself up upon reaching Chad.
  • On 19 September 1989 UTA Flight 772, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 (registration N54629)[2] operating the Brazzaville-N'Djamena-Paris CDG sector, was bombed 46 minutes after take-off from N'Djamena causing the aircraft to crash while flying over Niger. All 156 passengers and 14 crew members on board perished.[1][2] For nearly 20 years, this incident marked the deadliest air disaster involving a French-operated airliner, in terms of loss of life. As of June 2009, it ranks as the second-deadliest (see Air France Flight 447).

Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Hewa Bora Airways Flight 122 crashed into a residential and market area of Goma on 15 April 2008 after its engines failed during takeoff. Three passengers and 37 people on the ground died; 83 passengers and 8 crew survived. Additionally 111 injuries were reported, 40 of whom were passengers.
  • An Antonov An-26 operated by Africa One crashed and burned shortly after takeoff from Kinshasa on 4 October 2007. Deaths numbered 51, including 31 on the ground. One, possibly two, passengers survived. The cause of the crash is under investigation.
  • An Antonov An-32B operated by the Great Lakes Business Company, overloaded with nine tons of cassiterite and other minerals, and carrying 12 passengers and a crew of three develops engine failure about ten minutes after takeoff from Kongolo Airport in Kongolo on 26 August 2007. It attempts to return to the airport but strikes trees, crashes, and burns short of the runway, killing 14 of the 15 people on board.[3]
  • A L-410 aircraft operated by Free Airlines crashed in a swamp shortly after takeoff from Kamina Airport on 21 June 2007. The plane was overloaded, carrying 21 passengers and crew rather than the 17 maximum specified. One person died, and four others were badly injured.
  • An Antonov An-26B operated by Air Kasai in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on a flight from Boende to Kinshasa on 9 September 2005 crashes 50 km (31 miles) north of Brazzaville in the neighboring Republic of the Congo, killing all 13 people on board.[4]
  • An Antonov An-26B operated as a Kavatshi Airlines flight under an airworthiness certificate that had expired in September 2004, strikes a tree, crashes, and burns while landing in fog at Matari Airport in Isiro, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing all 11 people on board.[5]
  • In the 1996 Air Africa crash, an Antonov An-32 operated by Air Africa failed to takeoff and overran the runway at N'Dolo Airport and crashed into a crowded street market on 8 January 1996. The aircraft was operating illegally. At least two passengers died, along with an estimated 350 on the ground. An estimated 500 others were injured. Both pilots were charged and convicted of 225 counts of manslaughter and served two-year sentences.

Republic of the Congo

Egypt

  • Pan Am Flight 93 was hijacked as a part of the Dawson's Field hijackings on 6 September 1970 and flown to Beirut and then to Cairo. The aircraft was blown up by the hijackers seconds after the passengers were deplaned.
  • Flash Airlines Flight 604 crashed into the Red Sea shortly after takeoff from Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport on 3 January 2004. All 148 aboard were killed. The findings of the crash investigation are controversial, with accident investigators from the different countries involved not agreeing on the cause.
  • Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 was shot down by Israeli fighter jets on 21 February 1973 after it entered Israeli airspace and its pilots ignored instructions from the fighter pilots. Deaths were 108 of those aboard; one of the five survivors included the copilot.
Members of Embassy of Pakistan and Pakistani Community in Egypt commemorating the anniversary of crash victims of PIA Flight 705
  • PIA Flight 705 crashed while attempting to land at Cairo International Airport on 20 May 1965 when the pilot descended too quickly. Six passengers survived; the other 121 people aboard died.
  • TWA Flight 903 crashed during a forced emergency landing in the desert near Cairo after an engine caught fire and separated from the aircraft mid-flight on 1 September 1950. All 55 aboard were killed.
A makeshift memorial for the passengers and crews onboard Metrojet Flight 9268
  • Metrojet Flight 9268 was flying from Sharm el-Sheikh Airport to Pulkovo Airport. It was cruising at an altitude of +30.000 ft when it suddenly disintegrate in mid-air and crashed in northern Sinai on 31 October 2015. All 224 aboard were killed. Investigation is still ongoing. However, Russia and the west accused that a bomb was planted by Islamist Group ISIS in the aircraft, while Egyptian authorities denied such accusation and told there were no evidence of explosive traces in the aircraft.

Ivory Coast

  • Kenya Airways Flight 431 The aircraft was actually flying at normal take-off speed and doing fine. But then, the Airbus A310 stall warning suddenly went on. The pilots then pushed the controllers, so the stall warning stopped. The plane actually never flew at stall speed. Flight 432 then crashed into the Atlantic Ocean shortly after takeoff from Abidjan on 30 January 2000. Ten passengers survived. Of the 169 fatalities, 146 bodies were recovered, and 103 of those bodies were identified.
  • Varig Flight 797 crashed into the jungle near Abidjan after engine failure on 3 January 1987. Of 51 on board, 50 people died; a single passenger survived.

Liberia

Libya

Mali

Namibia

Niger

Nigeria

  • ADC Airlines Flight 53 the plane was taking off from Abuja's Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport when a windshear suddenly occurred. The plane stalled too near to the ground which was unrecoverable. It then crashed into a corn field and broke up on. Deaths numbered 97 people, including one on the ground; nine people survived. The exact cause of the crash remain disputed.
  • ADC Airlines Flight 86 Flight 86 was en route to Lagos airport at flight level (FL) 240 (approximately 24,000 ft (7,300 m) altitude). At the same time an aircraft operated by Triax was on its way from Lagos to Enugu at FL160. The Lagos Air Traffic Controller cleared the crew of Flight 86 to descend, but erroneously thought that he had earlier cleared Flight 86 to descend to 10,000 ft (3,000 m) and that it was below the Triax aircraft. The traffic collision avoidance system (TCAS) sounded an alert but when the crew took evasive action they overcompensated and it rolled too far; the pilots lost control. The inverted aircraft disintegrated on impact near Imota (Ejirin) at 17:05 local time, killing all 144 aboard.
  • Bellview Airlines Flight 210 crashed shortly after takeoff from Lagos on 22 October 2005, killing all 117 people aboard. The cause of the crash is under investigation, though a lightning strike is considered to be the most likely explanation.
  • EAS Airlines Flight 4226 crashed in a residential section of the city of Kano on 4 May 2002 due to pilot error. Deaths included 71 people aboard the aircraft, as well as 78 people on the ground, in the crash and ensuing fire. Six passengers survived with injuries. The crash was the highest death toll in an accident involving a BAC One-Eleven.
  • Sosoliso Airlines Flight 1145 crash landed on the runway at Port Harcourt International Airport on 10 December 2005. Deaths were 108 people on board, including 61 secondary school students, in the impact and fire. Two passengers survived. The cause of the crash is believed to be weather-related, though this has not been confirmed by authorities.
Wreckage of the ill-fated Dana Flight 992 on the 3rd of June 2012
  • Dana Air Flight 992 crashed into a two-story building at Iju Railway, Ishaga a suburb of Lagos on 3 June 2012. All 153 people on board the aircraft and ten more on the ground were killed. Following the crash, all flights by Dana Air were halted by Nigeria's Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA).
  • An Alia (Royal Jordanian) Boeing 707 crashed on landing at Kano Airport on 22 January 1973 when a landing gear strut collapsed, killing 176.

Rwanda

  • RwandAir Flight 205 crashed into a building after an engine throttle became jammed during landings in Kigali on 12 November 2009, killing one passenger.

Somalia

  • Daallo Airlines Flight 3159, an Airbus A321, encountered an explosion shortly after taking off from Mogadishu's Aden Adde International Airport. 2 injuries were reported, with unconfirmed reports that a burned body fell from the plane.

South Africa

Sudan

  • Sudan Airways Flight 109 crashed, broke apart, and caught fire upon landing at Khartoum on 10 June 2008. The cause of the accident was because the aircraft had been dispatched with the port engine thrust reverser deactivated. This condition caused it to veer to the right when the captain activated reverse thrust in both engines in order to stop the aircraft within 2,080 metres (6,820 ft) of runway left.. Thirty people are confirmed dead.
  • Sudan Airways Flight 139 crashed in Port Sudan on 8 July 2003 killing all 117 aboard. The flight crew was not able to see the runway in the low visibility and crashed when attempting a missed approach. A toddler initially survived the crash, however he succumbed to his injuries the next day.
  • Sudan Airways Flight 111 was hijacked on 30 March 2007. The hijacker demanded to be flown to South Africa, but agreed to stop to refuel in Khartoum, where he was arrested.

Togo

Zimbabwe

Antarctica

  • Air New Zealand Flight 901 crashed into the side of Mount Erebus, Antarctica, on 28 November 1979 for various reasons including pilot error, maintenance crew error, and whiteout conditions. All 257 aboard died.

Asia

Afghanistan

Armenia

Bahrain

Bangladesh

China

  • China Northern Flight 6136 — The flight took off when one of its passengers, Zhen Piling, set fire on board. The fire spread causing the MD-82 to lose control and crashed into Bohai Bay. All 103 passengers and 9 crews killed in the incident.
  • China Eastern Flight 5210 — The CRJ-200ER was taking off when suddenly it crashed into a park, killing all 53 people onboard and 2 on the ground. The cause the accident was the same case as Air Florida Flight 90, which was an ice accumulation on the wing.
  • 1990 Guangzhou Baiyun airport collisions —Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 using a Boeing 737 was hijacked while attempting to land and sideswiping a Boeing 707, the aircraft later crashed into a Boeing 757. A total of 128 people were killed in the incident.
  • China Northwest Airlines Flight 2303 — The Tupolev Tu-154 was taking off when the autopilot responsible for the bank and yaw control malfunctioned causing subsequent lost control. The aircraft overstressed, and, the airframe couldn't handle the pressure. It broke up in mid-air and crashed near Xian. 160 people were killed. It is the deadliest airplane crash ever to occur in China.
  • China Southern Airlines Flight 3943 The aircraft was descending when the flight crews accidentally caused an engine thrust asymmetry. The plane rolled to the right and lose control, later it crashed into a mountain near Guilin due to pilot error. Everyone onboard dies.
  • China Southern Airlines Flight 3456 was on approach to Shenzen. After several failed landing attempts, the pilots tried a third attempt when it slammed terrain and broke up in severe weather condition. 35 people were killed. Pilot error was the cause of the accident.
  • Henan Airlines Flight 8387 an Embraer E-190 carrying 96 people was approaching Lindu Airport when it slammed into terrain and burst into flames. 44 people were killed, the other 52 survivors were injured. The crews ignored the safety rules while landing in foggy condition.
  • Wuhan Airlines Flight 343 was a Xian Y-7 carrying 42 people when it was struck by lightning and crashed into a village, killing 49 people including 7 on the ground. Lightning strike was the cause of the accident

Georgia

Hong Kong SAR (China)

Guam (United States)

India

Wreckage of Air India Express Flight 812

Indonesia

Garuda Indonesia Flight 421
  • Lion Air Flight 538 — 30 November 2004 — While landing in Surakarta, the plane overrun the runway at Adisumarmo International Airport in bad weather. The plane crashed into a cemetery. Twenty-five people were killed.
  • Mandala Airlines Flight 091 — 5 September 2005 — Seconds after take-off, the plane stalled and crashed into a busy neighborhood in Medan, Sumatra. Out of 117 people on board, only 17 survived. North Sumatra's Governor Rizal Nurdin was among the dead. Forty-nine people on the ground were also killed. KNKT released the final report which stated that the pilots failed to set the flaps properly, thus the plane didn't have enough lift and stalled, even though until now many Indonesian still believed that the cause of the crash was because the overloading of durians in the cargo hold.
  • Adam Air Flight 574 — 1 January 2007 — Air Traffic Controller expected that the plane would contact the tower in waypoint DIAOLA when it suddenly disappeared from Jakarta's radar. Nine days later it was found that the aircraft had crashed in Makassar Strait killing all 102 passengers and crews on board. It was revealed that the pilots, accidentally disenganged the autopilot, overwhelmed by spatial disorientation, and didn't aware that the plane had banked heavily to the right. The plane reached terminal velocity and break-up in the air moments before impacted the sea.
Adam Air Flight 172
  • Adam Air Flight 172 — 21 February 2007 - Flight 172 involved in a hard landing in Juanda International Airport in Surabaya. The impact force was so big that the fuselage cracked and splits into two. All 149 people onboard survived. The incident caused all Boeing 737 owned by Adam Air to be grounded and banned from all flights.
Tailfin of Garuda Indonesia Flight 200
  • Garuda Indonesia Flight 200 — 7 March 2007 - On the final leg of landing, the plane descended steeply in high airspeed. The First Officer warned the Captain that the plane couldn't land in such situation and needed to go-around. The Captain however, ignored the warning and continued to land in the first attempt. It then overrun the runway, hit a perimeter fence, and burst into flames. Twenty-one people didn't make out alive.
  • Merpati Nusantara Airlines Flight 9760 - 2 April 2009 - The flight, using a DHC-6 suddenly lost contact over Oksibil in Papua. The plane was found crashed in nearby forest. All 15 people onboard killed.
  • Merpati Nusantara Airlines Flight 836 - 13 April 2010 - A Boeing 737 operated by Merpati Airlines overran the runway in Sorong, Papua with 109 people on board. The plane impacted terrain and broke up into three pieces. All 109 people onboard survived, 44 people suffered minor injuries.
  • Merpati Nusantara Airlines Flight 8968 - 7 May 2011 - The aircraft was on approach to Kaimana in Papua when it impacted water 500 meters from the runway. A total of 25 people were killed in the incident. The Captain chose to abort landing and performed a sharp left turn. It was also revealed that the Captain didn't retract the flaps properly causing the plane to lose altitude rapidly.
  • Nusantara Buana Air Flight 823 - 29 September 2011 - As the aircraft flying quite low over Leuser National Park, the crews encountered a thick cloud. Knowing that there were no other options as there were no gaps between the cloud, thus forcing them to fly into the cloud. But without any visual reference, the plane lose altitude and impacted terrain. All 18 people were killed.
A gaffiti in Solo regarding the Mount Salak Sukhoi Superjet 100 crash
  • Mount Salak Sukhoi Superjet 100 crash - 9 May 2012 - The plane was on a demonstration flight in Indonesia, carrying potential costumers and reporters. But few minutes later the plane impacted Mount Salak with 'no chance of survival'. Final reports indicated that the crews ignored the Terrain Warning System. They thought that the warning system was broken so they turned off the warning system while enganging in a conversation with a potential costumer. Unbeknownst to them that the plane was in extreme proximity with terrain.
Tail section of Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501
  • Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501 — 28 December 2014 — While flying in a thunderstorm, en route to Singapore, the plane disappeared from the radar. Two days later, it was found that the plane had crashed in Java Sea with no survivors among 162 passengers and crews on board. A little crack in a solder cause a significant electrical interruption to the rudder travel limiter. The crews tried to fix the problem, but just made it worse as they pulled the circuit breakers off causing protection system gone off. Subsequent miscommunication later, caused the plane to plunge into the Java Sea. Hadn't the crews pulled the circuit breakers, the flight would made it through their destination.
  • Trigana Air Service Flight 257 - 16 August 2015 - The ATR-42 was on final leg to Oksibil Airport when it suddenly slammed into Tangok Mountain, few miles from the airport. Search and rescue teams found that none of the 54 people onboard survived the crash. As both black boxes retrieved by KNKT, preliminary report indicates that the plane impacted terrain instantaneously, suspecting a CFIT.
  • Aviastar Flight 7503 - 2 October 2015 - Missing over Sulawesi, SAR team later found that debris have been found in Latimojong Mountain. As they reach the crash site, there were no survivors found. All 10 people onboard were killed in the crash.

Iran

  • 6 September 1929 — Imperial Airways de Havilland DH.66 Hercules G-EBMZ stalls when it flares too early while attempting a night landing at Jask Airport in Jask, Persia. It crashes and bursts into flames when its wing fuel tanks rupture and emergency flares in its wingtips ignite the fuel. Both crew members and one of the three passengers die.
  • 4 December 1946 — Aeroflot Lisunov Li-2 crashed at Mashhad, Iran, killing 24.
  • 14 September 1950 — An Iran Air Douglas C-47 Skytrain (registration EP-AAG) crashed on takeoff from Mehrabad Airport, killing all eight on board.
  • 1 December 1950 — An Iran Air C-47A (registration EP-AAJ) struck a mountain near Chamaran en route to Tehran from Tabriz, killing all eight on board.
  • 22 December 1951 — An Egypt Air SNCASE Languedoc circled Tehran twice in a snow storm and crashed 10 km W of Tehran, killing 22 on board.
  • 25 December 1952 — Iran Air Douglas DC-3; Tehran, Iran: 27 fatalities and two survivors.
  • 15 March 1963 — A TMA Cargo Avro York crashed seven miles southeast of Karaj, killing all 4 on board.
  • 15 March 1974 — A Sud Aviation Caravelle of Sterling Airlines damaged beyond repair while taxiing in Mehrabad International Airport, causing 15 casualties.
  • 21 January 1980 — Iran Air Boeing 727-86; near Tehran, Iran. The aircraft hit high ground in a snowstorm during the approach to land. All 8 crew members and 120 passengers were killed.
  • 3 July 1988 — Iran Air Flight 655, an Iranian passenger jet carrying 290 passengers, is shot down over the Persian Gulf by the United States Navy guided missile cruiser USS Vincennes killing all aboard including 66 children.
  • 24 May 1991 — A forced landing near Kermanshah, Iran, due to fuel shortage had to be made after three missed approaches by Soviet Metro Cargo Ilyushin Il-76. 4 on board casualties.
  • 8 February 1993 — A Tupolev Tu-154 was departing on a non-scheduled flight from Mehrabad International Airport, Tehran, to Mashhad International Airport when it became involved in a mid-air collision with an Iranian Air Force Sukhoi Su-24 fighter plane that was on approach to the same airport. All 12 crew members and 119 passengers on board, plus both pilots of the Su-24, were killed for a total of 133 fatalities.
  • 12 October 1994 — Iran Aseman Airlines Flight 746, a Fokker F28 Fellowship (registered EP-PAV) en route from Isfahan to Tehran suffered a sudden loss of power in both engines at 23:05 local time, 35 minutes after take-off from Isfahan International Airport. The aircraft went into an uncontrolled descent and crashed near Natanz, killing all 59 passengers and 7 crew members on board.
  • May 17, 2001 — A Faraz Qeshm Airlines Yakovlev Yak-40 departed from Tehran on a flight to Gorgan Airport carrying 30 people; including the Iranian Transport Minister Rahman Dadman, two deputy ministers and seven more members of parliament. It was forced to divert due to bad weather conditions and was later discovered crashed in the Alborz Mountains, near Sari, Iran. All on board perished.
  • 12 February 2002 — Iran Air Tours Flight 956, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashed into the Sefid Kouh mountains during heavy rain, snow and dense fog while descending for Khorramabad Airport. All twelve crew members and 107 passengers were killed.
  • 20 April 2005 — Saha Airlines Flight 171, a Boeing 707-320C, registration EP-SHE, flying from Kish Island, crashed on landing at Mehrabad Airport, Tehran following an unstabilised approach with a higher than recommended airspeed. Gear and/or a tire failed after touchdown and the flight overran the far end of the runway. Of the 12 crew and 157 passengers, 3 passengers were killed.
  • 1 September 2006 — Iran Air Tours Flight 945, A Tupolev Tu-154 from Bandar Abbas Airport with 11 crew and 137 passengers on board burst into flames upon landing at Mashhad International Airport, Iran killing 28 of those on board.
  • 15 July 2009 — Caspian Airlines Flight 7908, a Tupolev Tu-154M, traveling from Tehran to Yerevan crashed near Qazvin, killing all 168 people (156 passengers, 12 crew) on board.
  • 24 January 2010 — Taban Air Flight 6437, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashed whilst making an emergency landing at Mashhad International Airport due to a medical emergency; all 157 and 13 crew survived the accident with 42 receiving minor injuries.
  • 9 January 2011 — Iran Air Flight 277; near Urmia Airport, Iran. The aircraft impacted terrain during go-around due to bad weather. Of 105 aboard, 77 were killed.

Japan

  • All Nippon Airways Flight 60 crashed into Tokyo Bay while on approach to land at Tokyo International Airport on 4 February 1966 killing 133 people in the deadliest single-plane incident until 1971. The cause of the crash is undetermined.
  • All Nippon Airways Flight 61 — Hijacked and taken back over Tokyo, Japan.
  • BOAC Flight 911 — The aircraft was flying above Mount Fuji when it encountered a clear-air turbulence. The aircraft spiralling down, and part of the aircraft detached one by one as the aircraft started to lose control. It then slammed into the ground, killing everyone on board. A photo when the aircraft falling down was captured by photographer.
  • Canadian Pacific Airlines Flight 402 — The plane was on landing phase at Tokyo International Airport in fog. However, the plane was descending below the glide slope (similar to Asiana Airlines Flight 214). The plane then hit approach lights and struck a seawall. Only 8 people survived the crash.
  • Japan Airlines Flight 123 — Flight 123 was flying over Japan when part of its vertical stabilizer detached, causing some hydraulic loss which led to lose control. Flight crews tried to recover the plane and head back to Tokyo, but it was too late. The Boeing 747 then crashed into Mount Osutaka, Japan. Only 4 people survived. It is the deadliest single-aircraft crash to date and the worst in Japan. Investigators concluded that the rear pressure bulkhead damaged by a tailstrike few years earlier, resulting the detachment.
  • Japan Airlines Flight 350 — Flight 350 was on approach to Haneda Airport when the pilot deliberately nose dived the plane in order to crash it. The pilot then subdued by other flight crews, yet the plane remained descending. It then crashed into Tokyo Bay. The pilot who deliberately nose-dived the plane was suffering from mental illness prior to the incident.
  • Garuda Indonesia Flight 865 was a DC-10 taking off from Fukuoka when one of its engine had a failure. The pilots then rejected take-off but its too late. The plane overshoot the runway, skidded and burst into flames. The accident claimed 3 lives.
  • Japan Airlines Flight 907 and Japan Airlines Flight 958 — Nearly collided near Yaizu, Japan.
  • China Airlines Flight 120 — While taxiing, Flight 120 suddenly caught fire and exploded on Naha Airport, Okinawa, Japan. Incredibly, no one was killed in the incident. The aircraft was completely destroyed by the fire. The incident was caught on camera.

Laos

  • Lao Airlines Flight 301 an ATR 72-600 operated by Lao Airlines was about to land. As they approaches, the plane slammed to the ground, bounced a few times, skidded and plunged into the Mekong River killing all 49 people on board the aircraft. Investigators concluded that the cause of the accident was due to pilot error while approaching.

Malaysia

Pakistan

  • Pan Am Flight 73 — Hijacked in Karachi, Pakistan.
  • PIA Flight 688 — Crashed on takeoff due to engine failure.
  • AirBlue Flight 202 — The Airbus A321 was on approach to Benazir Bhutto International Airport in Islamabad with 152 people on board. The captain changed the heading as the tower directed it, but forgot to pull the button. Thus, the plane didn't change direction. The First Officer warned the Captain, but the Captain underestimated him. He changed the heading further as the plane getting closer to Margala Hills, but still didn't push the button. The plane flew straight to Margala Hills, slammed onto it and exploded on impact. Everyone onboard killed instantly in Pakistan's worst ever aviation accident.
  • Bhoja Air Flight 213 —The Boeing 737 was on approach to Benazir Bhutto International Airport in Islamabad while in extreme weather condition. As the Captain attempting the approach, Flight 213 encountered a microburst. The plane descended rapidly. However, both crews didn't take any recovery action. As the first microburst dissipated, both crews in state of confusion, this later aggravated by another sudden microburst which both crews didn't take any recovery action again. The plane crashed and exploded killing all 127 people on board in the second deadliest plane crash in Pakistan.

Philippines

Qatar

Saudi Arabia

  • Middle East Airlines Flight 438 — Disintegrated in flight from an explosive detonation.
  • Iraqi Airways Flight 163 — Hijacked on the way from Baghdad to Amman, later crashed after a grenade exploded.
  • Saudia Flight 163 — Just after taking off from Riyadh, the cargo hold of the flight caught fire. The pilots however successfully land the plane. Shockingly, instead of conducting an evacuation immediately, the pilots tried to taxi the aircraft. The plane then stopped with no further contact. After hours of silence from the plane, rescuers opened the plane's door and found everyone onboard had been killed due to smoke inhalation.
  • Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 (Jeddah, 1991) — The plane was carrying hajj pilgrimage when one of its tire caught fire just after take off. The pilots tried to made it back to Jeddah. The fire however intensifies. It then made its way to the cabin area causing passengers to panic. The heat was so hot in fact it melts the cabin's floor and caused some passengers to fell to their deaths. Despite the pilots best effort, the plane didn't made it to Jeddah. The flames engulfed the plane while it still in mid-air and crashed, killing everyone on board.

Singapore

South Korea

  • Asiana Airlines Flight 733 was on approach to Mokpo Airport in VOR when suddenly it hit a ridge, killing 68 people on board. Pilot error was blamed for the accident, as the pilots started descent while passing over the mountain peak.
  • Air China Flight 129 was on approach to Gimhae International Airport, lining up, but then slammed into a mountain nearby killing 129 people onboard out of 166 people. The pilot didn't aware of their proximity to the ground due to bad weather condition until it was too late to recover.

Sri Lanka

  • Icelandic Airlines Flight 001, a Douglas DC-8 on a charter flight, crashed into a coconut plantation while on approach to Katunayake, Sri Lanka for a refueling stop. 78 survived, but 184 were killed.
  • Martinair Flight 138 was a McDonnel Douglas DC-8 operating on behalf of Indonesia's flag carrier Garuda Indonesia carrying hajj pilgrimage to Mecca in which on 4 December 1974, the plane flew into a mountain, killing all 191 people on board. To date, it remains as the deadliest air disaster in Sri Lanka aviation history.

Taiwan

Part of the wreckage of China Airlines Flight 676
  • China Airlines Flight 611 — A Boeing 747 was flying near the Penghu Islands when it suddenly broke up in mid-air killing all 225 people on board, the result of an improper repair of a tailstrike which happened 22 years before the crash.
  • China Airlines Flight 676 — Crashed into a road upon approach to the airport, killing all passengers and crew of the aircraft and 6 persons on the ground.
  • Singapore Airlines Flight 006 — Singapore Airlines Boeing 747 was starting to take off when it hit a ground maintenance vehicle at Chiang Kai-shek International Airport near Taipei, Taiwan. 83 people died as the result. The plane was taking off from a wrong runway which was closed for maintenance.
  • TransAsia Airways Flight 222 Flight 222 was attempting to land in Huxi, Taiwan while in bad weather condition when it crashed into several houses. There were 58 people aboard the ATR 72-500; only 10 survived. The crash injured 5 people on the ground. Investigation concluded that the cause was pilot error.
Flag at half mast at Presidential Building Tower in Taiwan for the presumed deaths of passengers of TransAsia Airways Flight 235
  • TransAsia Airways Flight 235 was flying over Taipei when one of its engine failed. The ATR 72 then rolled sharply to the left, clipped a taxi and Huandong Viaduct. It impacted Keelung River in an upside down condition. 43 people out of 58 people were killed. Investigation still ongoing. Moments the plane crashed was captured by motorist and CCTV.

Thailand

  • Lauda Air Flight 004 — 26 May 1991 — Flight 004 was flying over Phu Toei National Park when it suddenly broke up in mid-flight, aircraft wreckage littered the area and strewn into the jungle near Suphan Buri and Ban Nong Rong, killing everyone on board in Thailand's worst aviation disaster. The cause of the breakup was because of an uncommanded thrust reverser on engine no. 1 causing the Boeing 767-3Z9ER lose control and broke up. Flight 004 was famously known due to Niki Lauda own contribution to the investigation of the crash.
  • Thai Airways International Flight 261 — 11 December 1998 —Flight crews made a third attempt to land the plane after second failed attempt when the plane stalled with a high angle of attack and crashed into a paddy field on approach to Surat Thani Airport amid heavy rains and poor visibility. 101 people were killed while 45 other survived.
  • One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269 — 16 September 2007 — A McDonnel Douglas MD-82 attempted to land in wind shear and strong winds at Phuket International Airport. The plane failed to land, rise sharply over the runway, stalled, crashed and burst into flames in the side of the runway. Pilot error was blamed for the accident that killed 90 people.
  • Bangkok Airways Flight 266 — 4 August 2009 — The ATR 72 Overran the runway on landing and crashed into a disused control tower at Koh Samui Airport. The pilot of the plane was the only person killed in the incident.

United Arab Emirates

South China Sea

  • Qantas Flight 30 — 25 July 2008, Mid-air decompression after departure from Hong Kong, landed safely in Manila; no injuries.

Various countries

Central America and the Caribbean

Costa Rica

Dominican Republic

Guatemala

Honduras

Panama

Puerto Rico

Montserrat

200

Europe

Austria

  • British Eagle International Airlines Flight 802 crashed into the Glungezer mountain near Innsbruck on 29 February 1964, killing all 83 people on board.
  • Hapag-Lloyd Flight 3378 crash-landed 650 m short of the runway in Vienna on 12 July 2000 due to fuel exhaustion 22 km out, arising from erroneous fuel management combined with failure to divert. There were no serious injuries.
  • A Super Puma helicopter collided mid-air on 5 March 2007 with a smaller private airplane at low altitude near the Zell am See Airport, due to failure of both pilots to visually detect the other aircraft in good weather. All eight people on the two craft were killed.

Belgium

  • An Imperial Airways Argosy crashed on 28 March 1933 near Diksmuide following an onboard fire suspected to be the first case of aerial sabotage. All 12 passengers and 3 crew were killed.
  • Sabena OO-AUB crashed on 16 November 1937 while attempting to land in bad weather near Ostend. All 11 aboard were killed.
  • Sabena Flight 548 crashed due to mechanical failure while attempting to land in Brussels on 15 February 1961. All 72 passengers and crew were killed, along with a single ground casualty.

Bulgaria

Croatia

Czech Republic

Denmark

France

Germany

  • British European Flight 609, crashed in Munich, West Germany (Munich air disaster).
  • Überlingen mid-air collision occurred when a Tupolev Tu-154 carrying 60 people, 45 of whom were children, collided with a DHL Boeing 757 over the city of Überlingen on 1 July 2002. All 71 people onboard both aircraft killed.
  • Pan Am Flight 708 crashed near Berlin, Germany, killing all three people on board.

Greece

  • Olympic Airways Flight 954 (December 8, 1969) — A Douglas DC-6 (SX-DAE) crashed during its approach to Athens Hellenicon Airport from Chania on Paneio mountain near Keratea amidst bad weather killing 90 passengers and crew. This was the worse aircraft accident in Greece until 2005.[12]
  • TWA Flight 841 (September 8, 1974) — A Boeing 707-331B (N8734) crushed in Ionian sea 30 minutes after its departure from Athens. An explosive device in the luggage area destroyed flight controls and resulted in 88 fatalities.[12]
  • Swissair Flight 316 (October 8, 1979) — A Douglas DC-8 (HB-IDE) landed near the middle of runway 15L of Athens Hellenicon Airport at more than 270 km/h overrun the runway and stopped on a public road outside the airport area. Its left wing was severed from the fuselage and in the resulting fire 14 out of 154 passengers died.[12]
  • TWA Flight 840 — Bombed on the way to Athens, Greece, sucking out 4 on board — the plane landed safely.
  • Olympic Aviation Flight 545 (August 3, 1989) — A Shorts 330-200 (SX-BGE) crashed on Kerkis mountain coming from Thessaloniki towards airport Pythagoras in Samos. All 31 passengers and crew of 3 died.[12]
  • Helios Airways Flight 522 ("Ghost Plane Incident")— The Cypriot Boeing 737 was on its way to Athens when the crews reported air conditioner problem, which was actually a pressure problem. The plane increase the altitude, lowering the pressure and decreasing the oxygen level. All of the passengers and crews but one suffered hypoxia. The plane was flying without any communication to the tower. It then ran out of fuel and crashed in Kalamos. All 121 people onboard killed.

Ireland

Italy

Luxembourg

Netherlands

Turkish Airlines Flight 1951
El Al Flight 1862

Norway

Poland

  • 1962 LOT Vickers Viscount Warsaw crash, the plane was returning from Brussels, had a mid-way landing in Berlin from where it took off at 5:55 pm. While on approach on runway 33 in Warsaw at 7:30 pm the crew received landing clearance. 46 seconds later the plane crashed and burned 1335 meters from the threshold. All 33 people onboard perished.
Wreckage of the 1962 LOT Vickers Viscount crash
Lufthansa Flight 2904

Portugal

Martinair Flight 495

Romania

Russia

A memorial for the plane crash that killed President Lech Kaczyński
  • 2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash, a Tupolev Tu-154 was trying to land in Smolensk Airport. However, heavy fog limits visibility, aggravated by incorrect altimeter set by the pilots, both pilots confused of the runway's whereabouts. The Tupolev left wing then hit a tree, and the aircraft inverted to the left, crashed and skidded in upside down condition in Smolensk , killing President of Poland Lech Kaczyński and all people aboard.
  • Red Wings Airlines Flight 9268 overrunned the runway on Pulkovo Airport and hit the highway in high speed. The aircraft broke up on impact and killing 5 crews out of 8. There were no passengers on board. The accident was caught on dashboard camera and went viral. The video showed the plane's moment of impact with the highway and debris littered the highway. One of its tires detached and hit a car in the front of the car that recorded the accident.
  • Tatarstan Airlines Flight 363 was on final approach in Kazan Airport. On 17 November 2013, as the landing attempt failed, pilots then requested a gp-around. The Boeing 737 however nose-dived, hit the tarmac and exploded. All 50 people were killed. The accident was caught by the airport's CCTV.

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

Turkey

Ukraine

  • 1979 Dniprodzerzhynsk mid-air collision: two Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-134s collided near Dniprodzerzhynsk on 11 August 1979, killing all 178 on both aircraft.
  • Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, a Boeing 777-200ER, was flying over Ukraine while en route to Kuala Lumpur International Airport. While flying over Hrabove, Donetsk Oblast on 17 July 2014, the aircraft disintegrated in mid-air after shot down by pro-Russian separatist using a surface-to-air Buk missile. The aircraft spiraling down, and parts of the cabin detached and disintegrated one by one while passengers sucked out from the aircraft. It slammed and exploded in the ground, killing all 298 people on board in Ukraine's worst aviation disaster and worst civilian aircraft shot down in history.
Parts of the crashed Malaysia Airlines Flight 17
  • Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Flight 612, On 22 August 2006, a Tupolev Tu-154M was flying over Donetsk Oblast in stormy condition when it stalled. Rather than recovering it, the pilots deepen the stall by pulling the stick. The plane crashed near Sukha Balka, killing everyone on board.
Memorial of Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Flight 612

United Kingdom

Various countries

  • Olympic Airways Flight 417: Dr. Abid Hanson,[13] a passenger on Olympic Airways Flight 417[14] from Cairo to Athens to New York City, who had a history of sensitivity to secondhand smoke requested a non-smoking seat prior. When the family boarded the aircraft in Athens, the people found that the assigned seats were three rows ahead of the economy class smoking area; there was no partition between the smoking and non-smoking section. The family requested a seat further away from the smoking section. The crew did not move the passenger to any of the 11 other unoccupied seats on the aircraft. The passenger felt a reaction to the smoke and died several hours later.[15] The case resulted in the Olympic Airways v. Husain case.

International waters

The following accidents and incidents occurred in international waters; that is, more than 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi) off the coast of any territory.

Atlantic Ocean

  • Air France Flight 447 — The Airbus A330 was carrying 228 people from Rio de Janeiro to Paris when its pitot tubes froze causing faulty airspeed reading. The plane then stalled. As the co-pilot took over, rather than getting out of the situation, he deepen the stall. The backup pilot sat next to him push the lever down and asked his co-pilot to do the same. However, a miscommunication occurred and his co-pilot pulled the lever even more, causing it to enter a deep stall. It then crashed into the Atlantic Ocean killing all on board.
Tailfin of Air France Flight 447

Black Sea

  • Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 — was flying near Ukraine on 4 October 2001, in a coincidence, a military practice was conducted by the Ukrainian army, which was to shot a target by a missile. The target was ready and set. However, rather than locking to its actual target, the missile locked itself towards the Siberia Airlines plane. It then hit the plane . All 78 people aboard killed . Ukraine paid ~$15 million compensation to victims' relatives.

Indian Ocean

  • Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 was hijacked on 23 November 1996 en route from Addis Ababa to Nairobi by three Ethiopians seeking political asylum. The plane crash-landed in the Indian Ocean near Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 125 of the 175 passengers and crew on board.
  • Korean Air Flight 858 was destroyed by a bomb planted by North Korean agents on 29 November 1987. All 115 on board died.
  • South African Airways Flight 295 crashed into the Indian Ocean in international waters off the coast of Mauritius on 28 November 1987 after a catastrophic in-flight fire. The cause of the fire was never determined. All 159 aboard were killed.
  • Yemenia Flight 626 The Airbus A300 was on approach to Moroni when it stalled. The flight crews didn't do the appropriate action to recover it and thus the plane crashed into the Indian Ocean off the Northern coast of Comoros on 30 June 2009. Of 153 aboard, 152 died; a 12-year-old passenger was found alive.

Pacific Ocean

Oceania

Australia

New Zealand

North America

Canada

United States

South America

Argentina

Brazil

  • VASP Flight 168 — Crashed into the Aratanha mountains in Ceará, northeast Brazil.
  • Varig Flight 254 — Crashed into a jungle near Sao Jose do Xingu into the Cachimbo mountains, central-west Brazil.
  • Transbrasil Flight 303 — Crashed into a hill during instrumental approach to Florianópolis, Brazil.
Landing gear of TAM Airlines Flight 3054
Wreckage of GOL Transportes Aereos Flight 1907
  • Gol Transportes Aereos Flight 1907 — Flight 1907 was flying over Amazon when one of its wing suddenly cut off from the Boeing 737. This causing the plane to rolled uncontrollably, corkscrewing, and broke up due to stress of the airframe. It then crashed into a jungle near Sao Jose do Xingu into the Cachimbo mountains. All 154 people onboard killed. An U.S Embraer Legacy aircraft accidentally turned its transponder off, causing the Gol Flight and ATC to not notice the Embraer plane. The Embraer winglets then sliced the Gol's wing. Everyone on board the Embraer however, survived.
  • TAM Airlines Flight 3054 — Crashed near the airport of Congonhas in São Paulo, southeast Brazil, during the landing.
  • 1982 TABA Fairchild FH-227 accident - crashed on approach to land at Tabatinga International Airport

Chile

Colombia

Ecuador

Peru

Suriname

Uruguay

  • Austral Líneas Aéreas Flight 2553 — The plane was on cruising when the stall aural warning suddenly sounded. Its pitot tubes actually froze and caused a misreading. However, the pilots didn't aware of this and put the aircraft on nose down to increase their speed. The plane was never at stall speed and was actually nearly overspeeding. The stall warning still sounded and flight crews retracted the plane's slat. As because the plane was overspeeding, one of its slats came off, thus the plane lost control. The plane crashed at Nuevo Berlín, Uruguay in nearly perpendicular angle, killing all aboard.

Venezuela

References

  1. ^ UTA 772: The forgotten flight
  2. ^ McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 N54629
  3. ^ Accident Report at Aviation Safety Network.
  4. ^ a b Accident report at Aviation Safety Network
  5. ^ Accident report at Aviation Safety Network
  6. ^ Accident description for S2-ABJ at the Aviation Safety Network
  7. ^ "AROUND THE WORLD; 49 Die in Bangladesh As Plane Plunges". The New York Times. 6 August 1984. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Jetliner crash in India, airline says". CNN. 2010-05-21. 
  9. ^ "Indian official: At least 160 dead in Air India plane crash in Mangalore". Wire Update/BNO News. 2010-05-22. 
  10. ^ "Air India flight from Dubai crashes in India". MSNBC. 2010-05-21. 
  11. ^ "Casualties feared in Air India crash". CNN. 22 May 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c d Serbis, E. "Known and unknown accidents". F. Daskas. Retrieved Mar 14, 2015. 
  13. ^ Lithwick, Dahlia (2003-11-12). "The accidental tourist". Slate.com. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  14. ^ "Olympic Airways v. Rubina Husain, et al" (PDF). Supreme.lp.findlaw.com. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  15. ^ "Fatal Plane Crashes and Significant Events for the Boeing 747". Airsafe.com. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  16. ^ "Cholera Kills One and Fells Many on Flight". New York Times. 1992-02-21. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  17. ^ [1][dead link]
  18. ^ "Cuban airline rated unsafe / Miami Herald - Cuba News / Noticias - CubaNet News". Cubanet.org. 1999-12-28. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  19. ^ "Cuba on line. Cubana airlines 1". Cubaonline.narod.ru. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 

External links