Airlines often seem to be remembered by their worst accidents and incidents. In that sense this list presents a good overview. While all the accidents and incidents in this list are noteworthy, not all involve fatalities.
If the aircraft crashed on land, it will be listed under a continent and a country. If the aircraft crashed on a body of water, it will be listed under that body of water (except if that body of water included in an area of a country). Accidents and incidents written in bold were the deadliest in that country.
A Trans Service Airlift Lockheed L-188 crashed on 18 December 1995 shortly after takeoff from Jamba Airport, killing 141 passengers and crew. The aircraft had been filled with 40 people beyond specifications. One crewmember and two passengers survived.
TAAG Angola Airlines Flight 462 left wing struck the ground, crashed and exploded on 8 November 1983 after an apparent mechanical failure, killing all 130 people aboard.
1999 Air Botswana incident - On 11 October 1999, Chris Patswe, a former Air Botswana pilot, hijacked an aircraft and crashed it into another plane. He was the only person who died.
UTAGE Flight 141 Overloading caused the plane to take off too late and struck an airport structure. The Boeing 727 slid and broke, plunged into the Atlantic in Benin's worst aviation disaster.
Canary Islands, Spain
Memorial service for the victims of the Tenerife Airport disaster, the deadliest aviation disaster in history
KLM Flight 4805 and Pan Am Flight 1736 crashed during takeoff from Tenerife in the Canary Islands on 27 March 1977 in what has become known as the Tenerife airport disaster, the worst aviation accident in history. The ground collision was caused by a number of factors, including weather conditions, pilot error, and technical limitations. A total of 583 people aboard both aircraft died. Survivors numbered 61 (54 passengers, 7 crew).
Cameroon Airlines Flight 786 - The Boeing 737-2H7C was taxiing for take-off from Douala International Airport when the engine no 2 suffered a turbine engine failure which resulted a fire. All 116 passengers and crews were able to evacuate from the burning aircraft, but two passengers died due to fire outside of the aircraft.
Cameroon Airlines Flight 3701 - Upon approach to Douala International Airport, the Boeing 737-200 nose-dived and crashed into a swamp, killing 71 people and injuring 5. Engine thrust asymmetry and subsequent lost of control are suspected as the cause of the incident.
Kenya Airways Flight 507 - The night of 5 May 2007, shortly after takeoff from Douala International Airport a Boeing 737-800 suddenly banked heavily to the right, nose-dived and slammed into a swamp, killing all 114 aboard. The incident was caused by pilot error. Investigation identified lack of crew coordination, spatial disorientation, and confusion in the use of the auto pilot as contributing factors to Cameroon's deadliest plane crash.
Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 was hijacked on 23 November 1996 en route from Addis Ababa to Nairobi by three Ethiopians seeking political asylum. The plane crash-landed in the Indian Ocean near Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 125 of the 175 passengers and crew on board.
Hewa Bora Airways Flight 122 crashed into a residential and market area of Goma on 15 April 2008 after its engines failed during takeoff. Three passengers and 37 people on the ground died; 83 passengers and 8 crew survived. Additionally 111 injuries were reported, 40 of whom were passengers.
United Arab Airlines Flight 749, descending too low while approaching Cairo Airport and crashed around 5 km from the airport during a thunderstorm on 18 March 1966. All 30 people were perished in the accident.
Flash Airlines Flight 604 crashed into the Red Sea shortly after takeoff from Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport on 3 January 2004. All 148 aboard were killed. The findings of the crash investigation are controversial, with accident investigators from the different countries involved not agreeing on the cause.
Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 was shot down by Israeli fighter jets on 21 February 1973 after it entered Israeli airspace and its pilots ignored instructions from the fighter pilots. Deaths were 108 of those aboard; one of the five survivors included the copilot.
KLM Flight 823 crashed, burst into flames while on approach to Cairo International Airport, killing 20 people.
Members of Embassy of Pakistan and Pakistani Community in Egypt commemorating the anniversary of crash victims of PIA Flight 705
TWA Flight 903 crashed during a forced emergency landing in the desert near Cairo after an engine caught fire and separated from the aircraft mid-flight on 1 September 1950. All 55 aboard were killed.
A makeshift memorial for the passengers and crew on board Metrojet Flight 9268
Metrojet Flight 9268 disintegrated while cruising in mid-air over the Sinai Peninsula, killing all 224 people on board. Russia and the West blamed ISIS for the downing of the aircraft, while Egypt denied such allegations.
Aeroflot Flight 418 - On 1 June 1976, a Tupolev Tu-154A carrying 46 people slammed into the mountain in Bioko. Everyone perished.
Ethiopian Airlines Flight 604 - The aircraft suffered a multiple bird strikes and attempted an emergency landing at Bahir Dar. Upon landing, the plane caught fire, killing 35 people.
Allied Air Flight 111 – On June 2, 2012, a Boeing 727 overran the runway crashing into a perimeter fence, minibus, cyclist, and taxicab resulting in 12 deaths on the ground. All four crew members survived.
Kenya Airways Flight 431 The aircraft was actually flying at normal take-off speed and doing fine. But then, the Airbus A310 stall warning suddenly went on. The pilots then pushed the controllers, so the stall warning stopped. The plane actually never flew at stall speed. Flight 431 then crashed into the Atlantic Ocean shortly after takeoff from Abidjan on 30 January 2000. Ten passengers survived. Of the 169 fatalities, 146 bodies were recovered, and 103 of those bodies were identified.
Varig Flight 797 crashed into the jungle near Abidjan after engine failure on 3 January 1987. Of 51 on board, 50 people died; a single passenger survived.
Lufthansa Flight 540 - The Boeing 747 stalled shortly after take off, grazed some bushes and grass, and hit an elevated road access. The left wing burst into flames and spread, killing 59 people.
1958 Central African Airways plane crash The plane, a Vickers Viscount was carrying 54 people when it crashed into high ground, killing 36 people. At the time, it was the deadliest plane crash in Libya. Possible fatigue and indisposition were blamed for the crash.
Afriqiyah Airways Flight 771 The Airbus A330 was on approach to Tripoli International Airport on 12 May 2010 when it slammed to the ground on nose down input, slid, disintegrated and exploded. Among the 104 aboard, there was one survivor, 9 year old Ruben van Assouw from the Netherlands.
Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 1103 Flight 1103 was approaching to Tripoli Airport on 22 December 1992 when it disintegrated to pieces. All 157 aboard were killed. The official cause was a mid-air collision with a fighter jet, but some have contested this conclusion, claiming Muammar Gaddafi ordered the aircraft's destruction.
Air Mauritanie Flight 625 - The Fokker F28 Fellowship was carrying a total of 93 people when it flew into a sandstorm. This limits the visibility for the pilots. The aircraft hit terrain and killed a total of 80 people in the worst crash involving a Fokker 28 and one of the worst in Mauritania.
Air France Flight 2005 - On 12 September 1961, a Sud Aviation Caravelle was on approach to Rabat when it slammed to the ground, killing all 77 people on board.
Agadir air disaster - On August 3, 1975, a Boeing 707-321C slammed into mountain and exploded, killing all 188 people on board in Morocco's deadliest air disaster. The plane was totally destroyed and disintegrated.
Royal Air Maroc Flight 630 - On 21 August 1994, an ATR 42-312 was carrying 44 people while en route to Mohammed V Airport. when it was deliberately crashed by the pilot, killing all on board.
Kano air disaster A Boeing 707 was landing at Kano Airport on 22 January 1976 when the nose wheel suddenly collapsed. After that, the right main gear started to collapsed as well. The aircraft spun 180°, excursed the runway and burst into flames, killing 176.
ADC Airlines Flight 86 The plane was in collision course with another plane. The pilots adverted the disaster by doing a drastic maneuvre, but loss control and crashed. The cause was ATC error and pilot error.
Nigeria Airways Flight 357 The Boeing 737-2F9 was landing on Kaduna Airport on 13 November 1995 when it overran the runway and burst into flames, killing 11 people. The aircraft was destroyed by the flames.
EAS Airlines Flight 4226 Crashed in a residential section of the city of Kano on 4 May 2002 due to pilot error. Deaths included 71 people aboard the aircraft, as well as 78 people on the ground. Six passengers survived with injuries.
ADC Airlines Flight 53 Crashed immediately after takeoff due to wind shear and pilot error, while avoiding a collision. 29 October 2006
Dana Air Flight 992 Crashed into a building in Lagos due to engine failure on 3 June 2012. All 153 people on board the aircraft and ten more on the ground were killed.
RwandAir Flight 205 crashed into a building after an engine throttle became jammed during landings in Kigali on 12 November 2009, killing one passenger.
Somali Airlines Flight 40, few minutes after taking off from Mogadishu, the aircraft entered a violent turbulence. The plane shook violently, went into a spiral dive, and lost control after its right wing separated. It then crashed near Balad, killing all 50 people on board.
Sudan Airways Flight 109 crashed, broke apart, and caught fire upon landing at Khartoum on 10 June 2008. The cause of the accident was because the aircraft had been dispatched with the port engine thrust reverser deactivated. This condition caused it to veer to the right when the captain activated reverse thrust in both engines in order to stop the aircraft within 2,080 metres (6,820 ft) of runway left. Thirty people are confirmed dead.
Sudan Airways Flight 139 crashed in Port Sudan on 8 July 2003 killing all 117 aboard. The flight crew was not able to see the runway in the low visibility and crashed when attempting a missed approach. A toddler initially survived the crash, however he succumbed to his injuries the next day.
Sudan Airways Flight 111 was hijacked on 30 March 2007. The hijacker demanded to be flown to South Africa, but agreed to stop to refuel in Khartoum, where he was arrested.
EgyptAir Flight 843 - On 7 May 2002, a Boeing 737 carrying 62 people was on approach to Tunisia's capital Tunis when it suddenly slammed into nearby hill. The force was strong enough to crack and split the aircraft open and killed 14 people.
Air New Zealand Flight 901 crashed into the side of Mount Erebus, Antarctica, on 28 November 1979 for various reasons including pilot error, maintenance crew error, and whiteout conditions. All 257 aboard died.
Azerbaijan Airlines Flight 56 - Shortly after taking off from Nakhchivan Airport, the Tupolev Tu-134 encountered an engine failure on its engine no 1. The pilots seemed to misread it as a failure on engine no 2. Therefore, they shutted down engine no 2. After realizing their failure, the pilots gave full power to engine no 2. But the engine already stopped. The plane banked heavily and crashed into a field. 52 people were killed in Azerbaijan's worst plane disaster.
Air France Douglas DC-4 accidents on 12 June 1950, a flight from Saigon to Paris crashed in the Persian Gulf while on approach to Bahrain International Airport killing 46 of the 52 on board. On 14 June 1950, a second Douglas DC-4 operating on the same flight route, crashed in the Persian Gulf while on approach to Bahrain International Airport, killing 40 of 53 on board.
Gulf Air Flight 072 crashed in the Persian Gulf while on approach to Bahrain International Airport on 23 August 2000, due to pilot error and spatial disorientation, killing all 143 people on board.
PMTair Flight 241 - On June 25, 2007, an Antonov An-24B carrying 22 people crashed and burst into flames in upside down condition. No one survived the crash. An official investigation were carried out by Cambodian Government and blamed pilot error as the cause of the accident.
Vietnam Airlines Flight 815 - On September 3, 1997, a Tupolev Tu-134B-3 operated by Vietnam's flag carrier Vietnam Airlines crashed onto the ground, skidded over a dry rice paddies and exploded, just 800 meters from the runway. Only one survived. The First Officer and the Flight Engineer had warned the Captain twice to abort the landing. The Captain didn't listen. Official investigation blamed pilot error as the cause of the accident.
China Northwest Airlines Flight 2119 - While rolling in the runway for take off, the right-side flap actuator failed, causing the flaps to retract. The crew aborted the take off and, the plane overrun the runway and crashed into a lake, killing 55 people.
China Northern Airlines Flight 6901 - While on approach to Ürümqi Diwopu International Airport, the "pull up!" alert went on. Rather than pulling the nose up, the Captain asked the First Officer the meaning of the word. The plane crashed onto terrain, killing 12 people.
China Northern Flight 6136 — The flight took off when one of its passengers, Zhen Piling, set fire on board. The fire spread causing the MD-82 to lose control and crashed into Bohai Bay. All 103 passengers and 9 crews killed in the incident.
China Eastern Flight 5210 — The CRJ-200ER was taking off when suddenly it crashed into a park, killing all 53 people on board and 2 on the ground. The cause the accident was the same case as Air Florida Flight 90, which was an ice accumulation on the wing.
1990 Guangzhou Baiyun airport collisions — Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301, using a Boeing 737 was hijacked while attempting to land and sideswiping a Boeing 707, the aircraft later crashed into a Boeing 757. A total of 128 people were killed in the incident.
China Northwest AirlinesFlight 2303 — The Tupolev Tu-154 was taking off when the autopilot responsible for the bank and yaw control malfunctioned causing subsequent lost control. The aircraft overstressed, and, the airframe couldn't handle the pressure. It broke up in mid-air and crashed near Xian. 160 people were killed.
China Southern Airlines Flight 3943 The aircraft was descending when the flight crews accidentally caused an engine thrust asymmetry. The plane rolled to the right and lose control, later it crashed into a mountain near Guilin due to pilot error. Everyone on board died.
China Southern Airlines Flight 3456 was on approach to Shenzen. After several failed landing attempts, the pilots tried a third attempt when it slammed terrain and broke up in severe weather condition. 35 people were killed. Pilot error was the cause of the accident.
Henan Airlines Flight 8387 an Embraer E-190 carrying 96 people was approaching Lindu Airport when it slammed into terrain and burst into flames. 44 people were killed, the other 52 survivors were injured. The crews ignored the safety rules while landing in foggy condition.
Air India Flight 855 crashed off the coast of Bandra, Bombay, (now Mumbai) on 1 January 1978 when the captain became spatially disoriented after the failure of one of the flight instruments in the cockpit. All 213 aboard were killed.
Alitalia Flight 771 crashed into a hill northeast of Mumbai while on approach on 7 July 1962. The accident was attributed to navigation error. All 94 aboard were killed.
Alliance Air Flight 7412 crashed in a residential estate of Patna on 17 July 2000 after the pilot lost control of the aircraft and stalled. Deaths included 55 people aboard, along with 5 on the ground.
1996 Charkhi Dadri mid-air collision, the Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 763 collided in mid-air with Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 on 12 November 1996. The cause was determined to be pilot error by the Kazakhstan Airlines pilot. All 349 people on board both flights were killed, making it the deadliest mid-air collision in history.
Indian Airlines Flight 427 was hijacked by a single individual on 24 April 1993. The hijacker demanded passage to Afghanistan, but was denied overflight permission by Pakistani authorities and the pilot diverted to Amritsar. The hijacker was killed after security forces stormed the aircraft.
Indian Airlines Flight 491 crashed into a truck at the end of the runway while taking off from Aurangabad, Maharashtra on 26 April 1993. The cause was both pilot error and the failure of the aviation administration to control highway traffic. Deaths were 55.
Indian Airlines Flight 814 was hijacked by suspected Pakistani extremists on 24 December 1999 while in Indian airspace. The aircraft was flown to Kandahar, Afghanistan. One passenger was killed by the hijackers; the other 192 aboard survived.
Japan Airlines Flight 471 crashed near Palam Airport on 14 June 1972, killing 82 of 87 on board and three on the ground; Japan claimed that a false glide path signal caused the crash, while India claimed that the pilot disregarded let-down procedures.
Japan Airlines Flight 472 overran the runway after landing at the wrong airport on 24 September 1972; all 122 on board survived.
Gujarat Beechcraft incident- A civilian Beechcraft commuter plane was shot down by a Pakistan Air Force fighter on 19 September 1965, killing all eight on board.
6 September 1929 — Imperial Airwaysde Havilland DH.66 Hercules G-EBMZ stalls when it flares too early while attempting a night landing at Jask Airport in Jask, Persia. It crashes and bursts into flames when its wing fuel tanks rupture and emergency flares in its wingtips ignite the fuel. Both crew members and one of the three passengers die.
20 April 2005 — Saha Airlines Flight 171, a Boeing 707-320C, registration EP-SHE, flying from Kish Island, crashed on landing at Mehrabad Airport, Tehran following an unstabilised approach with a higher than recommended airspeed. Gear and/or a tire failed after touchdown and the flight overran the far end of the runway. Of the 12 crew and 157 passengers, 3 passengers were killed.
1 September 2006 — Iran Air Tours Flight 945, A Tupolev Tu-154 from Bandar Abbas Airport with 11 crew and 137 passengers on board burst into flames upon landing at Mashhad International Airport, Iran killing 28 of those on board.
BOAC Flight 911 — The aircraft was flying above Mount Fuji when it encountered a clear-air turbulence. The aircraft spiralling down, and part of the aircraft detached one by one as the aircraft started to lose control. It then slammed into the ground, killing everyone on board. A photo when the aircraft falling down was captured by photographer.
Japan Airlines Flight 350 — Flight 350 was on approach to Haneda Airport when the pilot deliberately nose dived the plane in order to crash it. The pilot then subdued by other flight crews, yet the plane remained descending. It then crashed into Tokyo Bay. The pilot who deliberately nose-dived the plane was suffering from mental illness prior to the incident.
Wreckage of Japan Airlines Flight 123, the worst single aircraft crash in history
Japan Airlines Flight 123 — Flight 123 was flying over Japan when part of its vertical stabilizer detached, causing some hydraulic loss which led to lose control. Flight crews tried to recover the plane and head back to Tokyo, but it was too late. The Boeing 747 then crashed into Mount Osutaka, Japan. Only 4 people survived. It is the deadliest single-aircraft crash to date and the worst in Japan. Investigators concluded that the rear pressure bulkhead damaged by a tailstrike few years earlier, resulting the detachment.
China Airlines Flight 140 stalled, impacted the runway, exploded and burst into flames. Only 7 people survived. The First Officer accidentally pushed the TO/GA button (Takeoff/Go-around button) which raises the throttle position to the same as take offs and go-arounds. The pilots tried to corrected the situation, but their action causing the autopilot to raise the nose sharply, causing it to stall.
Garuda Indonesia Flight 865 was a DC-10 taking off from Fukuoka when one of its engine had a failure. The pilots then rejected take-off but its too late. The plane overshoot the runway, skidded and burst into flames. The accident claimed 3 lives.
Aeroflot Flight 4225 - Shortly after take off, the Tupolev Tu-154B-2 encountered a massive blow of wind from above, causing it to stall and lose altitude rapidly. The plane stalled, nose dived, slid and exploded near Alma-Ata. All 166 people were killed in Kazakhstan's deadliest plane crash.
Aeroflot Flight 5463 - The aircraft slammed into the western slope of Dolan Mountain while on approach to Almaty. All 90 passengers and crews on board were killed.
SCAT Airlines Flight 760 - A Bombardier CRJ200 operated by Kazakh-based SCAT Airlines suddenly nose dived and impacted terrain while on final approach to Almaty International Airport. All 21 people aboard killed. Investigators concluded that an elevator deflection caused the crash. However, they couldn't determine the cause of the deflection.
Avia Traffic Company Flight 768 - The Boeing 737 touched the ground too hard, overrun the runway and slid, detaching the engines and causing some significant damages to the plane. Although the plane suffered great damage, none killed.
Iran Aseman Airlines Flight 6895 - The Boeing 737 operated by Itek Air was on final approach to Dushanbe on 24 August 2008 when it crashed onto terrain. Only 22 people survived the crash. Investigation by Russian investigators concluded that the pilots maintained the aircraft altitude below the minima, in other words, below the glide - slope.
Turkish Airlines Flight 6491 - A Boeing 747-400F crashed into a residential area upon attempting landing in thick fog in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan on 16 January 2017. The 4 crew members and 35 people on the ground were killed.
Lao Airlines Flight 301 an ATR 72-600 operated by Lao Airlines was about to land. As they approaches, the plane slammed to the ground, bounced a few times, skidded and plunged into the Mekong River killing all 49 people on board the aircraft. Investigators concluded that the cause of the accident was due to pilot error while approaching.
Double Six Crash — a Sabah Air aircraft crashed killing state ministers on board.
Malaysian Airline System Flight 684 - The Airbus A300 stuck trees, slid, and struck a stream embankment. The aircraft lost its nose and both of its engines. All aboard survived the crash.
Japan Airlines Flight 715 — The McDonnell Douglas DC-8 descended below MDA of 750 feet, then at 300 feet it crashed into the side of a hill 4 miles from the airport, near an estate called Ladang Elmina. It broke on impact killing 34 out of 77.
On 25 March 1978, a Burma Airways Fokker F-27 Friendship 200 lost height and crashed into a paddy field shortly after take-off from Yangon-Mingaladon Airport, killing all 48 people on board.
On Thursday, 24 January 1980, a Burma Airways Fairchild FH-227B struck the roof of a tobacco factory and crashed following an apparent engine failure in mid-air, killing 43 people. One person survived the crash.
On 21 June 1987, a Burma Airways Fokker F-27 Friendship 200 slammed into a mountain shortly after take-off from Heho Airport, killing all 45 people on board.
On 11 October 1987, a Burma Airways Fokker F-27 Friendship 500 flew into a mountain and exploded, killing all 49 people on board.
Myanma Airways Flight 635 - While on approach to Tachilek Airport, the Fokker F-27 Friendship slammed onto mountain, killing all 36 people on board.
Air Bagan Flight 11 - The Fokker 100 slammed onto a paddy field and burst into flames after the pilots thought the road was the runway. 2 people were killed including one on the ground.
A memorial park in Kakani for the victims of Thai Airways International Flight 311
Agni Air Flight 101 - On 24 August 2010, an Agni Air Dornier Do 228-101 crashed into the mountain while carrying 14 people. No one on board made it out alive. Investigation concludes that the pilots became spatially disoriented after the plane's attitude indicator gave the wrong information to the pilots following a generator failure. There was a backup generator, but was exhausted early, due to the crew using an outdated checklist and not adhering to a checklist.
Nepal Airlines Flight 555 - On 16 May 2013, a Nepal Airlines DHC-6 overran the runway at Jomsom Airport with 21 passengers on board. The plane then went down a hill and impacted the Gandaki River nose-first. However, all on board survived.
PIA Flight 688 — An engine failure occurred in-flight. However, the pilots apparently lose their spatial awareness. The pilots became confused, and the aircraft then crashed in an inverted attitude. All aboard were killed
AirBlue Flight 202 — an Airbus A321 was on final approach to Islamabad's Benazir Bhutto International Airport when it slammed into Margalla Hills, killing all 152 people on board in Pakistan's deadliest plane crash. The Captain forgot to pull the heading indicator button, causing the plane to fly straight into the hill. The First Officer aware of this, but failed to inform the Captain.
Bhoja Air Flight 213 — a Boeing 737 was carrying 127 people when a microburst occurred. The plane lose altitude rapidly. Later on it encountered a second microbust, in which both pilots failed to response appropriately. The plane slammed into the ground and exploded into pieces, killing all on board.
Pakistan International Airlines Flight 661 — on 7 December 2016, flight PK 661 crashed in Havelian en route to Islamabad from Chitral killing 47 total, including famous Pakistani former singer and converted preacher of Islam Junaid Jamshed and his family members along with two sky marshals, five crew members and the Deputy Commissioner of District of Chitral.
Philippine Airlines Flight 158 - the BAC One-Eleven slammed onto hills while on approach to Manila International Airport. A total of 45 people were killed.
Philippine Airlines Flight 215 - Flight 215 was en route to Manila when terrorist detonated a bomb that had been placed in the plane's lavatory. The plane tore apart, exploding into pieces, killing all 36 people on board.
Philippine Airlines Flight 812 - Flight 812 was hijacked while on cruising altitude. Later, the hijacker wanted to escape by jumping from the plane with parachute. Before he was about to jump, he panicked and clung to the rear door, and a flight attendant pushed him out of the plane.
Laoag International Airlines Flight 585 - The aircraft, a Fokker F-27 Friendship, was taking off from Manila when one of its engines suddenly fail. The pilots then decided to ditch the plane in Manila Bay but failed. The plane broke up and 19 people drowned. The cause was due to pilot error.
Saudia Flight 162 — 22 December 1980 — suffered an explosive decompression. Its cabin floor and fuselage ripped apart, ejected two passengers out of their seats and fell to their death.
PIA Flight 740 — Shortly after taking off from Jeddah International Airport, the Boeing 707-340C suffered an in-flight fire. The fire spread into the cabin, causing mass panic among the passengers. The plane then crashed, killing all 156 people on board.
Iraqi Airways Flight 163 — Hijacked on the way from Baghdad to Amman, a hand grenade exploded in the cabin. The crews initiated an emergency descent, later on another grenade went off in the cockpit, causing it to crash, killing 63 people.
Saudia Flight 163 — Just after taking off from Riyadh, the cargo hold of the flight caught fire. The pilots however successfully land the plane. Shockingly, instead of conducting an evacuation immediately, the pilots tried to taxi the aircraft. The plane then stopped with no further contact. After hours of silence from the plane, rescuers opened the plane's door and found everyone on board had been killed due to smoke inhalation.
Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 (Jeddah, 1991) — The plane was carrying hajj pilgrimage when one of its tire caught fire just after take off. The pilots tried to make it back to Jeddah. The fire however intensifies. It then made its way to the cabin area causing passengers to panic. The heat was so hot in fact it melts the cabin's floor and caused some passengers to fell to their deaths. Despite the pilots best effort, the plane didn't make it to Jeddah. The flames engulfed the plane while it still in mid-air and crashed, killing everyone on board.
Asiana Airlines Flight 733 was on approach to Mokpo Airport in VOR when suddenly it hit a ridge, killing 68 people on board. Pilot error was blamed for the accident, as the pilots started descent while passing over the mountain peak.
Air China Flight 129 was on approach to Gimhae International Airport, lining up, but then slammed into a mountain nearby killing 129 people on board out of 166 people. The pilot didn't aware of their proximity to the ground due to bad weather condition until it was too late to recover.
Air Lanka Flight 512, the Lockheed L-1011-100 TriStar 100 was taxiing for take-off to Malé when a time bomb exploded and ripped the cabin, split it into two. 21 people were killed. The bomb was intended to explode in mid-flight, but a delay actually saved the aircraft from total destruction that might have killed all 148 people on board.
Martinair Flight 138 was a McDonnell Douglas DC-8 operating on behalf of Indonesia's flag carrier Garuda Indonesia carrying hajj pilgrimage to Mecca in which on 4 December 1974, the plane flew into a mountain, killing all 191 people on board. To date, it remains as the deadliest air disaster in Sri Lanka aviation history.
China Airlines Flight 611 — A Boeing 747 was flying near the Penghu Islands when it suddenly broke up in mid-air killing all 225 people on board, the result of an improper repair of a tailstrike which happened 22 years before the crash.
China Airlines Flight 676 — Crashed into a road upon approach to the airport, killing all passengers and crew of the aircraft and 6 persons on the ground.
Far Eastern Air Transport Flight 103 - Shortly after take off, the Boeing 737 disintegrated and broke apart in mid-air, killing all 110 people on board. Severe corrosion led to the aircraft's destruction.
TransAsia Airways Flight 222 Flight 222 was attempting to land in Huxi, Taiwan while in bad weather condition when it crashed into several houses. There were 58 people aboard the ATR 72-500; only 10 survived. The crash injured 5 people on the ground. Investigation concluded that the cause was pilot error.
Flag at half mast at Presidential Building Tower in Taiwan for the presumed deaths of passengers of TransAsia Airways Flight 235
TransAsia Airways Flight 235 was flying over Taipei when one of its engine failed. The ATR 72 then rolled sharply to the left, clipped a taxi and Huandong Viaduct. It impacted Keelung River in an upside down condition. 43 people out of 58 people were killed. Investigation still ongoing. Moments the plane crashed was captured by motorist and CCTV.
Bangkok Airways Flight 266 — 4 August 2009 — The ATR 72 Overran the runway on landing and crashed into a disused control tower at Koh Samui Airport. The pilot of the plane was the only person killed in the incident.
EgyptAir Flight 864 - 25 December 1976 - Flight 864 was on final approach to Bangkok's Don Mueang International Airport when it rolled and crashed into an industrial complex in Bangkok, killing all 52 people on board. 19 people on the ground were also killed. The investigators concluded that the cause was pilot error.
Lauda Air Flight 004 — 26 May 1991 — Flight 004 was flying over Phu Toei National Park when it suddenly broke up in mid-flight, aircraft wreckage littered the area and strewn into the jungle near Suphan Buri and Ban Nong Rong, killing everyone on board in Thailand's worst aviation disaster. The cause of the breakup was because of an uncommanded thrust reverser on engine no. 1 causing the Boeing 767-3Z9ER lose control and broke up. Flight 004 was famously known due to Niki Lauda's own contribution to the investigation of the crash.
One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269 — 16 September 2007 — A McDonnell Douglas MD-82 attempted to land in wind shear and strong winds at Phuket International Airport. The plane failed to land, rise sharply over the runway, stalled, crashed and burst into flames in the side of the runway. Pilot error was blamed for the accident that killed 90 people.
The wreckage of One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269
Thai Airways Flight 231 - 27 April 1980 - Flight 231 was on approach to Bangkok when it entered a thunderstorm. A downdraft struck the plane, causing it to stall. It then dived and crashed into the ground, killing 44 people out of 53 people on board.
Thai Airways International Flight 114 — 3 March 2001 — exploded while parked at Don Mueang Airport, killing one (a flight attendant) of eight on board; an assassination attempt was also theorized as traces of explosives were found in the wreckage.
Thai Airways International Flight 261 — 11 December 1998 — Flight crews made a third attempt to land the plane after second failed attempt when the plane stalled with a high angle of attack and crashed into a paddy field on approach to Surat Thani Airport amid heavy rains and poor visibility. 101 people were killed while 45 other survived.
Vietnam Airlines Flight 831 - 9 September 1988 - crashed into a rice field near Semafahkarm Village, Tambon Khu Khot. 76 people were killed.
Kish Air Flight 7170 - The aircraft was due to land from Kish Island in Iran to Sharjah Airport when it spiraled and crashed, killing 43 people on board. The pilot accidentally selected the propellers into reverse thrust in mid-air causing it to spiraling down out of control.
Tajikistan Airlines Flight 3183 the Tupolev Tu-154 was carrying 86 people. The Tupolev Tu-154 crashed, disintegrated into desert, leaving the flight navigator the only survivor in the third deadliest plane crash in United Arab Emirates.
Emirates Flight 521 - Boeing 777-31H - Reg A6-EMW - Flight from Thiruvananthapuram, South India, crash landed during a routine approach to runway 12L at Dubai International Airport on the 3rd August 2016 at around 08:37z. Accident currently under investigation, but an incident during final / go around, caused the plane to crash land onto 12L, skid the length of the runway, and finally came to rest pointing WSW between runway entry points Mike-13 and Mike-13A, close to the end of RWY 12L / THR 30R. The plane suffered a fire which led to an explosion of the right wing, which caused irreparable damage to the hull. All passengers and crew were evacuated, but one fire fighter was killed during the incident.
Aeroflot Flight 7425 - While cruising at an altitude of 38,100 ft, the Tupolev Tu-154 entered a flat spin. The crews weren't able to recover it and the plane crashed near Uchuduk. All 200 people on board the aircraft perished in the deadliest plane crash in Uzbekistan as well as the deadliest plane crash involving a Tupolev Tu-154.
Aeroflot Flight 505 - Shortly after take-off from Tashkent, the Yakovlev Yak-40 banked sharply to the right and crashed, killing all 9 people on board. The plane encountered a wake vortex formed by an Ilyushin Il-76 that had taken off minutes before Flight 505.
1952 Bermuda air crash - On 6 December 1952, a Cubana de Aviación Douglas DC-4 stalled and impacted tail first with the sea. A total of 37 people were killed. 4 people survived the fall.
Cubana de Aviación Flight 455 - On October 6, 1976, eleven minutes after takeoff, two bombs exploded and ripped the DC-8 to pieces. The aircraft pieces fell to the water, all 73 people on board were killed. Cuba blamed The U.S and CIA for the bombing.
Aeroflot Flight 331 - On 27 May 1977, an Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-62 was on approach to José Martí International Airport when it clipped power lines and crashed into the ground, only 2 people survived. Pilot error was blamed for the crash.
Cubana de Aviación Flight 9646 - On 3 September 1989, a Cubana de Aviación Ilyushin Il-62M crashed shortly after take off from José Martí International Airport in bad weather. The aircraft crashed into a residential area. 126 people on board and 45 people on the ground, were killed.
Aero Caribbean Flight 883 - On 4 November 2010, an ATR-72 operated by Cuba national airlines Cubana stalled and crashed in the Cuban provinces of Sancti Spiritus. All 68 people on board were killed. Until now, the investigation, is still open.
Hapag-Lloyd Flight 3378 crash-landed 650 m short of the runway in Vienna on 12 July 2000 due to fuel exhaustion 22 km out, arising from erroneous fuel management combined with failure to divert. There were no serious injuries.
Aeroflot Flight 8641, the Yakovlev Yak-42 suffered a jackscrew failure, causing the aircraft to lost control, disintegrate in mid-air, and crashed near Mozyr, Belarus. All 132 people on board were killed.
Aeroflot Flight 7841 - On 1 February 1985, shortly after taking off, Flight 7481 suffered a double engine failure due to ice ingestion. To maintain speed, the Captain descended onto a forest. The plane clipped some trees, crashed and burned all the way down, killing 58 people.
An Imperial AirwaysArgosy crashed on 28 March 1933 near Diksmuide following an onboard fire suspected to be the first case of aerial sabotage. All 12 passengers and 3 crew were killed.
Sabena OO-AUB crashed on 16 November 1937 while attempting to land in bad weather near Ostend. All 11 aboard were killed.
Sabena Flight 548 crashed due to mechanical failure while attempting to land in Brussels on 15 February 1961. All 72 passengers and crew were killed, along with a single ground casualty.
Aviogenex Flight 130, as the aircraft was approaching Rijeka Airport, The aircraft then entered into a gradually steeping angle of descent. Due to an optical illusion the crew thought they were closer to the runway and at a greater altitude than the actual one. The plane then crashed and turned over. The ensuing fire kills 78 people on board.
Lufthansa Flight 005, the aircraft stalled during go-around. The aircraft then crashed, killing everyone on board, including seven Italian team swimmers of the Olympic. Their coach and an Italian reporter were also among the dead.
Aero Flight 311 - Shortly after take off, the plane turned sharply to the left. Pilots decided to fix the situation by applying full throttle. The plane went into a spin and crashed into the woods, killing all 25 people on board.
Aero Flight 217 - The plane had lined up perfectly with the runway. While preparing to land, it hit the ground, landing upside down and caught fire, killing 22 people.
Air Inter Flight 148 —The Airbus A320 was circling to land at Strasbourg on 20 January 1992. However, the pilots didn't aware that the terrain was closer than it thought. It crashed near Mount Sainte-Odile. Few passengers survived the accident.
Lufthansa CityLine Flight 5634 - The aircraft was initiating a go-around on 6 January 1993 when the plane suddenly entered a high sink rate. The aircraft crashed into two parts, killing 4 people.
Air France Flight 4590 — The Concorde was taxiing and waiting for a Continental Airlines plane to take-off first. However, when the Continental plane took-off, a small plate of its wings torn and fell to the runway. The Concorde then took-off. One of its tires ran over the plate and burst. The pieces hit the fuel tank and ignited a fire. The Concorde stalled and crashed to a hotel in Gonesse, France, 25 July 2000. All aboard killed.
ČSA Flight 511 was cruising above Germany when it disintegrated into pieces. The plane's wreckage fell from the sky and struck the ground below, killing all 52 people on board.
Paninternational Flight 112, due to mistakes of ground crews, the aircraft suffered a dual engine failure. The aircraft then attempted an emergency landing on Bundesautobahn 7, but then collided with a bridge and burst into flames, killing 22 people on board.
1972 Königs Wusterhausen air disaster occurred when an Interflug's Ilyushin Il-62 suffered an in-flight fire. The pilots then made its way back to Berlin. The pilots then tried to see the airport. When the pilot had the airport already in sight and was just a few kilometers south of it, the tail section broke off. The plane entered an uncontrollable descent. The front part of the plane detached, and the plane disintegrated gradually in the sky while its airframe engulfed in flames. Later crashed into a forest, killing all on board in Germany's worst plane crash.
Aeroflot Flight 892 was on approach to Schonefeld Airport. Due to a language misunderstanding, the Tu-134A landed on a closed runway. It took off again, but then stalled and burst into flames. Only 10 people survived.
Überlingen mid-air collision occurred when a Tupolev Tu-154 carrying 60 people, 45 of whom were children, collided with a DHL Boeing 757 over the city of Überlingen on 1 July 2002. All 71 people on board both aircraft killed.
1934 Swissair Tuttlingen accident, the wing of Curtiss AT-32C Condor II separated from the airplane while in adverse weather condition. All 12 people on board were killed.
Olympic Airways Flight 954 (December 8, 1969) — A Douglas DC-6 (SX-DAE) crashed during its approach to Athens Hellenicon Airport from Chania on Paneio mountain near Keratea amidst bad weather killing 90 passengers and crew. This was the worse aircraft accident in Greece until 2005.
TWA Flight 841 (September 8, 1974) — A Boeing 707-331B (N8734) crushed in Ionian sea 30 minutes after its departure from Athens. An explosive device in the luggage area destroyed flight controls and resulted in 88 fatalities.
Swissair Flight 316 (October 8, 1979) — A Douglas DC-8 (HB-IDE) landed near the middle of runway 15L of Athens Hellenicon Airport at more than 270 km/h overrun the runway and stopped on a public road outside the airport area. Its left wing was severed from the fuselage and in the resulting fire 14 out of 154 passengers died.
TWA Flight 840 — Bombed on the way to Athens, Greece, sucking out 4 on board — the plane landed safely.
Malév Flight 262 - On the first attempt of the landing, the aircraft performed a belly landing and skidded with the runway, causing a significant damage. The aircraft initiated a go-around and landed safely.
Helios Airways Flight 522 ("Ghost Plane Incident")— The Cypriot Boeing 737 was on its way to Athens when the crews reported air conditioner problem, which was actually a pressure problem. The plane increase the altitude, lowering the pressure and decreasing the oxygen level. All of the passengers and crews but one suffered hypoxia. The plane was flying without any communication to the tower. It then ran out of fuel and crashed in Kalamos. All 121 people on board were killed.
BOAC Flight 781 — On 10 January 1954, British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 781, a de Havilland DH.106 Comet 1, suffered an explosive decompression at altitude and crashed near Elba into the Mediterranean Sea, killing all 35 on board.
South African Airways Flight 201 — On 8 April 1954, a de Havilland Comet 1, en route to Cairo, Egypt, suffered an explosive decompression at altitude and crashed south of Naples killing all 21 aboard.
Avioimpex Flight 110 - Flight 110 flew into a snowstorm and turned into a mountain. The Yakovlev Yak-42 impacted terrain and exploded, killing everyone on board.
Palair Macedonian Airlines Flight 301 - Shortly after take off, the aircraft shook violently. It banked to the right and to the left and crashed, killing 83 people. An ice accumulation had occurred in flight.
1956 Scottish Airlines Malta air disaster - On 18 February 1956, a Scottish Airlines Avro York was taking off from RAF Luqa when the boost enrichment capsule in the carburetor of number one engine failed and the engine caught fire. The aircraft stalled and crashed, killing all 50 people aboard.
EgyptAir Flight 648 - On 23 November 1985, Flight 648 was hijacked by terrorist organization Abu Nidal. A standoff occurred in Malta Luqa Airport until 24 November 1985. A failed raid later occurred in the standoff, resulting in multiple casualties.
JAT Airways Flight 769, the Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle 6-N slammed onto terrain while on final approach to Podgorica. A suspected radar malfunction, accompanied by ATC error, were blamed for the accident
NLM CityHopper Flight 431 The Fokker F-28-4000 entered a tornado, and, due to the massive pressure drop inside the tornado, the aircraft began to shake violently. The starboard wing of the plane detached from the plane. The plane spun and crashed, killing all on board.
KLM Cityhopper Flight 433 The pilots mistakenly believed that the engine 2 of the plane was suffering a low oil pressure due to a faulty warning light. They shut down the no 2 engine and flew back to Amsterdam Schipol Airport. While on final approach, the Captain decided to go-around and gave a full throttle, only in one engine. The other remained at idle. It then stalled and crashed, killing 3 out of 21.
Turkish Airlines Flight 1951
El Al Flight 1862 a Boeing 747 crashed into an apartment complex in Amsterdam after suffering engine detachment due to metal fatigue. The resultant crash killed a total of 43 people, including all four crew members and 39 people on the ground.
1962 LOT Vickers Viscount Warsaw crash, the plane was returning from Brussels, had a mid-way landing in Berlin from where it took off at 5:55 pm. While on approach on runway 33 in Warsaw at 7:30 pm the crew received landing clearance. 46 seconds later the plane crashed and burned 1335 meters from the threshold. All 33 people on board perished.
Aeroflot Flight 217 crashed outside of Moscow on 13 October 1972 killing all 174 aboard, cause not known.
Korean Air Lines Flight 902 was shot down by Soviet Union Air Defence after the flight violating the Soviet Union airspace. It then crashed and skidded along the frozen Korpiyarvi lake, killing 2 passengers out of 109 passengers and crews on board.
Aeroflot Flight 3932, the pilots were preoccupied by spatial disorientation as the main artificial horizon and the compass system gave the wrong indication due to electrical failure. The Tupolev Tu-104 then crashed approximately five miles from Koltsovo Airport. All 108 people on board were killed.
Aeroflot Flight 964, the pilots were preoccupied by spatial disorientation as the main artificial horizon and the compass system gave the wrong indication due to electrical failure. The Tupolev Tu-104 spun and crashed into a field 16 km north-west of Domodedovo Airport. All 122 people on board were killed.
Aeroflot Flight 2003, shortly after take off, the Tupolev Tu-124V dived and crashed into a house, killing a total of 62 people.
Aeroflot Flight 1691, the Tupolev Tu-104B was taking off when one of its fire alarm suddenly sounded. It was a false alarm. The crews, didn't know that it was a false alarm, attempted to return to the airport, but failed. It crashed and flipped over, killing 58 people.
1981 Aeroflot Tu-104A crash, the Tu-104A was taking off from Pushkin Airport on 7 February 1981 when the cargo hold suddenly shifted. The plane banked to the right and crashed in upside down condition, killing all 51 people on board. An uneven distribution of the passengers in their seats were also found and concluded as one of its primary factors of the cause of the accident.
Aeroflot Flight 811, the Antonov An-24RV was taking off from Komsomolsk-on-Amur Airport on 24 August 1981 when a Tupolev Tu-16K collided with the aircraft. All but one on board were killed. The survivor, Larisa Savitskaya, was conscious during the fall and glided with the 4х3 m aircraft fragment she was in. She fell into a soft, swampy glade.
Aeroflot Flight 3603, the Tu-154B-2 was on approach to Norilsk Airport on 16 November 1981 when it descended below the glide slope aggravated with an excessive vertical speed. It then crashed ahead of the runway, killing 99 people.
Aeroflot Flight 601, the Antonov An-24RV banked left excessively and crashed while on approach Leshukonskoye Airport on 24 December 1983, killing 44 people.
Aeroflot Flight 3352 crashed into maintenance vehicles upon landing at Omsk Airport, killing 174 on the aircraft and four more in the vehicles (11 October 1984).
Aeroflot Flight 3519, the Tupolev Tu-154B-2's engine no 3 caught fire on December 23, 1984. The crews attempted an emergency landing in Krasnoyarsk, banked to the right and crashed with only one survivor.
S7 Airlines Flight 778 failed to brake on landing at Irkutsk and hit a concrete wall on 9 July 2006, the plane exploded on impact, burst into flames and leaving its tail as the only part that left intact, 125 people were killed.
UTAir Flight 471 The Tupolev Tu-134 suffered a catastrophic structural failure after a hard landing in Samara. The aircraft broke apart and flipped over, killing 6 people. (27 March 2007)
Katekavia Flight 9357, on the night of 3 August 2010, the Antonov An-24 veered to the right from its landing course, crossed a river, impacted trees, crashed and burst into flames, killing 12 people. Russian investigators concluded that pilot error was the cause of the accident.
Burnt wreckage of Kolavia Flight 348
Kolavia Flight 348, While taxiing for take-off from Surgut, the Tupolev Tu-154B-2 caught fire. Evacuation was immediately ordered by the Captain. 43 people were injured, and 3 people were killed.
Tail of RusAir Flight 9605
RusAir Flight 9605, on 20 June 2011, the Tupolev Tu-134A-3 was on approach to Petrozavodsk when it went upside down and slammed into houses, killing 47 people including FIFA football referee Vladimir Pettay. Pilot error was the cause of the accident.
Angara Airlines Flight 5007, shortly after taking off from Surgut International Airport on 11 July 2011, the Antonov An-24 suffered an apparent engine fire, forcing the pilots to ditch the plane on Ob River. While ditching, the tail and the port engine came off. The aircraft was written off. 7 people were killed.
A memorial in Prague for the victims of Lokomotiv Yaroslavl air disaster
2011 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl air disaster, the Yakovlev Yak-42, operating as Yak-Service Flight 9633, was carrying a Russian professional ice hockey team when it hitting a mast and crashed into Volga River bank shortly after take off, everyone except one were killed in the crash. Initially, one of the hockey team members, Alexander Galimov, survived the crash. He later died on September 12.
UTAir Flight 120 on 2 April 2012, the ATR 72 suffered an atmospheric icing and stalled. The plane impacted terrain and burst into flames, leaving with only 10 survivors.
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Air Flight 251 crashed while attempting to land at Palana Airport in Russia after descended below minima on approach, killing 10 people. Pilot error was the cause of the accident.
Red Wings Airlines Flight 9268 failed to stop after landing at Vnukovo Airport and left the runway at high-speed, the aircraft hit the runway and broke up on impact killing five of the eight on board. Dashcam video shown the moment the aircraft hit and debris littered the runway.
Tatarstan Airlines Flight 363 the Boeing 737 suddenly nose dived and hit the tarmac at a speed as nearly as the speed of sound during a failed approach to Kazan Airport on 17 November 2013, upon impact the plane was pulverized and exploded to pieces. All 50 people were killed. The accident was caught on CCTV.
In this picture, the wreckage of Flydubai Flight 981, was totally pulverized in the impact
Flydubai Flight 981, the Boeing 737 crashed in southwestern Russia while attempting its second landing at Rostov-on-Don. All 55 passengers and seven crew on board were killed. The plane was pulverized.
Madrid runway disaster, an Iberia Boeing 727-256 Adv.collided with an Aviaco McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 at Madrid-Barajas Airport on 7 December 1983. A total of 93 people were killed, including Mexican actress Fanny Cano and South African pianist Marc Raubenheimer.
Iberia Airlines Flight 610, a Boeing 727–256 operated by Spain's national airline Iberia slammed into a television antenna and crashed on the top of Mount Oiz in Biscay, near Bilbao on 19 February 1985. All 148 people on board were killed. Investigation concluded that pilot error was the cause of the crash.
PauknAir Flight 4101, as the pilots couldn't see anything, they didn't aware that Flight 4101 flew too low. It hit the ground and killing all 38 people on board.
Linjeflyg Flight 277, the aircraft was on approach but got off course from its track. It flew too low and crashed into the ground, killing 31 people. The airport had a military configuration rather than the normal civilian configuration. This caused a pilot error.
Linjeflyg Flight 618, during approach on Stockholm Bromma Airport, the aircraft dived into the ground and crashed in upside down condition, killing all 22 people on board. An ice build up had occurred on its tailfin, causing a disruption on its airflow and subsequently crashed the plane.
Ethiopian Airlines Flight 702 was carrying 202 passengers and crews when it was hijacked by the co-pilot over Sudan and landed in Geneva International Airport. The co-pilot was arrested.
Alitalia Flight 404, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9 flew into a mountain near Weiach, killing everyone on board.
Swissair Flight 306, the Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle III was taking off from Zurich when a fire occurred on board. The prolonged fire damaged the aircraft's hydraulic system, thus, the aircraft lose control, and crashed into a village, destroying many ground structures.
Crossair Flight 3597 was on final approach to Zurich Airport when it slammed into a hill nearby. The aircraft slid and broke up, killing 24 people including several high-profile singers. Pilot error was blamed for the crash.
Crossair Flight 498, shortly after take off, the aircraft dived, spiraled and crashed in nearly vertical condition, killing everyone on board.
Aeroflot Flight 528, the Yakovlev Yak-40 touched the runway too fast. The pilots then attempted to take-off again, but too late. It overran the runway, hit several obstacles and caught fire, killing 8 people.
Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, a Boeing 777-200ER, was flying over Ukraine while en route to Kuala Lumpur International Airport when it was hit by a surface-to-air missile. As the missile exploded beside the aircraft, the shrapnel, thrown by the missile, penetrated the aircraft and destroyed the cockpit and the first class. The Boeing 777 spiraled and disintegrated on air, sucking out passengers from their seats. It then crashed near Hrabove. All 298 people on board killed in the worst civilian airliner shootdown in history.
Memorial of Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Flight 612
Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Flight 612, On 22 August 2006, a Tupolev Tu-154M was flying over Donetsk Oblast in stormy condition when it stalled and crashed near Sukha Balka, killing all 170 people on board. Ukraine's officials blamed pilot error for the crash. The crews flew the aircraft to an altitude more than its design capable of.
The following accidents and incidents occurred in international waters; that is, more than 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi) off the coast of any territory.
Air France Flight 447 — The Airbus A330 was carrying 228 people from Rio de Janeiro to Paris when its pitot tubes froze causing faulty airspeed reading. The plane then stalled. As the co-pilot took over, rather than getting out of the situation, he deepened the stall. The backup pilot sat next to him push the lever down and asked his co-pilot to do the same. However, a miscommunication occurred and his co-pilot pulled the lever even more, causing it to enter a deep stall. It then crashed into the Atlantic Ocean killing all on board.
Memorial for the victims of the downing of Air India Flight 182
Air India Flight 182 — was flying over the Atlantic Ocean in west of Ireland when a bomb placed by Sikh extremist exploded in the cargo hold. The Boeing 747 disintegrated and plunged into the Atlantic killing everyone aboard in Ireland's deadliest aviation disaster.
Birgenair Flight 301 — crashed in the Caribbean Sea, near the Dominican Republic; all 189 passengers and crew killed. Investigators found that a nest was found blocking its airspeed indicator, causing the pilot to misread it.
KLM Flight 607-E crashed 180 kilometres (110 mi) west of Shannon, Ireland, on 14 August 1958. The most likely cause was catastrophic mechanical failure, though the cause is officially undetermined. All 99 aboard died.
TWA Flight 800 — The Boeing 747 was climbing just after taking off when suddenly its fuel tank exploded. The front cabin of the plane detached from the plane and fell straight to the Atlantic. The middle and the back cabin remained intact, but burning. The 'decapitated' plane then climbed and later crashed off the Atlantic coast of East Moriches, New York. All on board were killed. Investigators found that a faulty cable ignited a fire in the fuel tank, causing it to explode violently.
Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 — was flying near Ukraine on 4 October 2001, in a coincidence, a military practice was conducted by the Ukrainian army, which was to shoot a target by a missile. The target was ready and set. However, rather than locking to its actual target, the missile locked itself towards the Siberia Airlines plane. It then hit the plane. All 78 people aboard were killed. Ukraine paid ~$15 million compensation to victims' relatives.
South African Airways Flight 295 crashed into the Indian Ocean in international waters off the coast of Mauritius on 28 November 1987 after a catastrophic in-flight fire. The cause of the fire was never determined. All 159 aboard were killed.
Airlines PNG Flight 4684 - On 11 August 2009, a de Havilland Twin Otter was on approach to Kokoda Airport while carrying 13 passengers and crews. However, the plane slammed into the eastern slope of the Kokoda Gap on bad weather. Due to the massive impact forces, the plane was pulverised. All on board killed.
Airlines PNG Flight 1600 - On 13 October 2011, a de Havilland Canada Dash 8 was en route to Madang Airport while carrying 32 people when one of its propellers oversped. This causing a catastrophic engine failure. The pilots decided to land the plane near Guabe River. While the plane was landing, the plane gradually, disintegrated. Eventually, the plane exploded. The cockpit flung from the main body. Only 4 people survived.
2016 Sunbird Aviation crash - On 13 April 2016, a Britten-Norman BN-2T aircraft crashed into a forest, just 1 km short of the runway in Kiunga. All 12 people on board were perished.
The Gimli Glider, known for the pilot's heroic action to glide when the plane encountered fuel exhaustion, which saves everyone on board
Air Canada Flight 143, commonly known as the Gimli Glider, ran out of fuel over the Canadian Shield due to a maintenance error, and had to glide to a landing at a former airbase at Gimli, Manitoba on 23 July 1983.
Air Canada Flight 189 crashed on takeoff in Toronto on 26 June 1978 due to pilot error and mechanical failure. Two passengers were killed.
Air Canada Flight 621 crashed due to pilot error on 5 July 1970 while attempting to land at Toronto. All 109 people on board were killed.
Pacific Western Airlines Flight 314 crashed after thrust reversers did not fully stow following a rejected landing that was executed in order to avoid a snowplow on 11 February 1978. The crash killed four of the crew members and 38 of the 44 passengers.
Swissair Flight 111 crashed into the Atlantic Ocean southwest of the Halifax international airport at the entrance to St. Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia on Wednesday, 2 September 1998, following an in-flight fire which lead to electrical failure, spatial disorientation and crew distraction. All 229 people on board died.
Mexicana Flight 704 made a continuous descent in the last 5 minutes before impact, then turned left instead of right and collided with Cerro del Fraile, killing all 79 people on board.
Mexicana Flight 940 suffered in-flight fire due to maintenance error, leading to loss of hydraulics and electrical systems that caused the aircraft to crash in El Carbón, killing all 167 people on board.
TAESA Flight 725 stalled and crashed in Uruapan after a slat malfunction, killing all 18 people on board.
Western Airlines Flight 2605 landed on the wrong runway, hit a maintenance vehicle, bounced back, struck a hangar, crashed and broke apart, killing a total of 73 people, including one person on the ground.
Aerolíneas Argentinas Flight 644 - Half an hour after take-off, the plane entered severe turbulence. The plane then crashed near Pardo, Buenos Aires, killing everyone on board.
Aerolíneas Argentinas Flight 707 - The aircraft, named "Ciudad de Bahía Blanca", entered severe turbulence while en route on its third leg between Camba Puntá Airport and Islas Malvinas International Airport. The pilots lost control of the aircraft and crashed into terrain, killing everyone on board.
Austral Líneas Aéreas Flight 901 - Flight 901 was cleared to land at Aeroparque Jorge Newbery in Buenos Aires when it suddenly lose control and crashed into the river, all aboard were killed. The investigation blamed the pilots for underestimating the intensity of the storm.
Lufthansa Flight 502 - The Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation was on approach to Rio de Janeiro. However, the plane descended too low. Its nose wheel struck the water. The pilots continued the approach but later on they lose control of the plane. It then crashed near Flecheiras Beach. Only 3 crews survived the crash.
VASP Flight 168 — Crashed into the Aratanha mountains in Ceará, northeast Brazil.
Varig Flight 254 — Crashed into a jungle near Sao Jose do Xingu into the Cachimbo mountains, central-west Brazil.
Gol Transportes Aereos Flight 1907 — Flight 1907 was flying over Amazon when one of its wing suddenly cut off from the Boeing 737. This causing the plane to rolled uncontrollably, corkscrewing, and broke up due to stress of the airframe. It then crashed into a jungle near Sao Jose do Xingu into the Cachimbo mountains. All 154 people on board were killed. An U.S Embraer Legacy aircraft accidentally turned its transponder off, causing the Gol Flight and ATC to not notice the Embraer plane. The Embraer winglets then sliced the Gol's wing. Everyone on board the Embraer however, survived.
LAN Chile Flight 210, the aircraft smashed into the side of the Andes mountain while carrying 24 people including 8 professional footballers and 2 coaching staff from CD Green Cross. All aboard were killed.
LAN Chile Flight 107 the Douglas DC-6 slammed into the side of La Corona Mountain in the Andes, killing everyone on board.
Intercontinental de Aviación Flight 256 - The Douglas DC-9 impacted with the ground in a marshy lagoon near María La Baja, 56 km from Cartagena Airport due to a false altimeter setting. 51 people were killed. The only survivor was a 9-year-old girl who apparently fell out before the aircraft caught fire.
Vigil was held in Chapecó to honor the victims of LaMia Flight 2933
LaMia Flight 2933 - A charter flight by an Avro RJ85, operated by LaMia, crashed near the José María Córdova International Airport in Colombia. It was transporting the Brazilian Chapecoense football squad from Viru Viru International Airport in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, to José María Córdova International Airport in Colombia. 71 people, including 19 players of the Chapecoense football team, were killed in the crash.
SAM Colombia Flight 501 - A Boeing 727 operated by SAM Colombia hit Mt. Paramo de Frontino at 12,300 ft. while on approach to José María Córdova International Airport, killing all 132 people on board. The VHF omnidirectional range/distance measuring equipment had been sabotaged by terrorists and was not in service.
1983 TAME 737-200 crash - The Boeing 737-2V2 Advanced, named Ciudad de Loja, was on approach to Cuenca when the pilots went distracted. They were not aware that the plane was flying dangerously low and flew into terrain. At the same time, it was suspected that both pilots were experimenting with their aircraft, indicating a possible lack of experience. It then slammed into a hill, killing all 119 people on board.
TANS Peru Flight 204, a Boeing 737-200 passenger plane which crashed during a storm in the Peruvian jungle, killing at least 40 people of the approximately 100 on board.
Surinam Airways Flight 764 — The McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62 clipped a tree and flipped over while on approach to Zanderij airport, Surinam, killing 176 people, including a group of Surinamese football players called Colourful 11.
Austral Líneas Aéreas Flight 2553 — The plane was on cruising when the stall aural warning suddenly sounded. Its pitot tubes actually froze and caused a misreading. However, the pilots didn't aware of this and put the aircraft on nose down to increase their speed. The plane was never at stall speed and was actually nearly overspeeding. The stall warning still sounded and flight crews retracted the plane's slat. As because the plane was overspeeding, one of its slats came off, thus the plane lost control. The plane crashed at Nuevo Berlín, Uruguay in nearly perpendicular angle, killing all aboard.
West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 was flying over Venezuela while carrying French tourist when it stalled. The pilots misidentified it as an engine failure and pulled down the stick, thus, deepening the stall. The plane then crashed into a field in Machiques killing all 160 people on board.