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List of Presidents of Gabon

President of the
Gabonese Republic
Président de la
République gabonaise
Flag of the President of Gabon.svg
Presidential Standard
Ali Bongo Ondimba, 2012.jpg
Incumbent
Ali Bongo Ondimba

since 16 October 2009
ResidencePresidential Palace, Libreville
Term length7 years
Inaugural holderLéon M'ba
Formation17 August 1960
DeputyVice President of Gabon
Coat of arms of Gabon.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Gabon
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This is a list of Presidents of Gabon since the formation of the post of President in 1960, to the present day.

A total of three people have served as President (not counting two Acting Presidents).

Description of the office

Election

The President of the Republic is elected for a presidential term of seven (7) years, by universal and direct suffrage. The President is re-electable.[1]

The election is won by the candidate who obtains the largest number of votes.[1]

All Gabonese citizens, male and female, who are at least forty (40) years old, have resided in Gabon for at least twelve (12) months, and who enjoy their full civil and political rights are eligible to run for the seat of the presidency.[2]

The Constitutional Court may extend the provisioned time periods conforming to Article 11 below, but the elections may not take place more than thirty-five (35) days after the date of the decision of the Constitutional Court.[2]

If an application of the policies in the present paragraphs postpones the election to a date beyond the last day in office of the current President, he or she will remain in office until the election of the successor.[2]

The ways and means by which the present article may be applied are fixed by organic law.[2]

The presidential term begins on the day he presents himself for the presidential oath and finishes at the end of the seventh year following his election.[3]

The election of the President of the Republic takes place at least a month and at most two months before the end of the previous president’s term.[3]

A current President may not shorten his or her term in any manner to run for another term.[3]

If the current President of the Republic runs for the next presidential term, the National Assembly may not be dissolved. The President may also not exercise his power to legislate by ordinance from the moment he announces his candidacy up to the election. In cases of necessity, Parliament may convene in an extraordinary session.[3]

Oath of office

The presidential oath marks the beginning of the presidential term. It may not take place before the Constitutional Court’s decision to proclaim the official election results.[4]

At the moment of the President’s entry into office, the President of the Republic will solemnly take the oath below, before the Parliament and the Constitutional Court, the left hand on the Constitution, and the other hand raised before the national flag:[5]

I promise to devote all my energies to the good of the Gabonese people, to assure their well-being and to protect them from all misfortune, to respect and defend the Constitution and the State of law, to fulfill conscientiously the duties of my position and to be just to all.

Vacancy

In case of a vacancy of the presidential office for whatever reason, or a permanent impairment of the current president, affirmed by the Constitutional Court called upon by the Government through an absolute majority of its members, or failing that, by the Bureaus of the two Chambers of Parliament with a majority of their members, the President of the Senate will temporarily exercise the duties of the President of the Republic, or in case of permanent impairment of the President of the Senate, affirmed by the Constitutional Court called upon in the same conditions, the First Vice-President of the Senate will temporarily carry out the duties of the presidential office.[6]

The authority that assumes the Presidential office in the interim will be temporarily invested with the full duties and powers of the President of the Republic, to the exclusion of certain duties and powers provisioned by Articles 18, 19, and the first paragraph of 116. The temporary president may not present him or herself as a candidate of the next presidential election.[6]

Before his or her entry into office, the authority concerned will take the oath of office according to the conditions of Article 12 above.[6]

In the case of a vacancy, or if the President’s impairment is declared permanent by the Constitutional Court, the polls for the election of the new President, excluding cases of emergency announced by the Constitutional Court, will take place at least thirty (30) days or at most sixty (60) days after the beginning of the vacancy or the declaration of a permanent impairment of the President.[6]

Key

Political parties
Status
  •   Denotes Acting President

List

No. President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Léon M'ba
(1902–1967)[a]
Léon M'ba 1964.jpg 17 August 1960 27 November 1967
(died in office.)
7 years, 102 days 1961
1967
BDG Himself
2 Daniel Mbene (b. 1902 - d. 1970) Briefly interrupted during the 11–18 February 1964 coup d'état Revolutionary Committee.
3 Valere Essone (b. 1900 - d. 1970)
4 Jacques Mambo (b. 1902 - d. 1980)
5 Daniel Mbo Edou (b. 1911 - d. 1977)
6 Jean-Hilaire Aubame (b. 1912 - d. 1980) Aubame.jpg 17 February 1964 18 February 1964 0 Gabonese Democratic Party
7 Léon_M'ba (b. 1902 - d. 1967) Léon M'ba 1964.jpg 18 February 1964 27 November 1967 3 years 1964 Gabonese Democratic Party
8 Omar Bongo Ondimba
(1935–2009)[b]
Omar Bongo 1973.jpg 2 December 1967 8 June 2009
(died in office.)
41 years, 188 days 1973
1979
1986
1993
1998
2005
BDG / PDG Mébiame
Oyé-Mba
Obame-Nguema
Ntoutoume Emane
Eyeghe Ndong
9 Didjob Divungi Di Ndinge
(1946–)[c]
No image.png 6 May 2009 10 June 2009 35 days ADERE Eyeghe Ndong
10 Rose Francine Rogombé
(1942–2015)[d]
10 June 2009 16 October 2009 128 days PDG Eyeghe Ndong
Biyoghé Mba
11 Ali Bongo Ondimba (b. 1959 - ) Ali Bongo Ondimba, 2012.jpg 16 October 2009 15 November 2018 2009 2016 Gabonese Democratic Party Biyoghé Mba

Ndong Sima

Ona Ondo

Issoze-Ngondet

Nkoghe Bekale

12 Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou(b. 1952- ) 15 November 2018 14 January 2019 Gabonese Democratic Party Nkoghe Bekale
13 Ali Bongo Ondimba (b. 1959 - ) Ali Bongo Ondimba, 2012.jpg 14 January 2019 17 January 2019 Gabonese Democratic Party Nkoghe Bekale
14 Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou (b. 1952 - ) 17 January 2019 25 February 2019 Gabonese Democratic Party Nkoghe Bekale
15 Ali Bongo Ondimba
(1959–)[e]
Ali Bongo Ondimba, 2012.jpg 25 February 2019 Incumbent 9 years, 238 days 2009
2016
PDG Biyoghé Mba
Ndong Sima
Ona Ondo
Issoze-Ngondet
Nkoghe Bekale

Notes

  1. ^ Briefly interrupted during the 17–18 February 1964 coup d'état
  2. ^ Previously named Albert-Bernard Bongo; changed name on 29 September 1973, after conversion to Islam. Added Ondimba to name on 15 November 2003.
  3. ^ Acted for Bongo while he was incapacitated in the hospital, Vice President.
  4. ^ Succeeded Bongo as the constitutional successor, President of the Senate.
  5. ^ Son of Omar Bongo Ondimba.

Latest election

Candidate Party Votes %
Ali Bongo Ondimba Gabonese Democratic Party 177,722 49.80
Jean Ping Union of Forces for Change 172,128 48.23
Bruno Ben Moubamba Independent 1,896 0.53
Raymond Ndong Sima Independent 1,510 0.42
Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou Social Democratic Party 1,130 0.32
Paul Mba Abessole National Woodcutters' Rally – Rally for Gabon 761 0.21
Gérard Ella Nguema Independent 583 0.16
Augustin Moussavou King Gabonese Socialist Party 553 0.15
Dieudonné Minlama Mintogo Independent 393 0.11
Abel Mbombe Nzoudou Independent 214 0.06
Invalid/blank votes 16,420
Total 373,310 100
Registered voters/turnout 627,805 59.46
Source: Interior Ministry, Interior Ministry

See also

Reference

  1. ^ a b Article 9 of the Constitution of 1991.
  2. ^ a b c d Article 10 of the Constitution of 1991.
  3. ^ a b c d Article 11 of the Constitution of 1991.
  4. ^ Article 11A of the Constitution of 1991.
  5. ^ Article 12 of the Constitution of 1991.
  6. ^ a b c d Article 13 of the Constitution of 1991.

External links

Presidents

17 Aug 1960 - 17 Feb 1964  Gabriel Léon M'ba (1st time)        (b. 1902 - d. 1967) BDG

                            (head of state to 21 Feb 1961)

17 Feb 1964 - 18 Feb 1964  Jacques Mombo                                           Mil

                            (president of the Revolutionary Committee)

18 Feb 1964 - 19 Feb 1964  Jean-Hilaire Aubame                (b. 1912 - d. 1989)  UDSG

                            (chief of Provisional Government)

19 Feb 1964 - 28 Nov 1967  Gabriel Léon M'ba (2nd time)       (s.a.)               BDG

28 Nov 1967 -  8 Jun 2009  Albert-Bernard Bongo               (b. 1935 - d. 2009) BDG;1968 PDG

                            (from 29 Sep 1973, Omar Bongo;

                            from 15 Nov 2003, Omar Bongo Ondimba)

6 May 2009 -  8 Jun 2009  Didjob Divungi Di Ndinge           (b. 1946)            ADERE

                            (acting for Bongo)

10 Jun 2009 - 16 Oct 2009  Rose Francine Rogombé (f)          (b. 1942 - d. 2015)  PDG

                            (interim)

16 Oct 2009 -              Ali Ben Bongo Ondimba              (b. 1959)            PDG

15 Nov 2018 - 14 Jan 2019  Pierre Claver Maganga-Moussavou    (b. 1952)            PSD

                            (1st time)(acting for Bongo)

16 Jan 2019 - 25 Feb 2019  Pierre Claver Maganga-Moussavou    (s.a.)               PSD

                            (2nd time)(acting for Bongo)