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List of Parliamentary constituencies in Norfolk

The county of Norfolk is divided into 9 Parliamentary constituencies - 2 Borough constituencies and 7 County constituencies.

Constituencies

  † Conservative   ‡ Labour   ¤ Liberal Democrat


Constituency[nb 1] Electorate Majority[nb 2] Member of Parliament Nearest opposition Map
Broadland CC 77,334 15,816   Keith Simpson   Ian Simpson
Great Yarmouth CC 71,408 7,973   Brandon Lewis   Mike Smith-Clare
Mid Norfolk CC 80,027 16,086   George Freeman   Sarah Simpson
North Norfolk CC 69,271 3,512   Norman Lamb   James Wild
North West Norfolk CC 72,062 13,788   Henry Bellingham   Jo Rust
Norwich North BC 66,924 507   Chloe Smith   Christopher Jones
Norwich South BC 74,182 15,596   Clive Lewis   Lana Hempsall
South Norfolk CC 83,055 16,678   Richard Bacon   Danielle Glavin
South West Norfolk CC 77,874 18,312   Elizabeth Truss   Peter Smith

History of constituencies and boundaries

Prior to 1832

Since 1295, the Parliamentary County of Norfolk along with all other English Counties regardless of size or population, had elected 2 MPs to the House of Commons in accordance with the freehold property franchise. The county also included five Parliamentary Boroughs, namely Castle Rising, Great Yarmouth, King's Lynn, Norwich and Thetford, all returning 2 MPs each.

1832-1885

The Great Reform Act of 1832 radically changed the representation of the House of Commons, with the County being divided into the Eastern and Western Divisions, both returning 2 MPs. The Borough of Castle Rising was abolished.

Under the Reform Act of 1867, the county was further divided; the Eastern Division was abolished and redistributed to the North and South Divisions, which both also included small areas transferred from the Western Division. The Borough of Great Yarmouth was disenfranchised for corruption and absorbed into the North Division. The Borough of Thetford was disenfranchised under the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1868, which had resulted in a net increase of seven seats in Scotland, offset by the disenfranchisement of seven English Boroughs. It was absorbed into the West Division.

1885-1918

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the three two-member county divisions were replaced by six single-member constituencies, namely the Eastern, Mid, Northern, North-Western, Southern and South-Western Divisions. Great Yarmouth was re-established as a single-member Borough and the representation of the Borough of King's Lynn was reduced to 1 MP. Norwich continued to elect 2 MPs.

The table shows an approximate representation of the development of constituencies in Norfolk since 1885. The text below gives a more detailed description.

1885-1918 1918-1950 1950-1974 1974-1983 1983-2010 2010-present
King's Lynn BC King's Lynn CC King's Lynn CC North West Norfolk CC North West Norfolk CC North West Norfolk CC
North-Western Norfolk CC
Northern Norfolk CC Northern Norfolk CC North Norfolk CC North Norfolk CC North Norfolk CC North Norfolk CC
Eastern Norfolk CC Eastern Norfolk CC
Great Yarmouth BC Great Yarmouth BC Yarmouth CC Yarmouth CC Great Yarmouth CC Great Yarmouth CC
Central Norfolk CC Mid Norfolk CC Broadland CC
Norwich BC (2 MPs) Norwich BC (2 MPs) Norwich North BC Norwich North BC Norwich North BC Norwich North BC
Norwich South BC Norwich South BC Norwich South BC Norwich South BC
Southern Norfolk CC Southern Norfolk CC South Norfolk CC South Norfolk CC South Norfolk CC South Norfolk CC
Mid Norfolk CC Mid Norfolk CC
South-Western Norfolk CC South-Western Norfolk CC South West Norfolk CC South West Norfolk CC South West Norfolk CC South West Norfolk CC
BC = Borough Constituency (prior to 1950 - Parliamentary Borough or Division thereof)

CC = County Constituency (prior to 1950 - Parliamentary County of Division thereof)

1918-1950

Under the Representation of the People Act 1918, the Parliamentary Borough of King's Lynn was abolished and reconstituted as a County Division, absorbing the abolished North-Western Division, with the exception of Fakenham and surrounding areas, which were transferred to the Northern Division. The Mid Division was also abolished, with northern areas, including East Dereham, being transferred to the South-Western Division, and southern areas to the Southern Division. The Eastern Division was expanded southwards, gaining the Rural District of Loddon and Clavering from the Southern Division. Other minor changes to align boundaries with those of local authorities.

1950-1974

The Representation of the People Act 1948 resulted in the abolition of the Eastern Division, with its contents being distributed as follows: northern areas, including North Walsham and the Rural District of Smallburgh to North Norfolk; southern areas (Rural District of Loddon) returned to South Norfolk; eastern areas (the bulk of the Rural District of Blofield and Flegg) included in the new county constituency of Yarmouth, together with the abolished Parliamentary Borough of Great Yarmouth; and western areas (former Rural District of St Faith's, and the village of Thorpe St Andrew) included in the new county constituency of Central Norfolk, which also included areas to the north (former Rural District of Aylsham) and south (Rural District of Forehoe and Henstead), transferred from the Northern and Southern Divisions respectively. The two-member Borough of Norwich was also abolished, and divided into the single-member borough constituencies of Norwich North and Norwich South. The Municipal Borough of Thetford was transferred from South West Norfolk to South Norfolk. Other minor changes to align boundaries with those of local authorities.

There were no changes for the 1955 general election under the First Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies.

1974-1983

Under the Second Periodic Review, representation was decreased to 7 MPs with the abolition of Central Norfolk. Northern and central areas (Rural District of St Faith's and Aylsham) were transferred to North Norfolk; southern areas returned to South Norfolk (Rural District of Forehoe and Henstead); and Thorpe St Andrew transferred to Yarmouth. The county constituency of King's Lynn was replaced by North West Norfolk, which also incorporated Well-next-the-Sea and the Rural District of Walsingham, including Fakenham, transferred from North Norfolk.

1983-1997

The Third Review, which reflected the changes to local authorities arising from the Local Government Act 1972, did not come into effect until the 1983 general election. Norfolk's representation was increased back up to 8 MPs with the creation of Mid Norfolk: eastern areas were transferred from Yarmouth, central areas (including Aylsham) from North Norfolk and western areas (including East Dereham) from South West Norfolk. Yarmouth was formally renamed Great Yarmouth and incorporated the small area, including Bradwell, which had been transferred from Suffolk to Norfolk under the local government reorganisation and was previously part of the constituency of Lowestoft. Other changes included:

  • Thetford and areas comprising the former Rural District of Wayland, including Attleborough, transferred from South Norfolk to South West Norfolk.
  • Wells-next-the-Sea and areas comprising the former Rural District of Walsingham, including Fakenham, transferred back from North West Norfolk to North Norfolk.
  • Norwich North gained suburban areas now part of the District of Broadland, including Thorpe St Andrew from Yarmouth and Hellesdon and Sprowston from North Norfolk.
  • Southern parts of Norwich North transferred to Norwich South.

1997-2010

The Fourth Review resulted in only minor changes to increase the electorates of the two Norwich constituencies. The District of Broadland wards of Drayton and Teversham were transferred from Mid Norfolk to Norwich North and the District of South Norfolk wards of Cringleford and Colney, and New Costessey were transferred from South Norfolk to Norwich South.

Boundaries 1997–2010
  1. Great Yarmouth CC
  2. Mid Norfolk CC
  3. North Norfolk CC
  4. North West Norfolk CC
  5. Norwich North BC
  6. Norwich South BC
  7. South Norfolk CC
  8. South West Norfolk CC
Parliamentary constituencies in Norfolk

2010-present

In the Fifth Review the Boundary Commission for England recommended that Norfolk's representation be increased to 9 MPs, with the creation of the constituency of Broadland, based on the District of Broadland wards which had previously comprised a majority of Mid Norfolk, as well as Drayton and Taversham, transferred back from Norwich North. It also included Fakenham and surrounding areas, transferred once again from North Norfolk. Mid Norfolk now comprised the District of Breckland wards in the previous version of the constituency with additional wards, including Watton and Attleborough, transferred from South West Norfolk. Six District of South Norfolk wards, including Wymondham, were transferred from the constituency of South Norfolk. Cringleford and Colney (but not New Costessey) were transferred back from Norwich South to South Norfolk and a small area in the south-west of the constituency of North West Norfolk was transferred to South West Norfolk.

Changes proposed for 2022[1]

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.

Under the terms of the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011, the Sixth Review was based on reducing the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and a strict electoral parity requirement that the electorate of all constituencies should be within a range of 5% either side of the electoral quota. The review was carried out using the official UK electorate figures for 2015 and the electoral quota was set at 74,769, establishing a range of 71,031 to 78,507.

In order to meet these requirements, the Commission has recommended that Norfolk be combined with Cambridgeshire and Hertfordshire as a sub-region of the Eastern Region. This entails the transfer of the two District of East Cambridgeshire wards which comprise the village of Littleport from the constituency of North East Cambridgeshire to South West Norfolk. As the constituency would no longer be exclusively in Norfolk, it is proposed that it be renamed Thetford and Downham Market.

The Commission has proposed that the other eight constituencies in Norfolk be retained with Broadland being renamed Broadland and Fakenham. Other changes proposed to bring the constituencies within the required electoral quota range include:

Current constituencies Electorate[2] Proposed constituencies[3] Electorate[3]
Broadland CC 72,897 Broadland and Fakenham CC 71.085
Great Yarmouth CC 69,691 Great Yarmouth CC 71,907
Mid Norfolk CC 77,627 Mid Norfolk CC 72,791
North Norfolk CC 67,640 North Norfolk CC 71,657
North West Norfolk CC 70,679 North West Norfolk CC 72,805
Norwich North BC 63,487 Norwich North BC 71,192
Norwich South BC 68,963 Norwich South BC 71,804
South Norfolk CC 78,552 South Norfolk 77,348
South West Norfolk CC 76,225 Thetford and Downham Market CC (part) 65,1721
645,761 645,761

1Also includes part in Cambridgeshire (6,052)

Election results

Historical representation by party

A cell marked → (with a different colour background to the preceding cell) indicates that the previous MP continued to sit under a new party name.

1885 to 1918

  Conservative   Labour   Liberal   Liberal Unionist

Constituency 1885 86 1886 86 1892 93 95 1895 98 99 1900 04 1906 06 Jan 1910 Dec 1910 12 15 18
Great Yarmouth Tyler Moorsom Colomb Fell
King's Lynn Bourke Jarvis Bowles Bellairs Bowles Ingleby
Norfolk East Birkbeck Price
Norfolk Mid R. Gurdon Higgins R. Gurdon Wilson Wodehouse Boyle Jodrell
Norfolk North Cozens-Hardy W. Gurdon Buxton
Norfolk North West Arch Cavendish-Bentinck Arch White Hemmerde
Norfolk South Taylor Soames
Norfolk South West Tyssen-Amherst Hare Winfrey
Norwich (Two members) Colman Bullard Tillett Low Young
Bullard Hoare Roberts

1918 to 1950

  Coalition Labour   Coalition Liberal (1918-22) / National Liberal (1922-23)   Conservative   Independent   Labour   Liberal

Constituency 1918 20 1922 1923 1924 26 1929 30 31 1931 1935 39 41 43 1945
Great Yarmouth Fell Harbord Meyer Harbord Jewson Kinghorn
King's Lynn Jodrell Woodwark Roche Maxwell Roche Wise
Norfolk East Falcon Seely Neville Lygon Medlicott
Norfolk North King Buxton Noel-Buxton Cook Gooch
Norfolk South Cozens-Hardy Edwards Hay Edwards Christie Mayhew
Norfolk South West Winfrey McLean Taylor McLean de Chair Dye
Norwich (Two members) Young Jewson Young Shakespeare Paton
Roberts Smith Fairfax Smith Hartland Strauss Noel-Buxton

1950 to 1983

  Conservative   Labour   National Liberal (1931-68)   Social Democratic

Constituency 1950 1951 55 1955 59 1959 62 1964 1966 1970 Feb 1974 Oct 1974 1979 81
Great Yarmouth Kinghorn Fell Gray Fell
King's Lynn / North West Norfolk (1974) Wise Scott-Miller Bullard Page Brocklebank-Fowler
Norfolk Central Medlicott Collard Gilmour
Norfolk North Gooch Hazell Howell
Norfolk South Baker Hill MacGregor
Norfolk South West Dye Bullard Dye Hilton Hawkins
Norwich North Paton Wallace Ennals
Norwich South Strauss Rippon Norwood Stuttaford Garrett

1983 to present

  Conservative   Labour   Liberal Democrats

Constituency 1983 1987 1992 1997 2001 2005 09 2010 2015 2017
Broadland Simpson
Mid Norfolk Ryder Simpson Freeman
South Norfolk MacGregor Bacon
South West Norfolk Hawkins Shephard Fraser Truss
North Norfolk Howell Prior Lamb
North West Norfolk Bellingham Turner Bellingham
Great Yarmouth Carttiss Wright Lewis
Norwich North Thompson Gibson Smith
Norwich South Powley Garrett Clarke Wright Lewis

See also

Notes

  1. ^ BC denotes borough constituency, CC denotes county constituency.
  2. ^ The majority is the number of votes the winning candidate receives more than their nearest rival.

References

  1. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (Document type: Electoral data) (24 February 2016). "The electorate of each region subdivided by both local authorities and each existing constituency".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations constituency list (with wards)".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)