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List of Panchen Lamas

This is a list of Panchen Lamas of Tibet. There are currently 10 recognised incarnations of the Panchen Lama; the 11th Panchen Lama is disputed however.

List

Name Image Life span Tibetan/Wylie THL Other transliterations References
1. Khedrup Gelek Pelzang
Khedrup Je.jpg
1st Panchen Lama
1385–1438[1] མཁས་གྲུབ་རྗེ།
mkhas grub rje,་
མཁས་གྲུབ་དགེ་ལེགས་དཔལ་བཟང་པོ།
mkhas grub dge legs dpal bzang po
Khédrup Gélek Pelzangpo Khädrup Je, Khedrup Gelek Pelsang, Kedrup Geleg Pelzang, Khedup Gelek Palsang, Khedrup Gelek Pal Sangpo
2. Sönam Choklang
Sonam Chhyog-Lan.jpg
2nd Panchen Lama
1438–1505[1] བསོད་ནམས་ཕྱོགས་ཀྱི་གླང་པོ།
bsod nams phyogs glang,་
བསོད་ནམས་ཕྱོགས་ཀྱི་གླང་པོ་
bsod nams phyogs kyi glang po
Sönam Chok kyi Langpo Sonam Choglang, Soenam Choklang
3. Ensapa Lobsang Döndrup
Lossan Tondub.jpg
3rd Panchen Lama
1505–1568[1] དབེན་ས་པ་བློ་བཟང་དོན་གྲུབ།
dben sa pa blo bzang don grub
Wensapa Lozang Döndrup Gyalwa Ensapa, Ensapa Lozang Döndrup, Ensapa Losang Dhodrub
4. Lobsang Chökyi Gyalsten
Lossan Chho Kyi Gyal -Tshan.jpg
4th Panchen Lama
1570–1662 བློ་བཟང་ཆོས་ཀྱི་རྒྱལ་མཚན།
blo bzang chos kyi rgyal mtshan
Lozang Chö kyi Gyeltsen Losang Chökyi Gyältsän, Lozang Chökyi Gyeltsen, Lobsang Chökyi Gyaltsen, Lobsang Choekyi Gyaltsen, Lobsang Choegyal, Losang Chögyan
5. Lobsang Yeshe
Lobsang Yeshe.jpg
5th Panchen Lama
1663–1737 བློ་བཟང་ཡེ་ཤེས།
blo bzang ye shes
Lozang Yéshé Lobsang Yeshi, Losang Yeshe
6. Lobsang Palden Yeshe
Lobsang Palden Yeshe.jpg
6th Panchen Lama
1738–1780 བློ་བཟང་དཔལ་ལྡན་ཡེ་ཤེས།
blo bzang dpal ldan ye shes
Lozang Penden Yéshé Palden Yeshe, Palden Yeshi
7. Palden Tenpai Nyima 7th Panchen Lama 1782–1853 དཔལ་ལྡན་བསྟན་པའི་ཉི་མ།
pal ldan bstan pa'i nyi ma
Penden Tenpé Nyima Tänpä Nyima, Tenpé Nyima, Tempai Nyima, Tenpey Nyima
8. Tenpai Wangchuk 8th Panchen Lama 1855?–1882 བསྟན་པའི་དབང་ཕྱུག
bstan pa'i dbang phyug
Tenpé Wangchuk Tänpä Wangchug, Tenpé Wangchuk, Tempai Wangchuk, Tenpey Wangchuk
9. Thupten Chökyi Nyima
9thPanchen.jpg
9th Panchen Lama
1883–1937 ཐུབ་བསྟན་ཆོས་ཀྱི་ཉི་མ།
thub bstan chos kyi nyi ma
Tupten Chö kyi Nyima Choekyi Nyima, Thubtän Chökyi Nyima
10. Choekyi Gyaltsen
XthPanchenLama.jpg
10th Panchen Lama
1938–1989 བློ་བཟང་ཕྲིན་ལས་ལྷུན་གྲུབ་
ཆོས་ཀྱི་རྒྱལ་མཚན།

blo bzang phrin las lhun grub chos kyi rgyal mtshan
Lozang Trinlé Lhündrup Chö kyi Gyeltsen Choekyi Gyaltsen, Chökyi Gyeltsen, Choekyi Gyaltse, Trinley Choekyi Gyaltsen, Lozang Trinlä Lhündrup Chökyi Gyältsän

11th Panchen Lama schism

After the death of the 10th Panchen Lama a dispute happened between the Chinese government and the exiled 14th Dalai Lama resulted in a schism where two competing candidates are claimed to be the 11th Panchen Lama.[2][3]

Name Image Life span Tibetan/Wylie THL Other transliterations Notes References
11. Gedhun Choekyi Nyima 1989– དགེ་འདུན་ཆོས་ཀྱི་ཉི་མ
dGe 'dun Chos kyi nyi ma
Gedhun Choekyi Nyima Claim supported by the 14th Dalai Lama and the Central Tibetan Administration [3]:6
11. Gyaincain Norbu 1990– ཆོས་ཀྱི་རྒྱལ་པོ།
chos kyi rgyal po
Chö kyi Gyelpo Choekyi Gyalpo, Chökyi Gyälbo, Gyaltsen Norbu, Qoigyijabu Political claim only supported by the Chinese government. [4][2]:109

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c The title Panchen Lama was conferred posthumously on the first two Panchen Lamas.
  2. ^ a b Goldstein, Melvyn C (1997). The Snow Lion and the Dragon: China, Tibet, and the Dalai Lama. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21951-1.
  3. ^ a b Hilton, Elizabeth. (2000). The Search for the Panchen Lama. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-04969-8.
  4. ^ The Tibetan government-in-exile under the 14th Dalai Lama recognizes Gedhun Choekyi Nyima as the 11th Panchen Lama; the government of China recognizes Gyaincain Norbu as the 11th Panchen Lama.