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List of Olympic Games host cities

Map of host cities and countries of the modern summer (orange) and winter (blue) Olympics. In the SVG file, tap or hover over a city to show its name.

This is a list of host cities of the Olympic Games, both summer and winter, since the modern Olympics began in 1896. Since then, summer games have usually – but not always – celebrated a four-year period known as an Olympiad. There have been 28 Summer Olympic Games held in 23 cities, and 23 Winter Olympic Games held in 20 cities. In addition, three summer and two winter editions of the Games were scheduled to take place but later cancelled due to war: Berlin (summer) in 1916; Tokyo/Helsinki (summer) and Sapporo/Garmisch-Partenkirchen (winter) in 1940; and London (summer) and Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy (winter) in 1944. The 1906 Summer Olympics were officially sanctioned and held in Athens. However, in 1949, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), decided to unrecognize the 1906 Games.[1]

The Youth Olympic Games are held every four years in staggered summer and winter events consistent with the current Olympic Games format, though in reverse order with Winter Games held in leap years instead of Summer Games. The first summer version was held in Singapore from 14 to 26 August 2010 while the first winter version was held in Innsbruck, Austria from 13 to 22 January 2012.[2] The age limitation of the athletes is 14 to 18.[3] Jacques Rogge, IOC President, formally announced plans for the Youth Olympic Games at the 119th IOC session in Guatemala City in July 2007.[4] There are several goals for the YOG, and four of them include bringing together the world's best young athletes, offering an introduction into Olympism, innovating in educating and debating Olympic values.[5] Singapore was announced as the host of the inaugural Summer Youth Olympics in February 2008.[6] In December 2008 the IOC announced that Innsbruck, host of the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics, would be the host of the inaugural Winter Youth Olympics in 2012.[7] Four cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Olympic Games: Tokyo for the 2020 Summer Olympics, Beijing for the 2022 Winter Olympics, Paris for the 2024 Summer Olympics, and Los Angeles for the 2028 Summer Olympics.

In 2022, Beijing will become the first-ever city that has held both the summer and the winter Olympic Games. Ten cities will have hosted the Olympic Games more than once: Athens (1896 and 2004 Summer Olympics), Paris (1900, 1924 and 2024 Summer Olympics), London (1908, 1948 and 2012 Summer Olympics), St. Moritz (1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics), Lake Placid (1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics), Los Angeles (1932, 1984 and 2028 Summer Olympics), Innsbruck (1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics and 2012 Winter Youth Olympics), Tokyo (1964 and 2020 Summer Olympics), Lillehammer (1994 Winter Olympics and 2016 Winter Youth Olympics) and Beijing (2008 Summer Olympics and 2022 Winter Olympics). Stockholm hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics and the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics.[d] London became the first city to have hosted three Games with the 2012 Summer Olympics. Paris will become the second city to do this with the 2024 Summer Olympics, followed by Los Angeles as the third in 2028. The United States has hosted a total of eight Olympic Games, more than any other country, followed by France with five editions. Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Austria, Canada, Italy, Japan and Germany have each hosted three Games.

The Games have primarily been hosted in the continents of Europe (32 editions) and North America (12 editions); seven Games have been hosted in Asia and two have been hosted in Oceania. In 2010, Singapore became Southeast Asia's first Olympic host city for the inaugural Summer Youth Olympics, while Rio de Janeiro became South America's first Olympic host city with the 2016 Summer Olympics, followed by Buenos Aires with the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics. The 2022 Summer Youth Olympics in Dakar will become the first-ever Games to be held on the African continent. Other major geographic regions which have never hosted the Olympics include the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, Central America and the Caribbean.

Host cities are selected by the IOC membership, usually seven years in advance.[8] The selection process lasts approximately two years. In the first stage, any city in the world may submit an application to become a host city. After 10 months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which applicant city will become official candidates as based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. In a second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. The host city is then chosen by vote of the IOC session, a general meeting of IOC members.[9]

Olympic Games host cities

For individual summer and winter lists, see List of modern Summer Olympic Games, List of Winter Olympic Games and List of Youth Olympic Games.
City Country Continent Summer (Olympiad) Winter Summer (Youth) Winter (Youth) Year Opening Ceremony Closing Ceremony
Athens  Greece Europe S005I 1896 April 6 April 15
Paris  France Europe S005II 1900 May 14 October 28
St. Louis[a]  United States North America S005III 1904 July 1 November 23
London[c]  United Kingdom Europe S005IV 1908 April 27 October 31
Stockholm  Sweden Europe S005V 1912 May 5 July 22
Berlin  Germany Europe S006VI 1916 Cancelled due to WWI[10]
Antwerp[d]  Belgium Europe S007VII 1920 April 20 September 12[11]
Chamonix  France Europe W001I 1924 January 25 February 5[12]
Paris  France Europe S008VIII May 4 July 27[13]
St. Moritz   Switzerland Europe W002II 1928 February 11 February 19[14]
Amsterdam  Netherlands Europe S009IX May 17 August 12[15]
Lake Placid  United States North America W003III 1932 February 4 February 15[16]
Los Angeles  United States North America S010X July 30 August 14[17]
Garmisch-Partenkirchen  Nazi Germany Europe W004IV 1936 February 6 February 16[18]
Berlin  Nazi Germany Europe S011XI August 1 August 16[19]
Sapporo
Garmisch-Partenkirchen[e]
 Empire of Japan
 Nazi Germany
Asia
Europe
W005aV 1940 Cancelled due to WWII[10]
Tokyo
Helsinki[f]
 Empire of Japan
 Finland
Asia
Europe
S012XII
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy Europe W005bV 1944
London  United Kingdom Europe S013XIII
St. Moritz   Switzerland Europe W005cV 1948 January 30 February 8
London  United Kingdom Europe S014XIV July 29 August 14
Oslo  Norway Europe W006VI 1952 February 14 February 25
Helsinki  Finland Europe S015XV July 19 August 3
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy Europe W007VII 1956 January 26 February 5
Melbourne
Stockholm[g]
 Australia
 Sweden
Oceania
Europe
S016XVI November 22
June 10
December 8
June 17
Squaw Valley  United States North America W008VIII 1960 February 18 February 28
Rome  Italy Europe S017XVII August 25 September 11
Innsbruck  Austria Europe W009IX 1964 January 29 February 9
Tokyo  Japan Asia S018XVIII October 10 October 24
Grenoble  France Europe W010X 1968 February 6 February 18
Mexico City  Mexico North America S019XIX October 12 October 27
Sapporo  Japan Asia W011XI 1972 February 3 February 13
Munich  West Germany Europe S020XX August 26 September 11
Innsbruck  Austria Europe W012XII 1976 February 4 February 15
Montreal  Canada North America S021XXI July 17 August 1
Lake Placid  United States North America W013XIII 1980 February 13 February 24
Moscow  Soviet Union Europe[h] S022XXII July 19 August 3
Sarajevo  Yugoslavia Europe W014XIV 1984 February 7 February 19
Los Angeles  United States North America S023XXIII July 28 August 12
Calgary  Canada North America W015XV 1988 February 13 February 28
Seoul  South Korea Asia S024XXIV September 17 October 2
Albertville  France Europe W016XVI 1992 February 8 February 23
Barcelona  Spain Europe S025XXV July 25 August 9
Lillehammer  Norway Europe W017XVII 1994 February 12 February 27
Atlanta  United States North America S026XXVI 1996 July 19 August 4
Nagano  Japan Asia W018XVIII 1998 February 7 February 22
Sydney  Australia Oceania S027XXVII 2000 September 15 October 1
Salt Lake City  United States North America W019XIX 2002 February 8 February 24
Athens  Greece Europe S028XXVIII 2004 August 13 August 29
Turin  Italy Europe W020XX 2006 February 10 February 26
Beijing[i]  China Asia S029XXIX 2008 August 8 August 24
Vancouver  Canada North America W021XXI 2010 February 12 February 28
Singapore  Singapore Southeast Asia SY01I August 14 August 26
Innsbruck  Austria Europe WY01I 2012 January 13 January 22
London  United Kingdom Europe S030XXX July 27 August 12
Sochi  Russia Europe[h] W022XXII 2014 February 7 February 23
Nanjing  China Asia SY02II August 16 August 28
Lillehammer  Norway Europe WY02II 2016 February 12 February 21
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil South America S031XXXI August 5 August 21
Pyeongchang  South Korea Asia W023XXIII 2018 February 9 February 25
Buenos Aires  Argentina South America SY03III October 6 October 18
Lausanne   Switzerland Europe WY03III 2020 January 9 January 22
Tokyo  Japan Asia S032XXXII July 24 August 9
Beijing  China Asia W024XXIV 2022 February 4 February 20
Dakar  Senegal Africa SY04IV (TBD)
TBD TBD WY03IV 2024 (TBD)
Paris  France Europe S033XXXIII July 26 August 11
TBD TBD Europe W025XXV 2026 (TBD)
Los Angeles  United States North America S034XXXIV 2028 July 21 August 6

Host cities for multiple Summer and Winter Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games

List of cities that hosted multiple editions of the Olympic Games
City Country Continent Summer Olympics Winter Olympics Summer Youth Olympics Winter Youth Olympics Total
London  United Kingdom Europe 3 (1908, 1948, 2012) 0 0 0 3
Paris  France Europe 3 (1900, 1924, 2024) 0 0 0
Los Angeles  United States North America 3 (1932, 1984, 2028) 0 0 0
Innsbruck  Austria Europe 0 2 (1964, 1976) 0 1 (2012)
Athens  Greece Europe 2 (1896, 2004) 0 0 0 2
Tokyo  Japan Asia 2 (1964, 2020) 0 0 0
Beijing  China Asia 1 (2008) 1 (2022) 0 0
St. Moritz   Switzerland Europe 0 2 (1928, 1948) 0 0
Lake Placid  United States North America 0 2 (1932, 1980) 0 0
Lillehammer  Norway Europe 0 1 (1994) 0 1 (2016)

Number of Olympic Games by country

Nations that have hosted or will host the Summer Olympics
  5 times
  4 times
  3 times
  2 times
  1 time
  Never held games
Nations that have hosted or will host the Winter Olympics
  4 times or more
  3 times
  2 times
  1 time
  Never held games
List of countries ranked by the number of times they hosted the Olympic Games
Rank Country Continent Summer Olympics Winter Olympics Summer Youth Olympics Winter Youth Olympics Total
1  United States North America 5 (1904, 1932, 1984, 1996, 2028) 4 (1932, 1960, 1980, 2002) 0 0 9
2  France Europe 3 (1900, 1924, 2024) 3 (1924, 1968, 1992) 0 0 6
3  Japan Asia 2 (1940, 1964, 2020) 2 (1940, 1972, 1998) 0 0 4
4  China Asia 1 (2008) 1 (2022) 1 (2014) 0 3
5   Switzerland Europe 0 2 (1928, 1940, 1948) 0 1 (2020)
6  Norway Europe 0 2 (1952, 1994) 0 1 (2016)
7  United Kingdom Europe 3 (1908, 1944, 1948, 2012) 0 0 0
8  Austria Europe 0 2 (1964, 1976) 0 1 (2012)
9  Canada North America 1 (1976) 2 (1988, 2010) 0 0
10  Italy Europe 1 (1960) 2 (1944, 1956, 2006) 0 0
11  German Empire/ Nazi Germany/ West Germany/ Germany Europe 2 (1916, 1936, 1972) 1 (1936, 1940) 0 0
12  South Korea Asia 1 (1988) 1 (2018) 0 0 2
13  Soviet Union/
 Russia
Europe 1 (1980) 1 (2014) 0 0
14  Greece Europe 2 (1896, 2004) 0 0 0
15  Australia Oceania 2 (1956, 2000) 0 0 0
16  Senegal Africa 0 0 1 (2022) 0 1
17  Argentina South America 0 0 1 (2018) 0
18  Brazil South America 1 (2016) 0 0
19  Singapore Asia 0 0 1 (2010) 0
20  Spain Europe 1 (1992) 0 0 0
21  SFR Yugoslavia/ Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 0 1 (1984) 0 0
22  Mexico North America 1 (1968) 0 0 0
23  Finland Europe 1 (1940, 1952) 0 0 0
24  Netherlands Europe 1 (1928) 0 0 0
25  Belgium Europe 1 (1920) 0 0 0
26  Sweden Europe 1 (1912) 0 0 0

Number of Olympic Games by continent

Rank Continent Summer Olympics Winter Olympics Summer Youth Olympics Winter Youth Olympics Total
1 Europe 17 (1896, 1900, 1908, 1912, 1916, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1960, 1972, 1980, 1992, 2004, 2012, 2024) 15 (1924, 1928, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1964, 1968, 1976, 1984, 1992, 1994, 2006, 2014, 2026) 0 3 (2012, 2016, 2020) 35
2 North America 7 (1904, 1932, 1968, 1976, 1984, 1996, 2028) 6 (1932, 1960, 1980, 1988, 2002, 2010) 0 0 13
3 Asia 4 (1940, 1964, 1988, 2008, 2020) 4 (1940, 1972, 1998, 2018, 2022) 2 (2010, 2014) 0 10
4 Oceania 2 (1956, 2000) 0 0 0 2
5 South America 1 (2016) 0 1 (2018) 0 2
6 Africa 0 0 1 (2022) 0 1

Notes

References

  1. ^ Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (2004). Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-313-32278-5.
  2. ^ "FIS in favor of Youth Olympic Games". FIS. 8 May 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2007.
  3. ^ "No kidding: Teens to get Youth Olympic Games". USA Today. 25 April 2007. Retrieved 19 May 2007.
  4. ^ "IOC Session: A "go" for Youth Olympic Games". International Olympic Committee. 5 July 2007. Retrieved 5 July 2007.
  5. ^ "Factsheet Youth Olympic Games" (PDF). International Olympic Committee. February 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  6. ^ Wang, Jeanette. "Perfect Pitch" (PDF). International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  7. ^ "Innsbruck Elected To Host the Inagural Youth Olympic Winter Games In 2012". Gamebids.com. 12 December 2008. Archived from the original on 28 December 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  8. ^ Group, Taylor Francis (2003). The Europa World Yearbook. Taylor and Francis Group. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5.
  9. ^ "Choice of the Host City". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
  10. ^ a b Durántez, Conrado (April–May 1997). "The Olympic Movement, a twentieth-century phenomenon" (PDF). Olympic Review. XXVI (14): 56–57.
  11. ^ "Antwerp 1920". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  12. ^ "Chamonix 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  13. ^ "Paris 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  14. ^ "St. Moritz 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  15. ^ "Amsterdam 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  16. ^ "Lake Placid 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  17. ^ "Los Angeles 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  18. ^ "Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  19. ^ "Berlin 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  20. ^ "St Louis 1904". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-07-29.
  21. ^ "St. Louis gets Olympic Games; International Committee Sanctions the Change for the World's Fair in 1904" (PDF). The New York Times. 1903-02-12. Retrieved 2008-07-29.
  22. ^ The 2nd International Olympic Games In Athens 1906, Karl Lennartz, Journal of Olympic History, Dec. 2001/Jan. 2002
  23. ^ "Rome Games moved to London". realclearsports.com. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  24. ^ "Stockholm/Melbourne 1956". Swedish Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
  25. ^ Tim Pile (June 25, 2008). "Hong Kong saddles up for the Olympics". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-07-29.
  26. ^ "2008 Beijing Olympic home page". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-05-04.

External links