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List of Olympic Games host cities

Map of host cities and countries of the modern summer (orange) and winter (blue) Olympics. Tap or hover over a city to show its name.

This is a list of host cities of the Olympic Games, both summer and winter, since the modern Olympics began in 1896. Since then, summer games have usually celebrated a four-year period known as an Olympiad. There have been 28 Summer Olympic Games held in 23 cities, and 23 Winter Olympic Games held in 20 cities. In addition, three summer and two winter editions of the Games were scheduled to take place but later cancelled due to war: Berlin (summer) in 1916; TokyoHelsinki (summer) and SapporoGarmisch-Partenkirchen (winter) in 1940; and London (summer) and Cortina (winter) in 1944. The 1906 Intercalated Olympics were officially sanctioned and held in Athens. However, in 1949, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), decided to unrecognize the 1906 Games.[1][2]

The Youth Olympic Games are held every four years in staggered summer and winter events consistent with the current Olympic Games format, though in reverse order with Winter Games held in leap years instead of Summer Games. The first summer version was held in Singapore from 14 to 26 August 2010 while the first winter version was held in Innsbruck, Austria from 13 to 22 January 2012.[3]

Five cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Olympic Games: Tokyo for the 2020 Summer Olympics, Beijing for the 2022 Winter Olympics, Paris for the 2024 Summer Olympics, MilanCortina for the 2026 Winter Olympics, and Los Angeles for the 2028 Summer Olympics. Additional two cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Youth Olympic Games: Dakar for the 2022 Summer Youth Olympics and Gangwon Province for the 2024 Winter Youth Olympics.

In 2022, Beijing will become the first-ever city that has held both the summer and the winter Olympic Games. Eleven cities will have hosted the Olympic Games more than once: Athens (1896 and 2004 Summer Olympics), Paris (1900, 1924 and 2024 Summer Olympics), London (1908, 1948 and 2012 Summer Olympics), St. Moritz (1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics), Lake Placid (1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics), Los Angeles (1932, 1984 and 2028 Summer Olympics), Cortina d'Ampezzo (1956 and 2026 Winter Olympics), Innsbruck (1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics and 2012 Winter Youth Olympics), Tokyo (1964 and 2020 Summer Olympics), Lillehammer (1994 Winter Olympics and 2016 Winter Youth Olympics), Gangwon Province (Pyeongchang) (2018 Winter Olympics and 2024 Winter Youth Olympics) and Beijing (2008 Summer Olympics and 2022 Winter Olympics). Stockholm hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics and the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics.[d] London became the first city to have hosted three Games with the 2012 Summer Olympics. Paris will become the second city to do this with the 2024 Summer Olympics, followed by Los Angeles as the third in 2028. The United States has hosted a total of eight Olympic Games, more than any other country, followed by France with five editions. Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Austria, Canada, Italy, Japan and Germany have each hosted three Games.

The Games have primarily been hosted in the continents of Europe (32 editions) and Americas (14 editions); seven Games have been hosted in Asia and two have been hosted in Oceania. In 2010, Singapore became Southeast Asia's first Olympic host city for the inaugural Summer Youth Olympics, while Rio de Janeiro became South America's first Olympic host city with the 2016 Summer Olympics, followed by Buenos Aires with the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics. The 2022 Summer Youth Olympics in Dakar will become the first-ever Games to be held on the African continent. Other major geographic regions which have never hosted the Olympics include the Middle East, Central Asia, the Indian subcontinent, Central America and the Caribbean.

Host cities are selected by the IOC membership, usually seven years in advance.[4] The selection process lasts approximately two years. In the first stage, any city in the world may submit an application to become a host city. After 10 months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which applicant cities will become official candidates as based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. In a second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. The host city is then chosen by vote of the IOC session, a general meeting of IOC members.[5]

Olympic Games host cities

For individual summer and winter lists, see List of modern Summer Olympic Games, List of Winter Olympic Games and List of Youth Olympic Games.

Host cities for Summer and Winter Olympic Games

City Country Year Continent Summer Winter Opening
ceremony
Closing
ceremony
Ref
Athens  Greece 1896 Europe S005I 6 April 1896 15 April 1896
Paris  France 1900 S005II 14 May 1900 28 October 1900
St. Louis[a]  United States 1904 North America S005III 1 July 1904 23 November 1904
London[b]  United Kingdom 1908 Europe S005IV 27 April 1908 31 October 1908
Stockholm  Sweden 1912 S005V 5 May 1912 22 July 1912
Berlin  Germany 1916 S006VI Cancelled due to WWI [9]
Antwerp[c]  Belgium 1920 S007VII 20 April 1920 12 September 1920 [10]
Chamonix  France 1924 W001I 25 January 1924 5 February 1924 [11]
Paris  France S008VIII 4 May 1924 27 July 1924 [12]
St. Moritz   Switzerland 1928 W002II 11 February 1928 19 February 1928 [13]
Amsterdam  Netherlands S009IX 17 May 1928 12 August 1928 [14]
Lake Placid  United States 1932 North America W003III 4 February 1932 15 February 1932 [15]
Los Angeles  United States S010X 30 July 1932 14 August 1932 [16]
Garmisch-Partenkirchen  Germany 1936 Europe W004IV 6 February 1936 16 February 1936 [17]
Berlin  Germany S011XI 1 August 1936 16 August 1936 [18]
Sapporo
Garmisch-Partenkirchen[d]
 Japan
 Germany
1940 Asia
Europe
W005aV Cancelled due to WWII [9]
Tokyo
Helsinki[e]
 Japan
 Finland
S012XII
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 1944 Europe W005bV
London  United Kingdom S013XIII
St. Moritz   Switzerland 1948 Europe W005cV 30 January 1948 8 February 1948
London  United Kingdom S014XIV 29 July 1948 14 August 1948
Oslo  Norway 1952 W006VI 14 February 1952 25 February 1952
Helsinki  Finland S015XV 19 July 1952 3 August 1952
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 1956 W007VII 26 January 1956 5 February 1956
Melbourne
Stockholm[f]
 Australia
 Sweden
Europe
Oceania
S016XVI 22 November 1956
10 June 1956
8 December 1956
17 June 1956
Squaw Valley  United States 1960 North America W008VIII 18 February 1960 28 February 1960
Rome  Italy Europe S017XVII 25 August 1960 11 September 1960
Innsbruck  Austria 1964 W009IX 29 January 1964 9 February 1964
Tokyo  Japan Asia S018XVIII 10 October 1964 24 October 1964
Grenoble  France 1968 Europe W010X 6 February 1968 18 February 1968
Mexico City  Mexico North America S019XIX 12 October 1968 27 October 1968
Sapporo  Japan 1972 Asia W011XI 3 February 1972 13 February 1972
Munich  West Germany Europe S020XX 26 August 1972 11 September 1972
Innsbruck[g]  Austria 1976 W012XII 4 February 1976 15 February 1976
Montreal  Canada North America S021XXI 17 July 1976 1 August 1976
Lake Placid  United States 1980 W013XIII 13 February 1980 24 February 1980
Moscow  Soviet Union Europe[h] S022XXII 19 July 1980 3 August 1980
Sarajevo  Yugoslavia 1984 Europe W014XIV 7 February 1984 19 February 1984
Los Angeles  United States North America S023XXIII 28 July 1984 12 August 1984
Calgary  Canada 1988 W015XV 13 February 1988 28 February 1988
Seoul  South Korea Asia S024XXIV 17 September 1988 2 October 1988
Albertville  France 1992 Europe W016XVI 8 February 1992 23 February 1992
Barcelona  Spain S025XXV 25 July 1992 9 August 1992
Lillehammer  Norway 1994 W017XVII 12 February 1994 27 February 1994
Atlanta  United States 1996 North America S026XXVI 19 July 1996 4 August 1996
Nagano  Japan 1998 Asia W018XVIII 7 February 1998 22 February 1998
Sydney  Australia 2000 Oceania S027XXVII 15 September 2000 1 October 2000
Salt Lake City  United States 2002 North America W019XIX 8 February 2002 24 February 2002
Athens  Greece 2004 Europe S028XXVIII 13 August 2004 29 August 2004
Turin  Italy 2006 W020XX 10 February 2006 26 February 2006
Beijing[i]  China 2008 Asia S029XXIX 8 August 2008 24 August 2008
Vancouver  Canada 2010 North America W021XXI 12 February 2010 28 February 2010
London  United Kingdom 2012 Europe S030XXX 27 July 2012 12 August 2012
Sochi  Russia 2014 Europe[h] W022XXII 7 February 2014 23 February 2014
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2016 South America S031XXXI 5 August 2016 21 August 2016
Pyeongchang  South Korea 2018 Asia W023XXIII 9 February 2018 25 February 2018
Tokyo  Japan 2020 S032XXXII 23 July 2021[j] 8 August 2021[j] [22]
Beijing  China 2022 W024XXIV 4 February 2022 20 February 2022
Paris  France 2024 Europe S033XXXIII 26 July 2024 11 August 2024
MilanCortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 2026 W025XXV 6 February 2026 22 February 2026
Los Angeles  United States 2028 North America S034XXXIV 21 July 2028 6 August 2028
(TBD) 2030 (TBD) W026XXVI (TBD) (TBD)
(TBD) 2032 (TBD) S035XXXV (TBD) (TBD)

Host cities for Youth Summer and Winter Olympic Games

City Country Year Continent Summer
(Youth)
Winter
(Youth)
Opening
ceremony
Closing
ceremony
Singapore  Singapore 2010 Asia SY01I 14 August 2010 26 August 2010
Innsbruck  Austria 2012 Europe WY01I 13 January 2012 22 January 2012
Nanjing  China 2014 Asia SY02II 16 August 2014 28 August 2014
Lillehammer  Norway 2016 Europe WY02II 12 February 2016 21 February 2016
Buenos Aires  Argentina 2018 South America SY03III 6 October 2018 18 October 2018
Lausanne   Switzerland 2020 Europe WY03III 9 January 2020 22 January 2020
Dakar  Senegal 2022 Africa SY04IV 22 October 2022 9 November 2022
Gangwon  South Korea 2024 Asia WY03IV 19 January 2024 2 February 2024
(TBD) 2026 (TBD) SY05V (TBD) (TBD)
(TBD) 2028 (TBD) WY05V (TBD) (TBD)

Host cities for multiple Summer and Winter Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games

List of cities that hosted multiple editions of the Olympic Games
Rank City Country Continent Summer Olympics Winter Olympics Summer Youth Olympics Winter Youth Olympics Total
1 London  United Kingdom Europe 3 (1908, 1948, 2012) 3
Paris  France 3 (1900, 1924, 2024)
Los Angeles  United States Americas 3 (1932, 1984, 2028)
Innsbruck  Austria Europe 2 (1968, 1976) 1 (2012)
5 Athens  Greece 2 (1896, 2004) 2
Tokyo  Japan Asia 2 (1964, 2020)
Beijing  China 1 (2008) 1 (2022)
St. Moritz   Switzerland Europe 2 (1928, 1948)
Lake Placid  United States Americas 2 (1932, 1980)
Lillehammer  Norway Europe 1 (1994) 1 (2016)
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 2 (1956, 2026)
Pyeongchang, Gangwon  South Korea Asia 1 (2018) 1 (2024)

Number of Olympic Games by country

Nations that have hosted or will host the Summer Olympics
  5 times
  4 times (no entry)
  3 times
  2 times
  1 time
  Never held games
Nations that have hosted or will host the Winter Olympics
  4 times
  3 times
  2 times
  1 time
  Never held games
List of countries ranked by the number of times they hosted the Olympic Games
Rank First
Year
Last
Year
Country Continent Summer
Olympics
Winter
Olympics
Summer
Youth Olympics
Winter
Youth Olympics
Total
1 1904 2028  United States Americas 5 (1904, 1932, 1984, 1996, 2028) 4 (1932, 1960, 1980, 2002) 9
2 1900 2024  France Europe 3 (1900, 1924, 2024) 3 (1924, 1968, 1992) 6
3 1956 2026  Italy 1 (1960) 3 (1944, 1956, 2006, 2026) 4
1964 2020  Japan Asia 2 (1940, 1964, 2020) 2 (1940, 1972, 1998)
5 1908 2012  United Kingdom Europe 3 (1908, 1944, 1948, 2012) 3
1928 2020   Switzerland 2 (1928, 1940, 1948) 1 (2020)
1936 1972  Germany 2 (1916, 1936, 1972) 1 (1936, 1940)
1952 2016  Norway 2 (1952, 1994) 1 (2016)
1964 2012  Austria 2 (1964, 1976) 1 (2012)
1976 2010  Canada Americas 1 (1976) 2 (1988, 2010)
1988 2024  South Korea Asia 1 (1988) 1 (2018) 1 (2024)
2008 2022  China Asia 1 (2008) 1 (2022) 1 (2014)
13 1896 2004  Greece Europe 2 (1896, 2004) 2
1956 2000  Australia Oceania 2 (1956, 2000)
1980 2014  Russia[h] Europe[h] 1 (1980) 1 (2014)
16 1912 1912  Sweden Europe 1 (1912) 1
1920 1920  Belgium 1 (1920)
1928 1928  Netherlands 1 (1928)
1952 1952  Finland 1 (1940, 1952)
1968 1968  Mexico Americas 1 (1968)
1984 1984  Yugoslavia Europe 1 (1984)
1992 1992  Spain 1 (1992)
2010 2010  Singapore Asia 1 (2010)
2016 2016  Brazil Americas 1 (2016)
2018 2018  Argentina 1 (2018)
2022 2022  Senegal Africa 1 (2022)

Number of Olympic Games by continent

Rank
First
year
Last
year
Continent
Summer
Olympics
Winter
Olympics
Summer
Youth Olympics
Winter
Youth Olympics
Total
1 1896 2026 Europe 17 (1896, 1900, 1908, 1912, 1916, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1960, 1972, 1980[h], 1992, 2004, 2012, 2024) 15 (1924, 1928, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1964, 1968, 1976, 1984, 1992, 1994, 2006, 2014[h], 2026) 03 (2012, 2016, 2020) 35
2 1904 2028 Americas 08 (1904, 1932, 1968, 1976, 1984, 1996,2016,2028) 06 (1932, 1960, 1980, 1988, 2002, 2010) 01 (2018) 15
3 1964 2024 Asia 04 (1940, 1964, 1988, 2008, 2020) 04 (1940, 1972, 1998, 2018, 2022) 02 (2010, 2014) 01 (2024) 11
4 1956 2000 Oceania 02 (1956, 2000) 2
5 2022 2022 Africa 01 (2022) 1

Notes

  1. ^ Originally awarded to Chicago, but moved to St. Louis to coincide with the World's Fair.[6][7]
  2. ^ The 1908 Olympics were originally given to Rome, but were moved to London when Mount Vesuvius erupted.[8]
  3. ^ The sailing events in 1920 were held in Ostend, Belgium and in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  4. ^ The 1940 Winter Olympics were originally awarded to Sapporo, Japan, but the launch of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 caused them to be relocated to Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Nazi Germany, before being cancelled in 1939 because of the expansion of World War II.
  5. ^ The 1940 Summer Olympics were originally awarded to Tokyo, Japan, but the launch of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 caused them to be relocated Helsinki, Finland, before being cancelled in 1939 because of the expansion of World War II.
  6. ^ Equestrian events were held in Stockholm, Sweden. Stockholm had to bid for the equestrian competition separately; it received its own Olympic flame and had its own formal invitations and opening and closing ceremonies, just like the regular Summer Olympics.[19]
  7. ^ The 1976 Winter Olympics were originally awarded to Denver, Colorado, United States in 1970, but in 1972, after a referendum, Denver voluntarily gave up its right, citing environmental concerns for the Colorado area. The IOC eventually decided to relocate those games to Innsbruck, Austria.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Russia (like the former Soviet Union) spans the continents of Europe and Asia. However, the Russian Olympic Committee is part of the European Olympic Committees and has its official seat in Moscow (this was also the case for the former Soviet Olympic Committee). Also, Moscow is on the European side of the most commonly recognized boundary between Europe and Asia. (Sochi is in Asia per the usual geographic boundary, being just south of the Greater Caucasus' western end; but political approximations of the continental boundary place it in Europe.)
  9. ^ Equestrian events were held in China's Hong Kong SAR.[20] Although Hong Kong's separate NOC conducted the equestrian competition, it was an integral part of the Beijing Games (unlike the 1956 Stockholm equestrian competition it was not conducted under a separate Hong Kong bid, separate flame, etc.).[21]
  10. ^ a b The 2020 Summer Olympics were originally scheduled for 24 July to 9 August 2020, but were postponed until 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the event is still referred to as the 2020 Summer Olympics to preserve the 4-year Olympiad cycle.

References

  1. ^ Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (2004). Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-313-32278-5.
  2. ^ Karl Lennartz. "The 2nd International Olympic Games In Athens 1906" (PDF). Journal of Olympic History (Dec. 2001–Jan. 2002). Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  3. ^ "FIS in favor of Youth Olympic Games". FIS. 8 May 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2007.
  4. ^ Group, Taylor Francis (2003). The Europa World Yearbook. Taylor and Francis Group. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5.
  5. ^ "Choice of the Host City". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
  6. ^ "St Louis 1904". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  7. ^ "St. Louis gets Olympic Games; International Committee Sanctions the Change for the World's Fair in 1904" (PDF). The New York Times (12 February 1903). Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  8. ^ "Rome Games moved to London". realclearsports.com. 2008. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  9. ^ a b Durántez, Conrado (April–May 1997). "The Olympic Movement, a twentieth-century phenomenon" (PDF). Olympic Review. XXVI (14): 56–57.
  10. ^ "Antwerp 1920". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  11. ^ "Chamonix 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  12. ^ "Paris 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  13. ^ "St. Moritz 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  14. ^ "Amsterdam 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  15. ^ "Lake Placid 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  16. ^ "Los Angeles 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  17. ^ "Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  18. ^ "Berlin 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  19. ^ "Stockholm/Melbourne 1956". Swedish Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 9 October 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
  20. ^ Tim Pile. "Hong Kong saddles up for the Olympics". The Daily Telegraph (25 June 2008). London. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  21. ^ "2008 Beijing Olympic home page". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 4 May 2008.
  22. ^ IOC Media Relations Team. "IOC, IPC, TOKYO 2020 ORGANISING COMMITTEE AND TOKYO METROPOLITAN GOVERNMENT ANNOUNCE NEW DATES FOR THE OLYMPIC AND PARALYMPIC GAMES TOKYO 2020". olympic.org. Retrieved 30 March 2020.

External links