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List of Latin-script pentagraphs

In the Latin script, pentagraphs are found primarily in Irish orthography. There is one archaic pentagraph in German orthography, which is found in the English word Nietzschean.

Irish

Used between a velarized ("broad") and a palatalized ("slender") consonant:

To write the sound /əu̯/ (in Donegal, /oː/):

abhai⟩, ⟨amhai⟩, ⟨obhai⟩, ⟨odhai⟩, and ⟨oghai

To write the sound /əi̯/ (in Donegal, /eː/):

adhai⟩, ⟨aghai

To write the sound /əi̯/:

oidhi⟩ and ⟨oighi

To write the sound /oː/:

omhai

Used between a slender and a broad consonant:

To write the sound /əu̯/ (in Donegal, /oː/):

eabha⟩ and ⟨eamha

To write the sound /əi̯/ (in Donegal, /eː/):

eadha

Used between two slender consonants:

To write the sound /əi̯/: ⟨eidhi⟩ and ⟨eighi

Dutch

sjtsj⟩ is used as the transcription of the Cyrillic letter Щ, representing the consonant /ɕː/ in Russian, for example in the name Chroesjtsjov.

French

chtch⟩ is used as the transcription of the Cyrillic letter Щ, representing the consonant /ɕtɕ/ in Russian, for example in the name Khrouchtchev.

German

tzsch⟩ was once used in German to write the sound /tʃ/. It has largely been replaced by the tetragraph ⟨tsch⟩, but is still found in proper names such as Tzschirner and Nietzsche.