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List of Hispanos
This is a list of Hispanos, both settlers and their descendants (either fully or partially of such origin), who were born or settled, between the early 16th century and 1850, in what is now the southwestern United States (including California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, southwestern Colorado, Utah and Nevada), as well as Florida, Louisiana (1763–1800) and other Spanish colonies in what is now the United States. Governors and explorers, who spent time in these places serving the Spanish crown but never settled in them as colonists, are not included, although they also helped shape the history of the present United States. This list shows notable people of Spanish and Mexican origin who lived in the Hispanic colonies now part of the United States, as well as their descendants.
These are persons who were born and/or lived, and died, in the Spanish or Mexican territories that later were incorporated in the United States. They were never Americans in the sense of persons born, raised or naturalized in the modern United States.
Santiago Abreú (died 8 August 1837) governor of Santa Fe de Nuevo México from 1832 to 1833
Francisco Bouligny (1736–1800) A Spanish high-ranking military and civilian officer in Spanish Louisiana; he served as lieutenant governor under Bernardo de Gálvez and as acting military governor in 1799. Founded the city of New Iberia in 1779.
José Raimundo Carrillo (1749–1809) Early Hispanic settler of San Diego, California and founder of the Carrillo family in Spanish California.
Antonio Valverde y Cosío (1670–1728) was a prominent entrepreneur and Spanish soldier who served as acting governor of Santa Fe de Nuevo México in 1716 and as interim governor of this territory from 1718 to 1721.
Juan Páez Hurtado (1668 – 1742) Spanish official who served as Captain General, Governor and Mayor of Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico.
Fermín Lasuén (June 7, 1736, Vitoria, Spain–June 26, 1803, Mission San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo) Basque Spanish missionary to Alta California, the second president and founder of the California Franciscan mission chain.
Juan Leal (1676–1742 or 1743) First Mayor of San Antonio, Texas
Antonio Rodríguez Medero (1712–April 10, 1760) Mayor of San Antonio, Texas in 1741. He was one of the first settlers of San Antonio and laid the foundation for the creation of the first inheritable water supply sources (a concept perhaps first developed in the Canary Islands) in America. He was also the architect of the Espada Acequia, consisting of an aqueduct and seven gravity-flow canals to irrigate the lands of the Canarian settlers in San Antonio.
Manuel Nieto (1734–1804) Soldier from the Presidio of San Diego.
Bernardo de Miera y Pacheco (born August 4, 1713 or 1714–died April 11, 1785) Cartographer, as well as an artist, particularly as a Santero (wood-carver of religious images).
José Maria Pico (1764, San Xavier de Cavazan, Sonora, México–1819, San Gabriel, California) Established the prominent Pico family of Southern California.
Luis Manuel Quintero (c. 1725–1810) African-Mexican tailor from Guadalajara, Jalisco; who later became one of the 44 original settlers of the Pueblo de Los Angeles (present-day Los Angeles, California) on September 4, 1781.
Juan Francisco Reyes (soldier) (1749–1809) Soldado de cuero ("leather-jacketed soldier") on the 1769 Portola expedition, alcalde (municipal magistrate) of the Pueblo de Los Angeles for three terms, and recipient of the Spanish land grant for Rancho Los Encinos and later Lompoc.
Salvador Rodríguez (1688–after 1796) Spanish politician who served as mayor of San Antonio, Texas, in 1785 and 1796, as well as regidor (councilor) of the city.
Andrés Almonaster y Rojas
Andrés Almonaster y Rojas (born Mairena del Alcor, June 19, 1728–died New Orleans, April 25, 1798) Spanish civil servant in New Orleans.
José Antonio Roméu (c. 1742–1792) Governor of Alta California and Baja California from 1791 to 1792.
Manuel Antonio Santiago Tarín (1811–1849) Tejano soldier and recruiter and participant in the Texas Revolution on the Texian side. His father was a Spanish military officer.
Vicente Álvarez Travieso (1705–1779) Spanish judge and politician who served as first alguacil mayor (high sheriff) (1731–79) of San Antonio, Texas.
José de Urrutia (c. 1678–1741) Spanish explorer and settler of Texas who became captain of San Antonio de Béjar Presidio and lived for many years with the Native Americans of East Texas.
Juan Martin de Veramendi (December 17, 1778 – 1833) Spanish (1778–1821) and after Mexican independence a Mexican (1821–33) politician who served as governor of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas from 1832 until 1833.
Jose Antonio Yorba (July 20, 1743 – January 16, 1825) Spanish soldier and early settler of Spanish California.
Naturalized Americans of colonial origin
When the Spanish and Mexican territories were incorporated as part of the United States, their inhabitants automatically acquired American citizenship. Louisiana (which was Spanish between 1762 and 1800, when Spain gave back the territory to France) was ceded to the US by France in 1803, Florida was sold by Spain in 1819 and the Southwest passed to the US after the Mexican–American War (1846–48) by the terms of the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty, while Texas separated from Mexico in 1836 and was annexed by the United States on December 29, 1845.
Juan Bautista Alvarado
Cristobal Aguilar Pioneer of 19th-century Los Angeles, California, politics in the early days of American rule. He was the last Hispanic mayor of the city until 2005.
Tomas Avila Sanchez (1826-1882) American soldier, sheriff and public official, was on the Los Angeles County, California, Board of Supervisors and was a member of the Los Angeles Common Council, the legislative branch of the city. He was a descendant of Spanish settlers.
Juan Bandini (1800–November 4, 1859) Early settler of what would become San Diego, California.
José Antonio Carrillo (1796–1862) a Californio rancher, officer, and politician in the early years of Mexican Alta California and California as part of the United States.
José Castro (1808–February 1860) General in the Mexican army of Alta California.
Víctor Castro (1817–1897) Landowner in an area of Alta California which later became part of Contra Costa County, California.
Eulogio F. de Celis Largest landowner in the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles, California in the mid-19th Century.
Manuel Antonio Chaves (c. 1818–1889), known as El Leoncito (the Little Lion) Soldier in the Mexican Army.
Joseph Chiles (July 16, 1810 – June 25, 1885) Early California pioneer and guide
Antonio F. Coronel (October 21, 1817 Mexico City–April 17, 1894) Fourth mayor of Los Angeles, served from 1853 to 1854.
Ygnacio Coronel (1795–1862) Settler in early Los Angeles and a member of the Los Angeles Common Council.
Leonardo Cota (1816–1887) Captain with the Californios who fought in the Mexican–American War, later a Los Angeles County Supervisor).
Henriette DeLille (1813–1862) Founded the Catholic order of the Sisters of the Holy Family in New Orleans, which was composed of free women of color. Her mother was a Creole of color of French, Spanish and African ancestry and was born in New Orleans.
Manuel Dominguez (1804–1882) Alcalde (mayor) of Los Angeles (1832), he was of Spanish settler descent.
José María de Echeandía (died 1871) Mexican governor of Alta California, from 1825 to 1831 and again from 1832 to 1833.
Juan José Elguezábal (1781-1840) Governor of Coahuila y Tejas between 1834 and 1835.
Albert Estopinal (1845–1919) Sugar cane planter from St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana, who served as a Democrat in both houses of the Louisiana State Legislature between 1876 and 1900 and in the United States House of Representatives from Louisiana's 1st Congressional district from 1908 until his death. His ancestors came from the Canary Islands, Spain.
José Joaquín Estudillo (1800–1852) Second alcalde of Yerba Buena, California (the precursor to San Francisco), whose land holdings, known as Rancho San Leandro, formed the basis of the city of San Leandro.
Juan Flores (c. 1834–February 14, 1857) Nineteenth-century Californio bandit who, with Pancho Daniel, led an outlaw gang known as "las Manillas" (the Handcuffs) and later as the Flores–Daniel Gang, throughout Southern California during 1856–1857.
Manuel N. Flores (c. 1801–1868) Served as a volunteer in the Texan army in 1835–38.
Salvador Flores (c. 1806–1855) Served as a volunteer in the Texan Army in 1835–1836.
José Antonio Navarro
José Manuel Gallegos (October 30, 1815 – April 21, 1875) Delegate to the United States Congress from the Territory of New Mexico.
José Antonio de la Garza (1776–c. 1851) a Tejano noted for being the first landowner in San Antonio, Texas and the first man to create a coin in the state; elected mayor of San Antonio in 1813 and 1832.
Antonio Maria de la Guerra (1825–1881) Mayor of Santa Barbara, California, several times a member of the Santa Barbara County Board of Supervisors, California State Senator and Captain of California Volunteers in the American Civil War. He was son of Spanish soldier José de la Guerra y Noriega.
Paul Charles Morphy (1837–1884) American chess player, he was from a Creole family of French and Spanish descent.
Suzanne Malveaux - TV News Reporter; from a Creole family in Louisiana of French, Spanish and African origin.
Juan María Marrón (February 8, 1808 – September 17, 1853) Early settler of San Diego, California.
Antonio José Martínez (1793–1867) New Mexican priest, educator, publisher, rancher, farmer, community leader, and politician.
Antonio Menchaca (1800–1879) Tejano military and politician who fought in the Texas Revolution and was mayor of San Antonio, Texas (1838–39). His great-great grandfather was one of the founders and early settlers of Béxar.
Manuel Micheltorena (1802–7 September 1853) Brigadier general of the Mexican Army, adjutant-general of the same, governor, commandant-general and inspector of the department of California.
Juana Briones de Miranda (1802–1889) Pioneering resident of San Francisco, California who made a name for herself in multiple arenas of activity.
Joseph Montoya (1915–1978) Democratic United States Senator from the state of New Mexico
Ramón Músquiz (1797–1867) Governor of Texas from 1830 to 1831 and in 1835.
Antonio Narbona (1773–1830) Spanish soldier born in Mobile when it was part of Spanish Louisiana. He was governor of Santa Fe de Nuevo México between September 1825 and 1827, and fought the Native Americans in the northern part of Mexico (now the southwestern United States) around the turn of the 19th century. He was of Spanish descent.
Jose Antonio Navarro (February 27, 1795 – January 13, 1871) Texas statesman, revolutionary, politician, rancher, and merchant.
Ignacio Peralta - April 3, 1791 – May 9, 1874) Spanish settler in California, the eldest son of Luís María Peralta.
Francisco Perea (January 9, 1830 – May 21, 1913) Union Army officer in the American Civil War and a cousin of Pedro Perea. He was a delegate for the Territory of New Mexico to the 38th United States Congress from Mary 4, 1863 to March 3, 1865.
Andrés Pico (November 18, 1810 – February 14, 1876) Californio who became a successful rancher, and served as a military commander during the Mexican–American War; he was elected to the state assembly and senate after California became a state, when he was also commissioned as a brigadier general in the state militia.
Robert Fortune Sanchez (1934–2012) Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santa Fe, New Mexico. Some of his ancestors were Spanish settlers in New Mexico.
Francisco Sanchez (politician) (April 11, 1805 – September 8, 1862) Commander of the San Francisco Presidio and the 8th alcalde of San Francisco in 1843
Julian A. Chavez (January 7, 1808 – July 25, 1879) Rancher, landowner and elected official in early Los Angeles, California, who served multiple terms on the Los Angeles Common Council (the forerunner to the present-day City Council) and the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors.
Tomas Avila Sanchez (1826–1882) Soldier, sheriff and public official, who served on the Los Angeles County, California, Board of Supervisors and was a member of the Los Angeles Common Council, the legislative branch of the city.
Francisco Xavier Sepulveda (1742–1788) Mexican colonial soldier and patriarch of the prominent Spanish Mexican Sepúlveda family in the early days of Las Californias and Alta California in present-day Southern California.
Francisco Sepulveda (1775–1853) Landowner and progenitor of one of the branches of the prominent Spanish Mexican Sepúlveda family in the early days of California's settlement.
Juan Seguín (October 27, 1806 – August 27, 1890) Nineteenth-century Texas senator, mayor, judge, and justice of the peace; he was a leader of the Texas Revolution.
Erasmo Seguín - (May 26, 1782 – October 30, 1857) Prominent citizen and politician in San Antonio de Bexar (modern-day San Antonio, Texas) in the 19th century.
Manuel Antonio Santiago Tarín (1811–1849) (also known as Manuel Leal) was a Mexican soldier and a recruiter and participant in the Texas Revolution on the Texian side.
Gloria Anzaldúa (1942–2004) Scholar of Chicana cultural theory, feminist theory, and queer theory, she was a descendant of many of the prominent Basque and Spanish explorers and settlers who came to the Americas in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Polly Baca American politician who served as chair of the Democratic Caucus of the Colorado House of Representatives (1976–79), being the first woman to hold that office, and the first Hispanic woman elected to the Colorado State Senate as well as first elected to the House and Senate of a state Legislature.
Dionisio Botiller (1842–1915) Member of the Los Angeles Common Council, the governing body of the city, in June 1868, December 1868 and in 1869, as well as the city auditor for eight years. His family were Californios.
Page Cortez Isleño Businessman from Lafayette, Louisiana, a Republican member of the Louisiana State Senate from District 23.
Henriette DeLille (1813–1862) Nun who founded the Catholic order of the Sisters of the Holy Family in New Orleans, which was composed of free women of color. Her mother was a Creole of color of French, Spanish and African ancestry and was born in New Orleans.
Aurelio Macedonio Espinosa Sr. - (1880–1958). Professor who studied the Spanish American folklore and philology. He descended of the first New Mexicans to settle in Colorado in the mid-1800s.
Aurelio Macedonio Espinosa Jr., (1907 – 2004), son of Aurelio Macedonio Espinosa Sr. Professor at Stanford University and an expert on Spanish linguistics, focusing on Spanish American folklore.
Albert Estopinal, Jr. (1869–1952) Attorney and politician from St. Bernard Parish in south Louisiana. He was son of Albert Estopinal.
Joe Falcon (September 28, 1900 – November 19, 1965) Cajun accordion player in southwest Louisiana, best known for the first recording of a Cajun song entitled "Allons à Lafayette" in 1928 . He was descendant of Isleños and Cajuns
Robert Ri'chard Television and film actor of Louisiana Creole (French, African American, Native American, and Spanish) descent
Edward R. Roybal (February 10, 1916 – October 24, 2005) Member of the Los Angeles, California, City Council for thirteen years and of the U.S. House of Representatives for thirty years.
Matthew Randazzo V American true crime writer and historian of Isleño, Cajun and Sicilian descent.
Juan Bautista Rael (1900–1993) Ethnographer, linguist, and folklorist who was a pioneer in New Mexican ethnography, including the stories and language of Hispanics from northern New Mexico and Southern Colorado.
^Martin, Fontaine (1990). A History of the Bouligny Family and Allied Families. Lafayette, Louisiana: The Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana. ISBN0940984512.
^M. Boniface Adams, "The Gift of Religious Leadership: Henriette Delille and the Foundation of the Holy Family Sisters," in Glenn R. Conrad, ed., Cross, Crozier, and Crucible: A Volume Celebrating the Bicentennial of a Catholic Diocese in Louisiana (New Orleans: The Archdiocese in cooperation with the Center for Louisiana Studies, 1993), 360-74.
^John Steven McGroarty, 1921, 'Los Angeles from the Mountains to the Sea', pp699
^"Brothers, because we are descended from the same families who, having left the Canary Islands formed a new advancement for the Spanish crown in inhospitable land ...", speech to the Isleño community of San Antonio, Texas in 1982. Paragraph taken from the book "La odisea de los canarios en Texas y Luisiana (The Odyssey of the Canaries in Texas and Louisiana)", chap. XV, San Fernando, El púlpito de América (The American Pulpit), pag, 99. Balbuema Castellano, José Manuel.