German Americans (German: Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States of German ancestry; they form the largest ethnic ancestry group in the United States, accounting for 17% of U.S. population. The first significant numbers arrived in the 1680s in New York and Pennsylvania. Some eight million German immigrants have entered the United States since that point. Immigration continued in substantial numbers during the 19th century; the largest number of arrivals moved 1840–1900, when Germans formed the largest group of immigrants coming to the U.S., outnumbering the Irish and English. Some arrived seeking religious or political freedom, others for economic opportunities greater than those in Europe, and others for the chance to start afresh in the New World. California and Pennsylvania have the largest populations of German origin, with more than six million German Americans residing in the two states alone. More than 50 million people in the United States identify German as their ancestry; it is often mixed with other Northern European ethnicities. This list also includes people of German Jewish descent.
Americans of German descent live in nearly every American county, from the East Coast, where the first German settlers arrived in the 17th century, to the West Coast and in all the states in between. German Americans and those Germans who settled in the U.S. have been influential in almost every field, from science, to architecture, to entertainment, and to commercial industry.
Eric Schmidt – executive chairman and former CEO of Alphabet Inc. (the parent company of Google) and a former member of the Board of Directors of Apple Inc., and 136th-wealthiest person in the world in 2011
Gussie Busch – brewing magnate who built the Anheuser-Busch Companies into the largest brewery in the world as company chairman, 1946–1975, and became a prominent sportsman as owner of the St. Louis Cardinals franchise in MLB
Lois Weber – silent film actress, screenwriter, producer, and director. She is identified in some historical references as "the most important female director the American film industry has known"
James Holzhauer – game show contestant and professional sports gambler, he is the fourth highest-earning American game show contestant of all time and is best known for his record-setting 2019 run as champion on the quiz show Jeopardy!
Brad Rutter – game show contestant, TV host, producer, and actor; highest-earning American game show contestant of all time and the highest-earning contestant on the U.S. syndicated game show Jeopardy!
Joe Wurzelbacher – employee of Newell Plumbing & Heating, "the most famous plumber in the nation", rose to national attention when he was mentioned by Republican United States Senator John McCain and Democratic Senator Barack Obama at least 23 times, during the third and final presidential debate on October 15, 2008
Thomas Custer – United States Army officer and two-time recipient of the Medal of Honor for bravery during the American Civil War; a younger brother of George Armstrong Custer, perishing with him at Little Bighorn in the Montana Territory
Joseph Breuer – leader of the Orthodox Jewish community of Washington Heights, Manhattan; very well known for his involvement in setting up an Orthodox Jewish infrastructure in post-World War II America
Conrad Beissel – religious leader who in 1732 founded the Ephrata Community in Pennsylvania
Dieter F. Uchtdorf – apostle and current second counselor in the First Presidency within the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; born in the Czech Republic to German parents, Uchtdorf immigrated to the United States as a retired pilot to serve full-time as a general authority for his Church and became an American citizen shortly after joining the First Presidency in 2008
Rudolf Arnheim – author, art and film theorist, and perceptual psychologist; learned Gestalt psychology from studying under Max Wertheimer and Wolfgang Köhler at the University of Berlin and applied it to art
Victor Frederick Weisskopf – World War II physicist of Jewish ethnicity<r, working at Los Alamos on the Manhattan Project to develop the atomic bomb, and later campaigned against the proliferation of nuclear weapons; medal received in 1979
Eckard Wimmer – virologist, Distinguished Professor of molecular genetics and microbiology at Stony Brook University; known for the first chemical synthesis of a viral genome capable of infection and subsequent production of live viruses
^United States Census Bureau. "US demographic census". Retrieved November 16, 2009.; In 2009, 50.7 million claimed German ancestry. The 2000 census gives 15.2% or 42.8 million. The 1990 census had 23.3% or 57.9 million.
^Adams, J. Q.; Pearlie Strother-Adams (2001). Dealing with Diversity. Chicago, Illinois: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company. ISBN978-0-7872-8145-8.
^"Designed by German-born architect August H. Blankenstein, 74 East 4th Street is known as the Aschenbroedel Verein building. Aschenbroedel Verein was a German-American professional orchestral musician's social and benevolent association founded in 1860."
^ "German-born architect famous for his wire rope suspension bridge designs, in particular, the design of the Brooklyn Bridge."
^Archived 2012-02-02 at the Wayback Machine Quote: "Washington Roebling grew up in Saxonburg, a village of German farmers who had just made the journey to America. John Roebling founded this settlement by leading a group of immigrants from Mühlhausen, Germany, to America in 1832. Roebling surveyed and planned the village and distributed land to the families."
^ "Frederick C. Sauer was a German immigrant-architect and builder who established a Pittsburgh office in 1884, and practiced locally for many years.
^ "The church was designed by Frederick C. Sauer. While at Technical School in Wittenberg, Germany he worked as a stone cutter, brick layer arid carpenter. After graduation in 1879 he came to Pittsburgh at the age of 19."
^Aurand, Martin. 1994. The Progressive Architecture of Frederick G. Scheibler Jr., University of Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh.
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-23. Retrieved 2007-04-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "German-born designer of the US capitol dome. (c. 1817–1900)"
^ "Lyonel Feininger (Léonell Charles Feininger) is born in New York City on July 17. He is the first child of the violinist Karl Feininger from Durlach in Baden (South West Germany) and the American singer Elizabeth Cecilia Feininger, born Lutz, who is also of German descent."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-06-17. Retrieved 2006-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "early 20th century German artist, George Grosz."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-19. Retrieved 2008-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Ulrike Herzner ("Uli"), is a 35-year-old German native who currently resides in Miami Beach."
^ "German-American painter and teacher, often called the dean of abstract expressionism"
^Harold H. Knerr Lambiek Comiclopedia "Harold Hering Knerr was the son of an emigrated German physician."
^ "Born in Ebingen, Württemberg. Krimmel immigrated to the United States in 1810. Settled in Philadelphia, where he painted portraits, miniatures and gently satirical street and domestic scenes. He returned to Germany from 1817 to 1818. Back in Philadelphia in 1819. Early 1821 he was elected president of the Association of American Artists, but on July 15 of the same year he accidentally drowned near Germantown, Pennsylvania."
^ "German Americans also have influenced greatly our artistic heritage. Emanuel Leutze's 1851 painting, Washington Crossing the Delaware River, remains a cherished and recognized symbol of American courage and determination."
^ "... born in Germany. Worked as an itinerant artist in Europe before immigrating to the United States in 1837. While living in New York City he married a French-Canadian and spent most of his life in Canada."
^ "German-born artist, designed the first Confederate flag and the Confederate uniform".
^"Josef Muench (David's father) was born in Schweinfurt, Bavaria on February 8, 1904."
^"Josef Muench was born in Schweinfurt, Bavaria on February 8, 1904."
^"Josef Muench (Marc's grandfather) was born in Schweinfurt, Bavaria on February 8, 1904."
^ "NAHL, Charles Christian (1818–1878), born in Kassel, immigrated to United States in 1849".
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-05-18. Retrieved 2006-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Thomas Nast – German-born Father of American Caricature ..."
^ "German American art historian who gained particular prominence for his studies in iconography (the study of symbols and themes in works of art)."
^ "German-American painter trained in the "Munich School" style who is best known for his nudes, clowns and portraits and his ill-fated voyage of the South Pacific which nearly cost him his life"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-05-02. Retrieved 2006-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "German native Severin Roesen is most famous for his abundant fruit ..."
^ "... born most likely in Nuremberg, landscape and botanical painter. Studied art in Düsseldorf and Munich. In 1825 he went to Switzerland, where he stayed for 20 years before he emigrated to America in 1845."
^ "... earliest type founder in America, published the first Bible in German, 1743, and the first religious magazine in America, 1764. The magazine was published by Christopher Sauer II, who took over the printshop after his father died in 1758."
^ "Schwartz first worked at MetaDesign Berlin, developing typefaces for Volkswagen and logos for a number of corporations. He then returned to the US and joined the design staff at The Font Bureau, Inc., working for a wide range of corporate and publication clients."
^ "... born in Tilsit, East Prussia, came to America at the age of 17."
^ "Gustavus Sohon was born in Tilsit, Germany on December 10, 1825. He came to America at the age of 17 and lived in Brooklyn, New York. A gifted linguist (he spoke English, French, and German) ..."
^ "Gustavus Sohon, a native of East Prussia, arrived on the Columbia River in 1852 as a private in the US Army."
^ "Though her father (Rene Von Drachenberg) is of German descent and her mother (Sylvia Galeano) has Spanish-Italian roots, both her parents are native Argentinians."
^"About | Kat von D Beauty". Archived from the original on 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2008-04-09. "Her father René Drachenberg and her mother Sylvia Galeano were both born in Argentina, though René's family origins were German and Sylvia's Spanish-Italian"
^ "Part of a large German-American family, and the ninth of ten children, his childhood was marked by poverty."  "Theodore Dreiser was the son of a German Catholic immigrant father and a German-Moravian Mennonite mother."
^ "1829 – Gomried Duden's published travel report encourages thousands of Germans to come to America, especially Missouri"
^ "I could hear the pain in my German-American father's voice as he recalled being yanked out of Lutheran school during World War I and forbidden by his immigrant parents ever to speak German again."
^ "Born May 27, 1917, in Hamburg, Germany; died February 11, 2006, in Las Vegas, Nevada. Moved to United States in 1938; resided in New York City from 1938 to 2006."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-03-24. Retrieved 2006-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Like Charles Follen and Carl Schurz, Lieber was a German revolutionary and patriot but only America allowed him to develop his talents to the full."
^ "German: from a short form of a Germanic personal name cognate with Old High German gratag 'greedy'."
^Liukkonen, Petri. "Patricia Highsmith". Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi). Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on April 30, 2007.. Quote: "Her father was of German descent and she did not meet him until she was twelve – the surname Highsmith was from her stepfather..."
^ "The two most distinguished German Sinologists at the turn of the century, Friedrich Hirth (1845–1927) and Berthold Laufer ..."
^Gates Jr., Henry Louis (2016). Finding Your Roots, Season 2: The Official Companion to the PBS Series. The University Of North Carolina Press. p. 17. ISBN9781469626185.
^Archived 2007-08-10 at the Wayback Machine "German-American film historian, sociologist and author, best known for his 1947 book From Caligari to Hitler: A Psychological History of the German Film. His Theory of Film (1960) was Kracauer's second influential, if also controversial, work. Born in Germany, the former editor of a Frankfurt newspaper and German film critic moved to America in 1941. His studies concentrated on how cinema both influences and is influenced by social and economic conditions."
^Peterson, David (1992). ""From Bone Depth": German-American Communities in Rural Minnesota before the Great War". Journal of American Ethnic History. 11 (2): 27–55. JSTOR27500930.
^ "... largely German-speaking neighborhood (Miller's grandparents had emigrated from Germany"
^ "Pennsylvania Dutch Identity: Anna Balmer Myers"
^ "Public Letter to Oswald Ottendorfer" by Carl Schurz – From Frederic Bancroft, ed., Speeches, Correspondence and Political Papers of Carl Schurz, Volume III, pp. 261–280. Oswald Ottendorfer was editor of the N. Y. Staats-Zeitung. This letter was written in German. The translation, taken from one of the New York newspapers, was probably made hastily and not by Carl Schurz."
^ "Ottendorfer's desire was to help to uplift both the body and the mind of his fellow Germans in the United States ('dem Körpen und dem Geisten zu helfen')."
^ "In Lady Lazarus, Sylvia Plath does many things: she explores her guilt about being German during World War II ..."
^ "When St. Louis housewife Irma von Starkloff Rombauer (1877–1962) self-published The Joy of Cooking in 1931, she was, at age 54, a total amateur in the kitchen. She sets Rombauer's German-American roots in the context of a thriving Midwestern immigrant community and also unravels both her and her daughter's tangled, acrimonious relationship with Bobbs-Merrill."
^Archived 2007-08-10 at the Wayback Machine "German screenwriter for B-movies and classic monster movies such as The Wolf Man (1941), I Walked with a Zombie (1943), Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man (1943) and Son of Dracula (1943). He also wrote scripts for Berlin Express (1948) and Tarzan's Magic Fountain (1948). He went to Hollywood in 1938."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-03-05. Retrieved 2010-04-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "John Ernst Steinbeck was born in Salinas, California, on February 27, 1902 of German and Irish ancestry."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-05-01. Retrieved 2007-04-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "One of the oldest continually operating companies in the US today, Bausch & Lomb traces its roots to 1853, when John Jacob Bausch, a German immigrant, set up a tiny optical goods shop in Rochester, New York."
^ "German-born electrical engineer invested $200,000 in a quirky search engine in 1998. Google returned the favor—and $1.5 billion."
^ "The story of the Bernheim family: A book written in 1910 by Isaac Wolfe Bernheim presenting a history of the Bernheim family. Includes stories and portraits of various family members."
^Blum, Nava. (2006). "The Development of PM&R in the USA" in the book: ha — Shikum asah historia: maarakhot shikum refui be Yisrael 1940–1956.(Tsefat)pp. 25–26.
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-01-18. Retrieved 2010-01-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "William E. Boeing was born in Detroit to Wilhelm and Marie Boeing in 1881. His father, who arrived in the United States in 1868, had come from an old and well-to-do family in Hohenlimburg, Germany, and had served a year in the German army. He had a lust for adventure, however, and left his family, emigrating to the United States when he was 20 years old."
^ "Bonwit, Paul J. (29 Sept. 1862-11 Dec. 1939), retail merchant, was born Paul Joseph (or Josef) Bonwit near Hanover, Germany, the son of Bernard Bonwit."
^ ab "The property No. 34, today Salzufler Strasse 48, since 1995 private home and office of HELIPAD.consulting/Germany, is the house where the brothers Fritz and August Düsenberg lived until emigration to America in the year 1885 "
^ "The Firestone family goes back to German immigrants named Feuerstein. Harvey Firestone's great-great-great grandfather was Hans Nikolaus Feuerstein, born March 25, 1712 in Berg, Alsace, a German-speaking region now in France. Hans and his wife Catharina arrived in America in September 1753 and Hans is believed to have died in Pennsylvania in 1763."
^ abArchived 2010-12-17 at the Wayback Machine "The grandson of German and Italian immigrants, he embodies the entrepreneurial spirit of risking it all for a shot at success."
^"Robson, Charles (1876), Biographical Encyclopædia of Ohio of the Nineteenth Century, Galaxy Publishing Co."
^Archived 2009-02-24 at the Wayback Machine "Like most of the people whom he knew, he was the descendant of people who had come to Pennsylvania from Switzerland and Germany in the 1700s. He grew up speaking the "Pennsylvania Dutch" dialect and inherited from these people characteristics such as a zest for hard work, diligence, and thriftiness."
^ Father: Augustus Holver Hilton (Norwegian) – Mother: Mary Laufersweiler (German)
^ "George Albert Hormel, the son of German immigrants, used the knowledge, skills, and values he learned from his family to succeed as an independent meatpacker in an industry dominated by corporate giants."
^ "When a baby was born to the 23-year-old Jandali – now known as John – and his 23-year-old German-American girlfriend, Joanne Schieble, in 1955, there was no chance he'd be able to grow up with his biological parents."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2007-08-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Having made a fortune in the pharmaceutical industry, he endowed the Max Kade foundation with the goal of promoting the mutual understanding of the people and cultures of Germany and the United States."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-03-09. Retrieved 2006-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Born a middle-class, assimilated German Jew ..."
^ "Otto Kahn was the son of banker Bernard Kahn in Mannheim, southwestern Germany."
^ "German: nickname from Middle High German kec 'lively', 'active' (cognate of English quick), which later changed its meaning to 'bold', 'forward', 'fresh'."
^East Tennessee Historical Society, Mary Rothrock (ed.), The French Broad-Holston Country: A History of Knox County, Tennessee (Knoxville, Tenn.: East Tennessee Historical Society, 1972), p. 436.
^ "Kluge, a German-born billionaire, donated a whopping $60 million to start the ..."
^ "Born in Bremen in Germany, Kleinfeld began his career as a marketing consultant in 1982 but before long had joined Siemens, the global engineering and technology services firm, and one of Germany's greatest companies."
^ "From music have come – beside the piano- and organ-makers, Steinway, Knabe"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-03-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Johan Adam Lemp was born in Gruningen, Germany"
^ ab "It's a bit of an irony that the Blue Note label — synonymous with jazz, the seminal American music form — was created by two German immigrants. In Blue Note Records, The Biography, author Richard Cook tells the story of Alfred Lion and Francis Wolff, who formed the label in 1939."
^"The Founding Father". Flying Magazine: 76. Aug 1976.
^ "Bausch & Lomb Incorporated, one of the oldest continuously operating companies in the U.S. today. Bausch & Lomb traces its roots to 1853, when John Jacob Bausch, a German immigrant, set up a tiny optical goods shop in Rochester, New York."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-17. Retrieved 2008-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Among the black-and-whites is a shot of a burly German man. That would be Great Uncle Peter – more specifically, Peter Luger, who in 1887 opened a beer garden in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn, New York, that started off selling sandwiches and steak tidbits before graduating to full-fledged steak dinners."
^Scheiffarth, Engelbert: "Der New Yorker Gouverneur Nelson A. Rockefeller und die Rockenfeller im Neuwieder Raum". Genealogisches Jahrbuch, 9 (1969), pp. 16–41.
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-12-22. Retrieved 2008-01-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Soon Oscar's brother Gottfried, a "wurstmacher" (or sausage-maker) from Nuremberg, Germany, would join Oscar in the states, and together they leased the Kolling Meat Market on Chicago's north side. Before long, customers in their German neighborhood were standing in line for Mayer specialties like bockwurst, liverwurst, and weisswurst. By the time a third brother, Max, joined them from Germany, the brothers had moved into their own establishment."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-05-10. Retrieved 2017-05-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "In 1849, a young German chemist, Charles Pfizer, and his cousin Charles Erhart, who had come to America seeking new opportunities, founded the business that bears the Pfizer name."
^ "Son of John Augustus Reitz, born on December 17, 1815, in Dorlar, Prussia. He grew up in a German family that emphasized skill, thrift, and hard work. He came to the United States in the 1830s when many other Germans came, and for the same reasons: to find better business opportunities and a more "republican" form of government."
^ "John Augustus Reitz was born on December 17, 1815, in Dorlar, Prussia. He grew up in a German family that emphasized skill, thrift, and hard work. He came to the United States in the 1830s when many other Germans came, and for the same reasons: to find better business opportunities and a more "republican" form of government."
^ "William Rittenhouse was born in what is now Germany, near the Dutch border. His name was then Wilhelm Rittenhausen, later changed in America"
^ abHarvey Frommer. "1927 New York Yankees: The Greatest Baseball Team Ever". Archived from the original on 2008-02-07. Retrieved 2008-07-08. The team had a pronounced German-American flavor from its owner beer baron Jacob Ruppert to Lou Gehrig, Babe Ruth, Mark Koenig, Bob Meusel, George Pipgras, Dutch Ruether and half Germans Waite Hoyt and Earle Combs.
^ "Popular, wealthy, and well-connected within the German-American community, Ruppert was a natural for politics."
^"The son of German immigrants Jacob Ruppert and Anna Gillig, Ruppert was born August 5, 1867, attended Columbia Grammar School in New York, and went to work in the small Jacob Ruppert's family brewery in 1887."
^"Julius Schmid". PBS. Retrieved 2011-09-25. Born into poverty in Schorndorf, Germany, in 1865, the half-paralyzed Jewish immigrant arrived in New York at the age of 17 to make his fortune....
^ "Pauline Farabaugh and John Schwab, both of whose parents were German-born Catholics, were married in western Pennsylvania a week after the president appealed for volunteers to put down the rebellious Southern states. John wanted to join the Union Army with his pals. Pauline talked him out of it."
^ "The roll call of German-American leaders in business and finance includes names like Astor, Boeing, Chrysler, Firestone, Fleischman, Guggenheim, Heinz, Hershey, Kaiser, Rockefeller, Steinway, Strauss (of-blue jeans fame), Singer
^ "Middle High German spiegel, German Spiegel 'mirror' (via Old High German from Latin speculum, a derivative of specere 'to look')."
^ "the founder of the modern day denim industries"
^ "Pennsylvania-German-built Conestoga wagons carried the pioneers westward, some armed with "Kentucky rifles", also made in Pennsylvania by Germans. A leading German-American wagon builder, Clement Studebaker, later produced the popular car that bore his name."
^ "The roll call of German-American leaders in business and finance includes names like Astor, Boeing, Chrysler, Firestone, Fleischman, Guggenheim, Heinz, Hershey, Kaiser, Rockefeller, Steinway, Strauss (of-blue jeans fame), Singer (originally Reisinger), Sulzberger, Wanamaker, and Weyerhaueser."
^ "German-born Swiss pioneer settler and colonizer in California..."
^ "Rudolph Wurlitzer (born January 30, 1831, Schöneck, Saxony [Germany]—d. January 14, 1914, Cincinnati, Ohio), emigrated to the United States in 1853, settling in Cincinnati."
^ "German-born American cofounder of the firm later to be known as Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc., one of the largest breweries in the world."
^ "Valentin was a German-American brewer and banker. He was born in Bavaria and worked at his father's brewery in his youth. He started a brewery which became home to Blatz Beer. Valentin was one of the many "beer barons" of Milwaukee. So many, in fact, that there is a section at Forest Home Cemetery in Milwaukee called 'Beer Baron's Hill' which houses a few of these men."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-08-10. Retrieved 2006-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Adolphus Busch, was a Corporal Co. E 3rd Regiment US Reserve Infantry Corps (3 months, 1861) after the war became St. Louis most famous German immigrant."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2016-05-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "And so it was with Adolph Coors, the young German immigrant who founded Coors Brewing Company..."
^John M. Haffen The Bronx and its people A History 1609–1927 Board of Editors: James L. Wells, Louis F. Haffen Josiah A. Briggs. Historian: Benedict Fitspatrick Publisher: The Lewis Historical Publishing Co., Inc. New York 1927
^ "Frederick Miller, a German immigrant who started his own brewery in 1855..."
^* John J. Raskob – Businessman who developed the Empire State BuildingArchived 2007-12-05 at the Wayback Machine "The history of Penn Brewery making great German beers began with Tom Pastorius' great-great-great-great-great-great-great grandfather, Franz Daniel Pastorius. Today considered the father of German-Americans, Franz Daniel Pastorius was an idealistic scholar..."
^ "'F. & M.', as most breweriana buffs know, stands for Frederick and Maximilian, the brothers who founded Schaefer. Frederick Schaefer, a native of Wetzlar, Prussia, Germany, emigrated to the US in 1838. When he arrived in New York City on October 23rd he was 21 years old and had exactly $1.00 to his name. There is some doubt as to whether or not he had been a practicing brewer in Germany, but there is no doubt that he was soon a practicing brewer in his adopted city."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-12. Retrieved 2008-04-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Schaefer Center at the 1939 World's Fair
^ "Kosmos Spoetzl, a German immigrant brewmaster, learned of the Shiner operation and coleased the facility with Oswald Petzold with an option to buy in 1915."
^ "According to Texas historian Patrick J. Wagner, an organization founded by German investors known as the Shiner Brewing Association wanted to drink home brew, rather than city brew. "So they recruited Kosmos Spoetzl, a Bavarian brewmaster with an old-world brewing recipe that had been in his family for generations." "
^ "Peter STRAUB – Christening: 29 Jun 1850, Katholisch, Felldorf, Schwarzwaldkreis, Wuerttemberg. Father: Anton STRAUB; Mother: M. Anna EGER. Source: Kirchenbuch, 1801–1968. Katholische Kirche Felldorf (OA. Horb)"
^"Zazie Olivia Beetz is an actress. Born in Berlin, Germany, to a German father and an African-American mother, she was raised in Manhattan (New York City) speaking both German and English at home."
^ "Born Hans Gudegast, Eric Braeden emigrated to the US in 1959 from the port city of Kiel, West Germany and became a naturalized citizen while attending college. In 1989, Eric served as a member of the German-American Advisory Board along with the likes of Dr. Henry Kissinger. Eric has also been awarded the Federal Medal of Honor by the President of Germany for promoting a "positive, realistic image of Germans in America."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2008-01-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Hans Gudegast (a.k.a. Eric Braeden) is a German-born actor whose career has been very different from that of most other German-speaking actors who have made it big in Hollywood."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-01-01. Retrieved 2009-02-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "After going through professional nursing school, she married my father, who was an American of German and English descent, and had five kids."
^Ernst Klee. Das Kulturlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Wer war was vor und nach 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, pp. 73–74.
^Archived 2007-09-18 at the Wayback Machine "German actor who came to Hollywood in 1937 after fleeing Nazi Germany via France. In the US he was busy as a character actor in many films of the 1940s."
^[web.archive.org]. Archived from the original on 2012-03-03. Retrieved 2009-02-18. Missing or empty |title= (help) "... I would learn later, after she had passed away, that her name was really Klotz! And I don't ever remember her telling me that herself, you know, that's kind of a German name, but she would always say, 'Well, I'm half Irish.'"
^ "though as it happens, Doris Day, née Doris Kappelhoff, is purebred German. "And I have a beautiful shitsu called Wesley Winfield.""
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-20. Retrieved 2007-07-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Doris Day (Doris Mary Ann von Kappelhoff, 1924– ; some bios claim she was born in 1922) – American film actress and TV personality born in the Cincinnati suburb of Evanston, Ohio in her family's house, "attended by a good German midwife." Both her parents were children of German immigrants. (Her maternal grandfather Welz came from Berlin.) Despite being Catholics, Doris' parents separated over William von Kappelhoff's extramarital affair when Doris was eleven, and later divorced. In the 1940s in California, the singer began to use the stage name Doris Day."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-03-23. Retrieved 2006-04-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "His dad, George DiCaprio, half German and half Italian, is an underground comic book artist.... DiCaprio's mother, Irmelin Indenbirken (sometimes spelled In Den Birken), was born in a German air raid shelter in the midst of a World War II air raid. After the war, in the 1950s, she emigrated to the US with her parents as a young child.... DiCaprio's maternal grandparents, Wilhelm and Helene Indenbirken, continued to live in the US for many years before returning to Germany to enjoy their retirement."
^ "How did you choose the name Leonardo Wilhelm? My daughter Irmelin's husband is Italian. Leonardo goes well with the last name DiCaprio. But so he would also have something German about him, we added the name of my husband Wilhelm. His roots, by the way, lie far to the east where our ancestors come from."
^Dakota Fanning – "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-05-22. Retrieved 2006-07-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "I'm also half German" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-07-01. Retrieved 2006-08-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "My Grandmother was German, and the tradition was to hide an ornament in a pickle, and whoever find it gets a prize. It's a lot of fun."
^Schuman, Michael A. (2011). Tina Fey: TV Comedy Superstar. Enslow Pub Inc. p. 10. ISBN978-0766035577.
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-30. Retrieved 2008-11-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "In actuality, Franz is Dennis's middle name, and the first name of his father, a German immigrant. Though unfailingly mispronounced, 'Franz' is less difficult to say than his given surname. "'Schlachta' was never easy for people to hear, say or spell", says Dennis."
^[dead link] "He was played by Dennis Franz, the son of German immigrant postal workers from Chicago, who was also a graduate of Robert Altman's acting company."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-20. Retrieved 2007-07-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "... born in Cadiz, Ohio. Both Gable's mother (Adeline Hershelman) and father (William H. Gable) had German ancestors (Frankenfield, Hershelman, and Haupt) who had settled in Pennsylvania."
^ "Actually, my last name does mean "glow" as it is German. My ancestry is Scotch-Irish and German."
^ "Uta Hagen, a German actress who achieved fame in her role in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf, died on Wednesday. Uta was 84. Uta was born on June 12, 1919 in Göttingen, Germany. Her family was very artistic. At age 7, her father got a job as head of the art history department of University of Wisconsin."
^ "As you might expect for someone with solid St. Louis roots, Jon Hamm has German heritage. Roughly three-eighths of his family tree traces back to the fatherland, but he's equally English and one-quarter Irish."
^ "Joseph Kamp, b. Büren, Germany, 16 Sept. 1863, bapt. Sankt Nikolaus Katholisch Kirch, Büren, Westfalen, Preußen, 20 Sept. 1863"
^ "Jonathan Vincent Voight was born in Yonkers, NY, on 29 December 1938. His paternal grandfather immigrated from Košice, now the Slovak and European home of U.S. Steel, his maternal grandfather came from Büren, Germany, his grandmothers were born in the U.S."
^ "Raised in Connecticut with her two older brothers, Holt and Jason, and older sister Meg, the half-Irish, half-German natural blonde was a child model for Sears catalogs before landing small roles in commercial work."
^ "Her Irish-German beauty helped her grab her first TV gig back in her native Nebraska..."
^ "...in my family, the Herrmanns, who were German on my father's side. My father didn't speak English until he went to school. They were the most highly respected immigrant group in America, the Germans. They were models of immigrant application and education and hard work and honesty. They went from that to being vilified in about two years from 1914 to 1916. He was thrown off streetcars for forgetting and speaking German in public."
^"Although in his autobiography the actor falsely claimed Brooklyn as his birthplace, Emil Jannings (Theodor Friedrich Emil Janez, July 23, 1884 – January 3, 1950) was actually born in Rorschach, Switzerland to a German mother (Margarethe Schwabe) and an American father (Emil Janez). He grew up as a German citizen in Switzerland, Leipzig, and Görlitz, Germany. Jannings began his acting career on the German stage. He made his first film in 1914, but his first real movie success came a few years later when he worked with the German (later Hollywood) director Ernst Lubitsch at the Ufa studios near Berlin."
^ "Princess Kaiulani stars German born actress Q'orianka Kilcher."
^ "Naturalized US Citizen: Birthplace: Cologne, Germany"
^Archived 2010-01-17 at the Wayback Machine "[...] His father had once told him he had a great-grandfather from Bavaria said Kevin Kline in an interview. "Somewhere deep in me slumbers German DNA" [...]"
^"Eastside Scene". Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2011-12-28. "Reporter: How do I pronounce your last name? We were having a debate in my office about how to pronounce it.
DK: 'Kekner.' Everyone butchers it; it's German. I come from a small town called Tipton, Missouri which started as a German community. I guess I could have taken a stage name to make it easier, but then I would have to answer to my hometown."
^ "Naturalized US Citizen – Birthplace: Michenberg, Germany"
^[permanent dead link] "On the 1910 Census of Delaware County, Pennsylvania, it shows that the grandfather of Constance "Veronica" was born in Germany instead of Sweden..."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-15. Retrieved 2010-03-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "LR: How can you be Italian with a name like Lauper? CL: Lauper's my father's name. He's German and Swiss and my mom's Italian. So I'm German, Swiss and Sicilian. Kinda like cold cuts. [laughs] The German and the Italian in me are always fighting and the Swiss guy in the middle is goin', "OK, let's talk here. Everybody calm down." [both laugh]"
^ "Of German and Irish descent, Lauter does both redneck and roughneck with great relish and subtle variation, and though he excels at looming and hulking, he appears equally at home (and equally unnerving) behind a clipboard and a white lab coat."
^ "I am only French, Dutch and German. I get my skin color from the French side of my family."
^ "Brad Pitt 'Keeper of the German Language'"
^ "Erich Pommer ranks with the most important personalities of the German silent movie era and he was participated in the worldwide success. No other producer had so influenced the German film like Erich Pommer."
^ "Chris Pratt Is the Latest Actor to Reveal Hidden Language Skills"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-09. Retrieved 2008-01-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Raft was born George Ranft in ****'s Kitchen, New York City to Conrad Ranft (a German immigrant) and an Italian-American mother, where he quickly adopted the "tough guy" persona that he would later use in his films."
^ "Jenna: (On her last name) My last name is German and both my grandparents immigrated from Germany. The name is actually composed of two parts..."von", denotes land ownership, and "Oy" refers to a region in the lower Rhine. The family name predates any national borders and the ancestral estates are in present day Holland. In fact, ruins of a castle still exist there. In current Dutch, the "Oy" mimics the Dutch word for stork and our family crest does portray a stork."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-01-21. Retrieved 2008-01-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Both of his parents were immigrants – his father, Paul, from Germany; his mother, Rosalie, from Scotland."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2006-08-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "I'm Irish and German, I thought that I could go toe-to-toe but it's hard to keep up with the Aussies."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-02-23. Retrieved 2008-01-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Weissmuller was born in the tiny hamlet of Freidorf ("free village" in German, Hungarian Szabadfalu) not far from Timişoara (Ger., Temeschburg). Even today the area around Timişoara is dotted with small towns bearing German names such as Gottlob, Johanisfeld and Liebling, reflecting the German ethnic influence on the region. Weissmuller's family left Banat for America in 1904, shortly after Johnny's birth, settling first in Pennsylvania, where many other Austrians and Germans lived (and where brother Peter was born in 1905), and later in Chicago, another Germanic stronghold and the home of Weissmuller's maternal grandparents. The original German family name Weissmüller translates literally as "white miller" or "wheat miller" (Weizen)."
^"Born Florence Lois Weber on June 13, 1879, in Allegheny City (annexed in 1907 officially as the North Side, Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania, Lois Weber was the second daughter of George and Mary Matilda (née Snaman) Weber. George's parents, Salesius Weber and Elizabeth Koch Weber arrived by 1854 from Germany."
^ "The German-born, New Jersey-raised Willis, 43, is one of Hollywood's biggest ..."
^Archived 2007-09-19 at the Wayback Machine "Zilzer and Palfi married in 1943 and soon moved to New York. Both continued to act, mostly in television. Zilzer died in Berlin in 1991, and his former wife (they divorced amicably when Zilzer was seriously ill and wanted to go to Germany), who refused to return to Germany, died just a few months later in New York."
^ "Naturalized US Citizen – Birthplace: Rosenheim, Bavaria, Germany"
^ "The simple sight (and a tiny bite) of a German chocolate cake always reminds Willie Geist of his family and childhood birthday celebrations. Though his last name is German, Willie said, "when you really break it down, he is part German, French, English, Irish and Norwegian."
^"Yahoo!". Archived from the original on 2006-07-05. Retrieved 2006-07-29. "I think German guys are really hot ... I am German."
^"His father, Juergen Holzhauer, a German immigrant who worked as an engineer for a chemical company for 32 years, didn't approve at first."
^ "Naturalized US Citizen – Birthplace: Nordenham, Germany"
^ "But the workaholic, something he picked up from his father, an executive vice president for IBM, and his stay-at-home mother, looks forward to work every day as he is surrounded by genuine members of his German-Italian family."
^ "German-born US composer, pianist, and conductor"
^[permanent dead link] "Frauenheim was the fifth of seven children born to Edward J. and Antoinette Marie "Nettie" Vilsack Frauenheim whose own parents were the co-founders of the Pittsburgh Brewing Company"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-20. Retrieved 2007-07-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "... born in San Francisco. His father was a cellist trained in Dresden, Germany; his mother, Eva König, was born in Germany. Because he could speak German, Warner Bros. assigned Friedhofer to work with the Austrian composers Erich Wolfgang Korngold and Max Steiner. Despite his own strong skills, he remained in their shadow for many years. Friedhofer won an Academy Award for his score for The Best Years of Our Lives (1946)."
^ "Reinhold Heil was born in a small town in West Germany."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-04-07. Retrieved 2007-05-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Elbert Joseph Higgins of Portuguese, Irish and German descent ..."
^ "... one of the most important figures in 20th century music, and an influential teacher. Hindemith was born in Hanau on Nov. 16, 1895, and studied at the Hock Conservatory in Frankfurt. ... He went to the US in 1940 and taught at Yale University"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-05-22. Retrieved 2009-09-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "The Latin name PASTORIUS was once the German Schäfer, meaning shepherd. Jaco's father, John Francis Pastorius II, was born in Pennsylvania from German and Irish descendants."
^ "Born Heinrich Erich Roemheld in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, he was one of four children of German immigrant Heinrich Roemheld and his wife Fanny Rauterberg Roemheld."
^ "Milwaukee-born Heinz Roemheld followed a circuitous route to a career as a film composer. At age four he was identified as a piano prodigy; he later studied with Ferruccio Busoni and Egon Petri in Berlin, and performed as a guest soloist with the Berlin Philharmonic at 23."
^ "Father was Federico (Fred) Ronstadt – 1868–1954. His father was Herr Frederick Augustus Ronstadt, a German mining engineer, who came to the West in the 1850s from Hamburg, Germany. He settled in Las Delcias, Sonora, and married Margarita Redondo. She gave birth to Federico, known later as Fred, on January 30, 1868. Fred was brought to Tucson in 1882, when he was 14, to work and help support the family of four children: Gretchen, Peter, Linda & Mike. During the 1960s, Gretchen, Peter & Linda played and sang at coffeehouses in Tucson."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2006-10-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "(The German surname comes from a grandfather who married into the Mexican family.)"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-07-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Salter came to the United States in 1937 and composed scores for some 150 Hollywood movies."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-18. Retrieved 2008-12-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "1941 – Birth of his son Lawrence on 27 January. Arnold, Gertrud and Nuria are granted American citizenship."
^ "His father, John Antonio Sousa, was born in Spain of Portuguese parents, and his mother, Marie Elizabeth Trinkaus, was born in Bavaria."
^ "Stoermer Name Meaning North German (Störmer): nickname for a hot-tempered person, from a derivative of Middle Low German storm 'storm'."
^"As children, the Bullock sisters lived in Germany, moving to Virginia when Sandra was 11 and Gesine was five where their father, John, worked at the Pentagon. Helga, a German opera singer, continued to travel back to Europe for work – sometimes taking her daughters with her on tour."
^Gevinson, Alan. Within Our Gates: Ethnicity in American Feature Films, 1911–1960. University of California Press, 1997. P.372
^ "... the German director of Hollywood films including Stargate, Independence Day, Godzilla, The Patriot, and The Day After Tomorrow, was born in Stuttgart."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-06. Retrieved 2007-07-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Ernst Lubitsch (1892–1947) came to Hollywood from his native Berlin in 1922—at the request of Mary Pickford. It was in the German film capital that he began to develop what would later be known simply as "the Lubitsch Touch." In the American film capital his success would be phenomenal."
^Archived 2007-08-10 at the Wayback Machine "Born Emil Anton Bundmann. German-American director. (Sullivan's Travels, Border Incident, Winchester '73, The Glenn Miller Story, God's Little Acre, El Cid)"
^ "Big Bosoms and Square Jaws: The Biography of Russ Meyer, King of the Sex Film – 'Certainly Lydia's most significant betrothal was to William Arthur Meyer, a Missouri-born East Oakland cop of German heritage ...'"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2007-07-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "(1897–1961, aka Nebenzal) – German-American film producer born in New York, educated there and in Berlin, Germany. Together with his father Heinrich Nebenzahl (died 1938), Seymour founded film companies and produced many of the classic movies of the Weimar period, including PANDORA'S BOX with Louise Brooks and M with Peter Lorre. In Hollywood Seymour worked as a producer at MGM and his own Nero Films."
^Archived 2006-04-26 at the Wayback Machine "German-born director Kurt Neumann came to the US in the early talkie era, hired to direct German-language versions of Hollywood films."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-10-07. Retrieved 2006-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Mike Nichols, the German-born director of HBO's Angels in America, tells the Washington Post his feel for Yiddish rushed back in a skit when Elaine May ..."
^ "Pfister: South German and Swiss German: occupational name for a baker, from Middle High German pfister 'baker' (from Latin pistor)."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2007-07-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "... came to the US at the age of 19. The second son of Max Reinhardt (below), Gottfried was born in Berlin but lived in both Germany and the US before he died in Los Angeles in 1994."
^ "Schertzinger was born in Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania, a son of musical parents Pennsylvania Dutch German descent"
^Archived 2007-08-10 at the Wayback Machine "German-American cinematographer and inventor of the "Schüfftan process" for optical special effects, used until it was replaced by the simpler matte method. Camera work: Menschen am Sonntag (1929), The Hustler (1961, Acad. Award), Lilith (1964)."
^Archived 2007-08-10 at the Wayback Machine "German director and actor. After a long career in Germany that included directing and writing the screenplay for Viktor und Viktoria (1933, remade by Blake Edwards in 1982), Schünzel came to the U.S. in 1938. In Hollywood he acted (Hangmen Also Die, The Hitler Gang, Notorious, Golden Earrings, Berlin Express) and directed (Rich Man Poor Girl, Ice Follies of 1939, New Wine)."
^Archived 2007-08-10 at the Wayback Machine "German director and brother of Hollywood screenwriter, Curt Siodmak. Although born in Memphis, Tenn., Robert grew up and was educated in Germany. He began his film career at the German UFA studios in 1925"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-02-17. Retrieved 2008-01-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Wim Wenders was born Ernst Wilhelm Wenders on August 14, 1945 in Düsseldorf, Germany. After living in Los Angeles for eight years, the director returned to his homeland to make his first German-language film since moving to the US The German director has made most of his films in English in the US He has been living in Los Angeles since the 1980s, although he spends part of each year in Germany and Berlin (his favorite city)."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2008-01-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "... born in Mülhausen (Mulhouse), Alsace-Lorraine (then German, now part of France) on the first day of July 1902. ... Wyler became a US citizen in 1928."
^John Arthur Garraty and Mark Christopher Carnes (eds.), American National Biography, Vol. 24. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999, pp. 239–240.
German, Welsh, English, Irish; Lucretia Garfield's parental great-grandfather immigrated to Pennsylvania (in a part that is now Delaware) from Württemberg, Germany. Her mother's family all originated in New England, the latest immigrating from England six generations before her own. Among her American ancestors were James and Mary Chilton, Pilgrims on the Mayflower."
^ "Brigitte Wambsganß, "Buzz Aldrin: Mond-Mann mit Trupbacher Wurzeln", Der Westen (Germany), July 17, 2009." Archived August 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
^"Unsung Partner against Crime: Harry J. Anslinger and the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, 1930-1962"
^"Anslinger’s zeal for law and order manifested early. He was born in Altoona, Pennsylvania, in 1892 to Swiss German parents."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-24. Retrieved 2016-02-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "German-born George Atzerodt immigrated to the United States with his family in 1843, at the age of eight."
^"Meta Schlichting was born in Milwaukee in 1873 to parents who came to the city from Germany during their childhood. Schlichting's father, Bernard, who served on Milwaukee's school board, hired Victor Berger to teach German."
^ "Hitz Name Meaning German: from a pet form of a Germanic personal name formed with the first element hild 'strife', 'battle'."
^ "Willard Erastus Christiansen was born in Ephraim, Utah to a Swedish father and German mother – both Mormon converts."
^ "This biography joins the ranks of several others on second-echelon German-American political and intellectual figures such as Frederick Hecker and Francis Hoffmann that have recently appeared."
^ "The ancestral home of the Earhart family is in the German province of Bavaria. Earhart is a German nickname surname. Such names came from eke-names, or added names, that described their initial bearer through reference to a physical characteristic or other attribute."
^ "In Texas, there were several substantial waves of German immigration. The first, when Friedrich Ernst, "Father of German Immigration to Texas", arrived in Texas in 1831 and received a grant of more than 4,000 acres (16 km²) in what is now Austin County. He set about encouraging other Germans to join him. This tract of land formed the nucleus of what is now known as the German Belt."
^ "The German Belt is the product of concepts and processes well known to students of migration, particularly the concept of "dominant personality", the process called "chain migration", and the device of "America letters." Voluntary migrations generally were begun by a dominant personality, or "true pioneer." This individual was forceful and ambitious, a natural leader, who perceived emigration as a solution to economic, social, political, or religious problems in his homeland. He used his personality to convince others to follow him in migration. In the case of the Texas Germans, Friedrich Diercks, known in Texas under his alias, Johann Friedrich Ernst, was the dominant personality."
^ "... born in Kassel, Hesse, in 1805. He left Europe late in 1833 and spent a year each in London and New York and two years in New Orleans. In 1837 or early 1838 he came to Houston, Texas, where he was consul for the Hanseatic League (modern-day Germany). He became interested in the exploration and colonization of the San Saba area and in 1839 was acting treasurer of the San Saba Company, which was later reorganized as the San Saba Colonization Company."
^ "Meyer, though a native speaker of German, was Swiss-German."
^ ab "Peter Gusenberg (Gusenberger) 'Goosey'. 434 Roscoe St. Born September 28, 1888 in Chicago, Illinois. Married to Myrtle Coppleman Gorman. He tells her he is salesman and uses the last name Gorman. His father was named Peter Gusenberg also. He was from Germany."
^ "German-born American carpenter and burglar"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-12-20. Retrieved 2015-11-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "In 1683 Francis Daniel Pastorius was commissioned by the Frankfort Land Company and a group of merchants from Crefeld, Germany to form a settlement in America. They purchased fifteen thousand acres in Pennsylvania and Germantown was born."
^ "The founder, August Schrader was a creative and inventive German immigrant"
^ "Carl Schurz, one of the most celebrated German Americans"
^ "the Schwarzkopfs emigrated to the US long before the rise of Nazism, are not known to have voiced Nazi leanings, and were a respected part of the substantial German-American community in New Jersey."
^ "Dutch Schultz (August 6, 1902 – October 25, 1935) was a New York City-area gangster of the 1920s and 1930s. Born Arthur Flegenheimer into a German Jewish family in the Bronx, he made his fortune in bootlegging illegal alcohol and the numbers racket in Harlem."
^ "Prolific mob hitman Frank "the German" Schweihs has been indicted for alleged involvement with organized crime, including 19 unsolved homicides."
^ "German-born Swiss pioneer settler and colonizer in California"
^ "Accordingly, in May 1842 the association sent two of its members, counts Joseph of Boos-Waldeck and Victor August of Leiningen-Westerburg-Alt-Leiningen to Texas to investigate the country firsthand and purchase a tract of land for the settlement of immigrants."
^ "The Baron told the curt his grandfather was a count in Czarist Russia and that his father is a German nobleman."
^ abConnell, Evan S. (1984). Son Of The Morning Star. San Francisco, California: North Point Press. ISBN978-0-86547-160-3., p. 352.
^"Originally his ancestry came from Westphalia in Northern Germany. They emigrated and arrived in America in the 17th century. The original family name was 'Küster'."
^Webpage for DilgerArchived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine "Dilger was born march 5, 1836 in Eugen, a Black Forest town. Named Hubert Anton Casimir Dilger, taking the two middle names from the boys paternal and maternal grandparents."
^"Peter Osterhaus was born in Germany in 1823. After graduating from military school in Berlin Osterhaus took part in the 1848 German Revolution and was afterwards forced to flee the country. Osterhaus emigrated to the United States and became a bookkeeper in Missouri."
^ "Notable among many German-Americans who have shaped our military to meet later challenges were John J. Pershing, whose ancestral family name was Pfoerschin."
^"Alexander Schimmelfennig was born in Germany in 1824. A graduate of the German military academy he joined Franz Sigel, Carl Schurz, August Willich, Peter Osterhaus, Max Weber in taking part in the failed 1848 German Revolution. Schimmelfennig emigrated to America and on the outbreak of the American Civil War he joined the Union Army."
^Archived 2018-12-28 at the Wayback Machine "German-Prussian General who served with George Washington in the American Revolutionary War and is credited with teaching the Continental Army the essentials of military drill and discipline. He reorganised the Continental Army and guided it to victory."
^ "Weitzel was born on November 1, 1835, in Germany. His family moved to Cincinnati, Ohio when he was quite young. He was educated in public schools and received an appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1851."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2013-11-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "His last real name was von Willich. His father was an officer in the Prussian army. He was born in Braunsberg, Prussia in 1810."
^"August Willich was born in Germany in 1810. A graduate of the German military academy he joined Franz Sigel, Carl Schurz, Peter Osterhaus, Alexander Schimmelfennig, Max Weber in taking part in the failed 1848 German Revolution."
^ "Jurgen Wilson was born in Hamburg, Germany, on 18th December, 1836. His parents were English and he lived for a time in Norway before emigrating to America in 1858. He settled in Madison, Wisconsin, and found work as a clerk in a drug store."
^"He was born in 1838 in Bremen, Germany, and came to the U.S. with his family in 1844."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-02-13. Retrieved 2006-06-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Felix Adler, a German-American educator"
^Liukkonen, Petri. "Hannah Arendt". Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi). Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on 6 February 2007.. Quote: "Arendt, a Jew, gained fame as a German-Jewish refugee scholar"
^ "Rudolf Carnap, a German-born philosopher and naturalized US citizen"
^ "Francis Lieber German-born US political philosopher"
^Edward S. Kerstein, Milwaukee's All-American Mayor: Portrait of Daniel Webster Hoan. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1966; pg. 73.
^Torrence, Robert McIlvaine (August 6, 1961). "The Barnitz family". Retrieved August 6, 2019 – via Google Books.
^"A family genealogy reports that John George Carl Barnitz was the son of John Leonard Barnitz. John George Carl Barnitz born at Falkenstein, Germany on August 14, 1722, as stated in his will, dated October 12, 1796, probated January 4, 1797 (York County Will 1-J-235). However, the will of Charles Barnitz, with the dates noted, was recorded, but the recorded version makes no mention of the birthplace of Charles."
^ "1806 – ...Martin Baum, riverboat pioneer on the Ohio and Mississippi, becomes mayor of Cincinnati"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-05-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Beginning in 1795, when Martin Baum, a Maryland German industrialist, came to Cincinnati and quickly established himself as one Cincinnati's wealthiest and most influential citizens. Through his agents in Baltimore, New Orleans and Philadelphia, Baum attracted even greater numbers of German immigrants to work in his various enterprises – steamboats, a sugar refinery, a foundry and real estate. Soon, Cincinnati's German population began to soar."
^"John L. Bohn, the son of German Luthern immigrants..."
^ "1842 – William Bouck (Bauk) becomes Governor of New York"
^"Philip Becker". Through The Mayor's Eyes, The Only Complete History of the Mayor's of Buffalo, New York, Compiled by Michael Rizzo. The Buffalonian is produced by The Peoples History Union. 2009-05-27. Archived from the original on 2011-09-26. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
^Harmut Keil, "The German Immigrant Working Class of Chicago, 1875–90: Workers, Labor Leaders, and the Labor Movement," in Dirk Hoerder (ed.), American Labor and Immigration History, 1877-1920s: Recent European Research. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983; pg. 165.
^ "John Paul Hammerschmidt was born on May 4, 1922, in Harrison to Arthur Paul and Junie M. Hammerschmidt. Hammerschmidt was the fourth of five children. Both sets of grandparents migrated to Boone County in the early years of the twentieth century and were of German descent."
^ "1820 – Joseph Heister becomes Governor of Pennsylvania"
^"The most important Democratic leader in the early German community, physician Franz Hübschmann, championed the cause of voting rights for white immigrant men who were not citizens, believing that they should be able to vote as long as they had lived in the state for a year and had begun the naturalization process."
^"Charles Frederick Kirschler was born in Beaver County in 1864 to a two-generation family of German immigrant farmers from Gemmingen in the Duchy of Baden."
^"Born in Fürth, Germany to Jewish parents. Naturalized as US citizen in 1943"
^'History of Milwaukee, City and County,' Josial Curry Seymour, S.J. Clarke Company: Milwaukee, 1922, Biographical Sketch of William C. Rauschenberger, pg. 578–579
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-01-10. Retrieved 2007-06-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "The surname Ravenstahl, of German origin, might be translated as "steadfast raven" or "steel raven." ... one of only a few German-American mayors in Pittsburgh's history."
^ "The prefix -stahl, in German, actually means steel to begin with."
^Many sources give March 10 as Schroeder's date of birth, but M. Isay (1901). Der Lebenslauf eines Trierischen Auswanderers. In: Trierisches Archiv, Ergänzungsheft. Vol. 1. PP. 14–28 who quotes from the birth certificate is probably the most reliable source.
^ "This snapshot of Frederick A Schroeder's life was captured by the 1940 U.S. Census. Frederick A Schroeder was born about 1873 in Germany. On April 1, 1940, he was 67 years old and lived in New York, New York."
SCHURZ, Carl, a senator from Missouri; born in Liblar, near Cologne, Germany, March 2, 1829; educated at the gymnasium of Cologne and the University of Bonn; having taken part in the German revolutionary movement of 1848, he was compelled to flee from Germany; was a newspaper correspondent in Paris and later taught school in London; immigrated to the United States in 1852 and settled in Philadelphia, Pa.; moved to Watertown, Wis., in 1855; studied law; admitted to the bar and practiced in Milwaukee, Wis ..."
^Archived 2015-12-23 at the Wayback Machine "His German grandfather was an ardent Lutheran who, upon seeing that his own son had chosen a career in chemical engineering, prepped his grandson for a life in the ministry."
^"The Hauerwas Family migrated from Germany."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-03. Retrieved 2007-08-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Zinzendorf himself visited St. Thomas, and later visited America. There he sought to unify the German Protestants of Pennsylvania, even proposing a sort of "council of churches" where all would preserve their unique denominational practices, but would work in cooperation rather than competition. He founded the town of Bethlehem, where his daughter Benigna organized the school which would become Moravian College."
^Archived 2008-12-22 at the Wayback Machine "Reinhold Albert Aman was born on April 8, 1936, in Fürstenzell (Bavaria), Germany. He grew up in Straubing and Oberschneiding, studied chemical engineering in Augsburg, and worked in Frankfurt and Munich."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-11-03. Retrieved 2006-06-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Baade wanted to go there to observe with it himself, but his German citizenship prevented him"
^[permanent dead link] "Dr. Max Bentele (born Ulm, Germany January 15, 1909 – died New York May 19, 2006, at age 97) was a pioneer in the field of jet aircraft turbines and mechanical engineering"
^"Encyclopedia Astronautica Index: 1". Archived from the original on 2010-10-19. Retrieved 2010-08-29. "Krafft Arnold Ehricke American Engineer. Born 24 March 1917. Died December 1984. Personal: Male, Married, Three daughters. Born in Berlin, Germany. BEng"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-04. Retrieved 2008-12-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "German-born Harvard economist and developer of large-scale macroeconometric models (for which he founded a forecasting corporation, Data Resources Inc. (DRI))"
^ "The city was named originally after Katherine the Great who promoted agriculture in the steppes of the Ukraine by inviting settlers from Germany, among them the Mennonites. Dr. Esau's family is Mennonite. Dr. Esau's great-grandfather Aron Esau immigrated to the Ukraine In 1804 from Prussia"
^ "There was no reason to think there was anything extraordinary about the boy born to George Fritz and Mary Meharg on Aug. 21, 1822. Little Johannes Fritzius, named after his German grandfather, soon found that there was plenty to do on his family's farm in rural Chester County. Under the stern but loving eye of their Scotch-Irish mother, John Fritz and his six brothers and sisters grew to maturity."
^ "Born in Karlsruhe, Germany, in 1890, Frieda Fromm-Reichmann graduated from medical school at Königsberg, Eastern Prussia, in 1913."
^"Encyclopedia Astronautica Index: 1". Archived from the original on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2010-08-29. "German-American engineer. Worked on V-2 gyro platform at Peenemünde 1939–1942. Returned to von Braun's team in US in 1948, working on Hermes II and Redstone guidance systems, becoming Director, Guidance and Control Division, at Huntsville."
^ "Heinrich Klüver, son of Wilhelm and Dorothes (Wübbers) Klüver, was born on May 25, 1897, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. He arrived in the United States in 1923, married Cessa Feyerabend on February 4, 1927, and was naturalized as a US citizen in 1934."
^ "Naturalized US Citizen – Birthplace: Blankenburg, Germany"
^"Encyclopedia Astronautica Index: 1". Archived from the original on 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2008-12-20. "Willy Ley was an extremely effective populariser of the idea of space flight – first in Germany and then in the United States. Ley was born in Berlin. Fluent in German, English, Italian, French, and Russian, he studied astronomy, physics, zoology, and paleontology at the University of Berlin."
^ "German engineer who was a founder of the German Rocket Society. In 1934, he emigrated to the United States rather than pursuing military applications of rocketry. In the U.S., he became a popularizer of space exploration and travel, writing many popular books."
^ "Julius Robert Oppenheimer was born in New York City on April 22, 1904. His parents, Julius S. Oppenheimer, a wealthy German textile merchant, and Ella Friedman, an artist, were of Jewish descent but did not observe the religious traditions."
^ "The Ancestry of Overmire Tifft Richardson Bradford Reed"
^Frank Schlesinger: "Asked how to say his name, he told The Literary Digest "The name is so difficult for those who do not speak German that I am usually called sles'in-jer, to rime with messenger. It is, of course, of German origin and means 'a native of Schlesien' or Silesia. In that language the pronunciation is shlayzinger, to rime with singer." (Charles Earle Funk, What's the Name, Please?, Funk & Wagnalls, 1936.)"
^ "Two of San Francisco's best-known landmarks were built by Germans: Joseph Strauss designed the 1937 Golden Gate Bridge, and Bernard Maybeck, son of a German immigrant, designed the Palace of Fine Arts."
^ "Stern was born in Sorau, Germany (now Zary, Poland), and educated at the University of Breslau. He taught at Technische Hochschule in Zürich and at the universities of Frankfurt and Hamburg. In 1933 he moved to the U.S., accepting the position of research professor of physics at the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie-Mellon University) in Pittsburgh, Pa."
^ "In 1960 he emigrated to the United States and joined the Worthington Biochemical Corporation in Harrison, New Jersey, eventually becoming vice-president. During his life he was awarded numerous scientific medals and awards, and he published over 200 patents. Hellmuth Walter died on 16 December 1980."
^ "Growing up in Vienna in a well-to-do Jewish family ..."  "One of the most brilliant Jewish scientists to be driven from Germany by Nazi persecution ..."
^ "Gustave Whitehead, a poor, German immigrant"
^ "Heinz Becker, the only German-born big-leaguer who played during the years of World War II."
^ "His father, Daniel, was a German immigrant; his mother, Rosina (née Shellhorn), was the daughter of a German immigrant."
^ "Father Peter Danzig emigrated to the United States in 1880, he was considered and listed himself in the 1900 census as German"
^ "His father, Fred, was a salesman at a drugstore in Burleson, Texas, in 1920. Ten years later the 1930 census shows him as a salesman in a garage. Fred was a native Texan, too, but his father had been born in Berlin and his mother was Moravian. Both German and Bohemian were spoken in the household."
^Barney Dreyfuss at the SABRBaseball Biography Project, by Sam Bernstein, Retrieved November 8, 2013., "Not bad press for a man who just twenty-four years before had arrived from Freiburg, Germany with just a few dollars in his pocket."
^ "David Eckstein was born to German-American parents in Sanford, Florida. He is a MLB shortstop and current leadoff hitter for the St. Louis Cardinals. Eckstein was named the World Series MVP in 2006."
^ "Elmer Albert Eggert was born and died in Rochester, New York – born on January 29, 1902 to parents of German ancestry. His mother Theresa Felgner Eggert had been born in Rochester, and his father Fred was born in New York City to two German parents."
^Society for American Baseball Research"Henry Eibel was born to foreign-born parents. His father, Henry, had come from Germany to America in 1870 and worked as a blacksmith in 1900 and a baker in 1910. His mother, Elizabeth, had been born in England, but to two German parents; she came to America in 1864. "
^ "Perhaps his landscaping skills were inherited. His mother, Sophie Finck, came from a long line of wine growers. Born in 1832 among the fertile soils of Alsace-Lorraine in present day France, Sophie immigrated to the United States and settled in New Orleans where she met and married Heinrich Fabian. Himself a German immigrant, Heinrich arrived in the Crescent City in 1851 as a 15-year-old from Bavaria."
^ "Oscar Emil Felsch, who grew up to be arguably the best baseball player ever produced by Milwaukee's north side, was born in 1891 in a German working-class neighborhood – Reference: Felsch's Application for Social Security Account Number, December 3, 1943; Wisconsin Original Certificate of Death #'64 024373; and 1900 and 1930 United States Censuses."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-10. Retrieved 2015-02-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "The Guy Richard Freese Family Home Page"
^ "1929 — ...baseball stars: Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Honus Wagner, Frank Frisch, all of German descent"
^ "Froemming Name Meaning North German (Frömming): patronymic from Fromm."
^ "Lou Gehrig's life, from the poor German boy in Yorkville to the famous star playing America's favorite pastime. Christina was born in 1881 in Wiltser, Schleswig-Holstein, a province of pre-World War I Germany, near the German-Danish border. She emigrated to the United States in 1899. Heinrich Ludwig Gehrig was born in 1867 in Adelsheim, Baden, and came to America in October of 1888."
^ "German Americans comprised of 30% of the U.S. Armed Forces, among them such high profile players such as Charlie Gehringer, Tommy Henrich, Pete Reiser and Red Ruffing."
^ "German American assistants Rudolph Hynicka and August Hermann"
^ "Young August, a good Cincinnati German, worked for another good Cincinnati German..."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2013-08-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "... before I sat down to enjoy my first home – cooked meal in weeks, my dad let me know, 'If you're going to live here, you're going to work and then you're going back to school.' He wasn't angry, but true to his German roots, he spoke with unwavering resolve. I didn't argue. I knew better than to argue."
^Dick Hoblitzell at the SABRBaseball Biography Project, by Tom Simon, Retrieved November 8, 2013., "The middle of three sons, Richard Carleton Hoblitzell was born on October 26, 1888. His mother, the former Laura Alcock, was of English descent, while his father, Henry Hoblitzell, whose ancestors hailed from the oft-disputed Alsace-Lorraine region, was part German, Swiss, and French."
^ "Rising out of a Pennsylvania Dutch farm background, Kelchner went on to be both a college professor and to sign 86 major-league players, believed to be the most in history. Charles Schaeffer Kelchner ...was the son of Martin and Maria (Schaeffer) Kelchner, of Pennsylvania Dutch (German) descent."
^ ab "His paternal great-grandfather, Johann Justus Kellner, a German immigrant."
^ "The Knepper Family. Among the German Baptists who in 1729 accompanied their founder, Alexander Mack, from Europe to Pennsylvania was a certain Wilhelm Knepper. ... 'Bob' Knepper, the noted baseball player, is a descendant"
^"Eugene Hamlet Krapp was born to Frederick “Fritz” and Bertha (Hettig) Krapp on May 12, 1887 in Rochester, New York. His father was born in Wurtemberg, Germany in 1854 and came to the United States three years later. His mother was a native New Yorker whose family had come from the same area in Germany."
^ "The Kuenns were the typical German-American blue-collar family that so heavily populated Milwaukee."
^ "Markakis, who is half Greek and half German, led the Greek Olympic team..."
^ "Henry William Meine was born on May 1, 1896 in an unincorporated area called Luxemburg in the predominantly German neighborhood known as Carondelet bordering the Mississippi River in south St. Louis, Missouri. Meine's parents were both children of German immigrants; Henry (born in 1864) and Louisa (nee Kulhman, born in 1873) married in 1891 and had seven children, Lilly, Henry, Edwin, Arthur, Charles, Ferdinand, and Walter, born between 1892 and 1908."
^Fritz Mollwitz "Frederick August Mollwitz -- Born: 6/16/1890 at Koburg (Germany)"
^Mike Eisenbath and Stan Musial. Cardinals Encyclopedia. pp. 258–259.
^Census entry for Henry Peitz, ball-player, born November 1870. Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Cincinnati Ward 23, Hamilton, Ohio; Roll: T623_1279; Page: 10A; Enumeration District: 193.
^Census entry for Henry Peitz and family. Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Saint Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri; Roll: 733; Family History Film: 1254733; Page: 509C; Enumeration District: 306; Image: 0189.
^ ab "Roettger Name Meaning North German (also Röttger): variant of Rudiger or Roger."
^ "... born George Herman Ruth in Baltimore, Maryland to parents of German background. His mother, Katie Schaumberger, was the daughter of Pius and Anna Schaumberger, both born in Germany. Babe Ruth's father, saloon owner George Ruth, had German grandparents. Although Babe Ruth's German background is certain ..."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-08. Retrieved 2008-12-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Ed (his mother never calls him Duke, a nickname coined by his father when the boy was five) is named Edwin Donald and has German-Dutch bloodlines on the paternal side and Scotch-Irish on the maternal side."
^ "He was born in St. Cloud, Minnesota, on May 20, 1879, to Leonard and Mary Thielman. Leonard was a hardware dealer at the time of the 1900 census, a German immigrant who had come to the United States around 1858. Mary had been born in New York to German immigrant parents."
^ "Elias Thoeny was a painter, a German immigrant as was his wife. National boundaries have, of course, changed over time. The Thoenys appear to have come from the southern part of current Germany..."
^ "His father, Victor, half German and half Viennese, with his hearty manner and curious mind, was the biggest influence in his life, says Ueberroth."
^ "James “Jim” Umbricht was born in Chicago on September 17, 1930, to Mr. and Mrs. Eduard Umbricht. Eduard's parents were from Illinois and he was born and raised in the state. Jantina Frank, Eduard's wife, was born in Holland to a Dutch mother and German father. She was a native German speaker."
^ "The story of Alfred Holmes "Fritz" Von Kolnitz illustrates ethnic ambivalence. Sensitive to his obviously Prussian-sounding name, he used the name "R. H. Holmes" when entering professional baseball in 1913..."
^ "In sports there have been such memorable figures as baseballers Honus Wagner, Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, and Casey Stengel ..."
^ "The Wambsganss name was German in origin, though the best a German professor at Concordia College in Fort Wayne, Indiana, could tell him was that it seemed to combine components of the word for overcoat, or at least a word that might have been used as overcoat in early 20th century German usage."
^ ab "Fred's father Fred Richard Gehrke was born to August Gehrke and Elizabeth Bergau in Konigsberg, Germany (which was renamed in 1949, Kalininggrad, part of the Russian Federation)."
^ ab"The Boeheims were German in an Italian neighborhood, but honestly, it's not like my family celebrated their cultural heritage much."
^ "Notes: He is the son of Florian Hartenstein, a German former professional basketball player and basketball coach... His mother is American and he was born in Eugene, Oregon ... He lived in USA until 2008, when he followed his family in Germany where his father was playing professionally... He has been a member of the German junior national teams since 2014, when he was 16 years old."
^ "Prevalence of Prohm Surname in Deutschland"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-12. Retrieved 2009-04-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Unlike some coaches, Mr. Rupp rarely played the role of a substitute father to his players. He was not the chummy sort. He had stern and demanding qualities, inherited from his German-immigrant father. He had reverence for order and precision and demanded it from his players. To some person, he appeared to be a mean old man."
^ "Born: June 19, 1946 (Age: 70-313d) in Munich, Germany"
^ "Chronicle: Dave, you are Croatian American, tell us about your background? Diehl: I grew up on the south side of Chicago. I'm fifty percent Croatian and fifty percent German. I went to grammar school and High School (Brother Rice) with some Croatian friends. So I have been following Croatian heritage ever since I can remember. That's why people couldn't figure out why I have Diehl as my last name and Croatian GRB tattooed on my left arm. I grew up going to St. Jerome's Croatian Catholic Church with my Grandmother. Her maiden name was Semanic and she was from one of the Croatian islands. I remember going to St. Jerome's and having palacinke for breakfast. My grandmother married Grandpa who was Ante Bekavac from small village Bekavci near Lovrec in Imotski, Dalmacija, Croatia. My father Jerry who passed away in August was hundred percent German on both sides."
^ "Thuringia region (located between Hessen and Lower Saxony in the west and Saxony in the east). Doering name is an ethnic name for someone from Thuringia (German Thüringen). The region is named from its former occupation by the T(h)uringii, a Germanic tribe. The meaning is from a personal name based on cognate of the German turren, or 'to dare'."
^ "Ertz Name Meaning German: variant of Ersch, from a pet form of Aro or Arez."
^Archived 2015-10-02 at the Wayback Machine "... the Goff name comes from the Old German term 'goff', which means a priest, god-like person or a powerful warrior."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-01-22. Retrieved 2016-10-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Born Johann Wilhelm Heisman on October 23, 1869, in Cleveland, Ohio, he was the son of John M. Heisman and Sara Lehr. The name John William was later adopted in order to make less apparent the fact that he was the son of immigrants. His father was the estranged son of German aristocrats and husband to his lower-class wife, for whom he gave up his family, inheritance, and surname."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-21. Retrieved 2007-08-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Hostelter is a descendant of the Amish-Mennonite immigrant Jacob Hochstetler."
^ "German: from Middle High German slegel 'hammer', 'tool for striking' (Old High German slegil, a derivative of slahan 'to strike'), hence a metonymic occupational name for a smith or mason, or a nickname for a forceful person."
^ "German Surname – (Schöbert): variant of Schober.variant of Schubert."
^ "Backes is a surname of German immigrants to America."
^ "German: topographic name of uncertain origin, possibly related to modern German Eichel 'acorn'. German: habitational name for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of an acorn."
^"...became a U.S.-German dual citizen before the move."
^ "German (Müller) and Jewish (Ashkenazic): occupational name for a miller, Middle High German müller, German Müller. In Germany Müller, Mueller is the most frequent of all surnames; in the U.S. it is often changed to Miller."
^ "German: nickname from Middle High German schallære 'braggart', 'orator', 'babbler'. Jewish (Ashkenazic): occupational name for a trumpeter or a shofar player, from an agent derivative of Yiddish shaln 'to sound'."
^ "German: topographic or habitational name of unexplained origin."
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-01-02. Retrieved 2007-12-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Marcus' surname comes from his German roots, with his parents leaving Hamburg 35 years ago"
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-03-17. Retrieved 2009-01-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Born in Tübingen, West Germany, he moved with his family to America at the age of four."
^"Turnen is simply the German word for gymnastics, but the Turner movement has been defined by its compelling combination of physical exercise, cultural activity, and civic engagement. The German-American group played a leading role in the public life of Milwaukee, especially in the late nineteenth century."
^ "was the first woman to swim the English Channel. The German-American swimming champ was born on October 23, 1905 in New York City, one of six children. Her father was a butcher from Germany. When Gertrude was eight, while visiting her grandmother in Germany, she fell into a pond, a fateful experience that led her to learn to swim. At the Paris Olympics in 1924 she won gold in the 400-meter freestyle relay, and bronze in the 100 m and 400 m individual freestyle events. In her 1926 Channel swim she beat the men's record by more than two hours. She held the women's record until 1950, when Florence Chadwick crossed the Channel in 13 hours and 20 minutes."
^ "Recorded in several forms including Fogt, Foit, Vogt, Vogts, Veogt, Voigt and Voight, this is a German surname, but of pre 5th century Roman (Latin) origins. It derives from the ancient word "advocatus.""
^ "Both of Harry Greb's parents came from German families ..."
^ "Robert Craig "Evel" Knievel was the first of two children born to Robert E. and Ann Keough "Zippy" Knievel. His surname is of German origin; his great-great-grandparents on his father's side emigrated to the United States from Germany and on his mother's side from Ireland."